Oluwatoyin Dare Kolawole

Oluwatoyin Dare Kolawole
University of Botswana | UB · Okavango Research Institute

PhD

About

120
Publications
71,856
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689
Citations
Introduction
Oluwa(Toyin) Kolawole is Professor of Rural Development at the Okavango Research Institute, University of Botswana in southern Africa. Professor Kolawole is Adjunct Faculty at Eastern University, PA, USA. He works at the interface of science, policy and agriculture in Africa. Professor Kolawole is a recipient of over 30 academic awards and research/travel grants. He was a University of Canterbury Visiting Canterbury Fellow in 2014. He is a member of the Editorial Board of SAGE Open and IJSAF.
Additional affiliations
March 2015 - present
University of Botswana
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 2010 - February 2015
University of Botswana
Position
  • Senior Research Scholar
September 2002 - August 2010
Obafemi Awolowo University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
October 2007 - September 2006
IDS, University of Sussex
Field of study
  • Development Studies
October 1998 - July 2002
Obafemi Awolowo University
Field of study
  • Rural Sociology

Publications

Publications (120)
Article
Full-text available
Water is one of the most important natural resources without which humans cannot survive. Although efforts have been geared toward ensuring an adequate water supply, potable water shortages continue to persist. This paper, therefore, analyses water demand at a local scale to enhance policymakers’ ability to make informed decisions on water demand m...
Article
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Background: An increasing recognition of the need to eliminate malaria infection globally and particularly in Africa where more than 90% of the cases originate, should enhance community awareness and participation in the same. The perennial freshwater of Okavango Delta located in northern Botswana, which is a source of rural livelihoods and a suit...
Article
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The concepts of the core, semi-periphery, and periphery emanated from a mix of dependency and postmodernist thoughts, which rejected the notion of a Third World from which local knowledge emanates and develops. That local or Indigenous knowledge is perceived as backward and antidevelopment is no longer new. The illogical arguments or enthymemes, th...
Article
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While cultures are diverse in nature, there are many similarities between them. This is the case with African and Maori cultures. Local people largely view their realities in a similar way. The question as to whether there are similarities in the indigenous epistemologies related to farming activities in different regions (such as West Africa, sout...
Article
The rise in world population growth and its attendant rise in demand for food and living standards in addition to climate change scenarios continue to warrant the need for sustainable management of natural resources. The paper, therefore, analysed climate change actions and water demand management approaches employed by Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE...
Article
Full-text available
Functional education and human development are not mutually exclusive. To achieve an all-round development, the fourth Sustainable Development Goal partly emphasizes the need to ‘… promote lifelong learning opportunities for all’ by year 2030. This article, therefore, uses a case study approach to analyse the impact of a government funded adult bas...
Article
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Demographic and socioeconomic factors influence water resources governance at the household level particularly in rural areas of developing countries where culturally assigned gender roles in water governance hold sway. Rooted in the mass-elite theory and the legal pluralism conceptual frameworks this paper analyses demographic and socioeconomic fa...
Article
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The pervasive entrenchment of Western traditions in Africa continues to fuel the contradiction existing between customary and statutory water institutions on the continent. The paper addresses factors promoting the discord between customary and statutory institutions in water access in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Adopting an expert and homogeneou...
Chapter
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Book
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This book emanated from the research outputs of different authors whose diverse academic traditions and wide geographic spread play a major role in enriching its contents. The volume is mainly a compilation on smallholder farmers and their practices. The book also highlights the challenges, which small farmers frequently encounter, and the opportun...
Chapter
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Following the uproars from environmentalists and other social movements about the negative impacts of mainstream, input-intensive agriculture on the ecosystems, the concept of ‘organic agriculture’ was eventually coined. Although the practice long existed amongst peasants in the tropics, particularly in tropical Africa, it was adjudged as backward...
Chapter
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Smallholder farmers adapt to the peculiarity of their immediate environment to achieve their farming objectives. This chapter highlights and underscores the peculiarity of flood recession farming as an agro-ecological strategy for poverty alleviation and food security among subsistence farmers in rural northwestern Botswana. Exploring the existing...
Chapter
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Dryland crop production in Botswana is constrained by low and erratic rainfall with high variability within and between seasons. Besides, dry spells and within season droughts, which are frequent, increase the risk of crop failure. The chapter uses data from government reports, development plans, feasibility and consultancy studies, and recent publ...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book emanated from the research outputs of different authors whose diverse academic traditions and wide geographic spread play a major role in enriching its contents. The volume is mainly a compilation on smallholder farmers and their practices. The book also highlights the challenges, which small farmers frequently encounter, and the opportun...
Article
Full-text available
City and town administrators in Zimbabwe continue to push for the installation of prepaid water meters (PWMs). This is despite the residents' objections to the proposal. The merits and demerits of PWMs continue to be debated, and more empirical information will help chart a new course especially in smaller cities in poor countries. The paper adopts...
Article
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In the recent times, there is an increased awareness about the importance of water management as population growth, new technologies, increased food consumption, land use and economic activities, among others, continue to exacerbate competition among water users in their bid to access natural resources. Thus, water governance encompasses the alloca...
Article
Cultural perceptions are an integral part of rural water resources governance, which ostensibly conflict with urban water resources management. Issues of access to water and culturally embedded gender roles are rife in water governance debates. Notwithstanding the importance of cultural perceptions in water management, no study has been undertaken...
Article
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The contestation between mainstream science and counter-science is a longstanding phenomenon. The current issue of Science as Culture addresses the need for scientists to consciously engage in a broad-spectrum science that simultaneously focuses its lens on the social and natural dimensions of the universe. The question of how this objective can be...
Article
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Customary institutions have existed in parallel with statutory institutions for many years in Africa. These traditional water management systems were employed to manage the use of water resources and resolve conflicts associated with them. Although national governments introduced conventional water management approaches, which operate more effectiv...
Article
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Although formal channels of communication exist for conveying early warning scientific weather messages, it is widely believed that small-scale farmers continue to utilize traditional practices in obtaining weather information. This study identifies and assesses the factors which influence the uptake of scientific early warning weather information...
Article
The goals of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) can be achieved by embracing the principles of distributive governance, which places both customary and statutory water institutions on the same pedestal in the governance of water resources. As culture and traditions constitute intangible aspects of water resources management in rural Afric...
Article
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Fishing is regarded as an important livelihood activity in any riparian communities. People’s attitudes and perceptions of occupational risks associated with fishing are engendered by certain socio-cultural norms. This study, therefore, analyses some factors, which influence artisanal fishers’ perceptions of occupational hazards in the Okavango Del...
Article
It is widely recognised that government intervention in development issues can shape people's perceptions and experiences. This study examined the influence of a Ministry-based extension system on community-based, problem animal control and perceptions among local arable farmers at the eastern Okavango Panhandle in northern Botswana. Using a survey...
Article
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The study investigates the causes of high failure rate in Advanced level Geography in four high schools in Hurungwe district, Zimbabwe. A multi-stage procedure was used to sample a total of 4 high schools, 100 high school pupils, 17 teachers, 4 Heads of Departments and 4 Heads for the study. Adopting a qualitative research design and case study app...
Article
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Unemployment, inequality and poverty are the scaffoldings which conspicuously mirror the impediments to development in any human society. Of the three, joblessness or unemployment serves as the hinge on which other challenges rest. This becomes more problematic when an energetic youth population remains idle when they are not supposed to be. Thus t...
Article
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The multi-faceted aspects of natural resources governance underscore the complex nature of the subject. The intricacies associated with the skewed power relations between those who allocate these resources (land, in this case) and those who access and use them vis à vis environmental conservation make the subject a daunting one. Based on preliminar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Culture is a way of life which pervades all aspects of people’s existence wherever they are situated. Thus the study explores the Korekore culture in a bid to show its vitality and relevance to modern society’s water management in Zimbabwe. The article posits that the Korekore people have indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) that can be tapped and in...
Article
Full-text available
The multi-faceted aspects of natural resources governance underscore the complex nature of the subject. The intricacies associated with the skewed power relations between those who allocate these resources (land, in this case) and those who access and use them vis à vis environmental conservation make the subject a daunting one. Based on preliminar...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Purpose: This article examined how institutional factors influencing the promotion of two elephant crop-raiding deterrent innovations (ECDIs) introduced to farmers through a ministry-based extension system in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, have impacted farmers’ adoption behaviour. Methodology: A standardised interview schedule was used to...
Article
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There has been a shift in natural resource management worldwide. This paper describes how modern institutions and policies influence management and shape access to and utilization of resources by rural communities in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. It is rooted in the framework of adaptive co-governance within social-ecological systems, and employs a...
Article
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Climate variability and change have adverse effects on agricultural production and other livelihood strategies of the rural households. The paper hypothesizes that rural households naturally devisemeans of overcoming the challenges currently posed by climate variability. The research article addresses the question of how rural households apply loca...
Article
Full-text available
This paper invokes the adoption-diffusion model to examine two introduced elephant crop-raiding deterrent innovations (ECDIs), and the factors influencing their adoption by small farmers in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Two communities (Gudigwa and Eretsha) were purposively selected as case studies. Ninety-nine farmers were randomly selected and in...
Article
Full-text available
Local knowledge (LK) continues to gain popularity amongst development practitioners in the last four decades. While this is so, the future of LK seems hazy to some academics and researchers, perhaps due to the methodological challenges in operationalising LK in development research. Rather than appropriate its full potential for sustainable (global...
Research
This paper invokes the adoption-diffusion model to examine two introduced elephant crop-raiding deterrent innovations (ECDIs), and the factors influencing their adoption by small farmers in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Two communities (Gudigwa and Eretsha) were purposively selected as case studies. Ninety-nine farmers were randomly selected and in...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – Rural entrepreneurship development and employment generation are fundamental to enhancing local-level progress and transformation. Achieving gainful employment in rural communities contributes immensely to the realisation of the potential of people living in remote communities. The purpose of this paper is to present a ten-stage practical...
Article
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Recent trends in abrupt weather changes continue to pose a challenge to agricultural production most especially in sub-Saharan Africa. The paper specifically addresses the questions on how local farmers read and predict the weather; and how they can collaborate with weather scientists in devising adaptation strategies for climate variability (CV) i...
Article
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Rural areas constitute the critical mass, which drives economic growth and development in many developing countries. They contribute mainly to manpower and the production of industrial raw materials needed in urban centers. Through a combination of critical review of literature, case studies and field observations, this paper explores the state of...
Chapter
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Multicultural knowledge
Article
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Purpose – Climate change continues to pose a serious challenge to mankind. Given their socio-economic and vulnerable situations, resource-poor farmers will be hard hit and likely to be the most affected group in Africa – a continent that will bear the full brunt of inclement weather conditions. The purpose of this paper is to address the questions...
Chapter
Full-text available
Floods and flooding events are of central interest in the studies bordering on the Okavango Delta ecosystems, the sustainability of which depends on regular water flow. Nonetheless, as beneficial as flood pulses might be to the river basin and the riparian communities in and around it, extreme flooding events continue to impact on rural livelihood...
Article
Full-text available
We carried out a study to determine ethno-veterinary knowledge used to treat and prevent livestock diseases in Toteng Village in Ngamiland District, northwestern Botswana. Primary data were collected through simple random sampling of 45 households in Toteng. Respondents were either livestock owners or cattle herders. Respondents were interviewed us...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – Agricultural intensification is central to the Green Revolution (GR) programme. This initiative, which dates back to the early 1940s, revolves around the development of high-yielding and disease-resistant seed varieties that aims at bringing about efficient and secure food production. The purpose of this paper is to present a brief genesi...
Article
Full-text available
In his article, Oluwatoyin Kolawole highlights key issues on the peculiarities of Africa’s soils and how they affect agricultural production. He argues that because of the very high diversity and spatial heterogeneity in soil type and quality across sub-Saharan Africa, a one-size-fits-all solution is inappropriate to address Africa’s divergent soil...
Article
Full-text available
We carried out a study to determine ethno-veterinary knowledge used to treat and prevent livestock diseases in Toteng Village in Ngamiland District, northwestern Botswana. Primary data were collected through simple random sampling of 45 households in Toteng. Respondents were either livestock owners or cattle herders. Respondents were interviewed us...
Article
Full-text available
This review analyses the potential of tourism to contribute to biodiversity conservation with particular reference to developing countries. In the last quarter of a century, there has been a global concern about the extent of biodiversity decline. Biodiversity decline is partly a result of the overutilization of resources by local communities who l...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Purpose – Poverty, inequality and unemployment challenges need to be adequately addressed if sustainable human development is to be achieved. Although these key issues are not mutually exclusive, the purpose of this paper is to identify factors influencing rural employment promotion (REP) in southern Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge production, sharing and adaptation become beneficial when they enhance sustainable human development. Western and local knowledge are not mutually exclusive. In combination, local and western technologies may work well than what they individually aim to do in specific contexts. This article proposes usage ‘preference theory’ as a basis fo...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the influence of adult literacy on grassroots people's involvement in community development (CD) projects in Nigeria. It examines the differences in the level of involvement in CD projects by participants and non-participants in adult literacy programmes. Using multi-stage sampling, 408 respondents were interviewed to obtain...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper probes among others, the question about the local technologies that are used by small farmers in the Okavango Delta of Botswana to mitigate the challenges posed by climate variability. Ten communities in northern Botswana are selected for the study. Nonetheless, three of these communities (Ngarange, Jao and Semboyo) presumably form the...
Book
‘Illogical’ arguments – enthymemes, minor literatures and work of the rhizome, etc. – are in the science world equated with unregulated forms of knowledge, which are diffused through time and space. But are they really what scientists say they are? Who and what determines what is acceptable as a universal knowledge? What makes an exposition or disc...
Article
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The paper reports the outcome of a funded non-formal, functional adult literacy project embarked upon in the university-based Ìsoyà rural development programme area in south-western Nigeria from 2005–2007. It specifically presents the approaches used in legitimising the literacy project amongst community people; and reports the positive impact of t...
Article
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The paper investigates indigenous fish preservation practices (IFPs) amongst women of Epe Division in Lagos State of Southwestern Nigeria. Total 120 women engaged in fish processing and preservation were interviewed from five riverine communities in the study area through a multi-stage sampling procedure. About 52.5% of the respondents were solely...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Knowledge production, sharing and adaptation become beneficial when they enhance sustainable human development. Western and local knowledge are not mutually exclusive. In combination, local and western technologies may work well than what they individually aim to do in specific contexts. This article proposes usage ‘preference theory’ as a basis fo...
Article
The essence of education is the enhancement of behavioural change through the acquisition of new knowledge, skills and attitudes by the learner, which invariably translates to individual and national progress. This article, therefore, sheds light on the development and utilisation of local people's knowledge systems/technologies with possible adapt...
Article
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The article primarily seeks to show the interconnectedness of diverse academic disciplines and their crucial role in development practice. It sheds light on the meanings of development-related concepts and seeks to delineate between the four inter-related concepts of multi-, inter-, trans-, and cross-disciplinarity. It argues that while inter-disci...