Oshrat Hochman

Oshrat Hochman
GESIS - Leibniz-Institute for the Social Sciences | GESIS · Data and Research on Society

PhD

About

32
Publications
8,201
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348
Citations
Introduction
I am currently the leader of the team Social Surveys in the department Monitoring Society and Social Change at the GESIS - Leibniz-Institute for the Social Sciences in Germany. I study Immigration and Social Integration, as well as wealth inequalities and their consequences, by means of quantitative and qualitative, mostly comparative empirical social research.
Additional affiliations
October 2018 - September 2022
GESIS - Leibniz-Institute for the Social Sciences
Position
  • Group Leader
October 2015 - present
GESIS - Leibniz-Institute for the Social Sciences
Position
  • Managing Director
October 2012 - September 2015
Ruppin Academic Center
Position
  • Professor
Education
September 2007 - November 2010
Universität Mannheim
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines discriminatory attitudes of Israeli Jews towards non-Jewish immigrants admitted into Israel under the Law of Return. We looked at three spheres of discrimination: admission, political rights, and welfare rights and focused on the role of realistic socioeconomic and symbolic threats in the emergence of discriminatory attitudes. W...
Article
Full-text available
While debt is not problematic per se, it can become an additional burden when people experience negative life events–like unemployment, a severe disease, divorce, or their partner’s death–which can be detrimental for individuals’ subjective wellbeing. We investigate first, a potential moderating effect of economic resources or, better yet, lack the...
Preprint
Full-text available
The paper reports findings from a crowdsourced replication. Eighty-four replicator teams attempted to verify results reported in an original study by running the same models with the same data. The replication involved an experimental condition. A “transparent” group received the original study and code, and an “opaque” group received the same unde...
Preprint
Full-text available
Findings from 162 researchers in 73 teams testing the same hypothesis with the same data reveal a universe of unique analytical possibilities leading to a broad range of results and conclusions. Surprisingly, the outcome variance mostly cannot be explained by variations in researchers’ modeling decisions or prior beliefs. Each of the 1,261 test mod...
Article
We investigate whether the attitudes of the Israeli majority towards migrants reflect the double standard embedded in Israel’s immigration regime, differentiating Jewish from non-Jewish migrants. We compare attitudes towards ethnic migrants (Jews), non-ethnic migrants (non-Jews), and asylum seekers, considering three explanations: values, collectiv...
Book
Dieser Band versammelt verschiedene Untersuchungen zu Einstellungen zu Migranten und zu nationalistischem Wahlverhalten, die alle auf repräsentativen Bevölkerungsumfragen beruhen. Insgesamt verdeutlicht die Gesamtschau der in diesem Band versammelten Beiträge die Bedeutsamkeit von (positiven) Kontakten zwischen der deutschen Aufnahmegesellschaft u...
Article
Full-text available
Our paper addresses the relationship between parental wealth and children’s post-secondary transitions. More specifically, we contrast the likelihood of children with an upper secondary degree to make a transition into further education or the labor market with their likelihood to stay inactive, i.e., to engage neither in further education nor in l...
Research
Full-text available
Diese Broschüre dient der Gesamtschau einiger zentraler politischer, gesellschaftlicher und normativer Einstellungen und Verhaltensweisen der Bürger*innen in Deutschland und Europa und beleuchtet deren Entwicklung seit Beginn des European Social Surveys (ESS) im Jahr 2002. Der Fokus liegt auf drei grundlegenden Teilbereichen der Gesellschaft: Wirts...
Article
Full-text available
Our article investigates political engagement among youth with and without an immigration background. Tapping to current debates on intergenerational assimilation processes in Europe, we look at differences in levels of political interest between immigrants, children of immigrants and natives. In particular, we argue that such differences are a fun...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter is motivated by the mixed findings regarding the moderating effect of economic resources on the negative relationship between negative life events and subjective well-being (SWB). Focusing on a so far neglected dimension of economic resources, namely debts – measured as negative net worth and referred to as overindebtedness – we try to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Our paper addresses the process of intergenerational mobility in terms oftransfers of educational advantages and disadvantages trough parentalwealth in Germany, where in contrast to the USA, education at any level islargely free of tuitions costs. Based on the unique features of wealth andfollowing the logic of subjective expected utility theory, w...
Preprint
Full-text available
In an era of mass migration, social scientists, populist parties and social movements raise concerns over the future of immigration-destination societies. What impacts does this have on policy and social solidarity? Comparative cross-national research, relying mostly on secondary data, has findings in different directions. There is a threat of sele...
Chapter
Die Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften (ALLBUS) ist seit 1980 eine zentrale Datenquelle für die Untersuchung des gesellschaftlichen Wandels in Deutschland. Durch die regelmäßige Wiederholung thematischer Schwerpunktmodule können Veränderungen in den Einstellungen und Verhaltensweisen der deutschen Bevölkerung abgebildet und erk...
Book
Die Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage Sozialwissenschaften (ALLBUS) gehört zu den wichtigsten Datenquellen, um den sozialen Wandel in der Bundesrepublik seit 1980 zu untersuchen. Die Beiträge zum Band untersuchen verschiedene Themen anhand der reichen Datenquellen aus dem ALLBUS und reihen sich in die Tradition dieser Sozialforschung ein. Sie können d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Our paper addresses the process of intergenerational mobility regarding transfers of educational advantages and disadvantages trough parental wealth in Germany, where in contrast to the USA, education at any level is free of tuitions costs. Based on the unique features of wealth and following the logic of subjective expected utility theory, we prop...
Article
Immigrants’ integration is a multi-faceted process, involving structural, cultural, social, and emotional dimensions. This study focuses on the emotional dimension of integration, investigating immigrants’ emotional attachments to their national origin and their host country. Specifically, we ask what role perceived discrimination plays in shaping...
Article
This study investigates emerging public attitudes about the implementation of humanitarian policy measures towards asylum seekers among the Jewish population in Israel. It specifically asks whether the way asylum seekers in Israel are framed informs the process of attitude formation in the Jewish Israeli public. To answer this question, we measure...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to explore the way German-Jews negotiate their German and Jewish cultural self-identifications. Given that Jewish and German identities represent both ethnic and national identities, we conceptualize their construction and reconstruction referring to theories of national identity. To describe the outcomes of the negotiation...
Article
Full-text available
This study asks whether framing asylum seekers in Israel as “infiltrators” posing threats to the country amplifies exclusion toward them. The term “infiltrators” associates asylum seekers with the anti-infiltration law passed in the 1950s to fight terrorists and dissociates asylum seekers from their unique position as holders of special rights. The...
Conference Paper
This study focuses on the role of humanitarian convictions in shaping exclusionist attitudes towards asylum seekers in Israel. It provides first empirical evidence regarding public views on asylum seekers, the most recent non-Jewish migrant group to this country. Data for this study is based on a survey conducted during the spring of 2013 among a r...
Conference Paper
In January 2012, the Israeli parliament passed an amendment to the infiltration prevention law, originally passed in the 1950s as part of Israel's defense policy against security threats. The new amendment expanded the infiltration prevention law to treat any person who did not enter the country through border terminals as an 'infiltrator' entering...
Article
This article discusses and empirically tests the relations between German language proficiency and national identification with Germany among first-generation immigrants in Germany. It presents three theoretical arguments: (i) language proficiency positively affects national identification; (ii) contrastingly, national identification positively inf...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides new insights into the association between economic standing and subjective well-being (SWB) among aging individuals in three industrialized countries: Germany, Israel, and Sweden. Specifically, we compare the effects of wealth, in line with the growing consensus that wealth is an important determinant of economic standing alongs...
Article
Various family characteristics are acknowledged as important determinants of retirement preferences. Yet, the relevance of the third family generation – the grandchildren – has been largely overlooked. In this article we bring the association between grandparenthood and retirement preferences to the fore. We expect to find such a relationship for t...
Chapter
The present paper describes attitudes of Israeli Arabs toward the presence of two groups of noncitizen workers in the Israeli labor market: Palestinians and overseas foreign workers. Specifically, we analyze perceptions of socioeconomic threat derived from the presence of these two groups and feelings of social distance toward them. These two measu...
Article
This study adds another piece to the puzzle of naturalisation among individuals with an immigrant background by further developing the application of social identity. I suggest that two important determinants of an intention to naturalise are identification with one's country of origin, and discrimination. The effects of these and other predictors...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a specific example of how mixed-methods can be used as a useful research design in the study of ethnic exclusionism. Specifically, we investigate the ways in which conceptions of national identity and nationalism and perceptions of socio-economic threat explain exclusionary attitudes of the majority group (Jews) towards labor mi...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we test the effects of national attachments (patriotism and chauvinism) and perception of threat on citizens' willingness to concede citizenship rights to immigrants in France, Germany (West and East), the USA and Israel. Our findings show that despite marked differences in countries' migration policies and conceptions of nationhood...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
The project aims at identifying the social mechanisms that explain exclusionary attitudes towards immigrants in Israel and Europe
Project
The project has three main goals: (1) A robust estimation of the effect of parental wealth on the child’s educational decision. (2) Clearing up the causal mechanisms linking parental wealth to educational decisions. (3) Studying the parental wealth-educational decisions relationship along the distribution of wealth.
Archived project
Until now, most national and international research on socio-economic inequality has focused on education and the labor market while very few studies addressed the broader issue of wealth inequality. Yet, the emerging body of literature on wealth inequality underscores the need to move beyond labor market attainment to better understand societal inequality and emphasizes the importance of studying household wealth as a distinct dimension of social stratification. Additionally, the study of wealth shifts attention of stratification research to the older population and their life chances. The intention of our project on “Household Wealth Inequality in International Comparison” was to fill this gap. We studied patterns of wealth inequality in Israel and Germany and expanded the comparison to fourteen additional modern societies. Specifically, we examined the distribution of the components of wealth across sub-groups, tried to uncover the social mechanisms that generate wealth inequality along the life course, and to ascertain the impact of wealth holding on life chances in the adult population. The paucity of research on wealth inequality is largely the result of difficulties in obtaining high quality data on this topic. The recent release of such a dataset by the SHARE project provided us with the unique opportunity to study, for the first time, wealth inequality, its determinants, and its consequences from an international comparative perspective. Our research activities have been organized along four main scientific aims. Our first aim was to give a detailed description of wealth and its components in Israeli and German families as well as in fourteen additional societies. We successfully achieved this aim what is documented in three publications. The second research aim was a comparison of wealth held by major socio-demographic groups and an analysis of the extent to which these are related to differences in human capital, labor market position, and family structure. Again, we successfully achieved this aim what is documented in two publications. Examining the relationship between wealth and quality of life in older age was our third research aim, which we likewise successfully achieved. This is documented in six publications. The fourth and final scientific aim of our project was to extend our cross-national comparative research, by examine not only the patterns of wealth distribution, but also its relationship to quality of life, in countries with divergent institutional settings. We successfully achieved also our last scientific aim, what is documented in six publications. During our project we published in sum seven peer-reviewed articles in high-ranked scientific journals and we are currently working on six further publications, which we plan to submit within the following months. Summing up, through our project we could theoretically and empirically contribute to a deeper understanding of the generation and distribution of wealth, as well as to the consequences of wealth inequality in terms of social stratification research. Our numerous publications are likely to have a major impact on social stratification research and will hopefully inspire further research on the topic of household wealth inequalities.