Pablo López-Silva

Pablo López-Silva
Universidad de Valparaíso (Chile) | CINV · School of Psychology

PhD in Philosophy (The University of Manchester UK)
Adjunct Professor of Philosophical Psychology, UV-Chile

About

47
Publications
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103
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Introduction
I work in the following fields: (i) Psychopathology: the ontology of mental diseases and the architecture of delusions, (ii) Philosophy of Mind: the structure of altered states of consciousness (iii) Neurolinguistics: neurocognitive underpinnings of mutual verbal understanding in dialogue (iv) Neuroethics: ethics of neurotechnology and neuroprotection

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
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The co-occurrence of delusions and other symptoms at the onset of psychosis is a challenge for theories about the aetiology of psychosis. This paper explores the relatedness of delusions about the experience of thinking (thought insertion, thought withdrawal, and thought broadcasting) and auditory verbal hallucinations by describing their trajector...
Article
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In trying to make sense of the extensive phenomenological variation of first-personal reports on auditory verbal hallucinations, the concept of pseudohallucination is originally introduced to designate any hallucinatory-like phenomena not exhibiting some of the paradigmatic features of “genuine” hallucinations. After its introduction, Karl Jaspers...
Article
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El delirio es un fenómeno transdiagnóstico más frecuente en la esquizofrenia. Históricamente, el delirio se ha considerado la marca de la psicosis. Dada las formas en que desafía algunas de las premisas más fundamentales acerca de la naturaleza de la mente humana, durante los últimos 20 años el delirio ha atraído la atención de filósofos, psiquiatr...
Article
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Disturbances in social cognition are a core feature of schizophrenia. While most research in the field has focused on emotion perception, social knowledge, theory of mind, and attribution styles, the domain of social perception has received little specific attention. In this paper, we suggest that this issue can be explained by the lack of a precis...
Book
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This book offers a comprehensive analysis of philosophical, social, ethical, and legal challenges arising as a consequences of current advances in neurosciences and neurotechnology. It starts by offering an overview of fundamental concepts such as mental privacy, personal autonomy, mental integrity, and responsibility, among others. In turn, it dis...
Article
En el campo de la psicología ecológica, la noción de affordance refiere a la percepción de oportunidades para la acción en los objetos del entorno. Problemáticamente, la falta de unidad conceptual parece dominar la caracterización del fenómeno haciendo que su significado varíe drásticamente dependiendo del autor que hace uso de ella. Este artículo...
Article
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Resumen Aunque los delirios son considerados como la marca por excelencia de la psicosis, su observación en el contexto clínico aún conduce a una serie de interrogantes empíricas y conceptuales. En este contexto, el debate tipológico intenta responder a la pregunta sobre cuál es el tipo específico de estado mental instanciado por reportes delirante...
Article
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RESUMEN Los actuales avances en el campo de las neurotecnologías prometen revo-lucionar el tratamiento de muchas condiciones médicas. Sin embargo, para algunos, tales avances podrían exacerbar la inequidad social y ofrecer a corporaciones, hackers y Gobiernos internacionales la oportunidad de explotar y manipular le mente humana. Por esto, se ha su...
Article
El término ‘mejora cognitiva’ refiere a un grupo de procedimientos y tecnologías que intentan amplificar cualquier capacidad de un organismo por medio del aumento de sus sistemas internos de procesamiento de información. Luego de clarificar el término, este artículo discute un argumento que nace de la preocupación acerca de las consecuencias social...
Article
Resumen Los delirios son uno de los síntomas más complejos de la psicosis en la esquizofrenia. El enfoque de los dos factores —uno de los enfoques neuropsiquiátricos más populares para la etiología de los delirios en la actualidad— propone la existencia de alteraciones experienciales (factor 1) y sesgos cognitivos (factor 2) que, en interacción, pr...
Article
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Defining what is meant by “mental illness” has three dimensions: (i) the ontological dimension, which attempts to answer the question of what is a mental illness in itself, (ii) the scientific dimension, which attempts to identify its causes, and (iii) the practical dimension, which will seek a treatment. This article uses depression to examine how...
Article
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An attribution of mental agency is defined as the act of assigning the initiation or authorship of a first personal thought to a specific agent in order to generate sufficient degrees of control over our own cognitive life. Although this strategy is crucial to distinguish different types of cognitive states - such as deliberations, reasonings, judg...
Article
El carácter analítico de Meditationes implica que, por una parte, ninguna verdad puede ser interpretada sin referencia al lugar concreto que ocupa en el orden de razones y, por otra, que no existen en Meditationes ficciones que permanezcan advertidamente como tales. Sin embargo, la presencia de algunas pasiones no ha sido justificada, lo que pone e...
Article
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En el contexto de la comprensión de la interacción organismo – medio ambiente, el concepto de affordance designa las diversas oportunidades para la acción a las que la percepción de un objeto invita. Cuando miramos un muro, no solo percibimos sus propiedades físicas brutas (color, tamaño, localización, etc.), sino también ciertas cualidades, como q...
Article
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The term pseudohallucination was originally introduced to characterize hallucinatory phenomena not exhibiting the paradigmatic features of hallucinations. In our context, and directly following Jaspers ‘ description, the term has been used to characterize a specific type of auditory hallucination in schizophrenic patients i.e. the so-called voices....
Article
Resumen: Las atribuciones de agencia mental se definen como el acto de asignar el inicio o autoría de un pensamiento fenoménico en 1era persona a un agente específico. Este tipo de atribución es fundamental para la producción de la creencia de que los seres humanos somos agentes racionales no solamente en términos conductuales, sino que también cog...
Article
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El enfoque postracionalista de Vittorio Guidano en psicología intenta superar la forma en que el objetivismo cartesiano concibe la relación entre sujeto y realidad dentro del paradigma cognitivo tradicional. Esta teoría debe buena parte de su concepto fundamental – la identidad personal como organización cognoscente – al constructivismo de Humberto...
Article
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A group of philosophers suggests that a sense of mineness intrinsically contained in the phenomenal structure of all conscious experiences is a necessary condition for a subject to become aware of himself as the subject of his experiences i.e. self-awareness. On this view, consciousness necessarily entails phenomenal self-awareness. This paper argu...
Article
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Delusions of thought insertion involve subjects claiming that external agents of different nature had placed thoughts into their minds/heads. However, despite being regarded as one of the most severe and complex symptoms of psychotic disorders, a number of disagreements surround the description of its most fundamental phenomenology. This work has r...
Article
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Este trabajo clarifica la forma en que debiésemos entender la relación entre funciones ejecutivas y la habilidad de mentalización. Las funciones ejecutivas son definidas como un grupo de habilidades que permiten la generación de respuestas adaptativas a las exigencias medioambientales. Por otro lado, la capacidad de mentalización refiere a la forma...
Article
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This paper explores one of the most fundamental philosophical worries underlying the occurrence of delusions, namely, the problem about the specific type of mental state that grounds a delusional report or, as I shall call it, 'the typology problem'. The analysis is developed as follows: (i) After formulating and circumscribing the target problem,...
Article
This paper explores the way in which the phenomenon called delusional moods — an alteration of consciousness that characterizes the moment that precedes the adoption of delusional beliefs — would challenge the claim that consciousness is necessarily deployed as an experiential unity. After exploring three basic characterizations of the unity of con...
Article
Despite the diagnostic relevance of thought insertion for disorders such as schizophrenia, the debates about its aetiology are far from resolved. This paper claims that in paying exclusive attention to the perceptual and cognitive impairments leading to delusional experiences in general, current deficit approaches overlook the role that affective d...
Article
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This paper explores the problem about the concept of freedom derived from the understanding of the self and reality within the constructivist approach. Specifically, the problem is articulated in the context of social constructionism, one of the relativist expressions of constructivism. After clarifying the argument on which this approach bases its...
Article
The study of mental illness involves profound methodological and philosophical debates. This article explores the disciplinary complementarity, particularly, between philosophy of mind, phenomenology, and empirical studies in psychiatry and psychopathology in the context of the understanding of schizophrenia. After clarifying the possible role of t...
Article
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El siguiente artículo discute algunos aspectos básicos de la crítica al concepto de 'enfermedad mental' elaborada por Thomas Szasz. El análisis incluye elementos provenientes desde la psiquiatría, fenomenología y filosofía de la mente. Junto con ofrecer conclusiones respecto del aporte de la propuesta de Szasz para los actuales desarrollos críticos...
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This paper presents and discusses two of the mains conceptions about the origin and the nature of the narrative of the «self» in the postmodernity, i. e., the consciousness that each one has—from the first person perspective— about oneself as the same person in different instants of time. Those positions are: (a) the theory of Kenneth Gergen in whi...
Article
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The following paper presents and discuses the epistemological premises of one of the relativistic expressions of the so-called constructivism i.e. the social constructionism. Firstly, we trace constructivism’s theoretical origins and later, we distinguish the main ideas of Kenneth Gergen’s social constructionist proposal. The analysis is done in th...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
To examine the way in which psychotic delusions can be considered as adaptive/maladaptive mental states
Project
To examine some of the most fundamental conceptual problems within current conceptions about the nature psychotic delusions