Ottone Scammacca

Ottone Scammacca
AgroParisTech · Functional Ecology and Ecotoxicology of Agroecosystems (UMR ECOSYS)

PhD in Geosciences
Geodiversity and geofunctionality, ecosystem services, soil science, gold mining, risk assessment (France-French Guiana)

About

15
Publications
2,725
Reads
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25
Citations
Citations since 2016
15 Research Items
25 Citations
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
Introduction
As a geographer and geoscientist, my main research interests concern the study of the interactions between nature and societies in socio-ecological systems with a specific focus on the integration of geodiversity and georesources, their functions and the associated risks of their management within sustainable land planning strategies at the territory scale. key words: ecosystem services, geodiversity, georesources, mining, risk assessment, land planning, GIS.
Additional affiliations
April 2021 - present
AgroParisTech
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • - soil ecosystem services (ES) - ES assessment and mapping at different spatial scales - Soil cartography - Spatial analysis and scale-effect on ES supply - Decision making and land planning
January 2021 - April 2021
French National Institute for Agriculture, Food, and Environment (INRAE)
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • - soil ecosystem services assessment and mapping - GIS-based spatial analysis - Study and comparison of the spatial scale effect on ES supply
October 2017 - December 2020
University of Lorraine
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Risk assessment of mining projects at the territory level: gold mining in French Guiana - Multi-criteria classification of gold mining projects in French Guiana - Fictional siting of mining projects - Territorial mining scenarios assessment and comparison - Tailings dam failure (overtopping) and flood impacted area assessment - Socio-ecological vulnerability assessment - Geomatics and GIS processing
Education
September 2016 - September 2017
AgroParisTech
Field of study
  • Soil and Ecosystem Services Management (GSSE)
September 2015 - September 2016
Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Field of study
  • Environment (Geography)
September 2011 - July 2016
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
Field of study
  • Law and Juridical Sciences

Publications

Publications (15)
Article
As operational concept, geodiversity implies a measurement and its application narrowed to a given spatial area, allowing the identification of clusters for prioritization and planning purposes. This study proposes a first geodiversity index assessment for French Guiana, a French Oversea territory located within the Guiana Shield (South America). A...
Article
Full-text available
Mining can be the source and target of opportunities and threats of different natures exceeding the mine site perimeter, affecting the socio-ecological system and leading to social conflicts and entrepreneurial risks for mining companies. Hence, a mining project is a matter of land planning rather than a simple industrial object. Nevertheless, curr...
Article
Following the rapid development of models to assess and map ecosystem services (ES) in the last decades, there is an increasing need for comparative studies testing their efficiency and accuracy against field data. The representation of soils in these models is often oversimplified and remains a major source of uncertainty in ES assessment and mapp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As operational concept, geodiversity implies a measurement and its application narrowed to a given spatial area. However, such concept is often integrated to support planning perspectives that focus mostly on geoconservation. Furthermore, diversity alone might not account for the contribution of abiotic and interfacial resources to socio-ecological...
Thesis
Full-text available
Mining can be the source and target of opportunities and threats of different natures exceeding the mine-site perimeter, affecting the socio-ecological system where mining is performed and leading to social tensions and entrepreneurial risks for mining companies. Hence, a mining project is a matter of land-planning rather than a simple industrial o...
Article
Full-text available
Les risques et les opportunités liés à l’activité extractive dépassent largement le périmètre des sites miniers eux-mêmes. De ce fait, les projets miniers doivent être considérés comme des enjeux d’aménagement et de développement potentiel du territoire plutôt que comme de simples objets industriels isolés. À titre d’exemple, en Guyane, l’exploitat...
Article
Mining is the source and target of various risks, that generally exceed the mine-site perimeter, and have impacts at larger scales. Consequently, mining risk analysis should be informed both by the structured characterization of mining projects and by a holistic understanding of the system where mining projects are located and interact. This is rar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite its contribution to economic development, mining may be the source and target of risks of different nature and the origin of social conflicts at the territory level. However, the uniqueness of mining activities and their inherently interdisciplinary character are often not taken into consideration in risk analysis. As a matter of fact, risk...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last 20 years, more than 40 major tailing dam accidents occurred posing major economic, social and environmental threats like for instance, the dam failures of Baia Mare in Romania (2000), Mariana in Brazil (2015) and again in Brazil with the recent Brumadinho dam failure (2019). There are several existing methods to monitor the safety and e...
Poster
Full-text available
The inclusion of soil into the ecosystem services framework allows the understanding and the valorization of this resource but also the sharing of data in order to support decision-making processes and land management. Nevertheless, the operationalization of the ecosystem service notion, through the quantification and the specialization of the serv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mining activities in tropical regions might be the source and the target of multiple risks. The peculiar climatic conditions are the main reasons of their complexity and their interactions with the human and natural environment need to be considered carefully. Risk factors vary according to internal and external conditions of mining projects and ca...
Thesis
Full-text available
The inclusion of soil into the ecosystem services framework allows the understanding and the valorization of this resource but also the sharing of data in order to support decision-making processes and land management. Nevertheless, the operationalization of the ecosystem service notion, through the quantification and the specialization of the serv...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Dear all,
For my research, I need to assess risks of mining operations under tropical wet conditions.
For this reasons, I was looking for some reference threshold values for soil and water contamination in tropical wet regions, taking into account the quality of those resources and also the health effect on human beings (so, toxicological and ecotoxicological concerns).
Do you have any idea (concerning institutional reports or also case-study publications)?
This would help me to assess the severity of the consequences.
Thank you very much in advance.
Warm regards,
Ottone Scammacca

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Mining can be the source and target of opportunities and threats of different natures exceeding the mine-site perimeter, affecting the socio-ecological system where mining is performed and leading to social tensions and entrepreneurial risks for mining companies. Hence, a mining project is a matter of land-planning rather than a simple industrial object. Nevertheless, current mandatory risk and impact assessment methods are often performed on one project at a time, sometimes neglecting the cumulative dimension of risks, the great variability of coexistent mining activities, and the socio-ecological vulnerability in which mining is performed. This thesis proposes an approach to develop and compare, based on the assessment of their risk, different potential scenarios for land-planning strategies in mining territories. This approach is operationalized through the development of a framework via its application on French Guiana gold mining sector. Here, gold mining involves a great variety of forms and techniques in a very sensitive socio-ecological context.