P. Sabat

P. Sabat
University of Chile · Departamento de Ciencias Ecológicas

Dr.

About

161
Publications
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Introduction
P. Sabat currently works at the Departamento de Ciencias Ecológicas, University of Chile. Their most recent publication is 'Terrestrial birds in coastal environments: metabolic rate and oxidative status varies with the use of marine resources'.
Additional affiliations
January 2000 - November 2015
University of Chile
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (161)
Article
Link for free download: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1fMml5SMCh53xt Endogeic earthworms such as Aporrectodea caliginosa play an essential role in the agroecosystems because of their continuous burrowing and feeding (geophagous) activity, which causes a profound impact on soil texture, organic matter decomposition, soil carbon storage, microbial...
Article
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During the past 60 years, mammalian hibernation (i.e., seasonal torpor) has been interpreted as a physiological adaptation for energy economy. However, direct field comparisons of energy expenditure and torpor use in hibernating and active free-ranging animals are scarce. Here, we followed the complete hibernation cycle of a fat-storing hibernator,...
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Salinization and pollution are two main environmental stressors leading deterioration to water quality and degradation of aquatic ecosystems. Amphibians are a highly sensitive group of vertebrates to environmental disturbance of aquatic ecosystems. However, studies on the combined effect of salinization and pollution on the physiology of amphibians...
Article
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Hibernation (i.e., seasonal or multiday torpor) has been described in mammals from five continents and represents an important adaptation for energy economy. However, direct quantifications of energy savings by hibernation are challenging because of the complexities of estimating energy expenditure in the field. Here, we applied quantitative magnet...
Article
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The arboreal marsupial monito del monte (genus Dromiciops, with two recognized species) is a paradigmatic mammal. It is the sole living representative of the order Microbiotheria, the ancestor lineage of Australian marsupials. Also, this marsupial is the unique frugivorous mammal in the temperate rainforest, being the main seed disperser of several...
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Urbanization impacts public, wildlife and environmental health. Studies comparing rural and urban populations reveal negative effects of urban life on animal health, however, there is a paucity of research on its intra-urban variation. Specifically, whether wildlife health varies with green space attributes in cities remains poorly understood, whic...
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Variations in the availability of nutritional resources in animals can trigger reversible adjustments, which in the short term are manifested as behavioral and physiological changes. Several of these responses are mediated by Sirt1, which acts as an energy status sensor governing a global genetic program to cope with changes in nutritional status....
Preprint
Full-text available
The arboreal marsupial Monito del Monte (genus Dromiciops, with two recognized species) is a paradigmatic mammal. It is the sole living representative of the order Microbiotheria, the ancestor lineage of Australian marsupials. Also, this marsupial is the unique frugivorous mammal in the temperate rainforest, being the main seed disperser of several...
Article
Full-text available
Predictions indicate that birds worldwide will be affected by global warming and extreme climatic events which is especially relevant for passerines because the diurnal habits, small body size, and high mass-adjusted metabolic rates of this group make it particularly susceptible to increases in temperature and aridity. Some bird species respond to...
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Understanding physiological traits and ecological conditions that influence a species reliance on metabolic water is critical to creating accurate physiological models that can assess their ability to adapt to environmental perturbations (e.g., drought) that impact water availability. However, relatively few studies have examined variation in the s...
Article
The ecological niche is dynamic, since the position and width of the niche can vary at different spatial and temporal scales. We examined the trophic ecology of southeast Pacific humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae in the Magellan Strait feeding area in 2011, 2012 and 2017, analyzing changes in diet and the width of the isotopic niche in relatio...
Article
Environmental conditions experienced by developing animals have an impact on the development and maturity of the immune system. Specifically, the diet experienced during early development influences the maintenance and function of the immune system in young and adult animals. It is well known that exposure to low‐protein diets during early developm...
Preprint
Full-text available
During the last sixty years, mammalian hibernation (i.e., seasonal torpor) has been interpreted as a physiological adaptation for energy economy. However -and crucially for validating this idea - direct field comparisons of energy expenditure in hibernating and active free-ranging animals are scarce. Using replicated mesocosms and a combination of...
Article
Human-dominated environments alter the availability and quality of resources for many species, especially for scavengers that have large home ranges and plastic foraging behaviors that enable them to exploit novel resources. Along the western slope of the Andes, the modification of natural landscapes have resulted in significant declines in native...
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Aquatic animals often display physiological adjustments to improve their biological performance and hydrosaline balance in saline environments. In addition to energetic costs associated with osmoregulation, oxidative stress, and the activation of the antioxidant system are common cellular responses to salt stress in many species, but the knowledge...
Article
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In order to maintain the energy balance, animals often exhibit several physiological adjustments when subjected to a decrease in resource availability. Specifically, some rodents show increases in behavioral activity in response to food restriction; a response regarded as a paradox because it would imply an investment in locomotor activity, despite...
Article
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The high metabolic activity associated with endurance flights and intense fuelling of migrant birds may produce large quantities of reactive oxygen species, which cause oxidative damage. Yet it remains unknown how long-lived birds prepare for oxidative challenges prior to extreme flights. We combined blood measurements of oxidative status and enzym...
Article
The role of marine mammals in ecosystems has been evaluated mainly in species of high trophic level and results indicate that they influence the structure and functioning of biological communities. In this study the trophic role of the humpback whale was analyzed using an ecosystem model of the Francisco Coloane Coastal Marine Protected Area, Magel...
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La manipulación con fines científicos de vertebrados terrestres en poblaciones naturales chilenas se debe realizar previa autorización del SAG y de Comités de Bioética institucionales. Obtener dichas autorizaciones es cada vez más complejo; los trámites no se adecúan al quehacer científi co ni al conocimiento sobre el efecto de la manipulación en l...
Article
Physiological traits associated with maintenance, growth, and reproduction demand a large amount of energy and thus directly influence an animal's energy budget, which is also regulated by environmental conditions. In this study, we evaluated the interplay between ambient temperature and salinity of drinking water on energy budgets and physiologica...
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RESUMEN La manipulación con fi nes científi cos de vertebrados terrestres en poblaciones naturales chilenas se debe realizar previa autorización del SAG y de Comités de Bioética institucionales. Obtener dichas autorizaciones es cada vez más complejo; los trámites no se adecúan al quehacer científi co ni al conocimiento sobre el efecto de la manipul...
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Full-text available
The relationships between immunity, oxidative stress, and diet have not often been studied together. Despite this, it has been shown that dietary proteins can have effects on the functioning of the immune system and the oxidative status of animals. Here we evaluated the effects of dietary proteins on the response to an antigen and oxidative status...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are known to pose a potential risk to human, wildlife, and ecosystems' health. In Chile, pollutants are distributed in altitudinal, latitudinal, and anthropogenic gradients with higher concentrations in central Chile. The bioaccumulation and biomagnification of POPs primarily impacts species located at the top o...
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Several studies have evaluated plastic changes in the morphology of the digestive tract in rodents subjected to caloric restriction or restricted availability. Nevertheless, studies that link these morphological responses to physiological consequences are scarce. In order to investigate short-term plastic responses in the intestine, we acclimated a...
Article
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Individual diet specialisation (IS) is frequent in many animal taxa and affects population and community dynamics. The niche variation hypothesis (NVH) predicts that broader population niches should exhibit greater IS than populations with narrower niches, and most studies that examine the ecological factors driving IS focus on intraspecific compet...
Article
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Life in saline environments represents a major physiological challenge for birds, particularly for passerines that lack nasal salt glands and hence are forced to live in environments that do not contain salty resources. Increased energy costs associated with increased salt intake, which in turn increases the production of reactive oxygen species, i...
Article
During vertebrate development, the immune function is inefficient and is mainly controlled by innate defense. While there have been detailed studies of various aspects of innate immune function, the effects of this function in growth of vertebrates is still not well known. Similarly, there is little information regarding how early endotoxin exposur...
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1.The timing and duration of life history stages (LHS) within the annual cycle can be affected by local environmental cues which are integrated through endocrine signaling mechanisms and changes in protein function. Most animals express a single LHS within a given period of the year because synchronous expression of LHSs is thought to be too costly...
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Populations of the same species can vary substantially in their behavioral and morphometric traits when they are subject to different environmental pressures, which may lead to the development of different adaptive strategies. We quantified variation in exploratory behavior and morphometric traits among two rufous-collared sparrow populations that...
Article
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Most animals must cope with seasonal fluctuations in environmental conditions, including variations in food availability and composition. Accordingly, it is expected that most species should exhibit reversible seasonal phenotypic adjustments in their physiology. Here, we assessed seasonal variation in the activity of three digestive enzymes (sucras...
Article
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Environmental temperature is a variable that influences all aspects of organisms, from physiological, e.g. immune function, and morphological traits to behavior. Recent studies have reported that environmental temperature modulates organisms’ thermoregulatory capacity and immune response, suggesting that trade-offs must be made between thermoregula...
Article
Many physiological adjustments occur in response to salt intake in several marine taxa, which manifest at different scales from changes in the concentration of individual molecules to physical traits of whole organisms. Little is known about the influence of salinity on the distribution, physiological performance, and ecology of passerines; specifi...
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We studied the putative effect of early experience on the physiological flexibility of metabolic and osmoregulatory traits in the leaf-eared mouse Phyllotis darwini, an altricial rodent inhabiting seasonal mediterranean environments. Adult individuals were collected in central Chile and maintained in breeding pairs. Pups were isolated after weaning...
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Several studies have suggested that penguins are undergoing a major restructuring of their feeding habits and distribution after drastic climatic changes in the Antarctic Peninsula region. With the objective of estimating potential medium-term and inter-annual variations in trophic niche, we measured δ 15N and δ 13C in feather samples of pygoscelid...
Article
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The niche variation hypothesis (NVH) predicts that population with broader niches should exhibit greater between-individual diet variation or individual specialization (IS) relative to populations with narrower niches. Most studies that quantify population niche widths and associated levels of IS typically focus on a single or few species, but stud...
Article
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Studies on the yolk and albumen content in bird eggs, and the effects of variations in their relative loads in the phenotype of the birds, have revealed multiple consequences at different levels of biological organization, from biochemical traits to behavior. However, little is known about the effect of albumen variation on energetics performance d...
Article
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Food availability varies substantially throughout animals' lifespans, thus the ability to profit from high food levels may directly influence animal fitness. Studies exploring the link between basal metabolic rate (BMR), growth, reproduction, and other fitness traits have shown varying relationships in terms of both magnitude and direction. The div...
Article
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Because a broad spectrum of resource use allows species to persist in a wide range of habitat types, and thus permits them to occupy large geographical areas, and because broadly distributed species have access to more diverse resource bases, the resource breadth hypothesis posits that the diversity of resources used by organisms should be positive...
Conference Paper
Los ácidos grasos (AG) específicos tales como los insaturados (UFA, por sus siglas en inglés) y los saturados (SFA, por sus siglas en inglés) contenidos en el alimento son nutrientes clave en la ecología alimentaria de las aves. Utilizando un enfoque de campo y otro experimental, se evaluó el efecto de la dieta sobre la actividad de tres esterasas...
Article
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Seed-eating birds have a diet of high nutritional value; however, they must cope with plant secondary metabolites (PSM). We postulated that the detoxification capacity of birds is associated with a metabolic cost, given that the organs responsible for detoxification significantly contribute to energetic metabolism. We used an experimental approach...
Article
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Climate change poses one of the greatest threats to biodiversity. Most analyses of the impacts have focused on changes in mean temperature, but increasing variance will also impact organisms and populations. We assessed the combined effects of the mean and the variance of temperature on thermal tolerances—i.e., critical thermal maxima, critical the...
Article
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Studies of aquatic invertebrates reveal that salinity affects feeding and growth rates, reproduction, survival, and diversity. Little is known, however, about how salinity impacts the energy budget of vertebrates and amphibians in particular. The few studies focused on this topic in vertebrates suggest that the ingestion of salts and the resulting...
Article
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Background: Among the predictions of the effect of future climate change, the impact of thermal conditions at local levels on the performance of individuals and their acclimation capacities is key to understanding animals' responses to global warming. Woodlice (the terrestrial isopod Porcellio laevis) exhibit a readily observed behaviour that may r...
Article
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One of the fastest growing uses of stable isotope analysis in ecology is using hydrogen isotope (δ2H) values to characterize animal movement and migration strategies. Most studies measure δ2H values in metabolically inert tissues such as feathers, which are typically grown during or just after the summer breeding season and provide a limited snapsh...
Article
To increase our understanding about the mode of toxic action of organophosphorus pesticides in earthworms, a microcosm experiment was performed with Aporrectodea caliginosa exposed to chlorpyrifos-spiked soils (0.51 and 10 mg kg− 1 dry soil) for 3 and 21 d. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), carboxylesterase (CbE), cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenase...
Article
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Cinclodes is an ecologically diverse genus of South American passerine birds and represents a case of continental adaptive radiation along multiple axes. We investigated morphological diversification in Cinclodes using a comprehensive set of morphometric measurements of study skins. Principal component analysis identified 2 primary axes of morpholo...
Conference Paper
Chemical composition of the food and the breadth of the diet are closely related to physiology and the ability to metabolize nutrients. Although seed-eating birds have a high nutritional food, they face the challenge of dealing with variable amounts of secondary compounds (SC). We postulate that the detoxification capacity of a bird is associated w...
Article
Erratum to: J Comp Physiol B (2014) 184:729-739 DOI 10.1007/s00360-014-0832-1The authors omitted one of the grant numbers that supported the research for this paper from the acknowledgement section. The corrected Acknowledgement section should read as follows:Acknowledgments This work is from the postdoctoral project financed by Fondo Nacional de D...
Article
Se determinó la composición botánica de la dieta del Cortarramas Phytotoma rutila en el desierto del Monte central, Argentina, mediante análisis microhistológico de las heces. En ambos sexos, la dieta estuvo compuesta por una importante proporción de frutos (26.8%) y hojas (35.6%) del arbusto Lycium tenuispinosum (Solanaceae) y hojas del árbol Pros...
Article
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Due to the higher energy requirements of birds during winter, it is predicted that the activities of metabolic enzymes (e.g., citrate synthase, CS and cytochrome C oxidase, COX) should increase in tandem with increases in rates of energy expenditure (e.g., basal metabolic rate, BMR). However, there is mixed support for the hypothesis of enzymatic a...
Article
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In lizards, one of the most important behavioral mechanisms to cope with spatial and temporal variations in thermal resources observed is activity time. The longer a lizard can maintain activity, the more time it has to forage and reach larger adult body size. We studied the behavioral adjustments to different climatic regimens on daily and seasona...
Article
Botanical composition of the diet of White-tipped Plantcutter Phytotoma rutila in the central Monte desert from Argentina, was determined by microhistological analysis of excreta. In both sexes, the diet was composed by a high proportion of fruits (26.8%) and leaves (35.6%) from the shrub Lycium tenuispinosum (Solanaceae) and leaves from the tree P...
Article
Specific fatty acids (FA) such as unsaturated (UFA) and saturated (SFA) fatty acids contained in foods are key factors in the nutritional ecology of birds. By means of a field and experimental approach we evaluated the effect of diet on the activity of three esterases involved in FA hydrolysis; carboxylesterase (CE: 4-NPA-CE and a-NA-CE) and butyry...
Article
Mammals exposed to low temperatures increase their metabolic rate to maintain constant body temperature and thus compensate heat loss. This high and costly energetic demand can be mitigated through thermoregulatory behavior such as social grouping or huddling, which helps to decrease metabolic rate as function of the numbers of individuals grouped....
Article
Full-text available
Background: Among the predictions of the effect of future climate change, the impact of thermal conditions at local levels on the physiological performance of individuals and their acclimation capacities is key to understanding animals’ responses to global warming. Goal: Test for the effect of acclimation to environmental thermal variability, namel...