Oscar Gonzalez de Dios

Oscar Gonzalez de Dios
Telefónica, S.A · Networks

Telecommunications Engineer

About

101
Publications
7,410
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
849
Citations

Publications

Publications (101)
Preprint
The H2020 METRO-HAUL European project has architected a latency-aware, cost-effective, agile, and programmable optical metro network. This includes the design of semidisaggregated metro nodes with compute and storage capabilities, which interface effectively with both 5G access and multi-Tbit/s elastic optical networks in the core. In this paper, w...
Article
This tutorial considers the evolution of software-defined networking (SDN) control for optical transport networks (OTNs) in disaggregated scenarios, focusing on its requirements and challenges when applied to “beyond 100G” networks, a term that jointly refers to the use of coherent technology, data rates beyond 100G, and the evolution of OTN standa...
Article
The H2020 METRO-HAUL European project has architected a latency-aware, cost-effective, agile, and programmable optical metro network. This includes the design of semi-disaggregated metro nodes with compute and storage capabilities, which interface effectively with both 5G access and multi-Tbit/s elastic optical networks in the core. In this paper,...
Conference Paper
We demonstrate zero-touch device bootstrapping, monitoring, and L3-VPN service management using the novel TeraFlow OS SDN controller prototype. TeraFlow aims at producing a cloud-native carrier-grade SDN controller offering scalability, extensibility, high-performance, and high-availability features.
Article
To reap its full benefits, 5G must evolve into a scalable decentralized architecture by exploiting intelligence ubiquitously and securely across different technologies, network layers, and segments. In this article, we propose end-to-end and ubiquitous secure machine learning (ML)-powered intent-based networking (IBN). The IBN framework is aware of...
Article
Network operators cannot change their footprint to upgrade the entire network to support SDN from scratch. Hence, network operators adapted the original SDN concept into a hybrid SDN approach to have a pragmatic, evolutionary, and economically viable solution. This article tests an SDN architecture based on a hierarchical structure of a Software-De...
Article
Full-text available
Network operators have been dealing with the necessity of a dynamic network resources allocation to provide a new generation of customer-tailored applications. In that sense, Telecom providers have to migrate their BSS/OSS systems and network infrastructure to more modern solutions to introduce end-to-end automation and support the new use cases de...
Article
Network infrastructure must support emerging applications, fulfill 5G requirements, and respond to the sudden increase of societal need for remote communications. Remarkably, crowdsourced live video streaming (CLVS) challenges operators’ infrastructure with tides of users attending major sport or public events that demand high bandwidth and low lat...
Chapter
Internet service providers are shifting to an open, modern, software-based architecture that enables both new operating and business models. The target architecture is loosely coupled, cloud-native, data and artificial intelligence-driven, and relies on traffic engineering-related protocols to get the full potential of the network capabilities. The...
Conference Paper
We report the automated deployment of 5G services across a latency-aware, semi-disaggregated, and virtualized metro network. We summarize the key findings in a detailed analysis of end-to-end latency, service setup time, and soft-failure detection time.
Conference Paper
We present and demonstrate service provisioning in partially disaggregated multi-vendor network automation scenarios with online physical impairment validation. This work uses and extends standard interfaces (OpenConfig and ONF Transport API) to retrieve network information interacting with TIP GNPy tool.
Article
This paper introduces a novel and simplified cost model for designing and evaluating a Central Office Rearchitected as a Datacenter (CORD). The model includes equipment and elements for the realization of optical, packet switching, and data center parts with a special focus not only on relative costs but also on power consumption figures. The cost...
Article
The automation of Network Services (NS) consisting of virtual functions connected through a multilayer packet-over-optical network requires predictable Quality of Service (QoS) performance, measured in terms of throughput and latency, to allow making proactive decisions. QoS is typically guaranteed by overprovisioning capacity dedicated to the NS,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A Stateful Path Computation Element (PCE) maintains information on the current network state, including: computed Label Switched Path (LSPs), reserved resources within the network, and pending path computation requests. This information may then be considered when computing new traffic engineered LSPs, and for associated and dependent LSPs, receive...
Article
This work provides a techno-economic evaluation of optical disaggregation architectures in the context of metropolitan area networks. The study compares two optical disaggregation options (partial vs. total) against the legacy benchmark where optical equipment is subject to vendor lock-in, as it is deployed in most networks today. We show that emer...
Article
Full-text available
Metropolitan networks are undergoing a major technological breakthrough leveraging the capabilities of software-defined networking (SDN) and network function virtualization (NFV). NFV permits the deployment of virtualized network functions (VNFs) on commodity hardware appliances which can be combined with SDN flexibility and programmability of the...
Article
This publisher’s note corrects an author’s affiliation in J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 12 , A9 ( 2020 ) JOCNBB 1943-0620 10.1364/JOCN.12.0000A9 .
Article
Network operators will require autonomous operation with the help of artificial intelligence to reduce operational expenditures and to create networks that are easier to manage and maintain. However, not all operators operate in the same way. Therefore, we may have different operator-specific use cases for such autonomous operations. Differences ma...
Conference Paper
Disaggregation breaks conventional closed systems into components connected by open interfaces. This paper shows the experimental demonstration of service provisioning and partial replacement of network OS in a disaggregated open packet and optical converged network based on open interfaces and open source software.
Article
There is a great interest around the disaggregation of hardware and software components in the networking community. The reason is that such strategy enables flexibility to the solutions and achieves efficiency and cost reduction within certain network scenarios. Network operators have paid attention to this technological evolution, because it can...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Path Computation Element (PCE) may be used for computing services that traverse multi-area and multi-Autonomous System (multi-AS) Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) and Generalized MPLS (GMPLS) Traffic-Engineered (TE) networks. This document examines the applicability of the PCE architecture, protocols, and protocol extensions for computing m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The open-source planning tool Net2Plan provides a network Optimization-as-a-Service system to assist Open-Source MANO and WAN Infrastructure Manager(s) with the joint computation of multi-site VNF placement and multi-layer resource allocation in the deployment of a network service in a metro network.
Conference Paper
New techniques, based on Software-Defined Networks, are used to deploy optical paths dynamically. This demonstration shows how active measurements at 100 Gbit/s are performed to check before operation that the performance requirements are met in terms of capacity, delay or packet loss.
Article
The need of introducing interoperability in the transport network segment has motivated the emergence of several open initiatives and standardization efforts for the development of different interfaces to allow Software Defined Network (SDN) controllers manage and control the network devices. Optical disaggregation in particular aims the introducti...
Article
Recently, Machine Learning (ML) has attracted the attention of both researchers and practitioners to address several issues in the optical networking field. This trend has been mainly driven by the huge amount of available data (i.e., signal quality indicators, network alarms, etc.) and to the large number of optimization parameters which feature c...
Article
One of the main features of 5G networks is the coordinated orchestration of both information technology (IT) and connectivity resources. This enables the deployment of a flexible and programmable architecture able to provision end-to-end services with different (and sometimes quite) stringent quality of service (QoS) constraints. In this paradigm,...
Conference Paper
This paper demonstrates a partially disaggregated network solution, completely based on standard interfaces integrated into the Software Defined Transport Network architecture. A proof-of-concept of multi-layer service provisioning over resilient disaggregated multi-vendor testbed is presented.
Conference Paper
QoS-based connectivity coordinated by the 5GEx Multi-domain Orchestrator exploiting novel stateful BRPC is demonstrated for the first time over a multi-operator multi-technology transport network within the European 5GEx Sandbox, including Segment Routing and optical domains.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This demonstration showcases the open-source Net2Plan tool optimally computing and provisioning Service Chain requests with latency considerations by interfacing to an ONOS-controlled metro network and an ETSI-OSM instance orchestrating a set of OpenStack VIMs.
Conference Paper
This demonstrator showcases the hardware and software integration achieved by the dReDBox project [1] towards realization of a novel architecture using dynamically-reconfigurable optical interconnects to create a flexible, scalable and efficient disaggregated datacentre infrastructure.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper investigates the performance of a multi-domain orchestrator (MdO) deployed in a real multi-domain European testbed. Results show how the MdO prototype scales well with the number of domains advertised and connectivity services provisioned.
Article
Hardware and software disaggregation is a recognized strategy for achieving efficiency and cost reduction within datacentre warehouse. More recently this approach has been applied to high-bandwidth inter-datacentre connectivity at transport layer. Telecom Operators look with great interest at this approach which promises savings that could make the...
Conference Paper
Current datacenters are based on server machines, whose mainboard and hardware components form the baseline, monolithic building block that the rest of the system software, middleware and application stack are built upon. This leads to the following limitations: (a) resource proportionality of a multi-tray system is bounded by the basic building bl...
Article
Network operators have deployed optical transmission systems in their production networks for several years. The transport technology for fiber-optic transmission systems in backbone networks has been a synchronous digital hierarchy. However, network operators started migrating such networks to deploy WDM systems to improve the utilization of the f...
Conference Paper
This demo proposes the usage of standardized YANG data models for multi-vendor and multi-layer optical control interoperability. L2/L3 network service establishment will be demonstrated as part of the network transformation strategy for SDN/NFV.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Software-defined networking (SDN) and network function virtualization (NFV) are key technologies to address (i) because they enable dynamic management of virtual network functions (VNFs) across an advanced programmable network. Moreover, (ii) can be met instantiating VNFs in standard commodity hardware and exploiting hardware disaggregation and mul...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document defines a YANG model for managing flexi-grid optical networks. The model described in this document defines a flexi-grid traffic engineering database. A complementary module is referenced to detail the flexi-grid media channels. This module is grounded on other defined YANG abstract models.
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document defines a YANG model for managing flexi-grid optical media channels, complementing the information provided by the flexi-grid TED model. It is also grounded on other defined YANG abstract models.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Future 5G networks will rely on the coordinated allocation of compute, storage, and networking resources in order to meet the functional requirements of 5G services as well as guaranteeing efficient usage of the network infrastructure. However, the 5G service provisioning paradigm will also require a unified infrastructure service market that integ...
Conference Paper
A techno-economic comparison of dark fiber and passive architectures to evolve low aggregation metro rings of 1G is presented. Results demonstrate that there are alternatives more cost-effective than just migrating to 10G.
Conference Paper
In the context of the 5GEx Project, a Multi-domain Orchestrator is in charge of creating, deploying, and terminating Network Services spanning across multiple-operators. This live demo showcases the main functionalities of the 5GEx system.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Leveraging on reference implementations of PCEP and BGP-LS protocols, we have developed an active stateful multilayer PCE extension for the open-source Net2Plan planning tool to orchestrate multilayer service provisioning and restoration in IP/MPLS-over-WDM networks.
Chapter
Networks today integrate multiple technologies, allowing network infrastructure to deliver a variety of services to support the different characteristics and dynamic demands of applications. There is an increasing goal to make the network responsive to service requests issued directly from the application layer and high-layer client interfaces. Thi...
Chapter
The control plane is the key element to utilize the full potential of Elastic Optical Networks (EONs). In this chapter, it is explained what are the functionalities of the control plane of a network, and the most popular control plane architecture, Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching (GMPLS), is revisited. After the basics of routing, path co...
Conference Paper
Network operators have worked in interoperable scenarios for transport network from several years. The main motivation is to have a rich ecosystem, which encourages the competition to have more efficient network solutions. The bandwidth increment in the transport network puts a lot of pressure to have revenues on an environment where the end-user i...
Article
Full-text available
Theoperation of multidomain and multivendorEONs can be achieved by interoperable sliceable bandwidth variable transponders (S-BVTs), a GMPLS/BGP-LS-based control plane, and a planning tool. The control plane is extended to include the control of S-BVTs and elastic cross connects, which combine a large port-count fiber-switch (optical backplane) and...
Conference Paper
A common Transport API is proposed for joint cloud/network orchestration, allowing interworking of heterogeneous control planes to provide provisioning/recovery of QoS-aware E2E services. We present its first demonstration in a multi-partner testbed including data-plane monitoring. OCIS codes: (060.4256) Networks, network optimization; (060.4253) N...
Article
Incremental planning is performed periodically to decide how a backbone optical network has to be updated to serve the forecast traffic during the next planning period. Based on reliable traffic prediction, new equipment is installed and its capacity is ready to be used. Nonetheless, due to the introduction of new services among other reasons, exac...
Article
Full-text available
The control of multidomain elastic optical networks (EONs) is possible by combining Hierarchical Path Computation Element (H-PCE)-based computation, Border Gateway Protocol with Extensions for Traffic Engineering Link State Information (BGP-LS) topology discovery, remote instantiation via Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP), and...
Article
Full-text available
To allow efficient allocation of optical spectral bandwidth for systems that have high bit-rates, the International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) has extended its Recommendations G.694.1 and G.872 to include a new Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) grid by defining a set of nominal central frequ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The operation of multi-domain and multi-vendor EONs can be achieved by interoperable Sliceable Bandwidth Variable Transponders, a GMPLS / BGP-LS-based control plane and a planning tool. This paper reports the first full demonstration and validation this end-to-end architecture.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the challenges and purpose of building the Traffic Engineering Database (TED) to facilitate Software Defined control of an Elastic Optical Network (EON). It explains how a standardized protocol and data model can facilitate this and describes a YANG model that has been developed to represent the TED including the representation...
Article
The increasing demand of internet services is pushing cloud services providers to increase the capacity of their data centers (DC) and create DC federations, where two or more cloud providers interconnect their infrastructures. As a result of the huge capacity required for the inter-DC network, the flexgrid optical technology can be used. In such s...
Article
Software defined networking (SDN) and network programmability offer the ability to direct application service requests toward the IP/MPLS and optical network. The SDN approach can help operators to reduce the CAPEX and OPEX in the networks, thanks to the optimization of the resources and the reduction of the complexity in the operation of the netwo...
Article
Full-text available
New and emerging use cases, such as the interconnection of geographically remote data centers, are drawing attention to the need for provisioning end-to-end connectivity services spanning multiple and heterogeneous network domains. This heterogeneity is due not only to the data transmission and switching technology (the so-called data plane) but al...
Conference Paper
The control of Multi-domain Elastic Optical Networks (EON) is possible by combining H-PCE based computation, BGP-LS topology discovery, remote Instantiation via PCEP, and signaling via RSVP-TE. This paper presents the first multi-platform demonstration that fully validates such control architecture achieving multi-protocol interoperability.
Conference Paper
SDN brings automation to network operation and abstracts the complexity of optical networks. An orchestration layer is required to support multivendor interoperability scenarios. This work demonstrates that an ABNO architecture enables SDN controlled domain interoperability.
Article
We demonstrate an orchestrated inter-datacenter multicast connectivity for Ethernet services. An ABNO-driven workflow is experimentally validated to provision p2mp connectivity over a multilayer Ethernet-over-Flexgrid network. Experimental validation was carried out on a distributed infrastructure connecting Telefonica, CNIT, and UPC premises.
Article
Integrated DWDM ports in routers reduce the CAPEX investment, but control plane complexity is increased as the IP transponder becomes part of the optical domain. This work demonstrates the control plane interoperability between the IP and the optical vendors.
Conference Paper
Although there is perhaps an acceptance that EON has benefits, there is a debate about whether a full flexgrid implementation is required to achieve those benefits. Current industry debate addressed in this paper relates to when is the most appropriate time for carriers to: (a) install flexgrid ready components, and (b) enable them and start using...