Otto Doerr-Zegers

Otto Doerr-Zegers
Universidad Diego Portales · Center for Studies on Phenomenology and Psychiatry

Dr. Med. Universität Heidelberg

About

77
Publications
15,473
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242
Citations
Introduction
Physician from University of Chile, Doctor in Medicine and specialist in psychiatry and psychotherapy from Heidelberg University. Full Professor of Psychiatry at University of Chile and Emeritus Professor at Diego Portales University. Visiting professor for one or more semesters at the universities of Heidelberg, Madrid, Bern, Paris and Leipzig. He has developed an extensive scientific work and published several books, among them the classic "Psiquiatría Antropológica" (3rd edition, 2017).
Additional affiliations
March 2012 - present
Universidad Diego Portales
Position
  • Manager
March 2005 - December 2010
University of Chile
Position
  • Manager
February 1978 - March 1981
Universität Heidelberg
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
May 1969 - December 1972
Universität Heidelberg
Field of study
  • Medicine
March 1965 - December 1968
University of Chile
Field of study
  • Psychiatry
March 1954 - December 1961
University of Chile
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
En primer lugar, el autor alude a la trascendencia de Karl Jaspers como filósofo y como psiquiatra y a las múltiples celebraciones que se realizaron en el año 2013, al cumplirse 100 años de la primera edición de su Psicopatología General. En segundo lugar, se refiere sucintamente a su biografía y, en especial, a las circunstancias que lo llevaron a...
Article
Full-text available
Pain and suffering have always accompanied man. We find them in the most ancient myths and particularly in the Book of Genesis. Pain is apparently something innate in man and to a certain extent peculiar to him. This is clear when Yahweh tells the woman, “In sorrow thou shalt bring forth children” (Chapter 3, Vers. 16) and the man, “In the sweat of...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction IIntentionality constitutes an essential phenomenon of psychic life (Brentano, 1874; Husserl, 1917). Its disturbance can be expected in schizophrenia and depression. Objectives To study how such fundamental psychic function is altered in these two diseases. Methods Phenomenological method allows to deepen in the structure of complex...
Article
Full-text available
Following the tradition of researchers of the phenomenological-anthropological school such as Straus, von Gebsattel, Tellenbach, and Blankenburg, the author attempts to approach the obsessive-compulsive disorder from a phenomenological perspective. This means setting aside any previous ideas about the phenomenon in question, including genetic, neur...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a phenomenological approach to the diagnosis of depression, with the aim of overcoming the broadness and nonspecificity of the concept of major depressive disorder (MDD) in current systems of diagnostic classification of mental disorders. Firstly, we outline the methodological limitations of the current classification systems fo...
Article
Full-text available
All the cycle of the 55 Sonnets to Orpheus was written by Rainer Maria Rilke in a rapture of inspiration in February, 1922, some days after having finished his famous Duino Elegies. What stimulated him to do it was the death in 1919 of a young and beautiful dancer, Wera Ouckama-Knoop, for whom he felt great admiration. In a letter to Margot Sizzo o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Anorexia nervosa (AN) just appears at the end of the nineteenth century. It was a seldom disease till the second world war. After this, its frequency is gradually increasing. At least in the Western world, it has become a public health problem among young women. After a detailed description of its short history, the authors first attempt to do a ps...
Article
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I propose a new dichotomy within these formerly called "endogenous" diseases, which bases on the phenomenological level of analysis: logopathies and tymopathies. The first would include all forms of schizophrenias, while the second correspond to the affective disorders and also to the great part of currently labelled anxiety disorders. In this cont...
Conference Paper
Since the first descriptions of anxiety, it has been related with temporality and in particular with the dimension of future. Thus, we already find anxiety defined as a general feeling of threatening (from the future) in the German mystic Jakob Boehme (1575–1634). He also used the image of “the wheel of anxiety”, with which he refers to its probabl...
Article
Full-text available
Differential phenomenology of dysphoria in affective, epileptic and borderline personality disorders Dysphoria is a very vague and unspecific term in psychopathology. Neither in classical authors, such as Kraepelin or Wernicke, nor in modern handbooks or manuals, is it possible to find any precise definition of this symptom or state. In German text...
Article
Full-text available
We discuss the case of a person with schizophrenia who is unable to maintain the upright posture and to stand the other’s look and whose subjectivity in not accessible by means of standard methods of interview. To make sense of the patient’s otherwise odd and incomprehensible behavior, we analyze by means of the phenomenological method the clinicia...
Article
En otro estudio intentamos demostrar la conveniencia de conceptualizar las esquizofrenias como “logopatías”. En esta oportunidad se trata de demostrar que todas las enfermedades del ánimo y gran parte de los llamados trastornos de ansiedad pueden ser concebidos como una sola forma del enfermar humano, cual es la perturbación de la disposición afect...
Chapter
This chapter analyses the relationship between the hermeneutical and dialectical traditions in philosophy, how Jaspers integrated some of their key insights into his psychiatric thinking. After introducing these concepts (e.g., understanding as contrasted with explanation) on a theoretical level, the question about the applicability in the psychoth...
Article
Um dos traços característicos dos transtornos endógenos é a alteração das relações interpessoais. Essa condição permite a realização, nesses estados patológicos, de uma fenomenologia da intersubjetividade, que revele as modificações das condições de possibilidade da presença do outro na esquizofrenia, depressão melancólica e mania. Após rever as co...
Article
Full-text available
I. Introducción y observaciones clínicas Uno de los rasgos centrales de la esquizofrenia es la alteración a nivel de la relación interpersonal. El autismo de Bleuler y la dificultad de contacto de Minkowski son dos ejemplos de la trascendencia de esta perturbación. Pero también otros síntomas de la esquizofrenia pueden ser vistos desde la misma per...
Article
Full-text available
One of the central features of the group of diseases we call schizophrenia is the alteration at the level of interpersonal relationships. Autism, considered by Bleuler (1911) as one of the primary symptoms of the disease, and contact difficulty, described by Minkowski (1927), are two examples of how far this disturbance reaches. But other symptoms...
Article
I. Introduction and clinical observations One of the central features of the group of diseases we call schizophrenia is the alteration at the level of interpersonal relationships. Autism, considered by Bleuler (1911) as one of the primary symptoms of the disease, and contact difficulty, described by Minkowski (1927), are two examples of how far thi...
Article
Full-text available
Ever since the distinction between praecox dementia and manic-depressive illness made by Kraepelin in 1899, many changes have occurred in the way these conditions and especially their boundaries are conceived. The clearest example is the extraordinary increase in the diagnoses of bipolar disease with respect to those of schizophrenia. But there hav...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Eros and Thanatos, respectively, love and death, are universal subjects in which human beings have been interested since the beginning of history and also probably, their access to language. The greatest philosophers, poets and novelists have focused on these subjects in their reflections and/or their own development. Fully conscious...
Article
Full-text available
PSIqUIATRíA UNIVERSITARIA | 71 enSayo logopatías y tImopatías: HacIa una nueVa conceptualIzacIón de las enFermedades endógenas en psIquIatría PRIMERA PARTE (Rev GPU 2009; 5; 1: 71-79) otto dörr 1 desde la distinción que hiciera Kraepelin en 1899 entre demencia precoz y locura maníaco-depresiva, se han producido muchos cambios en la manera de conceb...
Article
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PSIqUIATRíA UNIVERSITARIA | 167 COMENTARIO DE LIBROS resúmenes y notas de y soBre el lIBro " el goce de la HIstérIca " autor: Lucien Israël Editorial Argonauta, Barcelona, 1979 (Rev GPU 2009; 5; 2: 167-172) otto dörr L a etiología sexual de las neurosis no es un puro des-cubrimiento freudiano, ni siquiera lo es de Charcot o de Breuer; es el discurs...
Article
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ENsAYO soBreponerse: el camIno de rIlKe para superar la melancolía 1 (Rev GPU 2009; 5; 4: 458-464) otto dörr 2 como es ampliamente conocido, Hubertus tellenbach, primero en su trascendental obra " la melancolía " y luego en su estudio Gestalten der Melancholie –y remitiendo en ambos casos al famoso libro xxx de los Problemata de aristóteles– descri...
Chapter
Full-text available
Eros and Thanatos, respectively, love and death, are universal subjects in which human beings have been interested since the beginning of history and also probably, their access to language. The greatest philosophers, poets and novelists have focused on these subjects in their reflections and/or their own development. Fully conscious of the lack of...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: Eros y Tánatos, o el amor y la muerte, son temas universales que han preocupado al hombre desde los comienzos de la historia. Los más grandes filósofos, poetas y novelistas han puesto estos temas en el centro de su reflexión o desarrollo. El autor se propone hacer un modesto aporte a estos conceptos, inspirado en dos fuentes: los mito...
Article
Full-text available
Pain and suffering have always accompanied man. We find them in the most ancient myths and particularly in the Book of Genesis. Pain is apparently something innate in man and to a certain extent peculiar to him. This is clear when Yahweh tells the woman, ¿In sorrow thou shalt bring forth children¿ (Chapter 3, Vers. 16) and the man, ¿In the sweat of...
Article
Full-text available
Pain and suffering have always accompanied man. We find them in the most ancient myths and particularly in the Book of Genesis. Pain is apparently something innate in man and to a certain extent peculiar to him. This is clear when Yahweh tells the woman, "In sorrow thou shall bring forth children" (Chapter 3, Vers. 16) and the man, "In the sweat of...
Article
Full-text available
otto dörr 1 después de algunas palabras de introducción procederé a hacer una presentación sinóptica del libro, de modo que el público tenga una idea aproximada de su contenido. cuando corresponda, haré algunas digresiones sobre la importancia de los hallazgos del autor para la psicopatología clínica, así como su conexión con la obra de otros autor...
Article
Full-text available
The question posed by this author is how the universal human phenomenon of love is disturbed in the leading psychopathological syndromes. With a view to answering this question, he proceeds first to make a phenomenology of love, for which he will analyze its spatiality and its temporality. The following step will be to show the way that these anthr...
Article
Full-text available
The question posed by this author is how the universal human phenomenon of love is disturbed in the leading psychopathological syndromes. With a view to answering this question, he proceeds first to make a phenomenology of love, for which he will analyze its spatiality and its temporality. The following step will be to show the way that these anthr...
Article
Full-text available
Aging is a difficult stage in human life, due to the limitations it imposes and the nearness to death. Modern society tends to be prejudiced against oldness. When dementia is also present, prejudices can be transformed into rejection. The aim of this author tries to devise a phenomenological description of oldness and points out its potentially pos...
Article
Full-text available
Aging is a difficult stage in human life, due to the limitations it imposes and the nearness to death. Modern society tends to be prejudiced against oldness. When dementia is also present, prejudices can be transformed into rejection. The aim of this author tries to devise a phenomenological description of oldness and points out its potentially pos...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between genius and madness has been a subject of interest since the beginning of critical and philosophical thinking. Thus, Aristotle, in the Book XXX of the Problemata, asks himself "why are all extraordinary men in the fields of philosophy, politics, poetry and art melancholic?, adding afterwards: "...and some of them in such a w...
Article
Full-text available
Phenomenology is a method of description and consequently, of knowledge of complex realities. At first sight there does not seem to be a relationship, then, between this method and therapeutics. However, this connection exists at least in two ways. First, because the phenomenological approach is essential for the correct diagnosis of endogenous dis...
Article
Full-text available
It is surprising that in the current systems of classification and diagnosis, such as DSM IV and ICD 10, so little importance is given to that evident transformation of corporality that we observe in our depressive patients. So, for example, DSM IV makes a reference to the body in only two of the nine diagnostic criteria. Not so the classical autho...
Article
Full-text available
Paper poses diverse ethical aspects, relevant to medical practice in general, and to psychiatry in particular, with special emphasis in psychotherapy. Concern with ethical momentum of the medical act dates back to ancient greek culture, when hippocratic revolution transformed magical medical practice into science. A science inseparable from art, wh...
Article
Full-text available
It is surprising that in the current systems of classification and diagnosis, such as DSM IV and ICD 10, so little importance is given to that evident transformation of corporality that we observe in our depressive patients. So, for example, DSM IV makes a reference to the body in only two of the nine diagnostic criteria. Not so the classical autho...
Article
Phenomenology is a method of description and consequently, of knowledge of complex realities. At first sight there does not seem to be a relationship, then, between this method and therapeutics. However, this connection exists at least in two ways. First, because the phenomenological approach is essential for the correct diagnosis of endogenous dis...
Article
Full-text available
Suicide can be understood only as a result of a previous reflection about death. With reference to some texts by Hegel, Goethe and Heidegger, the author proposes a conception of death, not only as a part of life but also as ‘that’ that gives meaning to it. A similar idea, though expressed in a very original way, is the one sustained by the poet Rai...
Article
The different ways in which anorexia nervosa has been understood throughout history are briefly described. Reference is made to those investigations underlining the role of the family in its pathogenesis, mainly to the papers on this subject that the authors themselves have published in the decade of the 70s. Then, an attempt of a systemic interpre...
Article
We present a case (from a series) of a young woman suffering from a particular abnormality in her behavior with regards to food: She ingests large quantities of food to immediately vomit it. This behavior becomes progressively the central activity and concern of the patients. Both the desire of eating food and of vomiting it are imperious, but they...
Article
Unlabelled: The historical reasons for the importance of ethical issues in medicine are revisited. An analysis of doctor-patient relationships in psychiatry allow us to conclude that the demand of an ethical reflection in this specialty is even more imperative. Specific ethical considerations are made about some customary activities of psychiatris...
Article
Following the research direction of the phenomenological anthropological current in psychiatry, the author attempts the most unprejudiced possible description of normal aging and in particular of the way in which spatiality and temporality are given in it. Both anthropological radicals are analyzed in the normal senescent in the horizon of the cont...
Article
Full-text available
Torture has been defined by the United Nations (declaration of December 9, 1975) as "every act by which a public functionary (or another person at his instigation) intentionally inflicts on another person serious pain or suffering, ...physical or mental, with the object of obtaining information or of punishing him...or of intimidating that person o...
Article
First, the author makes reference to the psycho pathological and nosological questions associated with paranoid and schizophrenia-like psychoses in epilepsy and in particular to the non resolved problem of a distinction between these epileptic syndromes and the ones of schizophrenia. Starting from a phenomenological analysis of basic existential st...
Article
Full-text available
Discusses the psychiatric symptoms resulting from torture. In addition to the immediate "acute posttraumatic disorder," a deep personality change has been observed in many cases. Long-term depressive and schizophrenic-like symptomatology have been observed, featuring such common elements as a general impoverishment of the psychic life, a decrease o...
Article
A study about the problem of stress in physician who work in intensive care units requires a previous reflection about the stress concept itself. Selye's conception undoubtedly signified a great progress for the comprehension of the processes of biological adaptation, but it seems it can not be easily applied to the psychological and social field....
Article
Full-text available
It is intended to define dialectics, and then to follow its evolution from its origin in the pre-Socratic philosophy up to its culmination in Hegel. It is then postulated its importance for the better understanding of the vital history, of the endogenous or functional psychoses and of the classical types of personality in its relation with the fund...
Article
Full-text available
The author proposes the hypothesis that there exists an essential link between language and ethics, beyond the obvious fact that the postulates of ethics have to be expressed in a verbal way. He chooses two ways for demonstrating his hypothesis: a phenomenological description of the substantive element of language, which is the word, and then an an...
Article
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Article
Previous to the first family studies on schizophrenics, some authors had already called our attention on certain peculiarities to be found among anorexic families. Out of 35 families studied between 1970 and 1981, 20 were selected that met the following conditions (1) Proven diagnosis of primary A.N., (2) A complete family study with researchers ma...
Article
The clinical and neuropathological aspects of a series of 40 definite cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) which were diagnosed in Chile between 1960 and 1980 are discussed and compared with corresponding data from other case material. Possible pathogenetic factors are presented and considered. A high incidence of familiar cases were found whic...
Article
Undifferentiated reference to 'depression' or 'depressive' has the result that no contour is given to the differentiation of the depressive syndrome. It often also follows that specific therapeutic consequences are neglected. Analysis of the essential characteristics of a depressive stupor, as displayed in the destructive nature of the meeting with...

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Projects (2)
Project
We propose an interdisciplinary research project at the crossroads of psychiatry, philosophy and psychology, to emphasize the necessity of taking into account the disturbances of embodiment in the diagnosis of Major Depression Disorder (MDD). We will create a semi-structured interview which will address not only the patients’ experiences, but also constitutes a novel intent to describe this phenomenon from “the perspective” of the clinicians, taking into consideration what they observe.