P. Nijkamp

P. Nijkamp
Tinbergen · Economics

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1,322
Publications
142,125
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (1,322)
Article
Regional science has, in its great history since the 1950s, made a decisive contribution to a better scientific understanding of spatial development issues and dynamics and to a more effective implementation of knowledge-based regional policy in many countries of the world, in both developed and developing nations on our planet. This special issue...
Article
After the 2008 financial crisis, institutional adaptability and economic diversification through smart specialization have been considered key forces for attaining an effective resilience trajectory of regional economies. Successful policy responses should not capture only limited, conjunctural and transitory measures, but should rather promote pro...
Preprint
Leisure mobility forms an important part of people's spatial activity and mobility spectrum. This study aims to analyse the inequality dimensions of spatial mobility of individuals who seek to move to recreational and leisure destinations (often 'green' and 'blue') on designated days. The study traces-through the use of spatially dependent multilev...
Article
After the worldwide interest in global sustainability and climate change challenges, an increasing concern is voiced on local quality of life and neighbourhood liveability. In recent urban studies, human well-being, satisfaction and happiness studies are gaining much popularity in a local context (the ‘microcosmic city’). The present study seeks to...
Article
To limit the spread of Covid‐19, most countries in the world have put in place measures which restrict mobility. The co‐presence of several people in the same place of work, shopping, leisure, or transport is considered a favourable vector for the transmission of the virus. However, this hypothesis remains to be verified in the light of the daily d...
Preprint
Settlement centers of various types, including cities, produce basins of attraction whose shape can be regular or complexly irregular (from the point of view of geometry). It depends, among others, on the properties of the space surrounding a city. Central Place Theory (CPT), a well-known concept in economic geography and spatial economics, explain...
Chapter
Over the past decades, the Asia-Pacific Rim has exhibited an unprecedented high degree of economic and geographic dynamics. Clearly, cities in this region display heterogeneity in terms of economic performance, technological innovativeness, environmental conditions and cultural recognition and interaction. It is, therefore, interesting to develop a...
Article
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There is an abundance of studies on the urban-rural dichotomy. In the mainstream economic and regional science literature, the urban centers have usually been described as growth machines, growth poles, or growth foci, and urbanization as a driver of economic growth. It is commonly assumed that the assemblage of factors of production in urban cente...
Article
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Asia hosts several mega-cities with great economic power, which are often in a mutual competitive relationship. Despite smart specialisation and heterogeneity on national and global markets, they are often in pursuit of the highest possible socio-economic outcome so as to outperform their peers in this dynamic region. The present study seeks to pre...
Article
Ups and downs in city life are dependent on the citizens' appreciation for their urban ‘home’, in particular the neighbourhood liveability. Taking modern research on urban wellbeing and happiness as a point of departure, this study presents and tests a new methodology for assessing the residents' affection for their local neighbourhood. This approa...
Article
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We identify vulnerable groups through the examination of their employment status in the face of the initial COVID‐19 shock through the application of tree‐based ensemble machine learning algorithms on a sample of individuals of over 50 years old. The present study elaborates on the findings through various interpretable machine learning techniques,...
Article
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We study interregional competition for mobile creative capital between regions and. Regional authorities (RAs) in both regions use tax policy to attract the creative capital possessing members of the creative class to their region. The resulting tax revenues help RAs finance other objectives such as the provision of one or more public goods. In thi...
Article
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The multivariate pluriformity and complexity of economic-geographic space (e.g., cities or countries) are reflected in their empirical multidimensional data structure with space–time characteristics. The need to reduce the multiple dimensions of an observation space is present in all social (and other) sciences seeking to identify basic patterns or...
Chapter
This study examines and tests the concept of ‘city love’ in the context of social resilience for urban neighbourhoods. It introduces the notion of ‘city body’ and ‘city soul’ so as to create an operational framework for measuring the citizens’ appreciation and attachment for the local neighbourhood. Particular attention is given to the social bonds...
Article
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This paper seeks to study work-related and geographical conditions under which innovativeness is stimulated through the analysis of individual and regional data dating from just prior to the smartphone age. As a result, by using the ISSP 2005 Work Orientations Survey, we are able to examine the role of work flexibility, among other work-related con...
Article
This study aims to conceptualise the organisational framing of tourism management in touristified cities, focusing on the assessment of participatory processes of tourism planning. A grounded theory approach is used to analyse and discuss the role of the newly created consultive Tourism Council of Barcelona. An analysis of in-depth interviews under...
Article
Ageing outcomes are shaped by not only health conditions, but also their interactions with the external environment. While the effects of some specific neighbourhood characteristics such as rurality on ageing have been evaluated in various studies, we still know little about the relative importance of particular natural and urban environments and h...
Article
Modern cities face many new challenges as a result of the ‘digital age’, in particular the uncertain promise of high urban benefits from the widespread use of communication technology in a smart city context. This essay introduces the theme of ‘Shared Spaces in Smart Places’, the connection between information technology and urban community. Just l...
Article
The geographic dispersion and size distribution of cities seem, at first glance, to exhibit a random pattern. Clearly, physical geography, geo-political history and climatology shape irregular constraints and forms in the global pattern of urban evolution, so that an entirely regular spatial picture of cities and their interactions in space is not...
Article
The ‘X Factor’ is a British reality show – broadcasted all over the world – in which a heterogeneous set of contestants showcase their musical talent so as to obtain the winning bid from a jury. The X factor refers to the critical condition that has the most significant influence on the final result. This popular television series on the X fact...
Chapter
This contribution posits that the tourism sector—as part of the leisure society—deserves a more prominent position in regional science. After a general outline of trends in modern tourism, this chapter argues that promising research angles can be found in: (a) the closer examination of the complex components of leisure time, (b) the income drivers...
Chapter
Tourism is an important key sector in regional and national economies which appears to have often a favorable recovery potential after a shock, leading to the notion of resilience capacity of regions. In the context of a tourism-led growth mechanism, the concept of tourism-led resilience capacity is introduced (constituted of sustained tourism resi...
Chapter
The rise of peer-to-peer booking networks for accommodations such as Airbnb has significantly altered the tourism landscape and has had broad implications for destination management. Apart from providing direct competition to the traditional hospitality sector, concerns have been raised about urban gentrification effects—through an influence on hou...
Chapter
This chapter aims to provide an empirical contribution to trace key geographical factors for inbound and domestic tourism in Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan. In this study we use a set of relevant input and output data in 2015 for a set of 54 cities, towns and villages in Hokkaido Prefecture, so as to evaluate and compare their territorial tourism effic...
Article
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In the wake of current urbanization trends, Creative Class theory has gained much popularity. According to the theory, in order to achieve sustainable socioeconomic growth and citizens' well-being, cities have to attract the Creative Class, who prefer places that simultaneously provide amenities such as tolerance, talent, technology, and territoria...
Article
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This study combines three interconnected streams in tourism literature: analysis of the utilisation of common pool resources (CPR) in tourism, studies on sustainable tourism development and theoretical contributions to the articulation of roles, missions and strategies of a destination management organisation (DMO). Starting from an integrative lit...
Article
This paper posits that regional science—as a multidisciplinary analysis of the functioning of regions—has, in its historical evolution, largely neglected the specific role of borders. Borders do not only act as barriers with friction costs in an otherwise open human interaction space; they are multidimensional organizing principles for mobility, in...
Article
The link between the management of uncertainty and knowledge creation is the core element behind firm survival, as these two factors are critical for true innovation. This article links the survival of highly innovative firms to their knowledge creation and application in the context of two types of uncertainty management: (i) the individual firm's...
Book
Full-text available
The Handbook of Regional Science is a multi-volume reference work providing state-of-the-art information, prepared by respected scientists in the field. This second edition includes new sections on the history of regional science, and on regional policy. It has been thoroughly updated to reflect new developments, including new chapters on R&D colla...
Article
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The aim of the paper is to explore and map out regional science perspectives on global development, assessed on the basis of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) proposed by the United Nations (UN). The issue is important, since in general the methodological glue that unites interdisciplinary approaches – like regional science – may not work wi...
Book
This edited book brings together in one place new studies of rural–urban interactions and their implications for regional growth and development in different regions within Asia. Specifically, the individual chapters in the book shed light on the different kinds of rural–urban interactions that we witness in Asian regions, particularly those that a...
Book
This book provides new roads, perspectives, and a synthesis for tourism and regional science research. Tourism has become one of the most dynamic sectors in the economy and has exhibited a structurally growing importance over the past decades. In many countries the economic significance of tourism now exceeds that of traditionally strong sectors li...
Article
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For decades, gravitational analysis has been a key instrument in analyzing spatial flows. Time and again, it has prompted new and challenging research questions. This paper provides a concise overview of the foundation, the conceptualization and empirical relevance of gravitational principles in regional science and spatial economics. Attention is...
Article
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Rural tourism is one of the important ways to achieve rural revitalization and one of the choices for farmers to improve their viability. Therefore, the socio-ecological systems (SES) analysis framework and obstacle factor analysis can provide a new perspective for the evaluation of farmers’ behavior adaptation processes. In order to test the adapt...
Article
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This paper positions blockchain systems in the context of smart city policy. It argues that blockchain technology may be an effective vehicle in coping with corruption and ‘false playing’ in urban public procurement and tendering systems. It presents the design of new app (Self-Sovereign App or SSApp) to avoid corruptive behavior of agents.
Article
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In our rapidly urbanizing world, the problem of rurality versus urbanization is becoming a source of concern. Rural tourism development may become a new important stimulus for promoting a sustainable transformation of the farmers’ livelihood. This calls for a smart specialization in rural tourism where the focus is on a balanced rural revitalizatio...
Article
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Taking GDP as the standard economic indicator for economic welfare, recent Resources-Economy studies indicate the “dematerialization” of the economy, the so-called decoupling effect. This conclusion seems to alleviate concerns over resource scarcity and limits to growth, and feeds optimism for green growth and sustainability prospects. However, the...
Article
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Based on empirical perception data, the present paper introduces a new approach in government performance assessment in rela­tion to public innovation capacity and quality of public services. Innovation in the public sector has reached a high level of priority on the public agenda of the EU, while the interest of academ­ics in this topic has steadi...
Article
This paper provides an overview of regional science research in The Netherlands since the 1960s. It adopts a contextual thematic approach in identifying and interpreting regional science research topics, practices and methodologies, inspired by Toynbee's challenge and response concept. It argues that place‐based, cultural and historical conditions...
Chapter
This chapter examines the relationship between social capital and the notions of accessibility, migration, and occupation with a comparative perspective between rural and urban areas. The chapter draws attention to the distinctive ways in which each notion operates in rural and urban areas and by using previous evidence it explores the methodologic...
Article
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An attractive cultural heritage is an important magnet for visitors to many cities nowadays. The present paper aims to trace the constituents of the destination attractiveness of 40 global cities from the perspective of historical-cultural amenities, based on a merger of extensive systematic databases on these cities. The concept of cultural herita...
Article
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As a country transitions from a lower order of development to a higher order of development, it undergoes a structural transformation. Accordingly, the spatial economy transforms from a system organized around smaller economic units distributed throughout the countryside, to one comprising larger economic units concentrated in dense urban areas. Wh...
Book
This book addresses unexpected disasters and shocks in cities and urban systems by providing quantitative and qualitative tools for impact analysis and disaster management. Including environmental catastrophes, political turbulence and economic shocks, Resilience and Urban Disasters explores a large range of tumultuous events and key case studies t...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter offers a review on modern entrepreneurship analysis, against the background of regional development. Regions with an entrepreneurial culture tend to be forerunners in a competitive economic process. After a conceptual discussion on the importance and the measurement of entrepreneurship, the contribution discusses critical success facto...
Article
Resilience has in recent years become an established concept in dynamic systems analysis. It is also increasingly employed in dynamic spatial systems, such as cities. The present paper offers an evidence of resilience of urban systems after an external shock. It pays particular attention to natural disasters affecting a city´s system. A typology of...
Article
The dynamics of spatial hierarchical processes displays fascinating images of the evolution of attraction basins of towns. Assuming in the present paper a random character of such complex processes, gravitational modeling is employed to depict changes in the nature of fuzzy boundaries between attraction basins in a hexagonal world, i.e. the geograp...
Article
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Economic growth, tourism dynamics, and territorial capital in European regions are analysed during a period comprising a first stage of economic growth, negative impacts of the crisis of 2008, and recovery. A spatial econometric model inspired by the endogenous growth approach shows positive spatial spillovers, convergence between regions, positive...
Article
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Recent years have shown a rising popularity of the concept of resilience—both theoretically and empirically—in complex systems analysis. There is also a rising literature on resilience in the transport and spatial-economic field. The pluriform interpretation of resilience (e.g., engineering vs. ecological resilience) is related to methodological di...
Article
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A framework model for wellness tourism development in rural areas is developed in this paper, combining the concepts of integrative diversification, tourism product development, and an endogenous approach to innovation dynamics. Three spatial levels of wellness services are considered (establishment, destination, and the region where they are locat...
Article
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Spatial systems appear to exhibit often a complex pattern of socio-economic development, in terms of (un)employment, income, mobility, ethnic composition, and urbanisation rates. Their evolution is co-determined by such factors as: market proximity, labour and housing market developments, public amenities, use of and access to transport systems, so...
Article
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Implementation of clean energy initiatives at the neighbourhood level by local stakeholders is necessary to reach internationally agreed climate goals. The present paper aims to design a novel decision support system in order to facilitate clean neighbourhood energy planning with the involvement of multiple stakeholders, initiated by a local author...
Article
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This paper aims to provide an advanced dynamic efficiency assessment methodology for city performance strategies in Japan, based on an extended and super-efficient Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The use of this novel efficiency-improving approach originates from earlier research based on the so-called Distance Friction Minimisation (DFM) method....
Article
Culture matters for economic development. This postulate has been a main conceptual concern for “old” institutional economics (OIE) and has lately also been tested through neoclassically inspired econometric techniques. This conceptual foundation has been confirmed in several quantitative studies on developed countries, in particular cases from the...
Article
This symposium focuses on understanding key territorial-level innovation trends and processes by country, region and technology. It questions various widely accepted assumptions, offers fresh perspectives, both conceptually and methodologically, and challenges a paradigm shift in the field of innovation and spatial dynamics. It consists of three ar...
Article
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Tourism is clearly a place-based activity, while in many advanced economies it is increasingly becoming a knowledge-based activity, with a high potential for the development of practice- and place-based innovation strategies. This study analyses whether and how regional systems of innovation influence the competiveness of tourism destinations in Eu...
Article
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New lifestyles in contemporary mobile and leisure societies are changing the way people deal with their health, inter alia by attaching an increasing importance to wellbeing and preventive behavior, along with growing concerns on environmental sustainability and with an interest in unique and authentic place-based experiences. This dynamics has far...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the increasing socio-economic importance of tourism, in particular in the European context, a set of recent studies involving a large number of European regions has led to the identification of important problems related to the sustainable use of natural resources, innovation dynamics and specialization patterns, impacts of tourism on regio...
Book
This is the first book to fully introduce a newly developed distance friction minimization (DFM) model, which is one of the new efficiency improvement projection approaches in data envelopment analysis (DEA). The DFM model can produce a most effective solution in efficiency improvement projections for inefficient spatial entities (decision-making u...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to provide a very concise overview of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and its subsequent improvements. DEA proposed by Charnes et al. (Eur J Oper Res, 2:429–444, 1978) and based on the seminal article by Farrell (J Roy Stat Soc 120:253–290, 1957) aims to develop a comparative measure for production efficiency. We present...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to summarize this book and to suggest implications for further research in Japan and Asian countries. From the viewpoint of “efficiency,” Japan is often regarded as a top athlete in Asia based on many evidence-based results. Nevertheless, it is also clear that there are still many inefficient fields and policy domains in...
Chapter
This chapter aims to present an application result of the Adjusted-Improvement (AI) approach to DEA for generating an appropriate efficiency-improvement projection model. We propose a Target-Oriented (TO) DFM model that allows reference points that remain below the efficiency frontier. Our TO-DFM model specifies a Target Efficiency Score (TES) for...
Chapter
This chapter aims to present a newly developed and extended distance friction minimization (DFM) model in the context of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), in order to comply with plausible and real-world circumstances. The DFM model is generally able to calculate either an optimal input reduction value or an output increase value in order to reach a...
Chapter
This chapter aims to provide an empirical contribution to the rising literature on the relative performance and benchmarking of large cities in a competitive world. On the basis of a recent detailed database on many achievement criteria of 35 major cities in the world, it seeks to arrive at a relative performance ranking of these cities by using Da...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to apply an extended DEA model – emerging from a blend of a distance friction minimization (DFM) and a target-oriented (TO) with a fixed (inflexible) factor (FF) approach based on a super-efficiency (SE) model – for generating an appropriate efficiency-improvement projection model. The DFM model is able to calculate an op...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to apply an extended DEA model emerging from a blend of a Stepwise Improvement-distance friction minimization (DFM) model and a Fixed-Factor (FF) model, for generating an appropriate efficiency-improvement projection model. A DFM model serves to improve the performance of business activities by identifying the most approp...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to introduce essential features of data envelopment analysis (DEA) for regional performance measurement. We introduce basic rules of application to regional performance measurement from the viewpoint of economies of scale, treatment of input and output items, and the number of DMUs, inputs and outputs. Furthermore, in app...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to apply an extended DEA model – emerging from a blend of a distance friction minimization (DFM) and a Target-Oriented (TO) approach based on a Super-Efficiency (SE) model – for generating an appropriate efficiency-improvement projection model. The DFM model is able to calculate an optimal input reduction value and an opt...