P. Matthijs Bal

P. Matthijs Bal
University of Lincoln · Lincoln Business School

PhD

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171
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Publications

Publications (171)
Conference Paper
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Critical Theory (CT) has recently become one of a growing number of important areas attracting worldwide academic attention. Its primary focus has been/is the liberation of people from conditions and technologies of enslavement in contemporary work and society. Given Future of Work and Organizational Psychology's (FoWOP's) identification with simil...
Chapter
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This chapter explores the role of workplace dignity in individualization of work arrangements. It does so by problematizing some aspects of ideals which have not yet been discussed before, including the differences from its 'competitor' job crafting, the mythical properties underpinning the ideal as ideal, and the role of ideology underpinning idea...
Presentation
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Research goals and why the work was worth doing: Academia is in crisis. Numerous studies show that academics worldwide suffer from enormous workloads, health problems, stress, and burnout. However, there is still a dearth of knowledge on how academic workplaces can be designed and organized to sustainably protect academics’ well-being. The current...
Article
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People in contemporary society are increasingly being addressed as agentic individuals who are held responsible for personal aspects of their life and beyond. These personal aspects contain the design and organization of one’s life path in terms of, e.g., (lifelong) education, work and retirement planning, health care, work-life balance, and happin...
Article
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The current study investigated employees' weekly responses to experienced job insecurity. Based on appraisal theory, it was postulated that employees may adopt three coping strategies in response to job insecurity (i.e., remaining silent, adapting, or being proactive) in order to maintain or improve their weekly well-being. We introduced a multilev...
Article
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Sustainability has become an increasingly popular concept in relation to contemporary organizational life. The current paper reviews the concept of sustainability in relation to Human Resource Management [HRM] and poses the question whether HRM can become truly sustainable. Analyzing the notion of sustainability as an empty concept, this paper sear...
Preprint
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In their timely piece, Rogelberg, King and Alonso (2022) eloquently elaborated the reasons why I-O science experiences difficulties in reaching the public and presented the tactics of how I-O psychologists could elevate scientific findings to the broader masses. Undoubtedly, there is a growing need for advancing the overall communication and repres...
Article
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Due to the demographic change in age, societies, firms, and individuals struggle with the need to postpone retirement while keeping up motivation, performance, and health throughout employees’ working life. Organizations, and specifically the Human Resource Management (HRM) practices they design and implement, take a central role in this process. B...
Article
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In dit artikel analyseer ik absurditeit op de werkvloer, en met specifieke aandacht voor de absurditeiten die zich manifesteren in werk sinds het uitbreken van de Covid-19 pandemie. Absurditeit ontstaat in de afwezigheid van het rationele, en waarbij geobserveerde praktijken fundamenteel haaks staan op de retoriek en officieel discours ten opzichte...
Article
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This paper introduces a socio-economic perspective on the relationships of idiosyncratic deals (i.e. i-deals) with motivation to continue working beyond retirement. On the basis of work adjustment theory, we expected that i-deals enable employees to engage in innovative behavior and professional development, through which they experience more work...
Article
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Orientation: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused a ‘coronafication’ of research and academia, including the instrumentalisation of academic research towards the demands of society and governments. Whilst an enormous number of special issues and articles are devoted on the topic, there are few fundamental reflections on how t...
Article
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The study explains the goals’ based formation of relational PC (objective-1) differently for younger and older workers at shorter and longer tenures (objective-2). Hypotheses were developed lensing through SPF and PC theories. Moderated moderation of tenure by age on association between workers’ goals and relational contract were tested using multi...
Article
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Purpose This paper contains a meta-analysis of the psychological contract literature published in the last two decades. The aim of this paper was to investigate the moderating role of national culture in the individual-level relationships between psychological contract breach (PCB) and two important work outcomes, namely job performance (in-role an...
Cover Page
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Stress, anxiety, depression, and similar emotional and psychological inhibitors may negatively impact employee well-being and dignity (Bal, 2017), quality of work-life (Morris & Madsen, 2007) and overall organizational performance. These inhibitors may be produced through events such as structural or procedural changes, tensions emanating from dimi...
Article
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In psychological contract research, the side of the supervisor is strongly underexposed. However, supervisors are responsible for maintaining relationships with both their subordinates and senior management and are likely to be influenced by events unfolding in these relationships. In this study, we state that supervisor well-being may be affected...
Preprint
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In this piece, I want to address a relatively controversial and sensitive topic, which may seem to be somewhat farfetched, and deals with the question whether eminent (and often older, senior or retired) academics should stop publishing in academic journals. While this question may seem to be somewhat ludicrous to those who never reflected on the i...
Article
This paper discusses the relationships between fiction and working lives by exploring the roles of empathy and sustainability in how people read and perceive fiction in relation to their own private and working lives. The paper problematizes some notions manifesting within these relationships by discussing how ideology infiltrates both the understa...
Article
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• Purpose: Scholarly and general interest in sustainable careers is flourishing. Sustainable careers are focused on the long-term opportunities and experiences of workers across dynamic employment situations, and are characterized by flexibility, meaning, and individual agency. The current paper analyzes and challenges the underlying ideological as...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the macroeconomic factors that may moderate the psychological contract breach (PCB) and work outcome relationship. Design/methodology/approach This study conducted a meta-analysis based on data from 134 studies. Findings The study revealed that the inflation rate and the unemployment rate of a count...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the macroeconomic factors that may moderate the psychological contract breach and work outcome relationship. Design/methodology/ approach This study conducted a meta-analysis based-on data from 95 studies. Findings The study revealed that the inflation rate and the unemployment rate of a country mod...
Chapter
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This chapter explores the role of aging and lifelong learning. It introduces the concept of aged heterogeneity, or the notion that older workers tend to be more heterogeneous than younger workers and therefore have more variation in needs when it comes to development and learning, to explain how and why older workers have different learning strateg...
Presentation
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On 19 August 2020, we published our webinar on the hypernormalization of absurdity in times of Covid-19 on Youtube, as part of the Research Showcase of our Business School, University of Lincoln. In this webinar, we talk about how absurdity in contemporary society is normalized, and maintained. The video can be seen here: https://www.youtube.com/w...
Article
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The Problem Stress, anxiety, depression, and similar emotional and psychological inhibitors may negatively impact employee well-being and dignity, quality of work-life, and overall organizational performance. These inhibitors may be produced through events such as structural or procedural changes, tensions emanating from diminished work relationshi...
Article
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As flexibility has become a sine-qua-non of the contemporary workplace, we performed a critical review of its different uses and understandings in business and management research. Analyzing the literature on workplace flexibility in the period 1970-2018, using a four-part conceptual framework, and on the basis of subsequent content analysis of 262...
Article
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Problem Resilience discourses in society and the contemporary workplace tend to emphasize the self-directed nature of resilience and the imposed demand for resilience for survival in the contemporary labor market. Solution In this article, the anchoring point of resilience is analyzed when conceptualized within a neoliberal and self-directed ideol...
Preprint
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This paper introduces the concept of fictional science to the field of work and organizational psychology. It describes the necessity of such introduction, and the intended benefits for the field of work psychology. Work psychology is a scientific discipline dominated by a positivistic paradigm, which stifles the possibilities of abductive reasonin...
Preprint
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What is the response of work psychologists to the current Covid-19 crisis? What do work psychologists have to offer in these times of uncertainty? The Future of Work and Organizational Psychology (FoWOP) Movement calls for academics worldwide to contribute to sustainable solutions for workplaces, the economy, and individuals. The current crisis off...
Article
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The pressures associated with the speed of competition, including the digitalization of workspaces, are increasing the need for modern organizations to drive employee satisfaction and engagement. Integrating gamification into the workplace has been identified as a possible strategy to promote employee participation, engagement, and loyalty. Gamific...
Article
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In this essay, I argue that work and organizational psychology needs to move beyond measuring performance and well-being as the only outcomes relevant to our research. I outline the main difficulties with a narrow focus on performance and well-being, and argue that we need to broaden our scope of outcomes to stay relevant in a rapidly changing soci...
Article
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This study examines how employees assess demands-abilities and needs-supplies across their work lifespan, and how they better adjust to their work. Based on person-environment fit theory, the job design and the lifespan literatures, and using interviews with a sample of 40 professional ballet dancers, our research shows how the interplay between de...
Article
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The number of workers with a chronic disease is steadily growing in industrialized countries. To cope with and to give meaning to their illness, patients construct illness narratives, which are widely shared across patient societies, personal networks and the media. This study investigates the influence of these shared illness narratives on patient...
Article
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The way this study has used the ‘best fit’ approach has facilitated the study of how three hypothesised constructs of political, economic and social barriers can deepen our knowledge of their impacts on SMEs’ internationalisation within a small developing country context. Based on a quantitative analysis of the three hypothesised barriers, we used...
Article
This paper discusses the relationships between fiction and working lives through exploring the role of empathy in how people read and perceive fiction in relation to their own private and working lives. It discusses how experience of fiction may cause an empathic reaction in the reader, subsequently leading to behaviors contributing to greater empa...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the extent to which socioeconomic background affects the chances of promotion to senior ranks within the Royal Navy and how the upwardly mobile often faces a "class ceiling". The researchers collected quantitative data within the Royal Navy. The research found a disproportionate over-representation of officers from socioeconom...
Article
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Since workforces are aging rapidly worldwide, older workers need to work longer. Therefore, this study investigated active ways through which older workers shape their job to age successfully at work. We build on the lifespan psychology literature and the activation hypothesis to argue that activating workdays, characterized by high work pressure a...
Cover Page
Full-text available
The way this study has used the ‘best fit’ approach has facilitated the study of how three hypothesised constructs of political, economic and social barriers can deepen our knowledge of their impacts on SMEs’ internationalisation within a small developing country context. Based on a quantitative analysis of the three hypothesised barriers, we used...
Chapter
Full-text available
Inleiding De term 'Human Resource Management' is vanaf het ontstaan ervan een controversiële term geweest, en met name betreffende de betekenis van 'Human' in HRM. Er is regelmatig de vraag gesteld of HRM mensen werkelijk als 'Human' beschouwt, of toch voornamelijk als 'Human Resource' (zie bv. Delbridge & Keenoy, 2010). Deze vraag betreft de kern...
Article
Full-text available
For anyone interested in becoming a more critical researcher, or conducting research from a more critical perspective, we have now made a Checklist for Critical Work and Organizational Psychology. In this checklist you will find some background as well as many questions that stimulate thinking about critical issues in our work.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It was not long ago that technology and robotization were not of any interest to work psychologists or organizational scholars. The impact of technology on people and organizations was not something worth researching, and there were more pressing issues, such as the aging workforce, engagement, or work-life balance. However, this has changed dramat...
Article
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Today, we face a burnout crisis in universities. More than half of UK academics experience high or very high levels of work related stress. Early career academics are at least 6 times more likely to develop mental illness than people working outside academia. Universities and governments typically address these problems by using psychological inter...
Article
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In this short reflection piece, I summarize the main inspirations, outcomes and impressions of the Future of WOP Day held preceding the EAWOP Conference, taking place on 29 May 2019 in Torino, Italy. During this day around 70 people got together to talk about the future of our field, including the need for better methods, more critical research,...
Article
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This manifesto presents 10 recommendations for a sustainable future for the field of Work and Organizational Psychology. The manifesto is the result of an emerging movement around the Future of WOP (see www. futureofwop.com), which aims to bring together WOP-scholars committed to actively contribute to building a better future for our field. Our re...
Article
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This paper conceptualises “human resource (HR) differentiation” as a set of deliberate and differentiating HR practices across individuals within the organisation to address employees' unique work needs and preferences as well as reward them for their input. Despite the importance of HR differentiation, research has mainly focused on the recipients...
Article
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This paper introduces three new dimensions to the idiosyncratic deals (i.e., ideals) literature, and develops measures for these dimensions to broaden the scope of research on ideals beyond ideal timing and content. Based on four studies, the paper proposes and validates three new scales for measurement of ideals motivations as well as management o...
Preprint
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The proposal for a Special Issue of Advances in Developing Human Resources centres on papers that seek to address research into and on management and staff adaptation from workplace adversity (e.g. stress, anxiety, depression as a result of large-scale organisational change or restructuring, career breaks, sabbaticals or redundancy) into more resil...
Article
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Despite the wealth of research showing that psychological contract breach (PCB) has negative outcomes for individuals, knowledge about the influence of the social context in which breaches are experienced is still scarce. This is surprising, as scholars have argued that work climates, such as when unit members are generally highly committed, could...
Preprint
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In this short piece I make the observation that the field of Work and Organizational Psychology (and/or OB) is primarily white and dominated by white people. As a white WOP-scholar myself, I ask myself three questions: why is WOP so white?, what are the effects of WOP being so white?, and what can we do to enhance diversity in WOP? I explore the qu...
Research Proposal
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This proposal for a Special Issue of Advances in Developing Human Resources centres on papers that seek to address research into and on management and staff adaptation from incidents of stress, anxiety, depression and such like into resilient human beings. Initial abstracts on resilience and critical HRD-related topics of not more than three hundre...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses the links between psychological contracts and idiosyncratic deals. While both concepts have been theoretically developed by the same scholar, they are also indicative of emerging societal trends that influence the topics under study by researchers in the field of Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management. This cha...
Chapter
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Fictional narratives have the potential to influence people who read, view or listen to them. A body of studies has found that stories can change people's identity or sense of self. This chapter proposes a theoretical model conceptualizing the impact of fictional narrative experiences on the dialogical self. Three pathways are proposed through whic...
Chapter
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The literature on psychological contract formation and evaluation is extremely rich, yet the role of social context has thus far been under researched. Studying the role of social context, however, is important as psychological contract formation, fulfillment, and breach are likely to be influenced by social contextual factors such as supervisors,...
Preprint
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In this piece, I make the argument that we should stop measuring performance and well-being in Organizational Behavior, Work and Organizational Psychology and HRM. I bring forward various arguments why so, and in particular explain why well-being is not a valid substitute for performance. I would like to thank Edina Doci for her comments on an ear...
Article
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In dit artikel wordt het begrip waardigheid (Engels: dignity) in HRM beschreven. Op basis van de vraag welke rol HRM in de huidige en toekomstige wereld kan spelen, wordt een nieuw paradigma afgezet tegenover het huidige dominante instrumentele paradigma in mainstream HRM onderzoek. Dit nieuwe paradigma is geformuleerd op basis van waardigheid. Dit...
Article
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This is a rejoinder to the commentaries on our paper on neoliberalism in work and organizational psychology. In this rejoinder, we provide a summarized response to the commentaries, thereby highlighting three main points: (1) when, where and how does neoliberalism manifest in society and our work as Work and Organizational Psychologists, (2) what i...
Article
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This chapter discusses the role of psychological contracts along the lifespan and careers of workers. It explains the meaning of the psychological contract, and discusses lifespan theories in relation to how psychological contracts may change with age. In particular, there are three ways through which psychological contracts evolve over time. First...
Article
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The goal of this study was to examine changes in newcomers’ psychological contract over time. Based on schema theory and the post-violation model of the psychological contract, we theorized that psychological contract fulfillment is strengthening the psychological contract over time, while changes in the psychological contract are most likely to oc...
Article
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High-performance work system (HPWS) research is mainly drawn from theories of social exchange and human capital to unlock the underlying mechanisms in relation to employee performance. In addition to both theories, a personal resources perspective can also be used to explain the effects of HPWS. In this cross-level research, we tested the mediating...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter discusses the role of psychological contracts along the lifespan and careers of workers. It explains the meaning of the psychological contract, and discusses lifespan theories in relation to how psychological contracts may change with age. In particular, there are three ways through which psychological contracts evolve over time. First...
Chapter
Full-text available
5.1 Inleiding Dit hoofdstuk gaat over de rol van waardigheid in inclusief HRM. Ten eerste wordt beschreven wat de rol is van de moderne HR-manager in organisaties en in welke rol de HR-manager opereert. Vervolgens wordt een breder perspectief geboden op basis van waardigheid waardoor inclusief HRM inhoud krijgt en kan bijdragen aan een meer circula...
Article
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Research on high-performance work systems (HPWS) has suggested that a potential disconnection may exist between organizational-level HPWS and employee experienced HPWS. However, few studies have identified factors that are implied within such a relationship. Using a sample of 397 employees, 84 line managers, and 21 HR executives in China, we examin...
Preprint
Research on high-performance work systems (HPWS) has suggested that a potential disconnection may exist between organizational-level HPWS and employee experienced HPWS. However, few studies have identified factors that are implied within such a relationship. Using a sample of 397 employees, 84 line managers, and 21 HR executives in China, we examin...
Article
Full-text available
This research integrates social learning and career customization theories to explore a trickle-down model of individually-negotiated, non-standard, personalized agreements between employees and their managers, known as i-deals. We argue that manager i deals are positively associated with subordinate i-deals which, in turn, also relate positively t...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter discusses the relationships between fiction and working lives through exploring the roles of empathy and sustainability in how people read and perceive fiction in relation to their own private and working lives. It discusses how fiction experience may cause an empathic reaction in the reader, subsequently leading to behaviors contribut...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the role of neoliberal ideology in workplace practices and in work and organizational psychology (WOP) research. It analyses how neoliberal ideology manifests in these two domains by using a prominent framework from the field of political theory to understand ideology through three different logics: political, social and fantasm...
Article
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This study tested a mediated model explaining 2 mechanisms through which perceived availability of developmental human resource (HR) practices are related to employee's motivation to continue working beyond early retirement. On the one hand, development HR relates to more perceptions of a positive development climate, and on the other hand, develop...
Working Paper
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Chapter
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This chapter elaborates on the two conditions which are crucial in building dignified organizations: power-balance and learning organizations. To do so, Bal postulates that dignity can be established on the notion of democracy, as it fundamentally revolves around the redistribution of power in organizations, and creates the opportunity for learning...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses how dignity work can be undertaken in organizations to enhance dignity in the workplace, and to materialize the potential of dignity. It explains how the role of education is important in realizing more dignified organizations. It introduces reversed logic of hypernormalization as a key strategy not only for academics but for...
Chapter
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The chapter systematically analyzes current practices in universities. This current chapter aims to formulate the principles and practices of the dignified university, and thereby laying the foundation for the establishment of the dignified organization. To do so, it is first analyzed how universities in contemporary (Western) society have become t...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses the main theoretical perspectives through which dignity can be linked to other concepts in organizations, including stakeholder theory. Subsequently, the chapter discusses how dignity relates to utopian ideas about work, and defines the roles of meaning and participation in relation to dignity. It also discusses dignity and s...
Chapter
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Bal introduces the theory of workplace dignity through exploring why there is a need for alternatives in management. Through systematically analysing eleven trends in society affecting the current state of management studies, Bal shows the urgency to present alternative paradigms in management on the basis of the consequences of neoliberalism, indi...
Chapter
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This chapter introduces a theory of workplace dignity, on the basis of the combination of two perspectives. First, a Daoist perspective on dignity postulates that not only humans have dignity, but everything on earth. Second, a Kantian perspective on dignity postulates the necessity to formulate dignity in terms of duties towards the other. The the...
Chapter
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Bal presents an overview of conceptualization and theory on dignity. The chapter discusses the various ways in which dignity has been defined across history, and in particular discusses the role of Kantian notions of dignity, as this has been most influential on contemporary ideas around dignity. However, it also devotes specific attention to other...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses the links between workplace dignity and various established workplace concepts, such as stakeholder management, ideas of profit maximization, and counterproductive work behaviors. Subsequently, this chapter explains how workplace dignity becomes salient in organizations, and whether violation of dignity has the same connotati...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses the relationship between workplace dignity and individualization at work, which can be described as a paradox. The current chapter discusses how workplace dignity is defined in terms of individuality and individualization, establishes both an analysis of the underlying assumptions in contemporary management research consideri...