Orlanda Tavares

Orlanda Tavares
CeiED · Interdisciplinary Research Centre for Education and Development

PhD

About

79
Publications
15,097
Reads
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880
Citations
Citations since 2016
56 Research Items
780 Citations
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Introduction
Orlanda Tavares is currently an assistant professor at Universidade Lusófona do Porto and a researcher at CeiED (Interdisciplinary Research Centre for Education and Development) and a collaborator at CIPES (Centre For Research In Higher Education Policies) . Orlanda does research in Educational Policies and her recent publications include the Palgrave/Springer book "Equity Policies in Global Higher Education", available at https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-3-030-69691-7.pdf
Additional affiliations
September 2003 - present
Centre For Research In Higher Education Policies
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses whether Brazilian graduates feel that their higher education programmes have contributed to the development of civic competences (ethics, critical thinking and respect for diversity), necessary to become active citizens in a democratic and fair society. The analysis considers disciplines and students’ socioeconomic and cultura...
Article
Full-text available
The paper analyses the influence of COVID-19 on Portuguese institutions' intake of international students and their responses to the pandemic. Two dimensions are considered: quantitative impact on international enrolments and higher education institu-tions' strategies for the recruitment and support of international students. The first dimension is...
Article
Growing numbers of students from non-Portuguese speaking countries, designated as ‘non-Lusophone students’, signal the diversification of the international student population in Portugal. Until recently, international students came almost exclusively from other Portuguese-speaking countries. Employing social network analysis, the paper analyses the...
Book
Full-text available
This book discusses and analyses global policies and practices aimed at promoting equity in higher education participation and attainment. Although the massification of higher education systems has facilitated the participation of students from deprived backgrounds, socioeconomic inequalities persist in access to the most prestigious institutions a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Although the number of places available in Portuguese public higher education institutions is higher than the number of candidates, some applicants are still left out. Moreover, for those who get a place, inequalities are evident in the admission to the most selective institutions and programmes. This chapter aims to (i) identify and characterise t...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter analyses inequalities in the transition from upper secondary to higher education in Portugal, using empirical data from the General-Directorate of Education and Science Statistics (DGEEC). It argues that educational inequalities are already present in Portuguese students’ trajectories before higher education and that the transition to...
Chapter
Full-text available
The concluding chapter highlights that the commitment with equity in the analysed contexts has increased social justice and contributed to a reduction of social inequalities. However, the policies employed to improve equity are not homogenous since they depend on the local, educational, historical, economic and political conditions that favour the...
Article
This is the introduction to a special issue focused on offering new perspectives and analytical approaches to better understand academic inbreeding. The seven papers of this special issue offer original analyses and new avenues of research on this highly resilient social phenomenon in academic settings. The findings and arguments forwarded by these...
Conference Paper
According to the European strategy for universities, these higher education institutions are uniquely located at the crossroads of education, research and innovation, serving both society and economy. Universities contribute to consolidate the European Education Area (EEA) and the European Research Area (ERA). Traditionally, teaching has been the d...
Book
Full-text available
Este estudo tem como um dos seus principais objetivos perceber até que ponto a massificação do acesso ao ensino superior tem contribuído para colmatar ou acentuar desigualdades no acesso, sucesso e permanência/abandono dos estudantes no ensino superior português. De acordo com os resultados obtidos, conclui-se que a expansão do ensino superior em P...
Article
This paper analyses the patterns of international student enrolments in Portugal to understand what makes Portuguese higher education attractive. Employing a database of enrolments in Portuguese higher education institutions in 2017/2018, it uses correspondence analysis to characterise the flows of students coming from different countries and the v...
Article
The aim of this paper is to analyse the relationship between academic inbreeding in Portugal and research collaboration, using co‐authored publications as proxies. As previous research has shown that inbreeding is detrimental for research collaborations, it is hypothesised that academic inbreeding will lead to smaller research networks and, consequ...
Article
The integration of coursework in doctoral programmes is becoming increasingly common worldwide. In Portugal, too, coursework is now part of many doctorates and is usually assigned to the first year. This paper aims to understand if coursework is also an element of the relatively recent industrial doctorates in Portugal and, in this case, if it repr...
Chapter
This chapter analyses whether the profile of students enrolled in industrial doctorates in Portugal reflects the dual culture of industry and academia. Based on student perceptions, the following aspects are analysed: motivations and expectations, the personality traits perceived to be in tune with the demands of industrial doctorates and the skill...
Article
This article explores the perceptions of Portuguese students enrolled in industrial doctorates, regarding potential conflicts that may arise from their supervision, their research topic and their research outputs. The study uses data collected from focus groups and subjected to content analysis. The findings suggest that industrial doctoral student...
Article
In this article, we study the enrollment decision of candidates to Portuguese public Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). We classify candidates according to their revealed preference for regional mobility and measure the impact of their mobility status on the likelihood of enrollment. For instance, candidates succeeding to be placed in their home...
Book
This book analyses the structural and institutional transformations undergone by doctoral education, and the extent to which these transformations are in line with social, political and doctoral candidates' expectations. Higher education has gone through profound changes driven by the massification and diversification of the student body, the rise...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the strategies employed by two Portuguese institutions to integrate international students as well as these students’ perceptions of their social and academic integration, based on semi-structured interviews with institutional top and middle managers and focus groups with international students. Our findings suggest that institu...
Article
Public institutions in Portugal have not invested in strategies to attract international students until recently, when the adoption of new legislation and a national strategy for internationalization created more appealing conditions for it. This article aims to study the strategies institutions employ to recruit international students in a country...
Article
Full-text available
In Portugal, research productivity is nowadays essential for the positive assessment of academics, research units and study programmes. Academic inbreeding has been highlighted in the literature as one of the factors influencing research productivity. This paper tests the hypothesis that inbreeding is detrimental for research productivity, measured...
Article
Purpose Industrial doctorates have arisen in recent decades as a new form of doctoral education which has the potential to innovate the curriculum, among other things. Such programmes run in a number of countries including Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Estonia or Italy. In Portugal, industrial doctorates are very recent. The purpose of this paper is to...
Article
Full-text available
Since 2009, Portuguese higher education institutions have been developing their own internal quality assurance systems and policies as a result of the reforms of higher education quality assurance in Europe and Portugal. This paper analyses how far Portuguese universities, within the remit of their internal quality assurance systems, define and emp...
Chapter
Sin and Tavares put forward some arguments why the Bologna Process, by pursuing its convergence ambitions, could have the potential to act as an instrument for the creation of a higher education market in Europe, with academic degrees as the products. This would help the integration efforts of the European Union in a policy area explicitly excluded...
Chapter
The conclusion chapter brings together the insights gained through the exploration of the multiple forces, drivers and actors that have been shaping European policy in the area of higher education. The global tendencies towards liberalisation of markets and neoliberal thinking have influenced the rhetoric about higher education and its purposes. Eu...
Book
This book analyses European higher education policies and their three main drivers: the European Commission, the European Court of Justice and the building of the European Higher Education Area through the Bologna Process. Central to the volume is the issue of European institutions’ intervention in higher education: building a common area for highe...
Article
This article documents the changes that occurred in Portugal after the adoption of the new higher education quality assurance framework in 2007. The most obvious results of the new higher education evaluation and accreditation agency’s actions can be observed primarily at the level of teaching‑program provision. Accreditation activities resulted in...
Article
Full-text available
Aquest article documenta l’evolució que ha tingut lloc a Portugal després de l’adopció del nou marc de garantia de la qualitat en l’educació superior en 2007. Els resultats més evidents de les operacions de la nova agència d’avaluació i acreditació de l’educació superior s’han observat principalment en l’àmbit de l’oferta d’ensenyaments. Les activi...
Article
This study explores Portuguese academics’ acceptance of employability as a purpose for higher education further to the Bologna reforms, focusing on their understandings of employability and their teaching practices. The data were gathered through focus groups in which participated around 70 academics from 3 disciplinary areas, belonging to differen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The reduction of the first degree in Portugal, driven by the Bologna reforms, has resulted in a perceived loss of its value in the society and the labour market. The implementation of the reforms coincided with the severe economic crisis and the job scarcity currently affecting the labour market. This paper aims to investigate student perceptions o...
Article
In the context of a political imperative to reorganise the Portuguese higher education system, a deep knowledge of student choice decision-making processes when applying to higher education is needed. Following a ‘combined model’ of student choice, which emphasises economic and social factors, this paper aims to answer two main related questions: (...
Article
A recent study has highlighted the high level of inbreeding in Portuguese academia, relating this phenomenon with the age of the institution and with the core academic values of different disciplinary areas. Defining academic inbreeding as the recruitment of academics by the same institution that awarded their PhD, this study aims to extend the res...
Article
Internal quality assurance systems are expected to improve the institutions’ core mission of teaching and learning. Using data gathered through an online survey, distributed in 2014/2015, to the teaching staff of all Portuguese private and public higher education institutions, this paper examines the impact of internal quality assurance systems on...
Article
The article examines how far the key Bologna objective of student mobility has been achieved in Portuguese higher education institutions and the main factors shaping it. It analyzes credit mobility, outgoing and incoming, between Portugal and Europe. Although mobility overall has risen, incoming mobility has grown faster, making Portugal an importe...
Article
The paper presents and analyses quantitative data on student perceptions about the employability of the first degree, and their trajectory choices on graduation. The purpose of this paper is to assess the value of the first degree as a positional good in Portugal, further to the degree’s reduced duration after the implementation of the Bologna Proc...
Chapter
This chapter addresses the issue of Cross-Border Higher Education as a business (CBHE), describing its scope, presenting its economic dimensions, and discussing the main opportunities and threats arising from this growing phenomenon. To set the scope of CBHE, the chapter identifies the main forms of Cross-Border Higher Education activities, the typ...
Chapter
This final chapter aims to summarise the main ideas discussed in the book regarding Cross-Border Higher Education (CBHE) concepts, different modes of delivery, the influence of the GATS agreement and the European Services Directive, the CBHE experiences in some countries, the stakeholders’ views and the way to assure quality. The chapter further di...
Article
The paper analyses the impact of programme accreditation in Portugal further to the operations of the Agency for Assessment and Accreditation of Higher Education, which were initiated in 2009. Tracking the evolution of study programmes, the paper found that, out of the initial 5262 programmes on offer in 2009/2010, 40% have been either discontinued...
Article
The paper examines to whom Portuguese students attribute responsibility for the development of employability, and what extra-curricular activities they undertake to improve their employability. Particular focus lies upon how far students internalise responsibility for employability and if/how they seek to position themselves in the job market. The...
Article
In a context where mass higher education has eroded the job security once guaranteed by higher qualifications, students are more likely to view higher education as an ‘investment’ which should yield return in terms of their employability. The aim of this study is to understand whether Portuguese students consider employability as the main reason to...
Presentation
Full-text available
Acesso ao Ensino Superior: Desafios para o Século XXI
Article
In recent years, initiatives for the improvement of teachingquality havebeen pursued both at European and national levels. Such is the case of the European Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance (ESG) and of legislation passed by several European countries, including Portugal, in response to European policy developments driven by the Lisbon...
Article
In Portugal, the agency for assessment and accreditation of higher education has recently included in its remit, beyond programme accreditation, the certification of internal quality assurance systems. This implies lighter-touch accreditation, and aims to direct institutions towards improvement, in addition to accountability. Twelve institutions ha...
Article
Cross-border higher education (CBHE) has been changing the organizational boundaries of higher education institutions (HEIs). This study aims to analyze the shifting boundaries of Portuguese HEIs through the lens of the identity concept in organization theories, considering three contexts with different levels of regulation: African Portuguese-spea...
Article
This paper analyses the inbreeding phenomena in Portuguese public universities. Inbreeding is defined as the recruitment of academics by the same institution that awarded their PhDs. Focusing on 1,217 PhD-holding Portuguese academics, belonging to four public universities and to six disciplinary areas, inbreeding is analysed in order to understand...
Chapter
One major achievement of the Bologna process regarding the quality assurance agenda is constituted by the Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG) (Kohoutek, 2009; MAP-ESG steering group, 2011). ESG can be defined 'as a supranational (⋯) policy programme that includes three sets of standards accompa...
Article
As part of a progressive change occurring in the way public sector beneficiaries are conceived, higher education students started to be more and more perceived as clients or consumers. This implies assuming them as rational and conscious actors aware of what to expect from higher education attendance and of its returns. Framed by the metaphor of st...
Article
An equitable and democratised higher education system should, in principle, be permeable to the flow of populations with different social and/or cultural backgrounds, allowing access to any parts of the system. However, despite the democratisation efforts that took place in Portugal after the 1974 revolution, and although the student population is...
Article
The 1988 University Autonomy Act conferred Portuguese universities with a considerable degree of autonomy and designed a governance system based on collegiality. Strong participation of academic and non-academic staffs and students in decisions became the rule and democratic elections of all individual or collective governance bodies were the basis...
Article
The student population is becoming increasingly diversified and heterogeneous. In a climate of decreasing traditional enrolments in the Portuguese higher education system and increasing competition for students, it becomes essential to understand the reasons and motivations that attract students to higher education and which are the more relevant f...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, a comparative analysis of recent changes in the governance of higher education institutions is presented, using as examples recent reforms in several European countries. There are some detectable patterns, including the concentration of power on central administrators, the dismissal of collegiate decision-making, performance based...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent years there has been a loss of trust in institutions and more intrusive systems of accountability were developed. This was the consequence both of massification of higher education systems and the implementation of New Public Management policies. In this paper recent trends are analysed, both in Europe and in the United States. These t...
Article
In 1974, when a successful revolution had overthrown a dictatorial regime, Portugal had an elite higher education system with low participation rates. In the decades following the revolution, the state developed policies aimed at increasing student participation to European levels. However, higher education policies have been through frequent chang...
Article
In Portugal, there is a diversified higher education system comprising some 160 institutions: universities, polytechnics and isolated schools, public or private, with a total enrolment of some 350,000 students. This article presents the analysis of the results of questionnaires which were completed in 2004 by students entering higher education for...

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Project (1)
Archived project
This project aims to understand how Portuguese HEIs are responding to the multiple challenges confronting higher educational globally and how the policy initiatives of the last decade have shaped those institutional responses. The analysis will focus on four core areas, and their interplay, currently considered as key elements in that transformation: - The changes in the external and internal governance of higher education and the way these relate to institutional quality and performance; - The implementation of institutional policies aiming at improving the quality of the academic endeavour; - The institutional development of systems of performance management; - The analysis of changes in the balance of power and the concurrent re-definition of the role of academic and non-academic professionals.