P. Tarroso

P. Tarroso
CIBIO Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources | CIBIO · Group of Biodiversity of Deserts and Arid Regions

PhD

About

92
Publications
31,882
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1,892
Citations
Citations since 2016
53 Research Items
1327 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250

Publications

Publications (92)
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Hyper-arid sandy and rocky fields rank among the least biologically diverse habitats of the desert biome, yet knowledge of local biodiversity patterns is also extremely poor. In the Sahara Desert, palaeoclimate oscillations affected the extent of hyper-arid habitats, but it is unclear how these dynamics determined the evolution and distributio...
Article
Full-text available
Detailed knowledge about biodiversity distribution is critical for monitoring the biological effects of global change processes. Biodiversity knowledge gaps hamper the monitoring of conservation trends and they are especially evident in the desert biome. Mauritania constitutes a remarkable example on how remoteness and regional insecurity affect cu...
Article
Full-text available
Genomic tools have greatly enhanced our ability to uncover ancient interspecific gene flow, including cases involving allopatric lineages and/or lineages that have gone extinct. Recently, a genomic analysis revealed the unexpected gene flow between the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) and the dhole (Cuon alpinus). The two species have currently hig...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptive genetic diversity is a key factor in conservation planning as it relates to the evolutionary potential of populations and their responses to environmental change. Developments in landscape genomics have fostered a proliferation of tests for selection that aim to identify candidate adaptive markers in natural populations. However, these tes...
Article
Biodiversity is not uniformly distributed across the Earth’s surface, even among physiographically comparable biomes in different biogeographic regions. For lizards, the world’s large desert regions are characterized by extreme heterogeneity in species richness, spanning some of the most species‐rich (arid Australia) and species‐poor (central Asia)...
Article
Full-text available
Aim The negative impacts of climate change on mammals have been largely based on assessments of total species’ assemblages or individual species at broad scales. Here, we evaluate how the predicted magnitude and velocity of climate change in the arid region of southwest Asia might affect regional functional groups of terrestrial mammals. Location...
Article
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Explicitly accounting for phenotypic differentiation together with environmental heterogeneity is crucial to understand the evolutionary dynamics in hybrid zones. Species showing intra-specific variation in phenotypic traits that meet across environmentally heterogeneous regions constitute excellent natural settings to study the role of phenotypic...
Article
Article impact statement: If not carefully assessed, landscape changes could negatively affect dryland-adapted imperiled biodiversity in the Sahel. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Article
Full-text available
Physiological regulation of body temperature, set at a high level, is one of the key features of endothermic homeotherms, such as birds and mammals. However, many mammals and some birds have evolved the ability for temporal down-regulation of core body temperature. We investigated how variation in environment temperature and habitat primary product...
Article
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Aim Deserts are generally perceived as areas of low diversity, and hence receive little attention from researchers and conservationists. Squamates are the dominant group of vertebrates in arid regions, and as such represent an ideal model to study biodiversity patterns in these areas. We examine spatial patterns of diversity, evolutionary history a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aim Biodiversity is not uniformly distributed across the Earth’s surface, even among physiographically comparable biomes in different biogeographic regions. For lizards, the world’s large desert regions are characterized by extreme heterogeneity in species richness, spanning some of the most species-rich (arid Australia) and species-poor (central A...
Article
Full-text available
Effective biodiversity conservation planning starts with genetic characterization within and among focal populations, in order to understand the likely impact of threats for ensuring the long-term viability of a species. The Wonder Gecko, Teratoscincus keyserlingii , is one of nine members of the genus. This species is distributed in Iran, Afghanis...
Article
The study of natural hybrid zones can illuminate aspects of lineage divergence and speciation in morphologically cryptic taxa. We studied a hybrid zone between two highly divergent but morphologically similar lineages (Southwestern and Southeastern) of the Iberian endemic Bosca's newt (Lissotriton boscai) in SW Iberia with a multilocus dataset (mic...
Article
Full-text available
Ongoing global warming is disrupting several ecological and evolutionary processes, spanning different levels of biological organization. Species are expected to shift their ranges as a response to climate change, with relevant implications to peripheral populations at the trailing and leading edges. Several studies have analyzed the exposure of sp...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study we use an unprecedented database of 5,535 distributional records to infer the diversity, ecological preferences and spatial distribution of the 60 species of terrestrial reptiles of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and use the 57 native species to test the effectiveness of the protected areas’ network in conserving this unique v...
Data
Spatial data of the terrestrial reptiles of the UAE. Appendix including the spatial data of all the 60 species of terrestrial reptiles of the UAE in shapefile format. (ZIP)
Data
Main taxonomic groups observed. Pie charts showing higher taxonomic composition of the UAE terrestrial reptile species (A) and the number of observations for each of the taxonomic groups used in this study (B). Numbers in parenthesis are the number of species (A) and observations (B). (TIF)
Data
List of calibration points. List of the 13 calibration points used to calibrate the phylogenetic tree of Squamata and including all the UAE terrestrial species. Each calibration point includes the author and all the parameters used to implement the calibration point in BEAST. (PDF)
Data
Observations map. Map with all the 5,535 occurrence points of UAE terrestrial reptiles used in the present study. Credits: OpenStreetMap contributors, SRTM. (TIF)
Data
Species richness maps of the medically important venomous species. A) Venomous species richness by emirate inferred with the occurrence point data; B) Venomous species richness by a 10 arc-min grid inferred with the occurrence point data; C) Venomous species richness by emirate inferred with the species distribution models; D) Venomous species rich...
Data
Time calibrated tree of Squamata obtained with BEAST. Time calibrated tree based on the concatenated dataset of 15 genes and 146 species of Squamata including all 60 UAE terrestrial reptiles (highlighted in green) and one outgroup inferred with BEAST. The 13 calibration points are indicated as red circles and are labelled as in S2 Appendix which gi...
Data
List of all the 146 species of reptiles included in the phylogenetic analyses. For the UAE species the table includes species name, the country and specimen code. (PDF)
Data
Information on the 60 species of UAE terrestrial reptiles for the whole country and independently for each emirate. Number and percentage of the total number of species, threatened species and medically important venomous species based on presence data. (PDF)
Data
Loadings, eigenvalues, and variance explained by the two first components retained from the principal component analysis (PCA) performed on the 19 bioclimatic variables used in this study. BIO1 = Annual Mean Temperature, BIO4 = Temperature Seasonality, BIO5 = Max Temperature of Warmest Month, BIO6 = Min Temperature of Coldest Month, BIO7 = Temperat...
Data
Topoclimatic characterization of the UAE. A) Map of annual mean temperature in °C (BIO1); B) Map of annual mean precipitation in mm (BIO12); C) Map of land cover types (as of 2008); D) Graph of the frequency of elevations divided into 100-m bins. Credits: OpenStreetMap contributors, SRTM. (TIF)
Data
Maximum likelihood (ML) tree obtained with RaxML. Phylogenetic tree based on the concatenated dataset of 15 genes and 146 species of Squamata including all 60 UAE terrestrial reptiles (highlighted in green) and one outgroup. Asterisks highlight the three introduced species. (TIF)
Data
Correlation between species richness and phylogenetic diversity. Points in the graph are cells of the 10 arc-min grid. The regression line was fitted using a linear model. (TIF)
Data
Information on the dataset used for the phylogenetic analyses. Gene composition, fragment lengths, partitions, models and run specifications for the different phylogenetic analyses are shown. (PDF)
Data
Area of occupancy (AOO) and species potential distribution (SPD) at 4 km2 of all 60 terrestrial reptiles of the UAE. Number of occupied 4 km2 cells for each approach, area occupied by each species for each approach. Asterisks highlight the three introduced species. (PDF)
Data
Atlas of the terrestrial reptiles of the UAE. An appendix showing photographs, distribution and ecological preferences of the 60 species of terrestrial reptiles of the UAE. Species distribution models (SDMs) inferred for each species are also included. Credits for maps: OpenStreetMap contributors, SRTM. (PDF)
Data
Political map of the UAE. Map showing the political borders of the UAE and among the seven emirates. Credits: OpenStreetMap contributors, SRTM. (TIF)
Data
Checklist of the 60 species of UAE terrestrial reptiles. Table containing all the species recorded in this study grouped by families and higher taxa. The table contains information regarding the regional IUCN conservation category (yet unpublished) for all the species and indicates if they are endemic to the UAE and if it is a medically important v...
Data
Information from the gap analysis with distribution records with the AOO approach. List of all 60 UAE species, showing their regional IUCN conservation category, their area of occupancy, area of occupancy inside protected areas, and the percentage of area of occupancy inside protected areas. Asterisks highlight the three introduced species. The int...
Data
Information from the gap analysis with distribution records with the species potential distribution (SPD) approach obtained with species distribution modeling (SDM). List of all 60 species of the UAE, showing their regional IUCN conservation category, their SPD area, the SPD area inside protected areas, and the percentage of the SPD area inside pro...
Data
Evolutionary distinctiveness (ED) of each of the 60 species of UAE terrestrial reptiles. The numbers show the evolutionary uniqueness of each species with respect to other UAE reptiles in millions of years. Asterisks highlight the three introduced species. (PDF)
Data
Information on the protected areas of each emirate. The table contains: the name of each emirate, the area of each emirate in km2; the number of protected areas that are inside each emirate; the area in km2 that is protected inside each emirate and the percentage of protected areas by emirate. (PDF)
Article
Estimating geographic ranges of intra‐specific evolutionary lineages is crucial to the fields of biogeography, evolution, and biodiversity conser‐vation. Models of isolation mechanisms often consider multiple distances in order to explain genetic divergence. Yet, the available methods to esti‐mate the geographical ranges of lineages are based on di...
Article
Full-text available
Examining historical and contemporary processes underlying current patterns of genetic variation is key to reconstruct the evolutionary history of species and implement conservation measures promoting their long-term persistence. Combining phylogeographic and landscape genetic approaches can provide valuable insights, especially in regions harborin...
Article
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The importance of targeting ecological and evolutionary processes in reserve design has been widely acknowledged in the literature but rarely implemented on islands. Using Soco-tran reptiles as models, we aim to relate richness of widespread and restricted-range species directly with landscape variables and to compare the impact of setting conserva...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of targeting ecological and evolutionary processes in reserve design has been widely acknowledged in the literature but rarely implemented on islands. Using Socotran reptiles as models, we aim to relate richness of widespread and restricted-range species directly with landscape variables and to compare the impact of setting conservat...
Article
Full-text available
In the present work, we use an exceptional database including 5,359 records of 101 species of Oman’s terrestrial reptiles together with spatial tools to infer the spatial patterns of species richness and endemicity, to infer the habitat preference of each species and to better define conservation priorities, with especial focus on the effectiveness...
Article
Full-text available
Pristurus rupestris rupestris is a gecko of the family Sphaerodactylidae adapted to the arid habitat found in the Hajar Mountains of southeastern Arabia. The complete mitochondrial genome was obtained with Illumina sequencing. The sequenced mitogenome has 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNAs, two rRNA genes and two non-coding regions, totalling 16,993...
Article
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The Hajar Mountains are the highest mountain range in eastern Arabia. Despite being classified as a mountain desert, it is considered one of the top biodiversity hotspots of Arabia. As a result of its relatively old geological origin, complex topography, environmental heterogeneity and geographic isolation from other mountain ranges, its fauna and...
Article
Full-text available
Accounting for evolutionary relationships between and within species is important for biodiversity conservation planning, but is rarely considered in practice. Here we introduce a novel framework to identify priority conservation areas accounting for phylogenetic and intraspecific diversity, integrating concepts from phylogeny, phylogeography, spat...
Article
Full-text available
Oceanic islands are often inhabited by endemic species that have undergone substantial morphological evolutionary change due to processes of multiple colonizations from various source populations, dispersal, and local adaptation. Galápagos marine iguanas are an example of an island endemic exhibiting high morphological diversity, including substant...
Article
Full-text available
Climate changes in the Iberian Peninsula since the Last Glacial Maximum are associated with distributional shifts of major Mediterranean and European temperate species. The dynamic relationship between climate and species in the past may be retrieved from the fossil records available in the Iberian Peninsula. We have used an extensive set of pollen...
Article
Aim Climate change assessments are largely based on correlative species distribution models (SDMs) that are sensible to spatial biases or incompleteness of input distribution data. We tested whether changes on the species’ climatic niche resulting from recent human-induced range contractions have a significant influence on SDM predictions of future...
Article
Aim Identification of priority conservation areas and evaluation of coverage of the current protected areas are urgently needed to halt the biodiversity loss. Identifying regions combining similar environmental traits (climate regions) and species assemblages (biogroups) is needed for conserving the biodiversity patterns and processes. We identify...
Conference Paper
Ongoing climate changes are affecting biodiversity both at ecological and evolutionary levels and many species are predicted to become threatened or shift their range in the near future. Iberian amphibians and reptiles are no exception and most of these species present high intra-specific genetic diversity. However, the effects of climate change at...
Article
Full-text available
The power of phylogeographic inference resides in its ability to integrate information from multiple sources in an iterative hypothesis-testing framework. In this paper, we build upon previous mtDNA-based hypotheses about the evolutionary history of the Iberian newt Lissotriton boscai using sequences of the highly variable nuclear β-fibrinogen intr...
Article
Full-text available
The evolution of the climate in the Iberian Peninsula since the last glacial maximum is associated with distributional shifts of multiple species. We rely on this dynamic relationship between past climate and biodiversity patterns to quantify climate change using fossil pollen records widespread throughout the Iberian Peninsula and modern spatial d...
Article
Full-text available
Phylin is a package for the R programming environment which offers different methods to spatially interpolate genetic information from phylogeographic data. These interpolations can be used to predict the spatial occurrence of different lineages within a phylogeny using a modified method of kriging, which allows the usage of a genetic distance matr...
Article
Full-text available
The evolution of the mitochondrial genome and its potential adaptive impact still generates vital debates. Even if mitochondria have a crucial functional role, as they are the main cellular energy suppliers, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) introgression is common in nature, introducing variation in populations upon which selection may act. Here we evalua...
Article
The formation of stable genetic boundaries between emerging species is often diagnosed by reduced hybrid fitness relative to parental taxa. This reduced fitness can arise from endogenous and/or exogenous barriers to gene flow. Although detecting exogenous barriers in nature is difficult, we can estimate the role of ecological divergence in driving...
Article
Full-text available
AimCompare the performance of continental and regional models in predicting species distributions at range margins. Selection of study area extent, resolution and threshold affects ecological model predictions. At range margins of species distribution, local populations may be restricted to suboptimal environments distinct from the species' global...
Article
Deserts and arid regions are generally perceived as bare and rather homogeneous areas of low diversity. The Sahara is the largest warm desert in the world and together with the arid Sahel displays high topographical and climatic heterogeneity, and has experienced recent and strong climatic oscillations that have greatly shifted biodiversity distrib...
Article
Full-text available
At northern temperate latitudes trees have adjusted their ranges substantially in response to changing climates during the Holocene. Results from dispersal model simulations suggest that postglacial migration rates may have been over-estimated from fossil pollen data. As a contribution to this debate, we infer the migration rates of Abies alba (Mil...
Article
Maintenance of genetic distinction in the face of gene flow is an important aspect of the speciation process. Here, we provide a detailed spatial and genetic characterization of a hybrid zone between two subspecies of the European rabbit. We examined patterns of allele frequency change for 22 markers located on the autosomes, X-chromosome, Y-chromo...
Data
Deserts and arid regions are generally perceived as bare and rather homogeneous areas of low diversity. The Sahara is the largest warm desert in the world and together with the arid Sahel displays high topographical and climatic heterogeneity, and has experienced recent and strong climatic oscillations that have greatly shifted biodiversity distrib...