Olivia Dean

Olivia Dean
Deakin University · IMPACT SRC

PhD

About

203
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (203)
Article
Full-text available
Evaluating suicidal ideation in young people seeking mental health treatment is an important component of clinical assessment and treatment planning. To reduce the burden of youth suicide, we need to improve our understanding of suicidal ideation, its underlying constructs, and how ideation translates into suicidal behaviour. Using exploratory fact...
Article
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Background There is a high prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) co-occurring in people with bipolar disorder (BD). People with BD and PTSD may experience different outcomes and quality of life after pharmacological treatment than those with BD alone. This review systematically explores the impact of PTSD on pharmacological treatment...
Article
Background Childhood trauma is negatively associated with depression severity in bipolar disorder; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated whether personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness) mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and the severity of bipolar depress...
Article
Background and Hypothesis Clozapine is the most effective antipsychotic for treatment-resistant schizophrenia, yet a significant proportion of individuals on clozapine continue to experience disabling symptoms, despite being treated with an adequate dose. There is a need for adjunct treatments to augment clozapine, notably for negative and cognitiv...
Article
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There is little understanding of the underlying molecular mechanism(s) involved in the clinical efficacy of antipsychotics for schizophrenia. This study integrated schizophrenia-associated transcriptional perturbations with antipsychotic-induced gene expression profiles to detect potentially relevant therapeutic targets shared by multiple antipsych...
Article
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Altered protein synthesis has been implicated in the pathophysiology of several neuropsychiatric disorders, particularly schizophrenia. Ribosomes are the machinery responsible for protein synthesis. However, there remains little information on whether current psychotropic drugs affect ribosomes and contribute to their therapeutic effects. We treate...
Article
Objective: There is often a shortfall in recovery following treatment for an episode of bipolar disorder (BD). Exploration of participant's experience provides vital information to enhance statistical outcomes for novel therapy trials. This study used mixed-methods to explore participants' experience of a trial testing N -acetyl cysteine (NAC) and...
Preprint
Background Recent data indicates high prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in bipolar disorder (BD). PTSD may play a role in poor treatment outcomes and quality of life for people with BD. Despite this, few studies have examined the pharmacological treatment interventions and outcomes for this comorbidity. This systematic review will...
Article
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Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) may play a role in psychiatric diseases including bipolar disorder (BD). We investigated mRNA-lncRNA co-expression patterns in neuronal-like cells treated with widely prescribed BD medications. The aim was to unveil insights into the complex mechanisms of BD medications and highlight potential targets for new drug dev...
Article
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Objectives: The therapeutic use of nutrient-based 'nutraceuticals' and plant-based 'phytoceuticals' for the treatment of mental disorders is common; however, despite recent research progress, there have not been any updated global clinical guidelines since 2015. To address this, the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP) an...
Article
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Background: Childhood trauma is associated with greater depression severity among individuals with bipolar disorder. However, the mechanisms that explain the link between childhood trauma and depression severity in bipolar disorder remain poorly understood. The mediational role of attachment insecurity in childhood and adulthood was assessed in th...
Article
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Background: Childhood trauma affects the course of mood disorders. Researchers are now considering childhood trauma as an influential factor in the treatment of mood disorders. However, the role of childhood trauma in the treatment of bipolar disorder remains understudied. Methods: The effect of childhood trauma on treatment outcomes was evaluat...
Article
Objective Preliminary evidence has suggested that adjunctive N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant precursor to glutathione, may reduce symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We conducted a 20-week, multi-site, randomized controlled trial to investigate the safety and efficacy of the adjunctive use of NAC in OCD. Methods The study was a...
Article
The molecular mechanism(s) underpinning the clinical efficacy of the current drugs for bipolar disorder (BD) are largely unknown. This study evaluated the transcriptional perturbations potentially playing roles in the therapeutic efficacy of four commonly prescribed psychotropic drugs used to treat BD. NT2-N cells were treated with lamotrigine, lit...
Article
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11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) activity is implicated as a moderator of the progression of multiple diseases and disorders in medicine and is actively subject to investigation as a therapeutic target. Here we summarise the mechanisms of the enzyme and detail the novel agents under investigation. Such agents modulate peripheral c...
Article
Objective This study aimed to explore effects of adjunctive minocycline treatment on inflammatory and neurogenesis markers in major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods Serum samples were collected from a randomised, placebo-controlled 12-week clinical trial of minocycline (200mg/day, added to treatment as usual) for adults ( n =71) experiencing MDD...
Article
Smoking represents a significant health threat to the population, however there remains a core group of consistent smokers that are largely unable to break the addiction. Novel therapies are required to assist this group with cessation. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a nutraceutical supplement that has shown efficacy compared to placebo in previous pilo...
Article
Background Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common and highly heterogeneous psychiatric disorder but little is known about the genetic characterisation of this heterogeneity. Understanding the genetic etiology of MDD can be challenging as large sample sizes are needed for gene discovery – often achieved with a trade-off in the depth phenotyping...
Article
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Background Many mental disorders, including depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, are associated with poor dietary quality and nutrient intake. There is, however, a deficit of research looking at the relationship between obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) severity, nutrient intake and dietary quality. Aims This study aims to explore the...
Article
Objective: The influence of childhood trauma on the treatment outcomes of pharmacological and/or psychological interventions for adolescents and adults with bipolar disorder was systematically reviewed. Methods: Randomised and non-randomised studies of interventions for bipolar disorder that included an assessment of childhood trauma were eligible....
Article
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Weight gain and consequent metabolic alterations are common side-effects of many antipsychotic drugs. Interestingly, several studies have suggested that improvement in symptoms and adverse metabolic effects are correlated. We used next generation sequencing data from NT-2 (human neuronal) cells treated with aripiprazole, amisulpride, risperidone, q...
Article
Background The aim of the current study was to explore the effect of gender, age at onset, and duration on the long-term course of schizophrenia. Methods Twenty-nine centers from 25 countries representing all continents participated in the study that included 2358 patients aged 37.21 ± 11.87 years with a DSM-IV or DSM-5 diagnosis of schizophrenia;...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Methamphetamine dependence is a significant global health concern for which there are no approved medications. The cysteine prodrug, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), has been found to ameliorate glutamate dysregulation in addiction, and to reduce craving for methamphetamine and other drugs. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of NAC as a pharm...
Article
N-acetylcysteine (NAC) acts on glutamatergic and redox systems, two systems implicated in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD). This has led to the investigation of NAC as a potential candidate for the treatment of BD. The aim of this study was to investigate metabolomic markers to identify predictors of NAC response in a cohort of BD parti...
Article
Background Comparisons between healthy controls (HCs) and individuals with mood disorders have shown more cognitive dysfunction among the latter group, in particular in bipolar disorder (BD). This study aimed to characterize the pattern of cognitive function of BD and major depressive disorder (MDD) and compare them to HC using the (CogState Resear...
Article
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Recent reports suggest a link between positive regulation of the Hippo pathway with bipolar disorder (BD), and the Hippo pathway is known to interact with multiple other signaling pathways previously associated with BD and other psychiatric disorders. In this study, neuronal-like NT2 cells were treated with amisulpride (10 µM), aripiprazole (0.1 µM...
Article
Statins (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors) treat dyslipidaemia and cardiovascular disease by inhibiting cholesterol biosynthesis. They also have immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. Beyond cardiovascular disease, cholesterol and inflammation appear to be components of the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of n...
Article
Background: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is often challenging to treat and resistant to psychological interventions and prescribed medications. The adjunctive use of nutraceuticals with potential neuromodulatory effects on underpinning pathways such as the glutamatergic and serotonergic systems is one novel approach. Objective: To assess...
Article
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Background: Cognitive impairment is prevalent and often highly burdensome in people with schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to investigate if mangosteen ( Garcinia mangostana Linn.) pericarp extract may be an effective intervention to improve cognitive performance in this population. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of a larger randomiz...
Article
Objectives: This study examined cognition-immune interactions, specifically executive function, working memory, peripheral levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and soluble tumour necrosis factor receptors-1 and -2 (sTNFR1 and 2) levels in patients in comparison with controls. Methods: Thirty-one BD participants and twenty-seven contro...
Article
Background The current study examined correlates of cognitive insight in people enrolled in a methamphetamine pharmacotherapy trial; whether cognitive insight at the start of the trial predicted medication adherence and reductions in methamphetamine use during the trial; and, whether insight would remain stable over the trial or improve with reduct...
Article
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Introduction Despite available pharmacological and psychological treatments, remission rates for bipolar disorder remain relatively low. Current research implicates the experience of childhood trauma as a potential moderator of poor treatment outcomes among individuals with bipolar disorder. To date, the evidence reporting the influence of childhoo...
Article
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This study aimed to investigate health service utilization among women with mental state disorder only (MSD-PD), mental state disorder plus personality disorder (MSD+PD), and controls in a population-based sample. Women ( n = 635) from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study completed mental health assessments and were categorized into groups (MSD-PD, MSD+P...
Article
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Objectives Effective treatment of depression is a key target for suicide prevention strategies. However, only around one-third of young people with suicide risk respond to evidence-based treatments. Understanding the trajectory of suicidal ideation, as a marker of suicide risk, over the course of evidence-based treatment for depression might provid...
Article
Background and aims: Past research has found that young smokers are more likely to make quit attempts; however, there are conflicting findings regarding age and quit success. This study examined the degree to which smoker age is related to making quit attempts and quit success. Design: Ten waves of the International Tobacco Control Policy Cohort...
Article
jats:sec> Background: Certain nutrient supplements (nutraceuticals) may target neurobiological pathways perturbed in bipolar disorder (BD) such as inflammation, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction. Nutraceuticals thus may have a potential role as adjunctive treatments for BD. Methods: A search of Embase via embase.com, PubMed via PubMed...
Article
Background Suicidal ideation (SI) is a common feature of depression and is closely associated with suicidal behaviour. Social support is implicated as an important determinant of suicide, but it is unclear how different social support dimensions influence SI in young people with depression. This study examines relationships between social support d...
Article
This systematic review aimed to synthesise the results from studies investigating the effects of prebiotics and probiotics on kynurenine pathway metabolism. Thirteen studies were identified for inclusion, comprising 12 probiotic and two prebiotic arms. Participants included healthy individuals and individuals with various clinical conditions. Twelv...
Article
Background Personality disorder (PD) may affect the efficacy of pharmacological interventions for mood disorders, but the extent to which this occurs is uncertain. We aimed to examine the available published evidence concerning the role of PD in pharmacological treatment outcomes of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) for adults with mood disorders...
Article
Objectives Garcinia mangostana Linn. (“mangosteen”) pericarp contains bioactive compounds that may target biological pathways implicated in schizophrenia. We conducted a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of adjunctive mangosteen pericarp, compared to placebo, in the treatment of schizophrenia. Methods People...
Article
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Importance There is evidence that sodium benzoate (BZ) may be an effective adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia. The clinical efficacy of BZ has been investigated in chronic schizophrenia; however, the efficacy of this agent has not been studied in individuals with early psychosis. Objective To examine the clinical efficacy of the adjunctive use...
Article
Insight refers to a person’s understanding of themselves and the world around them. Recent literature has explored people’s insight into their substance use disorder (SUD) and how this is linked to treatment adherence, abstinence rates, and comorbid mental health symptoms. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesise and critically examine t...
Article
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Although neurogenesis is affected in several psychiatric diseases, the effects and mechanisms of action of psychoactive drugs on neurogenesis remain unknown and/or controversial. This study aims to evaluate the effects of psychoactive drugs on the expression of genes involved in neurogenesis. Neuronal-like cells (NT2-N) were treated with amisulprid...
Article
Background Randomized controlled clinical trials that have investigated minocycline as an adjunctive treatment for major depressive disorder have proved promising. Data from two studies were pooled to evaluate more definitively whether the addition of minocycline to standard treatment for major depressive disorder leads to an improvement of depress...
Article
Introduction and aims: There has been a rapid increase in smoking crystalline methamphetamine in Australia. We compare the clinical and demographic characteristics of those who smoke versus inject the drug in a cohort of people who use methamphetamine. Design and methods: Participants (N = 151) were dependent on methamphetamine, aged 18-60 years...
Article
Background: Certain nutrient supplements (nutraceuticals) may target neurobiological pathways perturbed in bipolar disorder (BD) such as inflammation, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction. Nutraceuticals thus may have a potential role as adjunctive treatments for BD. Methods: A search of Embase via embase.com, PubMed via PubMed, Cumul...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A major problem in quantifying symptoms of schizophrenia is establishing a reliable distinction between enduring and dynamic aspects of psychopathology. This is critical for accurate diagnosis, monitoring and evaluating treatment effects in both clinical practice and trials. Materials and methods: We applied Generalisability Theory,...
Article
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate randomized controlled trials that investigated the use of probiotic, prebiotic, and fermented food interventions for cognitive performance. In total, 22 studies (n = 1551) were included that investigated probiotics (11 studies, n = 724), prebiotics (5 studies, n = 355), and fermented foods...
Article
Full-text available
Background Limited data are available examining the relationship between mental state disorders (mood, anxiety, substance use, eating disorders), their co-occurrence with personality disorder (PD), and quality of life among women. We aimed to investigate these relationships in a sample of women from the community. Method Women from the Geelong Ost...
Article
Objective The aims of this study were to evaluate changes in inflammatory and oxidative stress levels following treatment with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) or mitochondrial-enhancing agents (CT), and to assess the how these changes may predict and/or moderate clinical outcomes primarily the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS). Methods This...
Article
Background The aim of the current study was to explore the changing interrelationships among clinical variables through the stages of schizophrenia in order to assemble a comprehensive and meaningful disease model. Methods Twenty-nine centers from 25 countries participated and included 2358 patients aged 37.21 ± 11.87 years with schizophrenia. Mul...
Article
Full-text available
Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder that is associated with neurodevelopmental insults, such as prenatal inflammation, that introduce redox-immune-inflammatory alterations and risk for psychotic symptoms later in life. Nutraceuticals may offer useful adjunctive benefits. The aim of this study was to examine the therapeutic effects of Garcinia...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Due to the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic properties of minocycline, clinical trials have evaluated the potential of this drug to treat several psychiatric and neurological disorders, including major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, stroke and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. This protocol proposes...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Inflammation contributes to the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD), and anti-inflammatory strategies might therefore have therapeutic potential. This trial aimed to determine whether adjunctive aspirin or rosuvastatin, compared with placebo, reduced depressive symptoms in young people (15-25 years). Methods: YoDA-A, Y...
Article
Objective: There is accumulating evidence that adjunctive treatment with N-acetylcysteine may be effective for schizophrenia. This study aimed to conduct a comprehensive meta-analysis examining the efficacy of randomised control trials investigating N-acetylcysteine as an adjunct treatment for schizophrenia and the first to investigate cognition a...
Article
Objectives Individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) generally engage in low levels of physical activity (PA), and yet few studies have investigated the relationship between PA and change in BD symptom severity. The aim of this subanalysis of an adjunctive nutraceutical randomized controlled trial for the treatment of bipolar depression was to explore...
Article
Full-text available
Background: First-episode psychosis (FEP) may lead to a progressive, potentially disabling and lifelong chronic illness; however, evidence suggests that the illness course can be improved if appropriate treatments are given at the early stages. Nonetheless, the efficacy of antipsychotic medications is suboptimal, particularly for negative and cogn...
Article
Background: Due to the considerable burden of multiple sclerosis (MS)-related symptoms and the need to identify effective interventions to prevent disease progression, various nutraceutical interventions have been trialed as adjunctive treatments. The aim of this review was to investigate the efficacy and safety of nutraceutical interventions for...
Article
Aims We aimed to explore the relationships between diet quality, dietary inflammatory potential or body mass index and outcomes of a clinical trial of nutraceutical treatment for bipolar depression. Methods This is a sub-study of a randomised controlled trial of participants with bipolar depression who provided dietary intake data ( n = 133). Part...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background First episode psychosis (FEP) may lead to a progressive, potentially disabling and lifelong chronic illness; however, evidence suggests that the illness course can be improved if appropriate treatments are given at the early stages. Nonetheless, the efficacy of antipsychotic medications is suboptimal, particularly for negative and cognit...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: A specific clinically relevant staging model for schizophrenia has not yet been developed. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the factor structure of the PANSS and to develop such a staging method. Materials and methods: Twenty-nine centers from 25 countries contributed 2358 patients aged 37.21±11.87 years with schizophre...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To understand the therapeutic mechanisms of bipolar disorder (BD) drugs at molecular and cellular levels. Methods: Next generation sequencing was used to determine the transcriptional effects of a combination of four commonly prescribed BD drugs (lithium, valproate, lamotrigine and quetiapine) or vehicle (0.2% DMSO) in NT2-N (human neur...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Tobacco smoking is a highly prevalent, addictive behaviour and a key public health priority. However available cessation therapies have low quit and high relapse rates, indicating an urgent need for more effective treatments. Predicated on promising preclinical and pilot clinical data, this paper presents a rationale and protocol for t...
Article
An emerging novel therapeutic agent for major depressive disorder, minocycline, has the potential to influence both gut microbiome and inflammatory status. The present study showed that chronic high fat diet feeding led to changes in both behaviour and the gut microbiome in male mice, without an overt inflammatory response. The diet-induced behavio...