Pablo Brumovsky

Pablo Brumovsky
Austral University (Argentina) · Instituto de Investigaciones en Medicina Traslacional

MD, PhD
Intense Research and Teaching activity in the field of Pain

About

52
Publications
4,919
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1,913
Citations
Citations since 2016
15 Research Items
771 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Introduction
Pablo Brumovsky currently works at the Instituto de Investigaciones en Medicina Traslacional, CONICET-Austral University (Argentina). Pablo does research in Neuroscience, focusing on pain and the neurobiology of sensory neurons, utilizing a variety of methods and techniques that include pain behavior, pharmacology, immunohistochemistry and electrophysiology. Pablo is currently working on projects dealing with the use of IMT504 or CMMO for the modulation of neuropathic and inflammatory pain.
Additional affiliations
May 2006 - March 2010
University of Pittsburgh
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2000 - December 2005
Karolinska Institutet
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
March 1991 - December 1998
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain is a serious clinical problem and one of the major side effects in cancer treatment. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays a crucial role in regulating pain neurotransmission, and changes in the expression of different components of the ECS have been reported in experimental models of persistent pain. In addit...
Article
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are involved in the development of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathic pain, a frequent and debilitating side effect of cancer therapy. Here we explored whether oxaliplatin-induced changes in the expression of TRP channels, as well as the development of pain-related behaviours, differed between male and femal...
Article
The perception of noxious environmental stimuli by nociceptive sensory neurons is an essential mechanism for the prevention of tissue damage. Etv4 is a transcriptional factor expressed in most nociceptors in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) during the embryonic development. However, its physiological role remains unclear. Here, we show that Etv4 ablation...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammatory pain associates with spinal glial activation and central sensitization. Systemic administration of IMT504, a non-CpG oligodeoxynucleotide originally designed as an immunomodulator, exerts remarkable anti-allodynic effects in rats with complete Freund´s adjuvant (CFA)-induced hindpaw inflammation. However, the anti-nociceptive mechanism...
Article
IMT504, a noncoding, non-CpG oligodeoxynucleotide, modulates pain-like behavior in rats undergoing peripheral nerve injury, through mechanisms that remain poorly characterized. Here, we chose the spared nerve injury model in rats to analyze the contribution of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the mechanisms of action of IMT504. We show that a singl...
Article
Full-text available
inhibitory role in pain transmission, exerting long-lasting analgesic effects upon multiple systemic administrations. However, its mechanisms of anti-nociceptive action are still poorly understood. In the present study in male adult rats undergoing complete Freund’s adjuvant-induced hindpaw inflammation, we focused in the analysis of the immunomodu...
Article
Colorectal hypersensitivity and sensitization of both mechanosensitive and mechanically insensitive afferents develop after intracolonic instillation of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS) in the mouse, a model of post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome. In mice in which ~80% of extrinsic colorectal afferents were labeled genetically using t...
Article
Studies in mouse, and to a lesser extent in rat, have revealed the neuroanatomical distribution of vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs) and begun exposing the critical role of VGLUT2 and VGLUT3 in pain transmission. In the present study in rat we used specific riboprobes to characterize the transcript expression of all three VGLUTs in lumbar d...
Chapter
The most up-to-date description defines pain as an “unpleasant and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage” (International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP)). Two words stand out: “experience” and “emotional.” In fact, the cognitive processing of painful sensations is stron...
Article
Full-text available
Traumatic injury of peripheral nerves is a serious concern for both patients and clinicians, and is commonly associated to neuropathic pain and complete or partial loss of functionality of the affected limb. Stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising tool to improve the outcome of patients with peripheral nerve injury, and an increasing number of...
Article
Purpose: Previously we showed that systemic administration of IMT504 prevents or ameliorates mechanical and thermal allodynia in rats with sciatic nerve crush. Here we analyzed if IMT504 is also effective in reducing mechanical allodynia and inflammation in rats undergoing hindpaw inflammation. Materials and methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats rec...
Article
Neuropeptide tyrosine (NPY) and its associated receptors Y1R and Y2R have been previously implicated in the spinal modulation of neuropathic pain induced by total or partial sectioning of the sciatic nerve. However, their role in chronic constrictive injuries of the sciatic nerve has not yet been described. In the present study, we analyzed the con...
Article
Patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) develop chronic pain that severely compromises their quality of life. We have previously reported that progesterone (PG), a neuroprotective steroid, could offer a promising therapeutic strategy for neuropathic pain. In the present study, we explored temporal changes in the expression of the neuropeptides galan...
Article
Background: Reinnervation timing after nerve injury is critical for favorable axonal regeneration, remyelination and clinical improvement. Considering bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) are easily obtained and readily available for transplant, this work analyzed the effect of BMMC systemic administration on nerve repair and pain behavior. Metho...
Article
Full-text available
The amino acid glutamate is the principal excitatory transmitter in the nervous system, including in sensory neurons that convey pain sensation from the periphery to the brain. It is now well established that a family of membrane proteins, termed vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs), serve a critical function in these neurons: they incorporate...
Article
Full-text available
Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is a rate-limiting enzyme broadly expressed in noradrenergic and dopaminergic neurons in the central nervous system [57,70]. TH is also expressed by peripheral sympathetic neurons [98] as well as by enteric neurons within the gut [81,84]. Over 30 years ago, TH was unexpectedly discovered in developing and adult rodent cran...
Article
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Using immunohistochemical techniques, we characterized changes in the expression of several neurochemical markers in lumbar 4-sacral 2 (L4-S2) dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron profiles (NPs) and the spinal cord of BALB/c mice after axotomy of the L6 and S1 spinal nerves, major tributaries of the pelvic (targeting pelvic visceral organs) and pudend...
Article
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Background Anterograde in vitro tracing of the pelvic nerve (PN) and visualization in the horizontal plane in whole mount preparations has been fundamental in the analysis of distribution of peripheral nerves innervating the colorectum. Here, we performed a similar analysis, but in cryostat sections of the mouse colorectum, allowing for a more dire...
Article
Full-text available
Using specific riboprobes, we characterized the expression of VGLUT1-VGLUT3 transcripts in lumbar 4-5 (L4-5) DRGs and the thoracolumbar to lumbosacral spinal cord in male BALB/C mice after a 1- or 3-day hindpaw inflammation, or a 7-day sciatic nerve axotomy. Sham animals were also included. In sham and contralateral L4-5 DRGs of injured mice, VGLUT...
Article
Full-text available
Vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs) are key molecules for the incorporation of glutamate in synaptic vesicles across the nervous system, and since their discovery in the early 1990s, research on these transporters has been intense and productive. This review will focus on several aspects of VGLUTs research on neurons in the periphery and the...
Article
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Purpose: VGLUTs, which are essential for loading glutamate into synaptic vesicles, are present in various neuronal systems. However, to our knowledge the expression of VGLUTs in neurons innervating the bladder has not yet been analyzed. We studied VGLUT1, VGLUT2 and VGLUT3 in mouse bladder neurons. Materials and methods: We analyzed the expressi...
Article
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Carbohydrate malabsorption such as in lactose intolerance or enteric infection causes symptoms that include abdominal pain. Because this digestive disorder increases intracolonic osmolarity and acidity by accumulation of undigested carbohydrates and fermented products, we tested whether these two factors (hypertonicity and acidity) would modulate c...
Article
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Previous studies in rat and mouse documented that a subpopulation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons innervating non-visceral tissues express tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). Here we studied whether or not mouse DRG neurons retrogradely traced with Fast Blue (FB) from colorectum or urinary bladder also express immunohistochemically detectable TH. The...
Article
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Vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs) have been extensively studied in various neuronal systems, but their expression in visceral sensory and autonomic neurons remains to be analyzed in detail. Here we studied VGLUTs type 1 and 2 (VGLUT(1) and VGLUT(2) , respectively) in neurons innervating the mouse colorectum. Lumbosacral and thoracolumbar do...
Article
Full-text available
Glutamate is the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the nervous system, including in primary afferent neurons. However, to date a glutamatergic phenotype of autonomic neurons has not been described. Therefore, we explored the expression of vesicular glutamate transporter (VGLUT) types 1, 2 and 3 in lumbar sympathetic chain (LSC) and major pelvic g...
Article
Full-text available
Information about colorectal distension (i.e., colorectal dilation by increased intraluminal pressure) is primarily encoded by stretch-sensitive colorectal afferents in the pelvic nerve (PN). Despite anatomic differences between rectum and distal colon, little is known about the functional roles of colonic vs. rectal afferents in the PN pathway or...
Article
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Viscero-somatic referral and sensitization has been well documented clinically and widely investigated, whereas viscero-visceral referral and sensitization (termed cross-organ sensitization) has only recently received attention as important to visceral disease states. Because second order neurons in the CNS have been extensively shown to receive co...
Article
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Studies in humans and rodents suggest that colon inflammation promotes urinary bladder hypersensitivity and, conversely, that cystitis contributes to colon hypersensitivity, events referred to as cross-organ sensitization. To investigate a potential peripheral mechanism, we examined whether cystitis alters the sensitivity of pelvic nerve colorectal...
Article
Full-text available
Afferent nerve firing has been linked to spontaneous bladder contractions in a number of lower urinary tract pathologies and it may lead to urgency and incontinence. Using optical mapping, single unit recording and tension measurements we investigated the correlation between afferent nerve firing and spontaneous bladder contractions in spinal cord...
Article
Single ligature nerve constriction (SLNC) of the rat sciatic nerve triggers neuropathic pain-related behaviors and induces changes in neuropeptide expression in primary afferent neurons. Bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) injected into the lumbar 4 (L4) dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) of animals subjected to a sciatic nerve SLNC selectively migrate to the...
Article
Single ligature nerve constriction (SLNC) is a newly developed animal model for the study of neuropathic pain. SLNC of the rat sciatic nerve induces pain-related behaviors, as well as changes in the expression of neuropeptide tyrosine and the Y(1) receptor in lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) and spinal cord. In the present study, we have analyzed...
Article
The expression of two vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs), VGLUT1 and VGLUT2, was studied with immunohistochemistry in lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRGs), the lumbar spinal cord and the skin of the adult mouse. About 12% and 65% of the total number of DRG neuron profiles (NPs) expressed VGLUT1 and VGLUT2, respectively. VGLUT1-immunoreactive (I...
Article
The expression of neuropeptide tyrosine (NPY) and two of its receptors (Y1- and Y2Rs) in different types of rodent dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and spinal cord neurons, and their regulation by peripheral nerve injury, have suggested a role in neuropathic pain. Here we present the spinal NPYergic system from an immunohistochemical perspective based on...
Article
Research during the past two decades supports a complex role for neuropeptide tyrosine (NPY) and two of its associated receptors, the Y1 receptor and the Y2 receptor, in the modulation of pain, in addition to regeneration and survival mechanisms at the spinal level. Thus, NPY has been shown to both cause and reduce pain, in addition to having bipha...
Article
Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a 36-amino-acid peptide, mediates biological effects by activating Y1, Y2, Y5, and y6 receptors. NPY neurons innervate many brain regions, including the hypothalamus, where NPY is involved in regulation of a broad range of homeostatic functions. We examined, by immunohistochemistry with tyramide signal amplification, the expre...
Article
The expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was studied in adult mouse dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) and spinal cord by means of immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. TH immunoreactivity and TH mRNA were present in 10-15% of lumbar DRG neurons, in most cases being small/medium-sized. Only very few of these neurons coexpressed calcitonin gene...
Article
The distribution of galanin was studied in the lumbar 5 dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) and spinal cord, superior cervical ganglia (SCGs), and skin of transgenic mice overexpressing galanin under the dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) promoter (GalOE-DBH mice) and in wild type (WT) mice. The DRGs and spinal cord were analysed before and after a unilateral,...
Article
The expression of the galanin receptor-1 and -2 (Gal(1) and Gal(2)) messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNAs) was studied in the lower spinal cord of rat by means of in situ hybridization, using ribonucleic acid probes (riboprobes). Naïve rats as well as rats with unilateral axotomy of the sciatic nerve or unilateral inflammation of the hindpaw were anal...
Article
The localization of the neuropeptide tyrosine Y1 receptor was studied with immunohistochemistry in parasagittal and transverse, free-floating sections of the rat lumbar spinal cord. At least seven distinct Y1 receptor-positive populations could tentatively be recognized: Type 1) abundant small, fusiform Y1 receptor-positive neurons in laminae I-II,...
Article
The localization of the neuropeptide tyrosine (NPY) Y2 receptor (Y2R) protein was studied in mouse dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) and spinal cord, by using a recently developed rabbit anti-Y2R antibody and a sensitive immunohistochemical method. Y2R-like immunoreactivity (-LI) was observed in about 10% of the small/medium-sized lumbar DRG neurons. Amon...
Article
The 29/30 amino acid neuropeptide galanin is present in a small population of DRG neurons under normal condition but is strongly upregulated after nerve injury. There is evidence that this upregulated galanin has trophic actions, for example promoting neurite outgrowth as well as influencing pain processing. In fact, both pro- and antinociceptive e...
Article
In most parts of the peripheral nervous system galanin is expressed at very low levels. To further understand the functional role of galanin, a mouse overexpressing galanin under the platelet-derived growth factor-B was generated, and high levels of galanin expression were observed in several peripheral tissues and spinal cord. Thus, a large propor...
Article
The localization of the neuropeptide tyrosine (NPY) Y2 receptor (Y2R) protein was studied in mouse dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) and spinal cord, by using a recently developed rabbit anti-Y2R antibody and a sensitive immunohistochemical method. Y2R-like immunoreactivity (-LI) was observed in about 10% of the small/medium-sized lumbar DRG neurons. Amon...
Article
The neuropeptide galanin may have a role in modulation of nociception, particularly after peripheral nerve injury. Here we assessed the development of neuropathic pain-like behaviors in mice overexpressing galanin under the dopamine beta-hydroxylase promoter. Unoperated galanin over-expressing mice exhibited a moderately reduced sensitivity to noxi...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, the rat sciatic nerve was constricted to varying degrees using only one ligature with a very thin polyethylene sheath placed between nerve and ligature thread. Complete nerve transection was studied for comparison. With a 40-80% constriction of the nerve we observed allodynia to a similar extent as in the so-called Bennett mod...
Article
Full-text available
Mice carrying a deletion of the GALR1 galanin receptor have recently showed spontaneous seizure phenotype with 25% penetrance. To better understand the role of neuropeptides, which are known to undergo complex plasticity changes with development of epileptic seizures, we characterized their expression in the hippocampal formation in GALR1- knockout...
Article
Using a sensitive immunohistochemical technique, the localization of neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y1-receptor (Y1R)-like immunoreactivity (LI) was studied in various peripheral tissues of rat. Wild-type (WT) and Y1R-knockout (KO) mice were also analyzed. Y1R-LI was found in small arteries and arterioles in many tissues, with particularly high levels in the...
Article
Using a sensitive immunohistochemical method, the localization of the neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y1 receptor (Y1R) was studied in contralateral and ipsilateral dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of rats subjected to different unilateral manipulations with focus on their axonal processes and projection areas. Y1R-like immunoreactivity (LI) was observed in...
Article
Full-text available
Galanin is a 29-aa neuropeptide with a complex role in pain processing. Several galanin receptor subtypes are present in dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord with a differential distribution. Here, we describe a generation of a specific galanin R2 (GalR2) agonist, AR-M1896, and its application in studies of a rat neuropathic pain model (Bennett). Th...

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