Pablo J. Castro-Carrasco

Pablo J. Castro-Carrasco
University of La Serena · Department of Psychology

Doctor of Psychology

About

98
Publications
71,490
Reads
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316
Citations
Citations since 2016
66 Research Items
264 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - May 2013
Leiden University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
March 2011 - July 2012
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Position
  • Professor
August 2002 - October 2015
University of La Serena
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
September 2012 - May 2013
Leiden University
Field of study
  • Postdoctoral research
March 2001 - November 2008

Publications

Publications (98)
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir e interpretar las TS de la convivencia escolar, de un grupo de padres y madres de una escuela de educación primaria chilena. Se utilizó un muestreo teórico y se aplicaron grupos de discusión y entrevistas episódicas a 16 padres y madres de una escuela de educación primaria. Los datos se analizaron mediante...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a descriptive interpretative study about the teachers’ subjective theories in terms of the implementation of cross-curricular objectives in schools of north of Chile. The interviews were conducted through the episodic interview model with 13 teachers. The result was studied through the grounded theory. The codification allowed...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: to interpret, and relate the subjective theories that High School teachers of Public Schools of La Serena produce about their professional role in the construction of school life. Method: A qualitative approach with a case study design, data collection, and grounded theory analysis procedure. There were four discussion groups, the partic...
Article
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Se estudiaron las teorías subjetivas acerca de la violencia escolar de seis docentes directivos de seis establecimientos educacionales de la comu- na de Coquimbo (Chile), tres de escuelas munici- pales (públicas) y tres de colegios particulares. El estudio fue de tipo cualitativo y la estrategia de recolección de datos utilizó una entrevista semi-...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo del estudio fue conocer el modo en que docentes de ciencia en educación primaria articulan y organizan sus saberes como respuesta a un contexto de demanda de cambio hacia el uso pedagógico de la argumentación. 10 profesores de ciencias en cuarto básico participaron de dos entrevistas en que se indagó en conocimiento disciplinar y pedagó...
Article
The teacher professional identity is a construct that has gained the interest of numerous researchers in the field of teacher training, due to the abundant empirical evidence of its impact on job satisfaction and motivation, engagement, professional self-efficacy and decision-making in the educational practices of teachers. It is defined as a compl...
Article
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Antecedentes: lograr una formación docente de calidad requiere que los profesores tengan la oportunidad de desarrollar no solo competencias profesionales, sino que, fundamentalmente, su identidad profesional. Objetivo: describir e interpretar las teorías subjetivas de los estudiantes de Pedagogía de Educación General Básica de una universidad públi...
Article
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Essa pesquisa parte de um conjunto de investigações realizadas durante a pandemia da COVID-19 e tem como problema a seguinte indagação: Existe diferença entre a percepção da rede de proteção e dos adultos da escola (gestores e professores) sobre as intervenções realizadas pela escola com relação a conflitos que envolvem agressão e desobediência às...
Article
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La presente investigación tuvo por objetivo interpretar las teorías subjetivas de estudiantes de pedagogía de universidades chilenas sobre el cambio de la identidad profesional del profesorado durante su formación. Mediante un método cualitativo, esta investigación reconstruye las teorías subjetivas de ocho estudiantes de cuarto y quinto año perten...
Article
This study sought to describe and interpret the subjective theories about the teacher’s professional identity that are constructed and disseminated in the news during emergency education due to the COVID 19 pandemic. A documentary analysis study, qualitative methodology and a case study design were used. The intentional and convenience sampling cor...
Article
Full-text available
Antecedentes: nos encontramos ante una crisis global que amenaza la subsistencia del planeta. Aunque durante las últimas décadas se han propuesto un conjunto de medidas para enfrentar esta crisis global, los resultados no han sido auspiciosos. Estado del arte: dado el importante rol de los profesionales en la sociedad, en este trabajo se argumenta...
Article
Full-text available
Objective. To reconstruct the subjective theories of social workers and psychologists regarding parental discipline. Method. The following research is qualitative, and it was carried out through a descriptive type of design. Individual interviews were conducted to seven social workers and seven psychologists from the fourth region of Chile. The ana...
Article
Full-text available
The role of people's beliefs in their perception of disasters has been scarcely studied. This study, we analyzed how people who experienced an earthquake and a subsequent tsunami employ subjective theories (ST) to explain their traumatic experience. This study aimed to interpret the explanations developed by a group of people about the earthquake a...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this study is to perform a systematic review of qualitative research on the development of teacher's professional identity (PI) during their initial training. Teacher’s PI is a key variable in understanding the professional life of teachers, with initial training being an especially critical period for their development. A sys...
Article
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Among the psychological paradigms and approaches to understanding human behavior from the perspective of cognition, the emotional world of subjects has been ignored or, in the best of cases, overshadowed by the rational dimension. Subjective theories are a type of subjective knowledge developed as part of everyday life. They have an argumentative s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Review of recent literature shows that time perspective (TP) studies in education environ-ments are scarce and more focused on students’ TP rather than teachers’ . Moreover, investigation on teachers’ TP is mostly descriptive or quantitative . Regarding time management investigation in educational environments, recent studies has focused more on st...
Article
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En edades tempranas no todos los infantes manifiestan apropiadamente una conducta prosocial, porque es necesario que interactúen con modelos y experiencias educativas sistemáticas ligadas a recibir ayuda de otros, sobre todo en el contexto de la educación inicial. Con el objetivo de describir e interpretar las teorías subjetivas acerca del desarrol...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this work was to describe and to interpret subjective theories about school coexistence in a group of parents from a Chilean primary school. A theoretical sample was used, group discussions and episodic interviews were conducted to 16 parents from a primary school. Data was analyzed through grounded theory, finding (a) simple subjective...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo reconstruir las teorías subjetivas (TS) del clima de aula y tiempo instruccional de 24 docentes de establecimientos de grupo socioeconómico bajo. Los datos fueron recolectados mediante encuesta sociodemográfica y entrevista episódica semiestructurada, y luego analizados utilizando procedimientos...
Article
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The aim of this work was to conduct a systematic review on psychological behavior in the context of pandemic scenarios during the twenty-first century. We focused on empirical works and brief case reports of H1N1 flu and COVID-19. Our review included 32 papers published both in English and Spanish. We built a set of tables that allowed us to classi...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this work was to conduct a systematic review on psychological behavior in the context of pandemic scenarios during the twenty-first century. We focused on empirical works and brief case reports of H1N1 flu and COVID-19. Our review included 32 papers published both in English or Spanish. We built a set of tables that allowed us to classif...
Article
Full-text available
Research on changes in teachers’ subjective theories is relevant considering that several authors have conducted descriptive analyses of teachers’ beliefs, but without examining their dynamism. This study was of qualitative nature and sought to describe, interpret, and contrast the subjective theories of two teachers teaching students with Down syn...
Article
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La inserción laboral de las personas con ceguera ha sido investigada, pero no existen trabajos que indaguen sobre lo que piensan y conocen los docentes que forman a estas personas y sobre las dificultades de sus estudiantes para insertarse laboralmente después de su educación. El objetivo de esta investigación cualitativa fue comprender las teorías...
Article
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Negative interactions between guanacos Lama guanicoe and ranchers have recently intensified in central Chile because guanacos are perceived to be competing with livestock for pasture resources. We examined this conservation conflict with a novel approach that considers ranchers' subjective theories, to better understand the origins of the conflict...
Preprint
Full-text available
Over the last decade, perceived conflict between guanacos (Lama guanicoe) and ranchers has intensified in Central Chile. This problem stems from perceptions that guanacos compete with livestock for pasture resources. We examined this conservation conflict with a novel approach that considers ranchers' subjective theories to better understand the or...
Article
Full-text available
Los conflictos humanos-fauna silvestre están incrementando en frecuencia y en severidad, debido a la expansión de las actividades humanas hacia sectores no urbanizados. La necesidad de entender el conflicto también desde una perspectiva psicológica es apremiante para establecer medidas de conservación efectivas. Entender la capacidad de las comunid...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to describe and interpret the subjective theories that support the development, teaching, and learning of prosocial behavior in a Pentecostal Methodist church located in the Atacama Region (Chile). The study was descriptive-interpretative, with qualitative methodology and a case study design. We worked with 140 church memb...
Article
Full-text available
Time in education has been identified as a relevant dimension for the construction and interpretation of teachers’ work, being perceived as either a limitation or an opportunity. The aim of this study was to understand teachers’ explanatory beliefs (subjective theories) about time. A case study was conducted using a qualitative methodology. Seven t...
Article
This article presents the main results of a qualitative study intended to describe and interpret preschool teachers' Subjective Theories (STs) about family discipline. Episodic interviews were conducted with 8 preschool teachers from 4 low-SES (socioeconomic status) and 4 high-SES educational centers in the Coquimbo region, who were divided into 2...
Article
Full-text available
El tiempo escolar es clave en la calidad educativa, principalmente en Latinoamérica, por los problemas de calidad y equidad educativa que la afectan. Este trabajo es una revisión teórica de diversos estudios empíricos sobre el impacto de las políticas de extensión del tiempo escolar y cómo este recurso se gestiona, comprende y organiza en las escue...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Parental discipline is a topic frequently asked for advice by those who consult health professionals. It is related to parenting styles and has been scientifically studied regarding its effectiveness and impact on children. Objective: To describe the subjective theories about parental discipline present in recommendations made by doct...
Article
Full-text available
El tiempo escolar es clave en la calidad educativa, principalmente en Latinoamérica, por los problemas de calidad y equidad educativa que la afectan. Este trabajo es una revisión teórica de diversos estudios empíricos sobre el impacto de las políticas de extensión del tiempo escolar y cómo este recurso se gestiona, comprende y organiza en las escue...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: La disciplina parental es un tema de frecuente solicitud de orientación de quienes consultan a profesionales de la salud. Se relaciona con los estilos de crianza y ha sido estudiada cien tíficamente respecto a su efectividad y consecuencias para los hijos(as). Objetivo: Describir teorías subjetivas presentes en las recomendaciones qu...
Book
Um menino diferente? Claro que não, igual a toda gente. Uma história pra guardar comigo, porque ele era meu amigo…
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el rol que las teorías subjetivas, profesionales y científicas tienen en la formación profesional y presentar una propuesta para lograr que se integren entre ellas, en el contexto de un enfoque de formación basado en competencias. A partir de un análisis de estudios empíricos y teóricos sobre la formación pro...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to analyze and systematize subjective change in education upon the basis of a review of the main contributions derived from studies on subjective theories (ST) conducted to date in the field of education. An overview of the research on ST in education is presented and analyzed. The findings identified are then systematized...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to present a theoretical review of the main results of studies on Teachers' Subjective Theories (STs), in order to establish the contribution of this research program to studies on teacher education. The study describes a research program devoted to STs and its place within the wider field of teacher education research....
Presentation
Basado en estudios latinoamericanos sobre las creencias de padres y profesionales acerca de la disciplina parental o familiar, se presentaron antecedentes para responder a las interrogantes planteadas. Además se expuso una síntesis de la evidencia científica actual acerca de las diferentes técnicas de disciplina parental, su efectividad y consecuen...
Article
Full-text available
This research investigates the subjective theories of 12 Chilean and Costa Rican psychologists who work with children, with the purpose of describing and interpreting their explanations about child rearing. Episodic interviews were used and analyzed using a Grounded Theory model. The interviewees point out that they use their own experience and bel...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. Sleep patterns in infants is one of the main issues regarding children upbringing and has different positions in publications. Objective. To analyze 63 publications with parenting advice on sleep in infants to subsequently characterize them in terms of their position on co-sleeping and sleep training. Materials and methods. Publicatio...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological economy proposes a new economic paradigm where environmental protection plays a central role and where the subjective dimension of the subject is key for understanding ecological economic behavior. In Latin America, environmental care constitutes a major challenge given the social problems affecting the region and the need to achieve gre...
Presentation
Full-text available
Se presentó una mirada general sobre el constructo Teorías Subjetivas (TS) y sobre su estudio y trabajo con profesores. Se describió el marco paradigmático del cambio de TS en contextos de formación docente, la génesis y los factores que promueven la modificación de estas representaciones. Dentro de estos últimos, destacan la necesidad y motivación...
Presentation
Full-text available
Estructura de esta presentaciónI. Sobre la política educativa: a) Marco legal de la política de convivencia escolar en Chile b) Sujetos psicológicos presentes en la política chilena de transversalidad II. Sobre la gestión de la convivencia: Teorías subjetivas de directivos sobre la convivencia escolar Propuestas
Presentation
Full-text available
Objetivo: Argumentar a favor de la importancia que tiene considerar, la comprensión, reflexión y cambio de/sobre las crenças acerca de la convivência escolar do magistério en su formación continuada
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzed the course of an intervention aimed at developing a systematic collective reflection among educators of a vocational secondary educational establishment. The process of intervention was conducted during profesional meetings between educators, in which the discussions centered on their daily tasks, and the posible changes that ma...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this work is to report the experience of implementing a Facebook group as support to the development of critical thinking of the students of the psychology program of Universidad de La Serena in Chile. An anonymous and voluntary survey was applied to 43 students after finishing the course. The data analysis shows that the majority...
Article
Full-text available
Findings are reported from a study that reconstructs the subjective theory of a group of teachers participating in an educational certification program regarding the values about their own processes of change. A sample of 12 Chilean teachers completed 35 interviews, and some personal documents were analyzed. The information was processed through de...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to know and analyze the learning conceptions by students of the elementary school teacher's program at University of Magallanes in Chile and teachers already working at elementary schools in the city of Punta Arenas. The non-random sample consisted of 121 participants, who answered a questionnaire with dilemmas. The...
Article
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In this article we report the findings found in a study about the subjective or personal theories present in a sample made up of nine Latin American books with advice on parenting, based on the emotional education of children. Objective: to describe the subjective theories present in the Latin American books with tips on parenting, specifically abo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introducción: Históricamente han existido consejos y directrices de "expertos" para la crianza de los hijos (Beekman, 1977; Hardyment, 2007; Hulbert, 2003). En las últimas décadas se ha incrementado la publicación y consumo de libros de auto ayuda en general (Smith, Vartanian, DeFrates-Densch, Van Loon y Locke, 2003) y en particular aquellos con co...
Article
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Purpose: understand and reconstruct the Subjective Theories from professionals in language schools in Chile about causes and treatment of Specific Language Impairment. Method: qualitative methods were used to recollect data in depth. The sample included four speech therapists and four psychopedagogists from four different language schools. Every pa...