Oscar L Veiga

Oscar L Veiga
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Faculty of Teaching training and Education

Doctor

About

179
Publications
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4,294
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October 2000 - present
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (179)
Preprint
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Objectives (1) To develop reference values for health-related fitness European children and adolescents aged 6–18 years that are the foundation for the web-based, open-access and multi-language fitness platform (FitBack); (2) To provide comparisons across European countries. Methods This study builds on a previous large fitness reference study in...
Article
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Objective: This study was aimed to examine patient enrolment in the pre-intervention stage, family-reported barriers, attendance rates and underlying predictors of short-term attendance in a family-system-based randomised controlled trial for managing childhood obesity in children aged 8-12-years-old (ENTREN-F). Method: Psychosocial and anthropo...
Article
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The aim of this research was to identify and compare the main fitness trends for the year 2022 in Colombia with the findings of the national survey conducted the previous year, and also with the Spanish and international rankings for the year 2022. The information was obtained through an online survey replicating the methodology developed by the Am...
Article
Introduction The objective of the present work is to investigate the prospective associations between physical fitness components (cardiorespiratory fitness, motor fitness, and muscular strength) and two domains of executive function, working memory, and inhibitory control, in adolescents. Methods A total of 422 Spanish adolescents (13.35 ± 1.54 y...
Article
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From this article, the reader should be able to • Identify top 20 fitness trends for Australia, Brazil, China, Europe, Mexico, Spain, and the United States. • Recognize individual and unique fitness trends represented within Australia, Brazil, China, Europe, Mexico, Spain, and the United States.
Article
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Esta es la sexta edición de las Encuestas Nacionales de Tendencias de Fitness en España, que reproducen de forma anual la metodología de las encuestas internacionales promovidas por el Colegio Americano de Medicina del Deporte (ACSM). El objetivo del presente estudio es identificar las principales tendencias en el sector del fitness español mediant...
Article
Full-text available
To examine the longitudinal relationships between objectively measured total volume and specific intensities of physical activity (PA) with academic performance in a large sample of youth aged 6‐18 years. A longitudinal study of 1046 youth (10.04 ± 3.10 years) from Spain were followed over 2 years. PA (volume and intensity) was measured by accelero...
Article
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Purpose The aim of this article was to validate the Spanish version of the Home Environment Survey (HES-S) and was divided in two studies: (1) to assess the reliability, convergent validity of HES-S in a survey of 145 parents of children with overweight/obesity; (2) to study the magnitude of the association between children’s BMI status with the la...
Article
Full-text available
Since 2006 the American College of Sport Medicine (ACSM) has annually published the Worldwide Survey of Fitness Trends and through them fitness professionals around the world are asked about their prediction of the most prominent trends in the fitness market for the following year. The results of fitness trends surveys are intended to help this ind...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo del presente estudio fue identificar y comparar las principales tendencias fitness para el año 2021 en Colombia con los hallazgos de la encuesta nacional realizada el año anterior y con los rankings español e internacional del año 2021. La información fue obtenida a través de una encuesta online replicando la metodología desarrollada po...
Article
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(1) Background: Numerous studies have focused on examining the association between PA levels and health-related physical fitness components in children or adolescents without disabilities. However, research on the association between PA and health-related physical fitness in adolescents with DS (Down syndrome) is limited, and most of the previous s...
Article
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Trajectories of physical activity and sedentary time (SED) may differ between subgroups of youth. The aim of this study was to identify group‐based dual trajectories of physical activity and SED and explore individual, social and environmental correlates of these trajectories. Longitudinal data (three time‐points, baseline 2011‐12) of Spanish youth...
Article
Previous studies have observed a link between gender and well-being and health in young populations. The purpose of this research was twofold: (1) to analyse the cross-sectional relationship between gender status with well-being indicators and self-perceived health in adolescents at baseline and at 2-year follow-up and (2) to evaluate the prospecti...
Article
Objectives The aim was to determine the independent associations of muscular fitness (MF), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and waist circumference (WC) with blood pressure (BP) levels over 2 years in children and adolescents. Methods 1089 children (517 females) and 787 adolescents (378 females) with complete data on fitness, WC and BP (systolic [S...
Article
Full-text available
No studies have analyzed the longitudinal associations of change in physical fitness components and obesity with academic performance. The aim of the study was to examine longitudinal associations of changes in physical fitness components and body mass index with academic performance among youth, and whether the physical fitness components are mode...
Article
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International awareness of the American College of Sports Medicine's (ACSM's) Worldwide Survey of Fitness Trends has exponentially increased since its inception 15 years ago. Practitioners across the world recognize the value in assessing health and fitness trends annually as one approach to guide future programming efforts. For this reason, severa...
Article
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Desde 2017 se realizan anualmente las Encuestas Nacionales de Tendencias de Fitness en España, reproduciendo la metodología de las encuestas internacionales promovidas por el Colegio Americano de Medicina del Deporte (ACSM). El objetivo del presente estudio es presentar los resultados de la quinta encuesta española e identificar las principales ten...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The ESSA-Sport Project. The aim of the ESSA-Sport project, funded by the European Commission under the Erasmus+ programme, was to establish a European Sector Skills Alliance covering the full breadth of the sport and physical activity sector across the European Union. The project was a direct response to the identified needs and challenges of the s...
Article
Background The aim of this study was to examine the bidirectional longitudinal associations of several markers of fatness and physical fitness in adolescents with Down syndrome. Methods This study comprised a total of 111 adolescents (41 females), aged from 11 to 20 years with complete data at the baseline. We had a drop‐out of <10% from the basel...
Article
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Prior studies have detected a link between wellbeing and health in adult populations, however little is known of the relation in young people. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship of subjective wellbeing (evaluative, hedonic and eudemonic) and self-perceived general health in a sample of Spanish adolescents. A cross-sectional...
Article
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The aim was to examine the bidirectional association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and fatness in a 2‐year longitudinal study conducted in young people. A total of 1082 children (512 females) and 727 adolescents (342 females) with complete data at baseline and follow‐up were included. CRF was determined by the 20‐m shuttle run test. Heigh...
Article
Background Affect and physical fitness play an important role in psychological and physical health, however, the association between those variables in youth remains still unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of physical fitness on positive and negative affect in Spanish children and adolescents. Method 1490 healthy S...
Article
Adolescence is a decisive and characteristic period for overall development throughout the life-span in which Eating Disorders (ED) are among the most common mental health problems in young population. Different factors might be related to the risk of ED such as sex and body composition, but literature about hydration status is still very scarce. T...
Article
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Objective: Based on a three-factor model of subjective wellbeing (evaluative, hedonic and eudemonic), the purpose of this study was to analyze gender differences in children and adolescents through three different subjective wellbeing indicators. Method: The sample comprised 1.407 children and adolescents from Cadiz and Madrid (Spain), in the fr...
Article
The aims of this study were to identify profiles of sedentary behaviour (SB) patterns, based on leisure-time self-reported SB modalities (screen, educative, social, and relaxing) and to evaluate changes in these profiles over 2 years among Spanish youth aged 8–18 years. Latent profile analysis (LPA), a data-driven analytic approach, was used to ide...
Article
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Background: Longitudinal changes in child and adolescent active school transport (AST), and the mediating role of different intensities of daily physical activity (PA) levels in relation to AST and physical fitness and adiposity indicators is unclear. This study aimed to: 1) describe longitudinal changes in AST, light PA (LPA), moderate- to vigoro...
Article
Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the levels of physical activity and sedentary behaviours in children with obesity and normal weight through accelerometer measures, and analyze the family environment related to physical activity. Design: Case-control study. Location: A health center and colleges of the Community of Madrid. Participant...
Article
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Purpose Children and adolescents can be distinguished by different typologies (clusters) of physical activity and sedentary behavior. How physical activity and sedentary behaviors change over time within different typologies is not known. This study examined longitudinal changes in physical activity and sedentary time among children and adolescents...
Article
Background: Although clinical gait speed may indicate health and wellbeing in older adults, there is a lack of studies comparing clinical tests with ambulatory gait speed with regard to several health outcomes. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the associations of clinical gait speed, measured by the 2.44 meter walk test and...
Article
Background: The main objective of this study was to describe the inflammatory status of adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) and their relationship with adiposity. Methods: Ninety-five adolescents with DS (44.2% girls) and a control group of 113 adolescents (47.8% girls), aged between 11 and 18 years old, from the UP & DOWN study were included in...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar las tendencias de fitness en España para el año 2020 según la opinión de los profesionales del sector a través de una encuesta online, así como comparar los resultados obtenidos con las tendencias identificadas por la Encuesta Nacional sobre Tendencias en Fitness en España y la internacional del...
Article
Childhood obesity is a growing problem with a complex aetiology, for which multidisciplinary interventions are required. Our programme describes a novel structured psychosocial family-based intervention targeting the emotional regulation in childhood obesity, using a train trip metaphor aimed at improving healthy lifestyles for the family. The aims...
Article
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Objective: The aims of the present study were to analyze the associations between the socio-demographic and familiar circumstances with: (i) the total leisure-time sedentary behavior (SB) assessed by accelerometry, and (ii) the domain-specific leisure-time SB (i.e., screen-based, educational-based, social-based, and other-based SB), in a sample of...
Article
This study aims to examine the associations of parental rules with sedentary behavior (SB) in youth. Leisure-time SB was assessed by accelerometry and questionnaire. In boys, parental rules regarding TV were negatively associated with objectively-measured leisure-time SB and time spent in all screen behaviors, but positively associated with educati...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Ilustrative fact sheet of main Spain´s findings of the ESSA-Sport project. This project aim, funded by the European Commission under the Erasmus+ programme, was to establish a European Sector Skills Alliance covering the full breadth of the sport and physical activity sector across the European Union. The project was a direct response to the identi...
Article
Background: To assess the validity of the single question to determine sedentary behavior (SB) by using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) in older adults. Methods: The sample included 163 participants (96 women) aged 65-92 years. Self-reported SB was obtained from the GPAQ. Objectively measured SB was assessed using the Intellige...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen. El objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar la relación entre disfrute con la actividad física, autoeficacia motriz, nivel de actividad física realizada y rendimiento académico en Educación Física (EF). El estudio se llevó a cabo en 17 centros escolares de la Comunidad de Madrid (España) y siguió un diseño ex post facto en el que partic...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) demonstrate higher values of body composition and lower levels of physical fitness when compared with their peers with typically developing (TD) or their peers with intellectual disability but without DS. Objective: To examine, during a 2-year period, changes in indicators of body composition and phy...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) demonstrate higher values of body composition and lower levels of physical fitness when compared with their peers with typically developing (TD) or their peers with intellectual disability but without DS. Objective: To examine, during a 2-year period, changes in indicators of body composition and phys...
Article
Objectives The current study aimed at analyzing the associations between latent transitions based on sedentary time and physical activity levels and changes in Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), positive affect, and negative affect over two years in children and adolescents. Design Longitudinal design. Methods Participants were 1099 children...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to analyze the associations of youths' sedentary behavior (SB) with parents' and siblings' SB and physical activity (PA), as well as the associations of youths' coparticipation with parents, siblings, and friends in PA and SB with youths' SB. Methods: The sample consisted of 1543 youths (12.02 ± 2.51 yea...
Article
Objectives: Previous research has postulated immigrant status as a relevant factor influencing eating disorder (ED) risk in adolescents. The present study assesses differences by sex in ED risk between Spanish native and immigrant adolescent populations residing in Spain and analyzes longitudinal differences in ED risk between immigrant and native...
Article
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between physical activity enjoyment, motor self-efficacy, physical activity and level academic performance in Physical Education (PE). The study was conducted in 17 schools of Madrid (Spain) and it followed an ex post facto design. A total of 1,452 students participated in the study (49.6% m...
Article
Full-text available
En 2016 y 2017 se han realizado las primeras Encuestas Nacionales sobre Tendencias en Fitness en España, reproduciendo la metodología de las encuestas internacionales sobre tendencias globales de fitness promovidas por el Colegio Americano de Medicina del Deporte (ACSM) desde 2006. Este estudio presenta los resultados de la tercera Encuesta Naciona...
Article
Objectives We examined the dose–response relationship between physical activity (PA) and incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adults in Taiwan. Methods This study included 1 98 919 participants, aged 18–97 years, free of CVD, cancer and diabetes at baseline (1997–2013), who were followed until 2016. At baseline, participants w...
Article
This study investigated the associations between the characteristics of the nearby physical environment with the total and domain-specific leisure-time sedentary behaviour (SB) in young people. The study included 1578 youth (9–18 years) from the UP&DOWN study. Total leisure-time SB was objectively-assessed by accelerometers. Participants self-repor...
Article
En 2016 y 2017 se han realizado las primeras Encuestas Nacionales sobre Tendencias en Fitness en España, reproduciendo la metodología de las encuestas internacionales sobre tendencias globales de fitness promovidas por el Colegio Americano de Medicina del Deporte (ACSM) desde 2006. Este estudio presenta los resultados de la tercera Encuesta Naciona...
Article
Background The combined effect of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and body mass index (BMI) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in young people remains to be fully determined. We examined the individual and combined associations of CRF and BMI with clustered CVD risk factors, and the mediator role of BMI in the association between CRF and clustere...
Article
Full-text available
Tools for measuring walking time make use of objective and subjective methods. One subjective approach is to administer physical activity questionnaires (PAQ), mainly because they are inexpensive and easy to give to large groups. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study has a brief PAQ (EPIC-PAQ) and includes on...
Article
The present study examined the association between high-quality diet (using the Mediterranean diet (MD) as an example) and well-being cross-sectionally and prospectively in Spanish children and adolescents. Participants included 533 children and 987 adolescents at baseline and 527 children and 798 adolescents at 2-year follow-up, included in the UP...
Article
Objectives: To study the cross-sectional and longitudinal (2-year follow-up) association between muscle fitness and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in youth; whether there are muscle fitness cut points associated with CVD risk (cross-sectional); and whether the health-related muscle fitness cut points identified at baseline are associate...
Article
The aims of the present study were: i) to examine the associations of total accelerometer-based sedentary time (ST) and specific-domain self-reported ST (i.e., screen-based, educational-based, social-based, and other-based ST) with adiposity and physical fitness in youth; and ii) to analyse the mediation effect of physical activity (PA) on associat...
Article
Objectives: To identify lifestyle clusters in children and adolescents, to analyze associations between lifestyle clusters and body fat percentage (BFP) at baseline and 2 years later, and to examine if BFP at baseline is associated with BFP 2 years later. Study design: This longitudinal study involved 1634 Spanish youth (804 girls) aged 8-18 yea...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Physical activity and physical inactivity patterns can affect health status. In the elderly people, their study is relevant given the importance that they have on the morbidity and mortality. Objective: To present preliminary data on activity and inactivity patterns of a sub-sample of older adults from the IMPACT65+ Study. Materia...
Article
The inter-day reliability of the Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA) has not been studied to date. The study purpose was to examine the inter-day variability and reliability on two consecutive days collected with the IDEEA, as well as to predict the number of days needed to provide a reliable estimate of several movement...
Article
Objectives: To test the associations of muscular fitness and body mass index (BMI), individually and combined, with clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adolescents and to analyze the mediator role of BMI in the association between muscular fitness and clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors. Study design: In total...
Article
Objectives: To examine clustering of lifestyle behaviors in Spanish children and adolescents based on screen time, nonscreen sedentary time, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, Mediterranean diet quality, and sleep time, and to analyze its association with health-related physical fitness. Study design: The sample consisted of 1197 children a...
Article
Objectives: The aims of the present study were: (i) to develop automated algorithms to identify the sleep period time in 24-h data from the Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA) in older adults, and (ii) to analyze the agreement of these algorithms to identify the sleep period time as compared to self-reported data and exp...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El Colegio Americano de Medicina del Deporte (ACSM, American College of Sports Medicine) cada año realiza una encuesta internacional sobre tendencias en el sector del fitness. Con la celebración del 10º aniversario de la encuesta en 2016 se llevó a cabo la primera recopilación de información en el ámbito nacional para conocer cuáles serían las tend...
Article
Background: Whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) devices are now being used in health and sports training, although there are few studies investigating their benefits. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of WB-EMS as a post-exercise recovery method, and compare it with other methods like active and passive recover...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen. En 2016 se realizó la primera Encuesta Nacional sobre Tendencias en Fitness para 2017 en España reproduciendo la metodología de las encuestas anuales que ha venido realizando anualmente el Colegio Americano de Medicina del Deporte (American College of Sports Medicine, ACSM) sobre tendencias globales de fitness durante más de una década. El...
Article
En 2016 se realizó la primera Encuesta Nacional sobre Tendencias en Fitness para 2017 en España reproduciendo la metodología de las encuestas anuales que ha venido realizando anualmente el Colegio Americano de Medicina del Deporte (American College of Sports Medicine, ACSM) sobre tendencias globales de fitness durante más de una década. El presente...
Article
Objectives: To develop a questionnaire able to assess time spent by youth in a wide range of leisure-time sedentary behaviors (SB) and evaluate its test-retest reliability and criterion validity. Design: Cross-sectional observational. Methods: The reliability sample included 194 youth, aged 10-18 years, who completed the questionnaire twice, s...
Article
Objective: To examine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) at baseline and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in 6- to 10-year-olds (cross-sectional) and 2 years later (8- to 12-year-olds [longitudinal]) and whether changes with age in CRF are associated with CVD risk in children aged 8 to 12 years. Patients and methods: Spanis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar la relación entre rendimiento escolar en Educación Física (EF) y las variables disfrute con la actividad física, autoeficacia motriz y nivel de actividad física realizada. El estudio se llevó a cabo en 17 centros escolares de la Comunidad de Madrid (España) y siguió un diseño ex post facto en el que pa...