Oswaldo Ruiz-Chiriboga

Oswaldo Ruiz-Chiriboga
Central European University | CEU · Department of Legal Studies

PhD in Law

About

27
Publications
29,544
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
67
Citations
Introduction
Oswaldo's main research interests are International Human Rights Law, Regional Human Rights Systems, and Indigenous Peoples' Rights.
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - present
Central European University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
October 2011 - November 2016
Ghent University
Field of study
  • International Human Rights Law
September 2010 - September 2011
Utrecht University
Field of study
  • Human Rights in International and European Law
August 2009 - September 2011
University of Granada
Field of study
  • International Criminal Law

Publications

Publications (27)
Preprint
Full-text available
This contribution aims to demonstrate that the 2018 constitutional amendment that created the Transitory Council of Citizen’s Participation and Social Control altered the structure of the Ecuadorian State and therefore it could not have been approved by referendum. I do not advance any theory. Instead, I present and analyze the proceedings that led...
Preprint
Full-text available
El presente trabajo analiza la persecución política, judicial y mediática en contra de Jorge Glas Espinel, exvicepresidente constitucional del Ecuador, desde su vinculación al proceso penal abierto por el delito de asociación ilícita en el caso conocido como “Odebrecht”, hasta el trámite de prelibertad iniciado luego de su condena penal a seis años...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter has two aims. First, to present and discuss the 2018 referendum called by the Ecuadorian President, Lenín Moreno. Second, to analyse how (in)effective the Inter-American System (IAS) was in preventing the human rights violations and the institutional crisis that developed in the country as a consequence of the referendum. For these pur...
Article
Full-text available
This article is based on an extensive literature review and the findings obtained after three trips to Ecuador, during which interviews and informal conversations were held with members of Indigenous communities, communal leaders, national judges, prosecutors, academics and practitioners. It uses the concepts of "forum shopping" and "shopping forum...
Article
REVISTA ARANZADI DE DERECHO Y PROCESO PENAL El presente trabajo analiza las medidas cautelares que se ordenaron en contra del ex Presidente de la República del Ecuador, Rafael Correa Delgado, en el proceso penal seguido por el presunto delito de secuestro del señor Fernando Balda. Asimismo, se estudian algunas de las irregularidades en el trámite d...
Preprint
This chapter has two aims. First, to present and discuss the 2018 referendum called by the Ecuadorian President, Lenín Moreno. Second, to analyse how (in)effective the Inter-American System (IAS) was in preventing the human rights violations and the institutional crisis that developed in the country as a consequence of the referendum. For these pur...
Preprint
Full-text available
El presente trabajo analiza las medidas cautelares privativas y no privativas de la libertad que se ordenaron en perjuicio del ex Presidente Constitucional de la República del Ecuador, Rafael Correa Delgado, en el proceso penal seguido por el presunto delito de secuestro del señor Fernando Balda. Asimismo, se estudian algunas de las irregularidades...
Article
Ecuador’s Constitution recognizes the indigenous peoples’ collective right to use and apply their own legal systems in cases of internal disputes. The Constitution, however, sets as a limit the respect of human rights. This Article examines one particular human right: the right to remain silent. After describing the findings of three separate field...
Article
Ecuador is a country with several normative systems coexisting within the same territory. Having a multiplicity of systems facilitates the clashes of jurisdiction among them. This contribution studies the applicable rules Ecuador has to allocate jurisdiction among different legal systems, and how these rules advance or halt human rights. One partic...
Book
Full-text available
Along with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights serves as the main watchdog for the promotion and protection of fundamental rights in the Americas. Drawing on the case law of the Court, this volume analyses crucial developments over the years on both procedural and substantive issues before the Int...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this contribution is to study the provisions on coerced statements of the American convention on human rights and the Inter-American convention to Prevent and Punish torture, as well as the existing case-law of the Inter-American court of human rights, and then suggest an interpretation of the scope of each provision. The importance...
Research
Full-text available
Ponencia presentada en el III Seminario de Derecho Público y Derecho Internacional, Procuraduría General del Estado, 1 de octubre de 2015, Quito, Ecuador
Chapter
Full-text available
El presente capítulo tiene como último objetivo presentar al lector los estándares que la Corte Interamericana ha fijado respecto a los derechos de los pueblos indígenas y las reparaciones que deben otorgárseles en caso de que tales derechos sean vulnerados. En menor medida se utilizará la doctrina de la Comisión IDH. Dos secciones componen este ca...
Chapter
Full-text available
Ecuador and other Latin American countries have recognised in their constitutions the right of indigenous peoples to maintain, use, and apply their own legal orders to solve their internal conflicts. The focus of this article is whether the State could be held responsible at the international level for the actions and omissions of indigenous author...
Article
Full-text available
Indigenous customary law (ICL) has always coexisted with national law throughout the history of Ecuador. At first it was tolerated, then it became illegal, and now it is fully recognized by the Constitution and by International Human Rights Law (IHRL). An integral part of ICL is the power to enact and apply punishments. Such punishments are in prin...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses the direct enforceability of economic, social, and cultural (ESC) rights in the Inter-American System, also called ‘the direct approach’. It starts by presenting two apparent conflicts between certain provisions of the American Convention on Human Rights (“the Convention”) and the Protocol of San Salvador (“the Protocol”) rel...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the proposals made by Ecuador during the debates that were conducted in the Organization of American States regarding the functioning of the Special Rapporteurship on Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights. The author concludes that, despite the political motivations Ecuador might have had, its...
Chapter
Full-text available
The principle of equality and non-discrimination is firmly recognized in the Inter-American Human Rights System (IAS) and has been invoked repeatedly by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. However, there is an application and interpretation somewhat confusing of the clauses enshrining this principle. The lack of clarity brings difficulties to...
Article
This article describes and analyzes several safeguards of the independence of the Inter-American judge. It concludes that the system enshrined in the American Convention on Human Rights, the Statute of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Court’s practice are not enough to guarantee the appearance of independence of the Court’s judges....
Article
Full-text available
This piece discusses the direct justiciability of economic, social, and cultural (ESC) rights in the Inter-American System, also called ‘the direct approach’. It starts by presenting two apparent conflicts between certain provisions of the American Convention on Human Rights and the Protocol of San Salvador related to the ESC rights recognized in A...
Article
Full-text available
This piece concentrates on the duty of national judges to interpret and apply municipal law in accordance with the American Convention on Human Rights. It holds that national judges must carry on a ‘conventionality control', comparing national laws with the Convention and the interpretation of its provisions given by the Inter-American Court of Hum...
Chapter
Full-text available
A lo largo de este artículo intentamos deconstruir la problemática de la impunidad, las modalidades en las que ésta se ha presentado en nuestra región, la afectación que produce, tanto individual como colectiva, y los alcances de la justicia internacional frente a la misma, concretamente de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos.
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a scheme of the proof analysis that the Inter-american Court of Human Rights performed in a case concerning judicial independence. The pretention is that the reader observes how the parties pleadings were build and how the Court solved the controversy about the facts and evaluated the evidence. The objective is to show, throug...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a scheme of the evidence analysis that the Inter-American Court of Human Rights performed in a case concerning judicial independence. The pretension is that the reader observes how the parties pleadings were built and how the Court solved the controversy about the facts and evaluated the evidence. The objective is to show, thr...
Chapter
Full-text available
La intención de este artículo es ofrecer una presentación básica de lo que la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (en adelante “la Corte” o “el Tribunal”) ha establecido en su jurisprudencia sobre el alcance y las garantías de la propiedad comunal indígena o tribal frente a intereses de particulares o del propio Estado. Se partirá del análisis...
Article
Full-text available
This work intends to present an approximation between the concept and the nature of the right to a cultural identity for indigenous peoples and national minorities, and to subsequently look at the ways international regulations protect this right in its distinct modalities. Finally, there is an intent to construct this right from the treaties of th...
Article
Full-text available
This work intends to present an approximation between the concept and the nature of the right to a cultural identity for indigenous peoples and national minorities, and to subsequently look at the ways international regulations protect this right in its distinct modalities. Finally, there is an intent to construct this right from the treaties of th...