Oliver David Krieg

Oliver David Krieg
Universität Stuttgart · Institute for Computational Design

Dipl.-Ing.

About

46
Publications
43,217
Reads
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512
Citations
Introduction
Oliver David Krieg is an expert in computational design and digital fabrication in architecture. As Chief Technology Officer at Intelligent City in Vancouver, Canada, and doctoral candidate at the Institute for Computational Design and Construction at the University of Stuttgart, Germany, his work aims to enable reciprocities between design, technology and materiality in order to re-conceptualize how architecture can be designed, fabricated, and constructed.
Additional affiliations
November 2012 - present
Universität Stuttgart
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Participation in several award winning and internationally published projects. In the context of computational design, research and work at ICD aims to investigate the architectural potentials of robotic fabrication in wood construction.
November 2012 - present
Universität Stuttgart
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Lectures, seminars and studio work in the ITECH MSc Programme, as well as external workshops at the RobArch 2012 conference and UBC Vancouver.
Education
October 2006 - October 2012
Universität Stuttgart
Field of study
  • Architecture and Urban Planning

Publications

Publications (46)
Book
Full-text available
In light of environmental challenges architecture is facing, wood is no longer regarded as outmoded, nostalgic, and rooted in the past, but increasingly recognized as one of the most promising building materials for the future. Recent years have seen unprecedented innovation of new technologies for advancing wood architecture. Advancing Wood Archi...
Article
The implementation of active and responsive materials in architecture and construction allows for the replacement of digitally controlled mechanisms with material-based systems that can be designed and programmed with the capacity to compute and execute a behavioral response. The programming of such systems with increasingly specific response requi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper presents current research into architectural potentials of robotic fabrication in wood construction based on elastically bent timber sheets with robotically fabricated finger joints. Current developments in computational design and digital fabrication propose an integrative design approach contrary to classical, hierarchical architectural...
Conference Paper
The paper presents research into computational design processes that integrate not only criteria of physical producibility but also characteristics of design intelligence and performance. In the first part, the use of an industrial robot’s design space for developing differentiated finger joint connections for planar sheets of plywood is introduced...
Chapter
Architecture has a profound impact on the use of resources. For example, in 2014, the building sector alone was responsible for half of Europe's energy and material consumption (COM 2014). Increasing efficiency will involve all steps from material extraction, to manufacturing, assembly, construction, and usage. Especially in the context of a growin...
Article
Full-text available
This research seeks to improve the energy performance of solid-timber building envelopes by introducing air chambers into construction elements to increase thermal insulation values and using all-wood joinery to reduce air permeability. This paper documents the development of a construction system that minimizes non-wood materials to reduce embodie...
Chapter
This paper presents a fabrication process that uses elastic bending as both a forming and a clamping process for robotically fabricating curved laminated timber elements. Bending a stack of wooden lamellae that is constrained at its endpoints causes differentiated shortening and lengthening, resulting in pressure between the lamellae. This pressure...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Innovation in parametric design and robotic fabrication is in reciprocal relationship with the investigation of new structural types that facilitated by this technology. The stressed skin structure has historically been used to create lightweight curved structures, mainly in engineering applications such as naval vessels, aircraft, and space shuttl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Platforms that integrate developments from multiple disciplines are becoming increasingly relevant as the complexity of different technologies increases day by day. In this context, this paper describes an integrative approach for the development of architectural projects. It portrays the benefits of applying such approach by describing its impleme...
Conference Paper
Segmented timber shells offer the possibility of constructing long span, double curved shell structures efficiently and economically. This was demonstrated with the Landesgartenschau Exhibition Hall 2014 in Schwäbisch Gmünd [1], a prefabricated segmented timber shell made of planar beech plywood plates. However, the application of this construction...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the outcome of an ongoing research and development process at Lang Wilson Practice and Architecture Culture and Intelligent City on a parametric mass timber construction system for modular mid- to high-rise urban housing that started in 2006. The system was developed to systematically address the urban housing crisis in North Am...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents applied research into automated and adaptive robotic prefabrication strategies for a generative platform design enabling mass customized, mass timber modular construction. The development is part of an ongoing effort by the company to bring a holistic approach of design-driven modular mass timber housing and advanced prefabricat...
Conference Paper
This paper presents the outcome of an ongoing research and development process at Lang Wilson Practice and Architecture Culture and Intelligent City on a parametric mass timber construction system for modular mid-to high-rise urban housing that started in 2006. The system was developed to systematically address the urban housing crisis in North Ame...
Conference Paper
This paper investigates the use of robotics with sensing mechanisms in combination with industrial sewing techniques to explore new strategies for the fabrication of thin wooden shells.
Chapter
This paper introduces a series of prototypes investigating a new architectural language in wood that is driven by a critical approach to recent technical developments in design, fabrication and material. Although wood is slowly being recognized as an advanced material for future construction due to its high performance and sustainable nature, its d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the development of an integrative and adaptive robotic fabrication process for the production of wooden-based segmented shells of variable thickness. A material and construction process is presented whereby an industrial robot with a two-degree-of-freedom end effector acts as active formwork, positioning flexible strips of plywo...
Chapter
This paper introduces a series of prototypes investigating a new architectural language in wood that is driven by a critical approach to recent technical developments in design, fabrication and material. Although wood is slowly being recognized as an advanced material for future construction due to its high performance and sustainable nature, its d...
Article
Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Costing of end-of-life options for cascade use – Scenarios in the building physics context using the example of lightweight timber constructions. The consideration of temporary, modular buildings based on biobased materials such as wood has so far posed a methodological challenge for life cycle assessment. Based...
Conference Paper
In this paper, possibilities and challenges of novel robotic manufacturing processes for segmented timber shells are presented and evaluated. This is achieved by comparing two newly developed construction systems for segmented plate structures: one system consisting of cross-laminated timber elements that are connected with crossing screws, and one...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses structural properties of construction systems for segmented timber shells. Such construction systems open up interesting possibilities in the design and realization of high-performative, resource saving and potentially cost-effective buildings. To ensure structural stability and rigidity, segmented shell structures require conn...
Conference Paper
This paper presents the research on curved folded structures, assembled from digitally fabricated thin wooden sheet material with integral joints. The related research project investigates the potentials of wooden plates, bent during assembly with finger joints, for its ability to generate self-stabilized load-bearing structures with augmented stif...
Chapter
Full-text available
The HygroSkin project explores a novel mode of climate responsive architecture based on the combination and interrelationships of material-inherent behaviour, computational morphogenesis and robotic manufacturing. The dimensional instability of wood in relation to moisture content is employed to develop a meteorosensitive architectural skin that op...
Article
Die Landfläche der Bundesrepublik ist zu 31 Prozent bewaldet. Bei nachhaltiger Beforstung entsteht hier ein regional erneuerbarer, umweltverträglicher und somit zukunftsfähiger Werkstoff. Holz besitzt als einer der ältesten Bauwerkstoffe eine Reihe spezifischer Eigenschaften, die durch modernste digitale Technik neu gedacht, konstruktiv genutzt und a...
Conference Paper
The paper presents the development of a building system made from solid timber that fulfils the requirements of modern building skins while expanding the design possibilities through innovation in computational design and digital fabrication. The strategy is to augment the comparatively high insulation values of solid timber by cutting longitudinal...
Conference Paper
Unlike any other building material, timber has seen numerous innovations in design, manufacturing, and assembly processes in recent years. Currently available technology not only allows users to freely shape building elements but also to define their micro- or macroscopic material make-up and therefore the material itself. At the same time, timber...
Chapter
Full-text available
Recent developments in the field of segmented timber shells have shown promising structural and constructional characteristics. Advancements in computational design and digital fabrication enable architects and engineers to handle the increased geometric complexity necessary for this new construction type, integrating fabrication constraints and st...
Chapter
Full-text available
The research presented in this paper pursues the development and construction of a robotically fabricated, lightweight timber plate system through a biologically informed, integrative computational design method. In the first part of the paper, the authors give an overview of their approach starting with the description of the biological role model...
Conference Paper
Als eines der ältesten Baumaterialien der Menschheit ist Holz und dessen Einsatz in der Architektur sowohl gesellschaftlich als auch technisch seit jeher von großer Bedeutung. Während Holz als nachwachsender Rohstoff über viele Jahrhunderte nahezu unverändert blieb, hätte die Einstellung zu einer angemessenen Verarbeitung und Anwendung kaum untersc...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Landesgartenschau Exhibition Hall is an architectural prototype building and a showcase for current developments in computational design and robotic fabrication for lightweight timber construction. Funded by the European Union and the state of Baden‐Württemberg, the building is the first to have its primary structure entirely made of roboticall...
Article
Full-text available
Der Forstpavillon ist ein Demonstrator und Technologieträger für neuste Entwicklungen im Holzleichtbau, die durch innovative Methoden der digitalen Planung und Fabrikation ermöglicht werden. Im Rahmen des Verbundforschungsprojekts „Robotik im Holzbau“ wurde das Projekt an der Universität Stuttgart konzipiert und in Kooperation mit der Müllerblauste...
Chapter
The Landesgartenschau Exhibition Hall is a building prototype that demonstrates on-going research into new architectural opportunities for lightweight timber construction. Enabled by integrative computational design and robotic fabrication methods, it is the first segmented timber plate shell to have its primary structure robotically pre-fabricated...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Das Institut für Computerbasiertes Entwerfen widmet sich der Lehre und Erforschung von digitalen Entwurfs- und Fertigungsprozessen im Bauwesen und deren Auswirkung auf die Architektur. Dabei liegt der Fokus auf der fortschreitenden Entwicklung von computerbasierten Methoden, und die damit einhergehende engere Verknüpfung von Entwurf, Planung und Ko...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The research described in the paper investigates the potential of behavior-based strategies, such as Agent-Based Modeling (ABM) and behavioral form finding, to facilitate the synthesis of computational design and robotic fabrication with regards to performative lightweight timber plate structures. In the first part, the authors provide an overview...
Chapter
Full-text available
Responsive architecture is typically conceived as a technical function enabled by myriad sensing, actuating and regulating devices. Mechanical and electronic equipment is employed to receive, process and translate a stimulus into a response In contrast to this superimposition of high-tech equipment on otherwise inert material, in nature a fundament...
Chapter
Full-text available
The HygroSkin project explores a novel mode of climate responsive architecture based on the combination and interrelationships of material inherent behaviour, computational morphogenesis and robotic manufacturing. The dimensional instability of wood in relation to moisture content is employed to develop a meteorosensitive architectural skin that op...
Conference Paper
The research presented in this paper pursues the development and construction of a robotically fabricated, lightweight timber plate system through a biologically informed, integrative computational design method. In the first part of the paper, the authors give an overview of their approach starting with the description of the biological role model...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the implementation of a computational design and robotic fabrication method that integrates the elastic and hygroscopic behavior of wood as active drivers in the design process, using the material's differentiated characteristics as its main capacity. The project builds on previous work by the authors, furthering their researc...
Conference Paper
The paper presents the current development of an ongoing research project about the integration of robotic fabrication strategies in computational design through morphological and functional principles derived from natural systems. Initially, a developed plate structure material system based on robotically fabricated finger joints is being informed...
Chapter
Due to their relative affordability and ease of use industrial manipulators aka robots have become increasingly common in the field of architectural experimentation and research. Specifically for timber construction, their higher degrees of kinematic freedom and fabricational flexibility, compared to established and process-specific computer numeri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Performative Architectural Morphology is a notion derived from the term Functional Morphology in biology and describes the capacity of an architectural material system to adapt morphologically to specific internal constraints and external influences and forces. The paper presents a research project that investigates the possibilities and limitation...
Chapter
Performative Architectural Morphology is a notion derived from the term Functional Morphology in biology and describes the capacity of an architectural material system to adapt morphologically to specific internal constraints and external influences and forces. The paper presents a research project that investigates the possibilities and limitation...

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The goals of the project are 1) to analyse, transfer and evalutate biomimetic design strategies for light-weight segmented timber shells; 2) to transfer textile design and fabrication techniques to timber construction using wood veneer composites; and 3) to robotically fabricate wood composites using an industrial sewing machine in collaboration with an 6-axis robot arm.