Ondřej Přibyl

Ondřej Přibyl
Czech Technical University in Prague | ČVUT · Faculty of Transportation Sciences (FD)

Prof., Ing., Ph.D.
Our Laboratory of applied mathematics in transport and logistics - LAMbDA - is looking for partners. (lambda.fd.cvut.cz)

About

112
Publications
31,671
Reads
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725
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2004 - present
Czech Technical University in Prague
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2001 - April 2004
Pennsylvania State University
Position
  • Data analyst

Publications

Publications (112)
Book
Full-text available
Smart Cities seek to optimize their systems by increasing integration through approaches such as increased interoperability, seamless system integration, and automation. Thus, they have the potential to deliver substantial efficiency gains and eliminate redundancy. To add to the complexity of the problem, the integration of systems for efficiency g...
Article
Full-text available
Urban mobility is currently facing a variety of challenges. Increasing emission levels in cities, growing numbers of private vehicles and constantly changing needs and requirements of the population are only some of them. New mobility concepts and business models are currently emerging in response to these volatile conditions, primarily through imp...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the term “Smart Cities” has become popular in Europe and abroad. There are various definitions of the term, but none of them are generally accepted. Smart Cities seek to optimize their systems by increasing integration through approaches such as increased interoperability, seamless system integration, and automation. Thus, they hav...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, urban road tunnels are considered to be independent entities within a city. Their interactions with the rest of the city and vice versa are usually not considered and, if they are, are only considered in a limited way (for example, through the nearest traffic controller). Typically, only the traffic parameters and not the environmental im...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The traditional transport models such as the well-known four-step model have certain limitations especially with respect to modelling changes in travel behaviour due to certain policies. This has been recently proven during home-office work due to COVID-19 pandemic. The traditional models were not able to cope with that and the need for new approac...
Article
In a world in which Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) are increasingly being installed on highways, the proper calibration of ITS algorithms is emerging as an essential component of such systems. The key to calibration is profound and correct understanding of reactions by drivers to ITS interventions. Speed compliance is a special kind of driver...
Article
Carsharing is a relatively new and growing mobility service in many cities. Although there are numerous carsharing initiatives in operation around the world, it is still not clear how they will affect overall travel behavior. Understanding the effects of carsharing when combined with other existing travel modes is an important prerequisite for deci...
Article
Full-text available
Cooperative and automated vehicles (CAVs) are often considered a mean to improve quality of life in cities, the traffic flow parameters in particular. This paper provides some evidence based on microscopic traffic simulation on how the effects can really be. Important is that the particular use cases are not built in vehicles only. We focus on so c...
Chapter
Full-text available
Smart city has several definitions. Typically, it is an alliance of subsystems that have following objectives: improvement of quality of life of citizens, better use of limited resources and best use of existing infrastructure. Transportation as one of the most important subsystems shall be thus understood as one player working together with energy...
Article
Full-text available
The European Union (EU) has set rather ambitious goals for reducing emissions and improving related environmental concerns. The majority of EU effort towards reducing emissions is aimed at vehicle manufacturers, mandating development of more efficient engines in order to reduce emissions. We propose a complementary approach to help reach the EU goa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Complexity of cities has for centuries been a research question across a wide range of disciplines. Cities are live organisms evolved by interactions of various heterogeneous subsystems. They are not only dynamic but also spatially distributed. Additionally, they involve humans interacting with the physical subsystems (so called cyber-physical syst...
Article
While there are several partial solutions to model some aspects of cities (e.g. transportation or energy), there is no framework allowing modelling of a complex system such as a city. This paper aims on providing a solution that can be used by practitioners to model impact of different scenarios and smart city projects encapsulating different subsy...
Article
Full-text available
This document presents the work that has been performed in WP6 after D6.3, and therefore focussing on the integration sprints 3-6. It describes which parts of the system are implemented and how they are put together. To do so, it builds upon the deliverables created so far, esp. D6.3 and all other deliverables of the underlying work packages 3, 4 a...
Chapter
In the paper, the new vision of “Smart City 5.0” is presented. It is based on a previously developed model of Smart City 4.0 and implementing the concept of the complex adaptive system for balancing conflict interests of different city actors. These actors can include business, transport, energy and water supply providers, entertainment and other s...
Article
Full-text available
This deliverable focuses on an important topic within the MAVEN project - evaluation of the project impact. This is an important step that will allow us to say what the results and impact of the different technologies, functionalities as well as assumptions are. It covers different dimensions of the impact assessment as stated in the Deliverable D7...
Article
Nowadays the term Smart City is widely used and almost every city aims to become "Smart". Unfortunately, the definitions of what Smart means differ and there is not a single accepted one. Often a technocratic view is adopted and the actual goal—make city more liveable—is not kept in mind. In this paper, a new approach to initiate and develop Smart...
Article
The proper functioning of critical points on transport infrastructure is decisive for the entire network. Tunnels and bridges certainly belong to the critical points of the surface transport network, both road and rail. Risk management should be a holistic and dynamic process throughout the entire life cycle. However, the level of risk is usually d...
Chapter
Full-text available
Driver behaviour is a crucial factor not only with respect to traffic safety but also when considering traffic management systems. Modern Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), such as Variable Speed Limit (VSL) system, enable real time dynamic traffic management using actual traffic data. However, in order to achieve an effective system, it is cruci...
Book
Monografie představuje koncept měst budoucnosti z různých úhlů pohledu - systémový pohled, koncepční a strategický pohled, vzorová řešení dílčích oblastí, atd.
Article
Full-text available
The paper attempts to explain the impacts of large transport structures on the traffic quality and urban environment, in terms of the sustainability of these structures in the long term decades. Such effects can be expressed e.g. via travel time and speed, the length of congestions and time delays, number of stoppings, fuel consumption, location an...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, a pragmatic and goal oriented system for risk analysis in road tunnels is described. It is particularly focusing on mortality risks in case of a road tunnel accident. It is a deterministic approach combining three major components: a) vehicle distribution in a tunnel; b) smoke propagation in case of a fire; and c) people evacuation (...
Article
Full-text available
Driving is one of the most ordinary and universal everyday tasks and, at the same time, one of the most complex and dangerous. It requires a full range of sensory, perceptual, cognitive, and motor functions, all of which can be affected by a wide range of stressors and experience levels. Therefore, exploring of human behaviour while controlling a v...
Article
Safety is one of the most important aspects when designing a road tunnel system. Apart from the general design of a road tunnel, different technological safety systems can contribute to increased safety. There is, however, no agreed methodology on how to evaluate such systems prior to their design and installation. In this paper, it is recommended...
Conference Paper
There are currently presented ”smart city” solutions from the biggest worldwide corporation through start-ups up to the universities. It is indisputable that some of them are for sure very interesting and beneficial for citizens and cities themselves. Nevertheless, there are too many provided solutions that make it very hard to evaluate which are r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent years many C-ITS innovation projects have been implemented and early commercial deployment is starting. Simultaneously, automated driving is gaining momentum. Both developments can benefit greatly from simulations for impact assessment. Previous projects struggled with using the same systems from the real-world in simulation and suffered...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent years many C-ITS innovation projects have been implemented and early commercial deployment is starting. Simultaneously, automated driving is gaining momentum. Both developments can benefit greatly from simulations for impact assessment. Previous projects struggled with using the same systems from the real-world in simulation and suffered...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Satellite Earth remote sensing data are widely used in Smart Cities in various areas, such as energy industry, transportation area, or disaster monitoring. Real time remote sensing data from some region could help to parry various extraordinary (emergency) situations (forest fires, floods, emergency situations on roads, etc.). It could be used in c...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main trend of the 21st century in the field of electronic products and information technology is uniquely accessing of devices via the Internet and their remote monitoring and control. Such devices are generally called as smart. In general awareness will begin to receive designation as a smart city, smart street, smart building, smart TV...
Article
This paper deals with the changeover from the decision tree (bivalent logic) approach to the fuzzy logic approach to highway traffic control, particularly to variable speed limit displays. The usage of existing knowledge from decision tree control is one of the most suitable methods for identification of the new fuzzy model. However, such method in...
Article
Technology has undergone rapid development in the past several decades and we are now at a point where many technologies are available to help create smart cities. Many technology companies and research institutions as well as political organizations are currently discussing this field with the highest priority. One can say that the biggest challen...
Article
Full-text available
This article is the third in a series of Smart Cities - the cities of the future, which is aimed to provide some concrete solutions and applications of smart cities, that are already being applied in the world and tries to describe their contribution to public administration and urban residents. In this article, we focus on two areas of Smart City...
Conference Paper
A smart city is a growing phenomenon of the last years with a lot of researches as well as implementation activities. A smart city is an interdisciplinary field that requires a high level of cooperation among experts from different fields and a contribution of the latest technologies in order to achieve the best results in six key areas. The six ke...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the article is to provide several concrete solutions and applications of Smart Cities that are already being applied in the world and try to describe their contribution to urban residents. We focus on the first two of the six key areas of Smart City – Smart Government and Smart Transportation.
Conference Paper
Unavoidable part of the Smart Cities of the future are surely autonomous vehicles as they have a direct effect on the quality of life of its citizens. The possibility of deployment driverless vehicles introduces not only possible improvement of safety due to limitation of human errors, but also a potential utilization of unoccupied cars. This paper...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last 30 years, there is visible trend of performing traffic experiments with use of Driving Simulator. As an example of such studies we can name researches focused on driver behavior in various traffic situations where safety and economic concerns significantly limit use of naturalistic driving studies. An inherent part of such experiments i...
Conference Paper
Nowadays, the term smart city is often used as a selling argument for projects. Unfortunately, it is often degraded to a simple use of advanced technology. However, it was demonstrated in several scientific publications as well as for example in Amsterdam city that the citizen’s quality of life shall be one of the main objectives in any smart city...
Conference Paper
This paper focuses on an important topic – estimation and prediction of pollutants in road tunnels as an input for ventilation control systems. It demonstrates that using estimated pollutants level computed from traffic data is not only possible, but even introduces diverse advantages. Next to the ability to predict future values of the pollutants...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we propose the conjunction of the Smart City Initiative and the concept of Industry 4.0. The term smart city has been a phenomenon of the last years, which is very inflected especially since 2008 when the world was hit by the financial crisis. The main reasons for the emergence of the Smart City Initiative are to create a sustainable...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An important part of the smart cities of the future are surely autonomous vehicles as they have a direct effect on the quality of life of its citizens. The possibility of deployment driverless vehicles introduces not only possible improvement of safety due to limitation of human errors, but also a potential utilization of unoccupied cars. This pape...
Conference Paper
Nowadays, the term smart city is often used as a selling argument for projects. Unfortunately, it is often degraded to a simple use of advanced technology. However, it was demonstrated in several scientific publications as well as for example in Amsterdam city that the citizen's quality of life shall be one of the main objectives in any smart city...
Article
Many previous studies have confirmed the strong relationship between speed compliance and the frequency and severity of traffic accidents. Variable speed limit (VSL) system as a measure to improve traffic safety enables the freeway system to change its posted speed limit based on various traffic and environmental conditions. Such system helps drive...
Conference Paper
This paper focuses on an important topic – on evaluation of various transport structures. It is a typical situation that a decision maker must choose from various alternatives and with respect to different, often contradicting criteria. In this paper, a method adopted from the field of risk management, SAFMEA, was adopted. This is a novel approach...
Article
Full-text available
First article from the Smart city series deals with occations for new urban conceptions, defines the Smart City idea and describes it from different points of view.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper a new pragmatic framework covering the different challenges of smart city initiatives is provided. The authors build a theoretical foundation and formulate its consequence i.e. the needed shift from the traditional perspective into new research directions. There are many research projects addressing the different aspects of smart city...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A smart city is characterized by its ability to integrate people, technology and information to create a sustainable and resilient infrastructure that provides high quality services for residents. Transforming a city into a smart city requires collaborative efforts between government, industry, practitioners, residents and researchers.
Article
Highway management systems are used to improve safety and driving comfort on highways by using control strategies and providing information and warnings to drivers. They use several strategies starting from speed and lane management, through incident detection and warning systems, ramp metering, weather information up to, for example, informing dri...
Conference Paper
Smart city covers a wide range of topics. In this paper, we introduce a basic building block able to address already on a fundamental infrastructural level several of the key user functions of a smart city. This is done on a scale that can be rather easily managed. So called “smart street” is defined and introduced as a basic building block for any...
Conference Paper
In this paper we discuss the paradigm shift that has to be understood by the decision makers as well as societies in the field of transportation. It is not sufficient to focus only on mobility as the current strategies do, but we need to look at citizens quality of life as whole. It is affected through different aspects, and only one of them is tra...
Conference Paper
The term Quality of Life is essential in understanding the outcome of smart city initiatives. According to several definitions, it is one of the major objectives of activities in the area of Smart Cities. Different studies presented in this paper aim at classifying a city with respect to “smartness”. The results of all such studies however look at...
Article
Abstract In this paper, the authors provide a discussion about technological systems in road tunnels and their effect on the overall time needed for people witnessing a fire to escape. Prompt identification of a fire, together with an optimal deployment of relevant information to the trapped people significantly increases their awareness and reduce...
Article
Traffic telematics systems have been used to increase road capacity as well as safety. On highways, this is accomplished with the usage of so called highway management systems, which among others through speed harmonization, ramp metering, informing about weather conditions or danger on road addresses these issues. Such system was recently implemen...
Conference Paper
Highway management systems belong to modern methods enhancing capacity and increasing safety on highways, while using strategies such as variable speed limits, ramp metering, information about alternative routes or danger on road and others. Typically, they use static infrastructure, i.e. fixed sensors and gantries with variable message signs, whic...
Article
Full-text available
Fuzzy logic has been a popular tool for addressing advanced control tasks lately. This is true even in transportation, where it has been used for tasks such as ramp metering, control of traffic lights, as well as, for example, within highway management. Before application on a real street, however, such a control algorithm has to be evaluated and t...
Conference Paper
In this paper is demonstrated, how a fuzzy control system can be implemented and verified directly in a microsimulation tool from the company PTV, VISSIM. A new fuzzy algorithm for speed harmonisation is developed and its implementation is explained in details. The main advantage of this solution is in the direct implementation of the control algor...
Article
ISBN 978-5-93932-619-3 Orel: Gosudarstvěnyj universitet - učebno-naučno-proizvostvěnnyj kompleks
Article
In this article, the relationships among technology ownership and availability, Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS) awareness, and ATIS frequency of use are examined. The four main media considered are the Internet, television, radio, and telephone/other. Awareness and use of ATIS through the four media considered here are different for di...
Article
Electronic payment for using road infrastructure is an area that is gaining importance in the realm of intelligent transportation systems (ITS). While preparing such an electronic fee collection system, the level of enforcement needed must be determined. This is not a trivial task, because it is affected by many technical and monetary factors. At t...
Book
This book covers an important topic from the field of intelligent transportation systems - highway management and control. It introduces a concept of highway viewed as a controlled system and describes the significant features from the superordinate control theory. Next, a modular control system is proposed, which follows the theory described above...