Olivier Plantard

Olivier Plantard
French National Institute for Agriculture, Food, and Environment (INRAE) | INRAE · Animal Health Department

PhD

About

203
Publications
35,391
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3,522
Citations
Citations since 2016
59 Research Items
2523 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400

Publications

Publications (203)
Article
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Ticks are vectors of many human and animal pathogens, and represent a major threat to public health. In recent years, an increase in tick-borne diseases has been observed, and new strategies are therefore needed in order to control tick numbers and reduce human tick bites. In the present study, we adapted the previous tick repellency bioassay based...
Preprint
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There is growing concern about climate change and its impact on human health. Specifically, global warming could increase the probability of emerging infectious diseases, notably because of changes in the geographical and seasonal distributions of disease vectors such as mosquitoes and ticks. For example, the range of Ixodes ricinus, the most commo...
Article
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Following publication of the original article [1], it was reported that Fig. 3 was mistakenly published as a duplicate of Table 2. The correct Fig. 3 is provided in this Correction article and the original article [1] has been updated.
Article
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Background Ticks represent a major health issue for humans and domesticated animals. Exploring the expression landscape of the tick’s central nervous system (CNS), known as the synganglion, would be an important step in understanding tick physiology and in managing tick-borne diseases, but studies on that topic are still relatively scarce. Neuron-s...
Preprint
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Midichloria are intracellular bacterial symbionts of ticks. Some representatives of this genus have the unique capability to colonize mitochondria in the cells of their hosts. Hypotheses on the nature of this interaction have proven difficult to test, partly due to a lack of data. Indeed, until now, mitochondrial tropism information and genomes wer...
Article
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Ixodes ricinus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) are the most important vector for Lyme borreliosis in Europe. As climate change might affect their distributions and activities, this study aimed to determine the effects of environmental factors, i.e., meteorological, bioclimatic, and habitat characteristics on host-seeking (questing) activity of I. ricinus n...
Article
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All species of hard ticks associated with reptiles as hosts throughout their life cycle, are currently assigned to genera including Amblyomma and Africaniella. Among these species, based on literature data, Africaniella transversale has never been investigated for the presence of tick-borne pathogens. In this study, seven DNA extracts (two from A....
Preprint
Full-text available
Ixodes ricinus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) are the most important vector for Lyme borreliosis in Europe. As environmental and climate changes might affect the distribution and activity of tick populations, this study aimed to determine the effects of environmental factors, i.e., meteorological, bioclimatic, and habitat characteristics on questing activ...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ticks represent a major health issue for humans and domesticated animals. Assessing the expression patterns of the tick's central nervous system, known as the synganglion, is an important step in understanding tick physiology and in managing tick-borne diseases. Neuron-specific genes like the cys-loop ligand-gated ion channels (cys-loop LGICs) are...
Article
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Background The control and prevention of vector-borne and zoonotic diseases is often based on the reduction of host or vector populations, involving but not limited to preventative culling and use of insecticides. Yet, destructive interventions such as these have shown several limitations including ineffectiveness on arthropods and negative impacts...
Article
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We studied a group of tick-associated viruses with characteristics of members of the family Iflaviridae , a family of viruses frequently found in arthropods. Our aim was to gain insight into the evolutionary dynamics of this group of viruses, which may be linked to the biology of ticks. We explored assembled RNA-Seq data sets for different species...
Article
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Arthropod vectors carry vector-borne pathogens that cause infectious disease in vertebrate hosts, and arthropod-associated microbiota, which consists of non-pathogenic microorganisms. Vector-borne pathogens and the microbiota can both influence the fitness of their arthropod vectors, and hence the epidemiology of vector-borne diseases. The bacteriu...
Preprint
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Background: Vector-borne diseases remain major causes of human morbidity and mortality. It is increasingly recognized that the community of microbes inhabiting arthropods can strongly affect their vector competence, but the role of the tick microbiome in Borrelia transmission - the cause of Lyme disease - remains unclear. Results: Here, we use a la...
Article
Ticks harbour rich and diverse microbiota and, among the microorganisms associated with them, endosymbionts are the subject of a growing interest due to their crucial role in the biology of their arthropod host. Midichloria mitochondrii is the main endosymbiont of the European tick Ixodes ricinus and is found in abundance in all I. ricinus females,...
Article
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Three Palearctic members of the subgenus Pholeoixodes, i.e., Ixodes canisuga, Ixodes hexagonus and Ixodes kaiseri are frequently collected from dogs, cats, red foxes, badgers and other carnivorous/insectivorous hosts in Europe. While a pictorial identification key has been reported for female Pholeoixodes ticks, a similar work has not been done on...
Preprint
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Arthropod vectors carry vector-borne pathogens that cause infectious disease in vertebrate hosts, and arthropod-associated non-pathogenic microorganisms. Both types of micro-organisms can influence the fitness of their arthropod vectors, and hence the epidemiology of vector-borne diseases. The bacterium Borrelia afzelii , which causes Lyme disease...
Article
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Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are an important class of excitatory receptors in the central nervous system of arthropods. In the ticks Ixodes ricinus, the functional and pharmacological properties of nicotinic receptors located in their neurons are still unknown. The objective of this study was to characterize the pharmacological properties of...
Article
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Tick-borne diseases have a complex epidemiology that depends on different ecological communities, associating several species of vertebrate hosts, vectors and pathogens. While most studies in Europe are focused on Ixodes ricinus, other Ixodes species may also be involved in the transmission or maintenance of pathogens. This is the case of Ixodes fr...
Article
The evolution and phylogenetic relationships of the ticks at both the family and genus levels are contested. The genus Amblyomma and its subgenera are in a state of flux; moreover, the relationships among the three tick families are controversial due to conflicting phylogenetic support for different arrangements of the three families of living tick...
Article
Ixodes ricinus is the most common and widely distributed tick species in Europe, responsible for several zoonotic diseases, including Lyme borreliosis. Population genetics of disease vectors is a useful tool for understanding the spread of pathogens and infection risks. Despite the threat to the public health due to the climate-driven distribution...
Preprint
Full-text available
We studied a family of iflaviruses, a group of RNA viruses frequently found in arthropods, focusing on viruses associated with ticks. Our aim was to bring insight on the evolutionary dynamics of this group of viruses, which may interact with the biology of ticks. We explored systematically de novo RNA-Seq assemblies available for species of ticks w...
Article
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The phylogeny of the hard tick genus Amblyomma Koch, 1844 deserves special attention, because several poorly studied tick species associated with reptiles still bear the name of this genus, although they may not belong to it. This study focuses on the phylogeny of two such species with uncertain taxonomic status, i.e., Amblyomma transversale (Lucas...
Article
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In Europe, ticks are major vectors of both human and livestock pathogens (e.g. Lyme disease, granulocytic anaplasmosis, bovine babesiosis). Agricultural landscapes, where animal breeding is a major activity, constitute a mosaic of habitat types of various quality for tick survival and are used at different frequencies by wild and domestic hosts acr...
Article
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ContextBy modifying ecosystems, land cover changes influence the emergence, the spread and the incidence of vector-borne diseases.Objective This study aimed at identifying associations between landscape structure and the prevalence of two tick-borne infectious agents, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi s.l., in small mammal communit...
Book
L’agroécologie a été choisie par l’Inra comme l’un des chantiers de prospective interdisciplinaire destiné à identifier les fronts de recherche en réponse à de grands défis sociétaux. Quatre-vingt chercheurs ont dressé un bilan, et proposé des pistes de recherche pour l’agroécologie, et cet ouvrage en synthétise les principales conclusions. L’agroé...
Article
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Background: Many infectious pathogens can be transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa, or by animals (especially arthropods) to humans. Such diseases are called zoonotic and/or vector-borne diseases. To control or prevent them, it is often recommended to target population reduction of host or vector species, through preventive culling or...
Article
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Ticks are vectors of infectious diseases of major importance in human and veterinary medicine. For epidemiological studies, accurate identification of ticks is crucial to define their potential role as vectors and to develop control and prevention strategies. Although morphological and molecular methods are widely used to identify ticks, an innovat...
Article
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Hard ticks are widely distributed across temperate regions, show strong variation in host associations, and are potential vectors of a diversity of medically important zoonoses, such as Lyme disease. To address unresolved issues with respect to the evolutionary relationships among certain species or genera, we produced novel RNA-Seq data sets for n...
Preprint
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Context: By modifying ecosystems, land cover changes influence the emergence and the incidence of vector-borne diseases. Objective: We aimed to identify the relationships between the prevalence of two tick-borne infectious agents, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi s.l., in small mammal communities and the landscape structure. Metho...
Article
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The soil-borne nematode Xiphinema index is closely linked to its main host, the grapevine, and presents a major threat to vineyards worldwide due to its ability to transmit Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV). The phylogeography of X. index has been studied using mitochondrial and microsatellite markers in samples from most regions of its worldwide dist...
Article
Ticks are commonly infected by Coxiella-like endosymbionts (Coxiella-LE) which are thought to supply missing B vitamin nutrients required for blood digestion.While this nutritional symbiosis is essential for the survival and reproduction of infected tick species, our knowledge of where Coxiella-LE is localized in tick tissues is partial at best sin...
Article
Tick-borne diseases have a complex epidemiology that depends on different ecological communities, associating several species of vertebrate hosts, vectors and pathogens. While most studies in Europe are focused on Ixodes ricinus, the common sheep tick, other Ixodes species may also be involved in the transmission or maintenance of different pathoge...
Article
Ticks are important vectors of a variety of pathogens affecting humans and other animals, but they also harbor numerous microorganisms whose role is still limitedly investigated. Ixodes ricinus harbors the endosymbiont Midichloria mitochondrii, which is localized in ovaries and in salivary glands. The bacterium is vertically transmitted and is pres...
Article
1. Introduction 2. The need for tick genome resources 3. Data-driven solutions for tick and tick-borne disease control 3.1. The systems biology of tick-host-pathogen interactions 3.2. The link between tick genetics, vector competence and disease transmission 3.3. Genetic frameworks for Ixodes control 4. The Ix1000G roadmap 4.1. Priority area 1: Hig...
Article
Ticks have relatively complex microbiomes, but only a small proportion of the bacterial symbionts recorded from ticks are vertically transmitted. Moreover, co-cladogenesis between ticks and their symbionts, indicating an intimate relationship over evolutionary history driven by a mutualistic association, is the exception rather than the rule. One o...
Article
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Background: Ixodes ricinus is the most important vector of tick-borne diseases in Europe. A better knowledge of its genome and transcriptome is important for developing control strategies. Previous transcriptomic studies of I. ricinus have focused on gene expression during the blood meal in specific tissues. To obtain a broader picture of changes...
Article
Full-text available
Context Routine movements of large herbivores, often considered as ecosystem engineers, impact key ecological processes. Functional landscape connectivity for such species influences the spatial distribution of associated ecological services and disservices. Objectives We studied how spatio-temporal variation in the risk-resource trade-off, genera...
Article
Ixodes simplex is a tick species of bats, mainly reported from Schreibers' Bent-winged bat, Miniopterus schreibersii, all over its host's range. While being a common parasite of cave-dwelling bat species, the initial description of males is poor (based on a sole damaged specimen), lacking distinctive features. This study describes the male of I. si...
Article
Midichloria mitochondrii is a tick-borne intracellular bacterium of the order Rickettsiales, found with high prevalence in the sheep tick ( Ixodes ricinus). Midichloria mitochondrii is capable of vertical transmission in the tick, but recently evidence of potential horizontal transmission to the tick hosts through the blood meal has been reported....
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Ixodes ricinus is the most important vector of tick-borne-diseases in Europe. A better knowledge of its genome and transcriptome is important for developing control strategies. Previous transcriptomic studies of I. ricinus have focused on gene expression during the blood meal in specific tissues. To obtain a broader picture of changes in...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Among hard tick (Acari: Ixodidae) genera, the genus Ixodes Latreille, 1795 contains the highest number of species. Traditionally, this genus was subdivided into different subgenera. In Europe, members of the subgenus Pholeoixodes are usually associated with burrow-dwelling mammals and terrestrial birds. Considering Pholeoixodes spp. fro...
Article
Small mammals are key components of numerous tick-borne disease systems, as hosts for immature ticks and pathogen reservoirs. To study the factors influencing tick-borne infection in small mammals, we trapped small mammals and collected questing ticks in spring and autumn in 2012 and 2013 at 24 sites in a 10x15 km rural landscapes (Brittany, France...
Article
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Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a bacterial pathogen mainly transmitted by Ixodes ricinus ticks in Europe. It infects wild mammals, livestock, and, occasionally, humans. Roe deer are considered to be the major reservoir, but the genotypes they carry differ from those that are found in livestock and humans. Here, we investigated whether roe deer were t...
Article
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Ecological specialization to restricted diet-niches is driven by obligate, and often maternally inherited, symbionts in many arthropod lineages. These heritable symbionts typically form evolutionarily stable associations with arthropods that can last for millions of years. Ticks were recently found to harbor such an obligate symbiont, Coxiella-LE,...
Article
This study reports the results of a comparative test of identification of ticks occurring in Western Europe and Northern Africa. A total of 14 laboratories were voluntarily enrolled in the test. Each participant received between 22 and 25 specimens of adult and nymphal ticks of 11 species: Dermacentor marginatus, D. reticulatus, Haemaphysalis punct...
Article
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Background: Recently, a high degree of mitochondrial gene heterogeneity was demonstrated between conspecific ixodid ticks of bats in Eurasia. Argas vespertilionis is a soft tick species of mainly vespertilionid bats, also with a wide distribution in the Old World. The aim of this study was to investigate the morphology, mitochondrial gene heterogen...
Article
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Background: In Europe, hard ticks of the subgenus Pholeoixodes (Ixodidae: Ixodes) are usually associated with burrow-dwelling mammals and terrestrial birds. Reports of Pholeoixodes spp. from carnivores are frequently contradictory, and their identification is not based on key diagnostic characters. Therefore, the aims of the present study were to i...
Research
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Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a bacterium transmitted mainly by Ixodes ricinus ticks in Europe , which infect many wild, domestic mammals and human. The prevalence of this pathogen often exceed 80% in roe deer populations, suggesting that these hosts have a major role in the circulation of A. phagocytophilum in ticks. Here, we investigated the degre...
Article
Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii, symbiont of the sheep tick Ixodes ricinus, was the first described member of the family Candidatus Midichloriaceae, order Rickettsiales. Recent reports are expanding our view of this family, now including numerous bacteria of great biological and medical interest, indicating a widespread distribution with an inc...
Article
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Ticks can harbor complex and highly variable microbial communities. Among these microorganisms, there are important pathogens of humans and animals that can be transmitted through the blood meal. Less is known about the other members of the microbial community of Ixodida, those that do not cause overt diseases. Among these, Midichloria mitochondrii...
Article
Anaplasma phagocytophilum is an emerging zoonotic tick-borne pathogen affecting a wide range of mammals. Rodents are suspected to be natural reservoirs for this bacterium, but their role in the epidemiologic cycles affecting domestic animals and wild ungulates has not been demonstrated. This study aimed to improve our knowledge on A. phagocytophilu...