Olivier Receveur

Olivier Receveur
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Departement de Nutrition

Doctor of Philosophy

About

86
Publications
48,679
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5,133
Citations
Citations since 2017
1 Research Item
1700 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Introduction
Survey data analyses
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Background: Obesity and underweight are associated with a higher postlung transplantation (LTx) mortality. This study aims to assess the impact of the changes in BMI during the waiting period for LTx on early postoperative outcomes. Methods: Medical records of 502 consecutive cases of LTx performed at our institution between 1999 and 2015 were r...
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To identify barriers to traditional food consumption and factors that facilitate it among the Cree community of Mistissini, a series of four focus groups was conducted with a total of twenty-three people. Two ecological models were created, one for facilitating factors and a second for obstacles, illustrating the role of numerous interconnected inf...
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Background: The Aboriginal nations of Canada have higher incidences of chronic diseases, coinciding with profound changes in their environment, lifestyle and diet. Traditional foods can protect against the risks of chronic disease. However, their consumption is in decline, and little is known about the complex mechanisms underlying this trend. Ob...
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Addressing the complex, multi-factorial causes of childhood anaemia is best done through integrated packages of interventions. We hypothesized that due to reduced child vulnerability, a "buffering" of risk associated with known causes of anaemia would be observed among children living in areas benefiting from a community-based health and nutrition...
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This paper describes the first African experience with the Nutrition-Friendly School Initiative (NFSI) in two large West African cities: Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso and Cotonou, Benin. NFSI was launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners in 2006, as a means of preventing the double burden of malnutrition: the coexistence of under...
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Objective: African schoolchildren's dietary habits are likely changing in the realm of the nutrition transition, particularly in urban areas, but data on their diet and on determinants are scanty. In order to design relevant interventions for this priority target group, the study aimed to assess food habits and their determinants in schoolchildren...
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To examine the associations between consumption of sweetened products, daytime sleepiness (DS) and psychological distress (PD) in a Catholic Middle-Eastern Canadian community, and to test the hypothesis that the association between DS and consumption of sweetened products is mediated by PD. A cross-sectional study. A Catholic Middle-Eastern Canadia...
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Approximations of retinol (A), cholecalciferol (D), and α-tocopherol (E) in frequently consumed traditional Arctic food were made and applied to dietary analysis within a large-scale effort to assess nutrient adequacy of Indigenous Peoples in the Canadian Arctic. A total of 180 independent samples of Arctic traditional food species expected to be r...
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Objective: The present study describes the consumption patterns of sweetened food and drink products in a Catholic Middle Eastern Canadian community and examines its associations with physical activity, sedentary behaviours and BMI. Design: A two-stage cross-sectional design was used. In Stage 1 (n 42), 24 h recalls enabled the identification of...
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Little is known about the situational contexts in which individuals consume processed sources of dietary sugars. This study aimed to describe the situational contexts associated with the consumption of sweetened food and drink products in a Catholic Middle Eastern Canadian community. A two-stage exploratory sequential mixed-method design was employ...
Article
Purpose: Determinants of self-efficacy related to food preparation using store-bought food were examined in women belonging to the Atikamekw Nation. Also examined was whether self-efficacy was associated with household food insecurity. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 107 women responsible for household food supplies. Two sel...
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Malnutrition is still highly prevalent in developing countries. Schoolchildren may also be at high nutritional risk, not only under-five children. However, their nutritional status is poorly documented, particularly in urban areas. The paucity of information hinders the development of relevant nutrition programs for schoolchildren. The aim of this...
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The third Canadian Arctic Human Health Assessment conducted under the Canadian Northern Contaminants Program (NCP), in association with the circumpolar Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), addresses concerns about possible adverse health effects in individuals exposed to environmental contaminants through a diet containing country foo...
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The objective of the present analysis was to study the associations between body weight psychosocial correlates and body mass index (BMI) among four groups of adults in the Quebec population. Data were taken from the Social Lifestyles and Health 1998 Survey performed by the Institut de la Statistique du Québec (ISQ). The suggested guidelines of the...
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Anaemia currently affects 40-80% of women in Africa. While risk factors for anaemia have been intensively studied, research has rarely compared risk factors between mild anaemia and moderate/severe anaemia. Also, the contribution of neighbourhood to the prevalence of anaemia has been rarely studied. The aim of the present study was to identify and...
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To understand more specifically how the quality, quantity and frequency of snack food consumption differs in different BMI categories. Four hundred and forty-nine school-aged children (grade 4-6) from a Kanien'kehaka (Mohawk) community provided a 24 h recall and their height and weight in 1994, 1998 and 2002, in three independent cross-sectional sa...
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Iron supplementation through prenatal care remains the most widespread strategy to control anemia during pregnancy, but its effectiveness is only partial, showing the need to address other approaches. This study was conducted to measure the impact of a positive deviance approach to improve an iron-supplementation program among pregnant women in a r...
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Animal studies and a few clinical trials lend credibility to the hypothesis that not all types of fatty acids carry the same potential for weight gain. Only a few epidemiological studies concerning this issue are currently available and results are conflicting. The purpose of the present ecological study was to test the existence of an association...
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Information is needed on dietary adequacy of Arctic indigenous populations in Canada. Extensive work has been completed on composition of Arctic food and food use, and dietary reference intakes are available. To complete the first comprehensive dietary adequacy assessment of three populations of adult Arctic indigenous people. Dietary assessment in...
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The present analyses aim to identify differences in selected dimensions of diet quality and quantity across body mass index (BMI) categories for Mohawk children in grades 4 through 6 so as to enhance ongoing community intervention strategies within the Kahnawake School Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP). Using 24-hour recalls (n=444), no observabl...
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This review focuses on the possible association between types of fatty acids and weight change. It examines the biological plausibility underlining these associations and the evidence obtained to date from clinical trials and epidemiological studies. Animal studies have shown that dietary short- and medium-chain fatty acids compared to long-chain f...
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Capacity building is a guiding principle of community-based participatory research (CBPR). This paper explores the interrelationship between capacity building and the concepts of readiness and inter-community knowledge translation. A five-year study was undertaken to examine two long-standing projects for the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes i...
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The objective was to explore some typically understudied characteristics of food security in Arctic Canada: observed changes to traditional food systems, perceived advantages and health benefits of traditional food and traditional food preferences. Data analysis used a cross-sectional survey of Yukon First Nations, Dene/Métis and Inuit women in 44...
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Anemia currently affects 2 billion people throughout the world. Although the immediate causes of anemia among children are known (including malnutrition and infections), the importance of contextual determinants and their relationships with individual effects have rarely been explored. To identify anemia risk factors at the individual, household, a...
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Food systems of Canadian Arctic Indigenous Peoples contain many species of traditional animal and plant food, but the extent of use today is limited because purchased food displaces much of the traditional species from the diet. Frequency and 24-h dietary interviews of Arctic adults and children were used to investigate these trends. The most frequ...
Article
This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators of healthy food choices among children aged 6 to 12 years in Kahnawake, and help orienting Kahnawake School Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP) to improve the diet of the children. A series of four focus groups with a total of 15 people was conducted with mothers of children enrolled in one of...
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This study aimed to evaluate the access that Indigenous women have to traditional and market foods in 44 communities across Arctic Canada. This secondary data analysis used a cross-sectional survey of 1771 Yukon First Nations, Dene/Métis and Inuit women stratified by age. Socio-cultural questionnaires were used to investigate food access and chi-sq...
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The objectives of this paper are to: assess the impact of exposure to current levels of environmental contaminants in the Canadian Arctic on human health; identify the data and knowledge gaps that need to be filled by future human health research and monitoring; examine how these issues have changed since our first assessment [Van Oostdam, J., Gilm...
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Chronic non-communicable diseases related to excessive or unbalanced dietary intakes are on the rise among some Indigenous populations in Canada. Nutritional problems of Indigenous peoples arise in the transition from a traditional diet to a market diet characterized by highly processed foods with reduced nutrient density. This study aimed at asses...
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Report the 8-year impact on body size, physical activity, and diet of a community-based diabetes prevention program for elementary-school children in a Kanien'keha:ka (Mohawk) community in Canada. Follow-up (1994-1996) of subjects in the intervention and comparison community and repeat cross-sectional measurements in the intervention community alon...
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OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships among healthy lifestyle indicators in children (Grades 4 to 6) participating in the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP). METHODS: This study consisted of 2 independent cross-sectional samples, with analysis of diet, physical activity, anthropometric and television (TV) viewing data at baselin...
Article
To determine the correlates of a high-fat diet in urban, suburban and rural areas of Quebec, Canada. A secondary analysis of data collected as part of a 5-year multi-factorial, multi-setting, community-intervention project. Urban, suburban and rural settings of the province of Quebec, 1997. Data were analysed from a sample of 5214 participants (222...
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Inuit traditional food provides ample amounts of preformed vitamin A. However, the dietary transition away from traditional food raises concerns regarding dietary adequacy. Vitamin A is an essential nutrient with inadequate and excessive exposures having adverse effects. To evaluate total dietary vitamin A intake for Canadian Inuit from market food...
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An agricultural project in Highland Ecuador provided a model context to better understand the nutrition of rural women. The adequacy of women's nutrition and the strength of associations with age and socioeconomic status were studied in 104 rural households over four rounds (two seasons) during the 1995-1996 agricultural year using a cross-sectiona...
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Indigenous Peoples globally are part of the nutrition transition. They may be among the most extreme for the extent of dietary change experienced in the last few decades. In this paper, we report survey data from 44 representative communities from 3 large cultural areas of the Canadian Arctic: the Yukon First Nations, Dene/Métis, and Inuit communit...
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There is substantial evidence that type 2 diabetes increases with the degree and duration of obesity. This study was conducted to examine the association, at the international level, between fish and seafood consumption and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes, taking into account the prevalence of obesity. An ecological study of 41 countries in five...
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In Canada, the national age-adjusted rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Aboriginal peoples is 3 to 5 times higher than in the general population.There is an urgent need for culturally appropriate community-based primary prevention programs to reduce this epidemic. This paper describes the similarities and differences in design, intervention and ev...
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The diet of Mohawk children (grades 4 through 6) was assessed using 24-hour recalls after 4 years' participation in the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Analysis compared mean intakes of energy, fat, and sucrose, and proportions of children consuming each food. No significant difference was found in the mean intake of energy, fat, and...
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To understand the relative contributions of breast milk and the weaning diet to overall nutrient intake, with a view to designing and implementing appropriate programmes to improve complementary feeding in developing countries. Complementary food intake was measured in a sample of 250 toddlers (mean baseline age: 13.9 +/- 2.4 months) using 24-h die...
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In developing countries, studies using morbidity recalls to evaluate the benefits of vitamin A on respiratory health in children under 6 years of age have been inconclusive. This relationship has not been examined in older children. Spirometric measurements, an objective means of assessing respiratory health, require the subject's collaboration and...
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Traditional food systems research with Canadian Indigenous Peoples has revealed many aspects of benefits and risks of the use of this food. Traditions based in hunting, fishing and gathering contain a great variety of species of wildlife plants and animals that provide rich cultural and nutritional benefits. Dietary change for Indigenous Peoples in...
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To determine the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency in children aged 6-9 years in northern Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was carried out and the data were analysed for 824 (61.5%) of 1339 eligible children for whom there was complete information on biochemical vitamin A status, dietary vitamin A intake, ocular examination for xerophthalmia, and...
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Traditional food of indigenous people in Canada, particularly fish and marine mammal meat, has mercury (Hg) concentrations exceeding the Canadian consumption guideline level of 0.5 μg/g. Health effects of Hg in traditional food are, therefore, a concern. We conducted contaminant exposure assessments in 28 indigenous communities in Canada. Hg exposu...
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This research documents the benefits of traditional/country food use, specifically nutrient benefits and sociocultural and economic benefits, as well as contaminants risks. The research took place from 1997-2000 in 5 regions of Inuit communities. Workshops during the first year identified 18 communities to represent the regions and research agreeme...
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This study documents specific cultural, ecologic, and socioeconomic factors, as well as individual preferences influencing intake of vitamin A- and calcium-rich food items by Indigenous People (Dene/Métis) in K’asho Got’ine, a small community on the banks of the Mackenzie River, 27 kilometers south of the Arctic Circle. Four focus group discussions...
Article
Food composition data were determined for food consumed by 226 Inuit women in Nunavik, estimating the relative contribution of traditional and market food for energy, protein, lipid, carbohydrate, vitamin A, vitamin D, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, selenium, zinc, and eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids. Traditional Inuit food was an...
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To describe and compare dietary intake and prevalence of overweight in a sample of adults in 2 Ojibwe communities in Mille Lacs, Minn, and Lac Courte Oreilles, Wis. Cross-sectional survey based on interviews that included a 24-hour recall, food frequency questionnaire, and a sociocultural questionnaire. One hundred four adult Band (tribe) members w...
Article
Kahnawake is a Mohawk community located on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River near Montreal. A comprehensive study was conducted in 1996-1997 to address the local concern regarding health risks of contaminant exposure associated with freshwater fish consumption. Forty-two participants, including most of the identified active fishermen (n=3...
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In evaluating adequacy of nutrient intake and relative contribution of locally harvested food (i.e., "traditional" food) and imported market food for 164 Baffin Inuit children and adolescents, 604 24-hour recalls were obtained over a one-year period (1987 to 1988). Market food contributed an average of 84% of dietary energy and traditional food, 16...
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The aim of this study is to investigate the cadmium (Cd) exposure level from traditional food in Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories. We used 24-h dietary recalls and traditional food use frequency to obtain information on traditional food consumption, and analysed cadmium concentrations in traditional food. We also estimated total cadmium intak...
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There has been long-standing concern with exposure to radioactivity through the consumption of caribou, particularly in indigenous populations in the western Northwest Territories, Canada, who are traditionally high consumers. We conducted a dietary survey in this region in 1994 to estimate population exposure levels. Dietary information was collec...
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Calcium and vitamin A have consistently been reported as nutrients at risk among northern indigenous peoples in Canada. Using a data set recently collected in the Sahtú region of Denendeh, Northwest Territories, potential sources of bias and their effect on estimates of dietary intake are investigated. Calcium and vitamin A intakes appear to be und...
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Data collected in 16 Dene/Métis communities are used to illustrate the many nutritional, economic, and sociocultural benefits associated with the harvest and consumption of traditional food by indigenous peoples. These include exceptional nutrient composition, absence of industrial processing that changes quality and taste properties, taste prefere...
Article
Environmental contaminants such as organochlorines and heavy metals have been reported to bioaccumulate in Arctic and subarctic wildlife. The Indigenous Peoples in northern and Arctic Canada rely on local wildlife as an important food source, and it is thus hypothesized that they may have high intakes of these contaminants. Herein, an assessment of...
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We assessed diets in 16 Dene/Métis communities in the Canadian Arctic. We described nutrient intakes and identified nutrients at risk among adult Dene/Métis, evaluated the influence of traditional food on diet quality, and examined the direction of dietary change by comparing intergenerational and between-community differences in dietary intake. Di...
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Organochlorines and heavy metals have bioaccumulated in Arctic wildlife, which is an important food source for the Inuit. In this study, we have developed a statistical model to describe the population distribution of contaminant exposure and the usual intake of the high-end contaminant consumers. Monte Carlo methods are used to account for variati...
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To compare the effect of food source (traditional or market), season (six seasons), and age (five age groups) on dietary nutrient patterns of Inuit living in Baffin Island, Canada. Twenty-four-hour recall interviews of all residents who had lived > or = 3 years in this one community in each of six seasons. Foods that were recalled were divided by s...
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Traditional food systems of indigenous peoples are defined as being composed of items from the local, natural environment that are culturally acceptable. Rapid dietary change of indigenous peoples worldwide is posing threats to use of this food and the traditional knowledge required for traditional food system maintainance. This review describes th...
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This article reports nutrient intake from traditional and market food of Dene/Metis people from 2 communities of the Canadian sub‐Arctic. Dietary intake was assessed during 2 seasons for children and adult men and during 3 seasons for adult women. A total of 709 24‐hour recalls were evaluated. Dietary nutrient intake is shown to vary by source of f...
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Variation in food and food group intake is defined by traditional and market food sources, season, and age‐group for the Sahtú Dene/Métis in 2 communities in the Canadian sub‐Arctic. Seven hundred and nine 24‐hr recalls were contributed by women, men and children in the communities. In addition, 273 household traditional food frequencies were compl...
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Exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides through traditional food resources was examined for Arctic Indigenous women living in two cultural and environmental areas of the Canadian Arctic--one community representing Baffin Island Inuit in eastern Arctic and two communities representing Sahtú Dene/Métis in western Arctic. P...
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Chronic metal toxicity is a concern in the Canadian Arctic because of the findings of high metal levels in wildlife animals and the fact that traditional food constitutes a major component of the diet of indigenous peoples. We examined exposure to trace metals through traditional food resources for Inuit living in the community of Qikiqtarjuaq on B...
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Specific ethical guidelines for working with Indigenous Peoples have been adopted by several research institutions. Ethical principles aim at promoting cooperation and mutual respect between researchers and communities of Indigenous Peoples. These principles are meant to be continually assessed. This article reports on the content and format of cur...
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A study of low-income Hispanic women and children in California revealed a high prevalence of individuals who were short in stature and overweight. Children in San Jose tended to be shorter than their Tulare County counterparts. Even after adjusting for socioeconomic variables and hereditary differences, the difference in size remained significant....
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Addresses two primary concerns: 1) the integrity of traditional food systems, and 2) the development of participatory programs and organizations to mediate the inevitable change to which these systems are subjected. -from Authors
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Comparison of the size of Mexican‐American children from two samples of farmworker families living in Tulare County, one drawn in 1969 (24 families with 52 children 0–7 years old), the other in 1989 (95 families with 226 children 0–9 years old) reveals a parallel improvement in total family income and physical growth. However, children in families...