Otwin Marenin

Otwin Marenin
Washington State University | WSU · Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology

Ph.D., Political Science (Comparative Politics); UCLA

About

79
Publications
8,653
Reads
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1,063
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
August 1991 - May 2015
Washington State University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Have been at WSU, Pullman from 1979-1983; and again from 1991 to now (2015)
August 1988 - May 2002
University of Alaska Fairbanks
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Full-text available
Community-oriented policing (COP) has become, at least in rhetoric, the dominant style of policing among countries systems across the globe. Yet even limited comparative research reveals the vast variations that have occurred among and within nations that nominally seek to implement the basic principles and values underlying COP. One core principle...
Article
Full-text available
The police have come under fire recently as videos showing their use of force are heavily publicized in public and social media. The President's Task Force on 21st-century policing, though useful in reviewing current issues, fails to effectively address the use of force problem by not considering the power of informal police culture and the way in...
Article
This Special Issue of Public Administration Development on The Politics and Management of Policing Reforms in Newly Industrialized, Industrializing and Developmental States was undertaken in co-operation and with the support of the Central Police University in Taiwan by the Guest Editorial team of Paul Collins, Otwin Marenin and Michael Chin-Chih C...
Article
The purpose of this study is to assess whether police fairness, effectiveness, assistance and fear of crime variables help explain trust in the police among university students. Five hundred questionnaires were distributed to all students in randomly selected summer courses offered by the university in 2012; 414 questionnaires were filled and retur...
Article
Full-text available
The notion that economic development in African states requires minimal levels of security has become widely accepted in the international development community. The question is which types of security provision—professional all-service policing or functionally specialized agencies—will have the greater impact on promoting and sustaining economic d...
Article
ResumeLa plupart des etudes existantes concernant les relations entre la police et les citoyens au Nigeria et plus generalement en Afrique presente une impression presqu’ uniformement negative. Les donnees que presente cet article mettent en question le bien-fonde de ces observations et demontrent que l’evaluation par le public du role et des activ...
Article
Effective and sustainable police- and peace-building reforms require that international interveners and implementers have sufficient knowledge of the political, social and cultural complexities of local environments in which they will attempt reforms. Essential aspects of local mission environments on which information needs to be collected and tau...
Article
Full-text available
The current organizational arrangements, cultures, and practices of policing in Sub‐Saharan African states, and likely future developments to more democratic forms of policing, are constrained by persistent patterns of political instability, pervasive insecurity, identity‐based and often quite violent conflicts, corruption, vast class and status di...
Article
The goal of reforming policing systems in transitional, conflict‐torn, and failed states has become a major focus of donor assistance projects, for without effective, efficient, equitable, and accountable policing wider social, economic, and political development is not likely to be sustained. Although a large reform literature, written by members...
Chapter
Full-text available
International police training -training offered by the police of one country to the police of other countries- has a long history. A recent development is training offered by international police academies, such as the International Police Academies (ILEAs) created by the US in Hungary, Thailand, and Botswana; the Middle European Police Academy (ME...
Article
Full-text available
As a free trade area, NAFTA requires the relatively unrestricted movement of people, goods, and services across the borders between the United States, Mexico, and Canada. Although the proponents of NAFTA emphasize positive economic outcomes for the three partners, the dependence of those outcomes on open borders inevitably brings with it the prospe...
Article
Policing has become decentered from the state as substate and transnational developments have shifted some of the roles and authority for policing to new social and international groups and agencies. At the international level, a number of regime communities (e.g., scholars, nongovernmental organizations, police leaders, transnational policy makers...
Article
In this paper the position is taken that the best way to prepare officers for policing based on democratic values is through an andragogy approach to training (mutual involvement of the expert and the novice in the learning process) rather than through the traditional pedagogy approach (the transmission of information from the expert to the learner...
Article
Both Mexico and the United States, which share a long and porous border, have declared international narcotics trafficking a national security problem. Nevertheless, operational cooperation in dealing with this common problem has been lacking. We argue that difficulties in trans‐national cooperation are caused, in the main, by conflicting evaluatio...
Article
The political contexts, goals and activities of two international police acad emies operated by the United States are described and evaluated. Conti nuities and changes between the International Police Academy (which operated in Washington, D.C., from 1963 to 1975) and the International Law Enforcement Academy (which opened in Budapest, Hungary, in...
Article
Criminal justice is an academic discipline in practice but not yet in theory. An analysis of intellectual resources used in recent criminal justice books shows that theory development is still tied to established disciplines, does not accurately reflect and incorporate the multiple intellectual traditions from which the discipline of criminal justi...
Article
The adoption of community oriented policing (COP) is likely to have an impact on patterns of civil liability claims filed against police departments and officers. We hypothesize that COP practices may lead to an increase in civil liability claims by expanding the scope of police responsibilities and roles and by altering patterns of police citizen...
Article
There exists a large and growing international exchange network for policing ideologies, technologies and skills. Transnational policing programs seek to promote more effective global crime control, help develop and sustain demographic policing reforms, and support the stability of the emerging new political and economic world order. Existing trans...
Article
Criminal justice is an academic discipline in practice but not yet in theory. An analysis of intellectual resources used in recent criminal justice books shows that theory development is still tied to established disciplines, does not accurately reflect and incorporate the multiple intellectual traditions from which the discipline of criminal justi...
Article
The United States keeps trying to be the policeman of the world. Since the collapse of Communism it has intensified its police assistance to ‘emerging democracies’. This paper sets out seven principles to ensure such assistance is effective and does aid democracy in the recipient countries.
Article
The accuracy and reliability of official crime data are always suspect because knowledge of crime depends on the independent decision made by each victim of whether or not to report her/his experiences to the police. Victimization surveys allow estimates of degrees of inaccuracy, but such research is rarely done in developing countries. The little...
Article
Shock incarceration programs, or boot camp prisons, have been advocated as one means to deal with the recent massive influx of drug offenders into the criminal justice system. The study compares the attitudes of prisoners (N = 103) in a minimum security facility and inmates (N = 267) in a prison boot camp toward alcohol, marijuana, and hard drugs (...
Article
The relationship between crime and development typically has been investigated within the theoretical umbrella of three dominant frameworks (modernization, underdevelopment, routine activities) and by the analysis of cross-national, statistical correlations between developed and developed countries. We outline the empirical, methodological, concept...
Article
The general theory of crime proposed by Gottfredson and Hirschi (1990) claims to be valid across time and space. That claim is assessed through an analysis of three categories of Nigerian crime — normal, political-economic, and riotous. Logical, empirical, and theoretical shortcomings in the theory are identified and discussed. Factually, many indi...
Article
In 1975, Alaska's Attorney General banned plea bargaining by prosecutors. The ban and a later evaluation of its impacts are frequently cited in the literature to support arguments that plea bargaining can be abolished with little effect on the efficient functioning of the court system. These conclusions, though, are inaccurate. Plea bargaining did...
Article
The description of the origins and development of the Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO) Program, which serves the Native Communities of Alaska, is used to judge the validity of the dominant explanations (culture contact/social dislocation and underdevelopment/dependency) for the state of Native affairs in Alaska. Both explanations are found want...
Article
The Nigerian government established the National Youth Service Corps in 1973 as a means for furthering national unity. The program deploys Nigerian university and polytechnic graduates for a one-year period away from their home states to areas of Nigeria they might otherwise not have become familiar with. This article develops a measure of proper d...
Article
The Epistemological status of their own consciousness is the core contradiction of Marxist thought. This difficulty has not been acknowledged by African Marxists, nor do they explicitly admit to the varieties of radical scholarship which form their intellectual heritage, and which their own worl seeks to modify and elaborate. Marxist scholars have...
Article
Providing training and resources to the police forces of Central America was a major objective of the Reagan Administration's policy in the region. Such aid was provided in order to enhance effective and democratic policing in those countries, but assistance has failed to achieve its stated goals. We argue that the overall thrust of U.S. foreign po...
Article
The NYSC was established by the Nigerian government in 1973 to promote national unity by requiring that Nigerian graduates of universities, polytechnics and Advanced Teacher's Training College contribute one year of mandatory service to the nation. This article examines the impact of the program on the national consciousness of the participants. -f...
Article
At the conclusion of a meeting of the Armed Forces Ruling Council in October 1986, President Ibrahim Babangida turned to the Inspector- General of the Nigeria Police Force, Etim Inyang, and asked, ‘My friend, where is Anini?’. At about this time, Nigerian newspapers and journals were publishing numerous articles and editorials on the ‘Anini Challen...
Chapter
The state is what it can make its agencies do. It is not a thing or a prize to be captured and used by those with ambition and power, be they the national bourgeoisie, the managerial class, corrupt politicians, military autocrats, revolutionary vanguards or peasant masses. Rather, the state in Africa — as are all states — is the process of managing...
Article
Empirical studies of the interactions between economic conditions and social control have generally found high osito e correlations between unemployment and incarceration, although theorists interpret the meaning of these relations different. This studs' examines the relationships of economy to social controlfrom 1958 to 1978 at the level of the st...
Article
Afrocommunism by David and OttawayMarinaNew York and London, Africana Publishing Company, 1981. Pp. viii + 237. $24.50. $12.50 paperback. - Volume 20 Issue 3 - Otwin Marenin
Article
The impact of law enforcement on political change may be observed in three sets of attitudes by groups and individuals: national consciousness, that is the acceptance of the nation as a meaningful identity symbol; class consciousness, that is identification with a class against other classes; and legitimacy, that is the acceptance of the state as a...
Article
What is ‘essence’ and what is ‘appearance’ in African politics? Does class or interest-group analysis describe and explain the various realities? These questions are unanswerable without an examination of the methods by which claims to correct understanding are made. All claims to knowledge are arbitrary until the methods of enquiry and the justifi...
Article
The Politics of Africa: dependence and development edited by ShawTimothy M. and HeardKenneth A.London, Longman; Halifax, Dalhousie University Press; 1979. Pp. xii + 400. $22.00. - Volume 18 Issue 4 - Otwin Marenin
Article
Economic dependence and cultural diversity are the bedrock upon which the élites of ex-colonial states attempt to construct a functioning state apparatus, a viable economy, and a sense of nationhood to surround and enshrine the emergent order. The achievement of national integration is sought in language and education policies, cultural and ideolog...
Article
The voting behavior and political attitudes of black and Mexican American voters in Denver are analyzed. The major conclusion is that the comparative weakness of Mexican American political forces, as typified by their failure to win an ethnically salient pair of elections wherein conditions were favorable to them, stems from their comparative weakn...
Article
The voting behavior and political attitudes of black and Mexican American voters in Denver are analyzed. The major conclusion is that the comparative weakness of Mexican American political forces, as typified by their failure to win an ethnically salient pair of elections wherein conditions were favorable to them, stems from their comparative weakn...
Article
Thesis--University of California, Los Angeles. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 412-439). Microfilm.

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
Understand the dynamics of how resisting arrest charges happen; who is charged, by demographics; what happens to the charges once challenged legally or by complaints;, and the impacts charges have on individual and collective perception, trust and legitimacy of the police.