Osman Hayran

Osman Hayran
Istanbul Medipol University School of Medicine · Department of Public Health

M.D. Professor of Public Health
Head of the Department of Public Health at İstanbul Medipol University

About

193
Publications
74,893
Reads
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2,116
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - present
Istanbul Medipol University
Position
  • Head of Department
February 2008 - August 2013
Yeditepe University
Position
  • Head of Department
January 1988 - December 2007
Marmara University
Position
  • Faculty Member
Description
  • Epidemiology and Public Health, Healthcare Systems and Policies, Social Medicine
Education
August 1979 - August 1982
Hacettepe University
Field of study
  • Public Health
September 1972 - August 1978
Hacettepe University
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (193)
Article
Full-text available
zet COVID-19 pandemisiyle mücadelede ön safta görev yapan sağlık çalışanlarında hastalığa yakalanma riski toplumun birçok kesimine kıyasla daha yüksektir. Risk altındaki bazı grupların zaman zaman taranması vakaların erken dönemde tespiti için önemlidir. Ülkemizde filyasyon, vaka ve temaslı takibi uygulamaları ilçe sağlık müdürlüğü (İlçe SM) ve ail...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective COVID-19 pandemic was anticipated to exacerbate burnout among healthcare professionals. This study aims to compare the level of burnout syndrome in medical residents before and during the COVID-19 pandemic and identify potential risk factors. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted on medical residents from three different unive...
Conference Paper
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Amaç: Bu araştırmanın amacı medikal turizm alanında stratejik planlama için Türkiye’nin güçlü ve zayıf yönlerini, fırsatları ve tehditlerini (GZFT) tespit etmektir. Yöntem: Nitel araştırma tasarımındaki bu araştırmada İstanbul, Ankara ve Antalya başta olmak üzere Türkiye’nin çeşitli illerinde medikal turizm alanındaki faaliyetleriyle öne çıkan 10 k...
Article
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Objective: Residency has become a vulnerable period for burnout among physicians because many common and specific stress factors in healthcare. Our study aims to evaluate the burnout level among medical residents in three tertiary care hospitals and to identify the relationship between socio-demographic and occupational factors with the burnout lev...
Article
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Aim To compare the competencies of primary care physicians (PCPs) with poor and good prescribing performance in frequently encountered indications. Background Primary care centers are one of the mostly visited health facilities by the population for different health issues. Methods In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed 6 125 487 prescription...
Article
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ÖZ Human Papilloma Virüsü (HPV), cinsel yolla bulaşan ve herhangi bir doğum kontrol yöntemiyle korunmanın mümkün olmadığı bir virüstür. Bu çalışmada üniversite öğrencilerinin Human Papilloma Virüsü ve aşısı ile ilgili bilgi, tutum ve davranışlarının incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Hukuk, Tıp ve Diş Hekimliği Fakültelerinde öğrenim görmekte olan üniversi...
Article
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Medikal turizm, küreselleşme sonucu artan insan hareketliliği, bilişim teknolojilerinin yaygın kullanımı gibi nedenlerle hızla gelişen bir sağlık sektörüdür. Toplumların yaşlanması, sağlık hizmeti maliyetlerinin hızla artması, hizmet almak isteyenler için söz konusu olan uzun bekleme süreleri gibi nedenlerle önemi artan medikal turizm konusunda Tür...
Article
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Twitter is a useful source for detecting anti-vaccine content due to the increasing prevalence of these arguments on social media. We aimed to identify the prominent themes about vaccine hesitancy and refusal on social media posts in Turkish during the COVID-19 pandemic. In this qualitative study, we collected public tweets (n = 551,245) that conta...
Article
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Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, İstanbul'da Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı'na bağlı üç farklı kurumda görev yapan öğretmenlerde çocuk istismar ve ihmal farkındalığı düzeyinin ölçülmesidir. Yöntem: Kesitsel türde olan bu araştırma, İstanbul ilindeki üç farklı okulda görev yapan 150 öğretmende yapılmıştır. Araştırmada çocuk istismarı ve ihmalinin belirti ve riskl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objective: Approximately 800,000 suicides occur in a year worldwide, yet this topic is very much neglected. The aim of this study is to compare the statistics of suicide in Turkey, Germany, United Kingdom (UK) and United States (US) from 2015 to 2018. Methods: The data on suicide were obtained from each country’s national databases in form of suici...
Conference Paper
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Background and objective: Social media addiction, which has become an important problem today, has attracted the attention of many researchers and has been investigated especially in different student groups. The purpose of this research is to determine the level of social media addiction among students studying at the medical faculty of a foundati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background and Objective: Breast cancer is the most common and deadly cancer for women and because of that a free screening program is ongoing in Turkey. However, health education activities on cancer screenings were disrupted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of remote health education on the attendance...
Conference Paper
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Background and Objective: Social media has become an important focus in health information seeking behavior of people. The use of social media by physicians for a variety of professional purposes has been defined in the literature. The aim of this study is to analyze digital communication activities of physicians practicing traditional and compleme...
Article
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Community pharmacists have been on the frontlines during the COVID-19 pandemic. Although the mental health and anxiety levels of many other health workers are studied in this period, literature is very limited to understand the experience of pharmacists. This study aims to define the anxiety level of community pharmacists in Istanbul during the COV...
Article
Full-text available
Background During a pandemic, the occurrence of infections and case fatality rates are expected to vary from one country to another due to several variables such as poverty, existing comorbidities, population density, access to health care, availability and quality of health system resources, and environmental factors. Objectives Our aim is to inv...
Article
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Aim: The aim of this study is to compare performance rankings of OECD countries with the MULTIMOORA method by using the health policy responses and various variables related to COVID-19. Material and Method: Study includes cross-sectional data of 37 OECD countries. Data regarding eleven variables about the current population health status in th...
Article
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ÖZ Amaç: Bu araştırmanın amacı, huzurevi ve yaşlı bakım rehabilitasyon merkezleri sağlık çalışanlarının iş yükü algı düzeylerini değerlendirmede ölçüm aracı olarak kullanabilmesi için Türkçe'ye uyarlaması yapılan Bireysel İş Yükü Algısı Ölçeği'nin geçerlik ve güvenirliğini test etmektir. Yöntem: Bu metodolojik çalışma, 1 Ocak-31 Mart 2020 tarihleri...
Article
Background: In recent literatures, much attention has been given to natural products for their health benefits. Aims: In this study, the objective was to measure the efficacy of the ginger-honey-chocolate mixture as the remineralization effect has been shown in the literature previously and to evaluate the individual contributions of this mixtur...
Preprint
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Background Most of the studies regarding the relationship between socioeconomic status and occurrence of COVID-19 are usually ecological studies and have limitations due to ecological fallacy. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between socioeconomic status and individual-level risk of developing COVID-19. Methods We conducted...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Vaccine hesitation, which is defined as one of the most important global health threats by World Health Organization, maintains its universal importance during the COVID-19 period. Due to the increasing appearance of anti-vaccine arguments on social media, Twitter is a useful resource in detecting these contents. In this study, we aimed...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the level of nomophobia and factors affecting nomophobia in male university students. Method: This cross-sectional study was applied to 241 male university participants. In the study, data were collected through online questionnaire. The questionnaire form consists of questions about sociodemographic c...
Article
Objective: To examine the relationship between noncommunicable disease risk factors and health status and income distribution of the countries of the Organization of Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD) and also examine the position and performance of the countries according to the research variables. Material and Methods: Noncommunicable...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
GİRİŞ: 2019 yılı sonunda Çin’de başlayan COVID-19 salgınının dünyaya yayılması sonucunda her sektörde salgını önleyici tedbirler alınmaya başlanmış, üniversitelerde de uzaktan eğitime geçilmiştir. Pandeminin devam etmesine rağmen uzaktan eğitimden gereken verimin alınamaması ve uzaktan sınavlarda ölçme ve değerlendirmenin yeterince adil olmaması ih...
Conference Paper
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Giriş-Amaç: Aşılama faaliyetleri, etkililiği kanıtlanmış koruma uygulamaları arasında olup aşılar sayesinde milyonlarca ölüm ve engellilik önlenmiştir. Son yıllarda giderek artan aşı tereddüdü ve aşı karşıtlığı nedeniyle bazı ebeveynler çocuklarına önerilen aşıların bir kısmını veya tamamını reddetmektedir. Aşı tereddüdü ve karşıtlığı 2019 yılında...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: In this study, the anxiety and insomnia levels of healthcare workers were investigated during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The population of this cross-sectional study was the healthcare workers serving in a district health directorate. The data was collected through questionnaire forms which were applied through face-to-face intervie...
Article
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Introduction: YouTube is an important online source of information and has two billion users globally. Its viewing numbers tend to increase exponentially in extraordinary global situations. Our aim in this study was to review and evaluate the contents of the most frequently viewed YouTube videos during the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandem...
Preprint
BACKGROUND YouTube is an important online source of information. And its viewing numbers tend to increase exponentially in extraordinary situations. OBJECTIVE Our aim in this study was to evaluate the contents of the most frequently viewed YouTube videos during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS In this study, contents of the most frequently viewed T...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The objective of our study is to evaluate the individual health literacy level among patients who received health services from different types of hospitals in Istanbul. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among inpatients of a public, private and university hospital in Istanbul. Data were collected by the app...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bakcground: YouTube is an important online source of information. And its viewing numbers tend to increase exponentially in extraordinary situations. Our aim in this study was to evaluate the contents of the most frequently viewed YouTube videos during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: In this study, contents of the most frequently viewed Turkish and...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to reveal the levels of knowledge of Health Information System managers who work at hospitals regarding Health Information Systems and Hospital Information Management Systems, their evaluations regarding information processes, and their perspectives on collaboration with the Ministry. The population of the research was...
Article
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Syndemic refers to two or more epidemics of diseases or health-related problems which come together in the context of social-environmental conditions that enhance their mutual impact and interactions and increase the burden of disease. Synergistic relationship is a dynamic interaction which could not be explained by previously used terms such as ep...
Article
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Objective: This study was conducted with the aim of investigating the influence of the education provided to the caregivers of bedridden patients in accordance with the Ausubel's expository teaching strategy on the patients and the caregivers. Material and Methods: The randomized controlled intervention study included 132 patients (66 males and 66...
Article
Özet Eski Yunanca’da iki veya daha fazla etkenin bir araya gelerek toplamlarından daha büyük bir etkiye neden olmaları anlamına gelen “synergos” ile halk anlamına gelen “demos” sözcüklerinin bileşiminden oluşan Sindemi sözcüğü iki veya daha fazla hastalık ya da sağlıkla ilgili sorun epidemisinin, karşılıklı etki ve etkileşimlerini arttıran sosyal-ç...
Article
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Sağlık hizmetlerinde yeni meslekler, profesyonelleşme ve profesyonelizm Sağlık alanındaki bilgi ve teknolojilerin artışı, tıbbi uygulamaların çeşitlenmesi sağlık mesleklerinde de hızlı değişimlere neden olmaktadır. Bu değişimler temel olarak eski mesleklerin çeşitlenmesi ve yeni mesleklerin ortaya çıkması şeklindedir. Her değişim gibi bu alandaki d...
Article
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The aim of our study was to investigate the anxiety and depression levels of doctors and interns during studying for examination for speciality in medicine. This research is a cross-sectional study. 396 doctors and interns participated from one of the preparation course for the exam in Istanbul. Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Scale were...
Article
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The aim of our study was to investigate and compare organizational health literacy in a group of public, private and university hospitals in Istanbul. This cross-sectional study was conducted in a group of hospitals (n=30) in Istanbul, Turkey. An Organizational Health Literacy Observation (OHLO) form was filled for each of the 30 hospitals (10 publ...
Article
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Objectives: To assess the organizational health literacy (OHL) of a group of hospitals and investigate the relationships among OHL, patient satisfaction, and patients' health literacy. Study design: This cross-sectional study is conducted in one state hospital, one university hospital, and one private hospital in Istanbul. OHL of the hospitals,...
Conference Paper
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Mental Retardation (MR) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are two main chronic neurodevelopmental disorders diagnosed in childhood with periods of exacerbations. This study aims to investigate the short-term effects of preventive applications such as topical fluoride and Oral Hygiene Instruction (OHI) on salivary parameters of the...
Article
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Kurumsal sağlık okuryazarlığı Sağlık okuryazarlığı, mevcut sağlık hizmetlerinin etkin ve verimli kullanılmasını, verilen hizmetlerden daha iyi sonuçlar alınmasını ve sağlık harcamalarının azaltılmasını sağlama özellikleri nedeniyle sağlık sektöründe önemi artan bir konu haline gelmiştir. Yapılan çeşitli çalışmalar sağlık hizmetlerinden beklenen son...
Conference Paper
Black stain (BS) is generally seen on cervical area of a tooth. The aim was to analyse caries status by ICDAS System and to compare BS with non-BS teeth. 10 patients with BS from 185 patients attended to Marmara University aged 16–51 years were included to study. Detailed medical histories were recorded and informed consent taken. A total of 111 te...
Poster
Black stain (BS) is generally seen on cervical area of a tooth. The aim was to analyse caries status by ICDAS System and to compare BS with non-BS teeth.
Article
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Kısırlaşan dilimiz ve tartışılamayan sağlık politikaları Dilimizde tek bir sözcükle ifade ettiğimiz pek çok farklı durum için başka dillerde ayrı sözcüklerin kullanılıyor olması bazılarına göre Türkçe'nin üstünlüğü gibi görülse de en azından sağlık politikaları açısından bu durum tam bir kargaşa anlamına gelmekte ve her anlamda olumsuz sonuçlara yo...
Article
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Sağlık hizmetlerinde desantralizasyon, yani, yerinden yönetim, seksenli yıllarda önem kazanan neoliberal politikaların da etkisi ile tüm ülkelerde gündeme gelen sağlık reformlarının önemli bir parçası olarak kabul görmüştür. Dekonsantrasyon, devolusyon, delegasyon ve özelleştirme şeklinde farklı tür ve derecelerde uygulaması olan desantralizasyonun...
Article
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The aim of this study was to determine the clinical features, and outcome of the patients with miliary tuberculosis (TB). We retrospectively evaluated 263 patients (142 male, 121 female, mean age: 44 years, range: 16–89 years) with miliary TB. Criteria for the diagnosis of miliary TB were at least one of the followings in the presence of clinical p...
Article
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Küresel sağlık sorunları ve sağlık diplomasisi Yetmişli yılların sonunda önce neoliberal politikalarla ekonomik alanda gündeme gelen; daha sonra siyasi, sosyal ve kültürel alanlarda yaygınlaşan ve bilişim teknolojilerindeki gelişmelerle hayatın her alanına egemen olan küreselleşme, sağlık üzerindeki etkileri açısından önemli bir süreçtir. Küreselle...
Article
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Sağlık için yönetişim ve klinik yönetişim Yönetişim sözcüğünün kullanılmaya başlamasının üzerinden elli yılı aşan bir süre geçmiş olmakla birlikte sağlık alanında yaygınlaşması doksanlı yılların sonuna hatta iki binli yıllara rastlamaktadır. Birleşmiş Milletler onaylı olarak faaliyet gösteren Küresel Yönetişim Komisyonunun tanımına göre yönetişim,...
Article
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Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of herbal medicaments such as ginger, rosemary and honey on remineralization of initial enamel lesion. Methods: Demineralized human enamel specimens were measured for baseline surface microhardness and fluorescence methods. Ten specimens in each of four groups were used in this in vitro recycling study with...
Article
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Başkanı olarak görev yaptı. Hayran, halen Medipol Üniversitesi Öğretim Üyesi olarak görevini sürdürmektedir. Tüm Yazıları İçin Tıklayınız Halk sağlığı ve epidemiyolojik araştırmalar Halk sağlığı, tıpta bir uzmanlık alanı olarak herkesin çok önemser göründüğü, ancak pek çok kişinin hakkında pek bir şey bilmediği ya da yanlış bilgi sahibi olduğu bir...
Article
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Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary quality of adolescents by using the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and to assess their eating attitudes by the EAT-26 Eating Attitude Test. Methods: Eight schools; four primary schools and four secondary schools were randomly selected from the school list of official website of Istanbul Educa...
Conference Paper
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Cultural backgrounds of professionalism and ethics in medicine Osman Hayran Professions differ from occupations by the presence of an assessment process for entry, an extensive body of specialized knowledge, a code of ethics and a professional association. ‘Professionalism’ in medicine is a term to describe the professional attributes require