Oliver Faude

Oliver Faude
University of Basel | UNIBAS · Department of Sport, Exercise and Health

PhD

About

245
Publications
130,904
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Introduction
I am a senior researcher at the Department of Sport, Exercise and Health and deputy director of the section ´Exercise and Movement Science´ at the University of Basel. I have basic training in exercise physiology and served for several years as head of physiological laboratories where I gained a large amount of experience in physiological testing from high-level athletes to cardiac patients. My research areas are exercise physiology, injury prevention, football research and neuromuscular performance in various populations, from children to seniors and clinical populations. A particular goal of my research efforts is to establish multi-directional and integrative exercise training approaches and to implement exercise interventions in children, seniors and patients in a real-life setting.
Additional affiliations
March 2011 - present
April 2007 - September 2008
Universität Paderborn
August 2003 - June 2011
Universität des Saarlandes

Publications

Publications (245)
Article
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Background Blended care interventions combine therapeutic guidance with digital care. Current research results show the promising role of the blended care approach in clinical care. This new way of delivering health care could have the potential to effectively promote physical activity in different public health settings. Objective The aim of the...
Article
Purpose The Knee Injury Osteoarthritis Outcome Score for children (KOOS-Child) is a self-administered, valid and reliable questionnaire for children and adolescents with knee disorders such as Osgood Schlatter disease, anterior knee pain, and patella dislocation. This study aimed to cross-culturally adapt the German version of the KOOS-Child questi...
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Introduction Physical activity can be an effective complementary treatment for major depression, yet among afflicted people, physical inactivity is prevalent. The aim of the “Physical Activity Counseling in In-Patients with Major Depression” (PACINPAT) trial was to promote a more physically active lifestyle by implementing a theory-based in-person...
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Question: What is the effect of injury prevention programs that include balance training exercises on the incidence of ankle injuries among soccer players? Design: Systematic review of randomised trials with meta-analysis. Participants: Soccer players of any age, sex or competition level. Interventions: The experimental intervention was an i...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate interlimb symmetry in quadriceps and hamstring peak torque of elite soccer players at 3 months (stage 1) and 6 months (stage 2) after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Eight male professional soccer players competing at the highest level across different European countries, who had undergone ACL...
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Introduction The widespread prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) not only influences patients’ daily lives but also has an economic impact on society. Increasing physical activity and a healthy diet can delay the progression of T2D. Although there are evidence-based recommendations on diet and physical activity, patients with T2D have difficulties i...
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IntroductionPeripheral neuropathies are a prevalent, heterogeneous group of diseases of the peripheral nervous system. Symptoms are often debilitating, difficult to treat, and usually become chronic. Not only do they diminish patients’ quality of life, but they can also affect medical therapy and lead to complications. To date, for most conditions...
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Training sollte bestimmten Prinzipien folgen. Die Wissenschaft zeigt, dass sie auch in nicht-leistungssportlichen Settings, wie der klinischen Bewegungstherapie, relevant sind und zunehmend gefordert werden. Die Sportwissenschaftler Lars Donath und Oliver Faude haben die wichtigsten Prinzipien einem aktuellen Prüfstand unterzogen.
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Background: Psychosocial stress is a major health threat in modern society. Short-term effects of stress on health behaviors have been identified as relevant processes. This article examines the moderating effect of dispositional self-control on the association between stress at work and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) after work. Met...
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Prior motor experience is thought to aid in the acquisition of new skills. However, studies have shown that balance training does not promote learning of a subsequent balance task. These results stand in contrast to the learning-to-learn paradigm, which is well described for other tasks. We therefore tested if a coordinative affinity between tasks...
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Primary health prevention in at-risk children is receiving increased attention while less information is available on cardiovascular profile and response to exercise in healthy children. Our study examined the effects of a gross motor skill-based exercise intervention on micro- and macro-vascular health in preschoolers. This is a sub-study of a fiv...
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Zusammenfassung. Die Sport- und Bewegungstherapie ist eine effektive Ergänzung in der Therapie der Major Depression. Die Empfehlungen von mind. 150 Minuten moderater oder 75 Minuten intensiver körperlicher Aktivität pro Woche sollten erfüllt werden, damit positive Effekte durch körperliche Aktivität erreicht werden. Zudem sollten individuelle Bedür...
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We aimed to analyze the number and type of contacts involving the risk of respiratory disease transmission during football match play. We analysed 50 matches from different playing levels. Two reviewers evaluated the contacts of all players in each match. We focused on between-player contacts, crowding, actions with potentially increased aerosol an...
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Background: This study analyzed physical, cardiovascular, and psychosocial health in different age groups at the far end of the lifespan. Methods: Sixty-two residential seniors participated in this cross-sectional study and were assigned according to age to either the older adults (n = 27; age: 74.8 (3.6); f: 23) or the oldest-old group (n = 35;...
Preprint
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Background: Muscle anatomical cross-sectional area (ACSA) is an important parameter that characterizes muscle function and helps to classify the severity of several muscular disorders. Ultrasound is a patient friendly, fast and cheap method of assessing muscle ACSA, but manual analysis of the images is laborious, subjective and requires thorough ex...
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Krafttraining für Kinder wird oft kritisch gesehen. Dabei gibt es viele gute Argumente, warum schon die Kleinen damit beginnen sollten: ein Plädoyer.
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Introduction: Major depression is a psychiatric disease associated with physical inactivity, which in turn affects mental and physical health. A randomized controlled trial is being implemented to facilitate physical activity in people with major depression. In March 2020, Swiss state authorities temporarily legislated a lockdown to contain the Cor...
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Objective To investigate the risk of transmission among potentially infectious SARS-CoV-2-positive football players while participating in training or matches at amateur, youth and professional levels. Methods Between August 2020 and March 2021, football players who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and participated in matches or training during the...
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Objective: Central hemodynamics are related to cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in adults, but associations with childhood CV risk remain unclear. The study aimed to investigate the association of obesity, physical activity, and fitness with parameters of central pulse wave reflection in young prepubertal children. Methods: In this cross-sectional stud...
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The present study examined the prospective association of parental household income, education level, migration background, and physical activity (PA) behavior with the development of pulse wave velocity (PWV) in prepubertal children. A total of 223 children (initial age 6-8 years) were included in this prospective school-based cohort study from 20...
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Open-access scripts to perform muscle anatomical cross-sectional area (ACSA) evaluation in ultrasound images are currently unavailable. This study presents a novel semi-automatic ImageJ script (named “ACSAuto”) for quantifying the ACSA of lower limb muscles. We compared manual ACSA measurements from 180 ultrasound scans of vastus lateralis (VL) and...
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Background: Soccer is one of the most popular sports worldwide. Goalkeepers are more likely to injure their upper limbs, particularly their shoulders, than outfield players. To reduce upper extremity injuries, the FIFA 11+ Shoulder Injury Prevention Program (FIFA 11+S) was developed. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effectivenes...
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The study aimed to investigate the association of changes in physical activity, screen time and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with development of body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP) and retinal microvascular health in children over four years. In 2014, 391 children aged 6-8 years were screened, and thereof 262 children were reexamined afte...
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Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: Foundation. Main funding source(s): Swiss National Foundation Background Prevention of cardiovascular (CV) disease should start early in life. The study aimed to investigate the association of changes in physical activity, sedentary behavior and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with development of b...
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Purpose: Hamstring muscle architecture may be associated with sprint performance and the risk of sustaining a muscle injury, both of which increase during puberty. In this study, we investigated the m. biceps femoris long head (BFlh) cross-sectional area (ACSA), fascicle length (FL) and pennation angle (PA), and sprint performance as well as their...
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Background: Intergenerational exercise possesses the potential to becoming an innovative strategy for promoting physical activity in seniors and children. Although this approach has gained attraction within the last decade, controlled trials on physical and psychosocial effects have not been performed yet. Methods: Sixty-eight healthy preschool...
Preprint
We aimed to analyze the number and type of contacts involving the risk of respiratory disease transmission during football match play.We analysed videos of 50 matches from different levels of play (professional, amateur, youth). Two reviewers evaluated the contacts of all players in the field of view in each match. We focused on between-player cont...
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Objectives Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a sport- and growth-associated knee pathology with locally painful alterations around the tibial tuberosity apophysis. Up to 10% of adolescents are affected by OSD. Treatment is predominantly conservative. The aims of this systematic review are to comprehensively identify conservative treatment options f...
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The risk of viral transmission of SARS-CoV-2 associated with football (soccer) training and match play is unknown. When a player tested positive, health authorities use different policies for case management extending from continuation of football (“wait and watch” strategy) to a 2-week quarantine for all exposed players and staff. Therefore, studi...
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Background: Copenhagen adduction exercise (CAE) and Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) reduce the incidence of groin and hamstring injuries. Efficient dynamic balance can improve motor performance and reduce the risk of injuries in athletes. However, the effects of these exercises on dynamic balance have not been investigated. Hypothesis: CAE and N...
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Introduction: Relative age effects (RAEs) refer to the overrepresentation of players born earlier in the selection year compared to late-born players within the same age category. To date, the origins and mechanisms of RAEs are still unclear. To evaluate the development of RAEs in terms of age group and selection level, we analyzed data of all regi...
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Background Atherosclerotic remodeling starts early in life and can accelerate in the presence of cardiovascular risk (CV) factors. Regular physical activity (PA) can mitigate development of large and small artery disease during lifespan. We aimed to investigate the association of changes in body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), PA behavior an...
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We evaluated the structure (i.e., the different training parts), contents (i.e., the various activities used), intensity and occurrence of contact situations and headers during training sessions in under-13 football in Switzerland. A total of 242 players from 20 different teams on average aged 11.4 (SD 0.7) years participated. The participants were...
Preprint
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Background: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a sport- and growth-associated knee pathology with painful osteochondrosis around the tibial tuberosity. Up to 10% of adolescents are affected by OSD. Treatment is primarily conservative or non-operative and includes injections, ice, braces, casts, tape and/or physiotherapy. However, treatment outcomes...
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Squats are considered a useful basic exercise for trunk muscle activation. To gain knowledge about trunk muscle activity patterns depending on the barbell position in beginners, we examined squats with low weights in the back, front, and overhead position. Methods: Twelve healthy adults (6 women/6 men, age: 29.1 (SD 8.0) y, height: 173.4 (6.9) cm...
Preprint
We evaluated the structure (i.e., the different training parts), contents (i.e., the various activities used), intensity and occurrence of contact situations and headers during training sessions in under-13 football in Switzerland. 242 players from 20 different teams on average aged 11.4 (SD 0.7) years participated. The participants were filmed dur...
Preprint
Background. It has been proposed that muscle architecture can be associated with sprint performance and the risk of sustaining a muscle injury. During puberty, sprint performance as well as muscle injury risk increases in young soccer players. In this study, we investigated the changes in m. biceps femoris long head (BFlh) cross-sectional area (ACS...
Article
„Trainingsprinzipien spielen vor allem im Sport eine große Rolle“ – so die Meinung vieler Therapeuten. Ein Grund, warum die Prinzipien in der täglichen Praxis nur unzureichend berücksichtigt werden. Doch die Wissenschaft zeigt, dass sie auch in nichtleistungssportlichen Settings wie der klinischen Bewegungstherapie relevant sind und zunehmend gefor...
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Markers of cardiovascular risk and cognitive performance were assessed in 347 children. In contrast to body mass index and blood pressure, only retinal microcirculation explained a unique proportion of variance in inhibitory control and information processing, when dependencies between markers of cardiovascular risk were accounted for.
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Background In addition to generally high levels of physical activity, multi-component exercise training is recommended for the maintenance of health and fitness in older adults, including the prevention of falls and frailty. This training often encompasses serial sequencing of balance, strength, endurance and other types of exercise. Exercise train...
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The present study investigated whether psychosocial determinants mediate the effect of a telephone coaching intervention on physical activity levels. Two hundred eighty-eight adults were randomly assigned to a six-month telephone coaching intervention (n = 12 calls) or a control group receiving a single written recommendation. Seven psychosocial de...
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Exercise training effectively mitigates aging-induced health and fitness impairments. Traditional training recommendations for the elderly focus separately on relevant physiological fitness domains, such as balance, flexibility, strength and endurance. Thus, a more holistic and functional training framework is needed. The proposed agility training...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. In addition to generally high levels of physical activity, multi-component exercise training is recommended for the maintenance of health and fitness in older adults, including the prevention of falls and frailty. This training often encompasses serial sequencing of balance, strength, endurance and other types of exercise. Exercise trai...
Article
Time-of-day effects in strength performance have been extensively investigated due to their relevance in competitive sports. However, most studies use large measurement intervals making it difficult to monitor potential performance changes throughout the day. Furthermore, previous studies have exclusively focused on how the time of day affects stre...
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Background: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases including heart failure are the leading causes of morbidity, with age being the primary risk factor. The combination of age-related organic functional impairment and reduced physical fitness can drastically impact an individual's healthspan. One's lifespan can potentially be prolonged by the preservation or...
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This study analyzed the short- and long-term efficacy of telephone coaching and short message service (SMS) prompting for physical activity (PA) promotion. Two-hundred-and-eighty-eight adults (age: 42 ± 11 years) were assigned randomly to three intervention arms: The intervention groups received 12 bi-weekly telephone calls with (coaching and SMS g...
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Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a wide-spread and burdensome psychiatric issue. Physical activity counselling may increase lifestyle physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in this specific and particularly vulnerable population, which often suffers from both mental and physical health problems. Therefore, this study will exa...
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As verbal encouragement (VE) is used in high intensity functional exercise testing, this randomized controlled crossover study aimed at investigating whether VE affects high intensity functional strength and endurance performance testing. We further examined between-day variability of high intensity functional strength and endurance performance tes...
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Abstract Purpose: The “11+ Kids” injury prevention programme has shown to reduce injuries and related costs in youth football players under 14 years of age. A major argument to convince coaches to use this exercise-based injury prevention programme, is a potential performance enhancement of the players. Therefore, this study investigated the effec...
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Introduction Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a prevalent and clinically meaningful side effect of cancer treatment. CIPN is induced by neurotoxic agents, causing severe sensory and/or motor deficits, resulting in disability and poor recovery, reducing patients’ quality of life and limiting medical therapy. To date, effective tr...
Article
Roth, R, Donath, L, Zahner, L, and Faude, O. Acute leg and trunk muscle fatigue differentially affect strength, sprint, agility, and balance in young adults. J Strength Cond Res 35(8): 2158-2164, 2021-How important leg or trunk muscles are for balance and sprint performance is still unexplored. Therefore, we separately fatigued the leg and trunk mu...
Article
Zusammenfassung Beim Thema „Sturzprävention“ denken viele an alte Menschen, die in Gruppen oder als Einzelne unter Anleitung eines Therapeuten verhältnismäßig langweilige Übungen für das Gleichgewicht machen: Einbein- und Tandemstand, Seiltänzergang oder was auch immer für geeignet befunden wird, die Balance zu verbessern. Dass Sturzprävention aber...
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Zusammenfassung Es besteht kein Zweifel darüber, dass Sport für Kinder gut ist, gerade angesichts des hohen gesundheitlichen Risikos von Bewegungsmangel. Dass mit dem Sporttreiben auch das Verletzungsrisiko steigt, ist ebenfalls unbestritten. Daher ist es umso erfreulicher, dass das Risiko von Sportverletzungen im Kinder- und Jugendsport mit geeign...
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Background. Physical inactivity is currently seen as one of the biggest global public health issue. Remote physical activity (PA) promotion programs are expected to be effective if they are individually tailored and include behavior change techniques, personal coaching, and regular prompting. However, it is still not fully understood which interven...
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Background: Assessing traditional neuromuscular fall risk factors (i.e. balance, gait, strength) in the elderly has so far mainly been done independently. Functional and integrative testing approaches are scarce. The present study proposes an agility course for an integrative assessment of neuromuscular and also cardiocirculatory capacity in senior...
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Background To assess the effects of the injury prevention programme ‘11+ Kids’ on reducing severe injuries in 7 to 13 year old football (soccer) players. Methods Football clubs (under-9, under-11 and under-13 age groups) from the Czech Republic, Germany, the Netherlands and Switzerland were cluster-randomised (clubs) into an intervention (INT) and...
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Purpose: To examine the effects of exercise-induced trunk fatigue on double poling performance, physiological responses and trunk strength in cross-country skiers. Methods: Sixteen well-trained male cross-country skiers completed two identical pre- and post-performance tests, separated by either a 25-min trunk fatiguing exercise sequence or rest...
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Background: Injury prevention in amateur soccer has been promoted in the past years but only a few studies have addressed the long-term development of injury incidence in amateur soccer. However, better knowledge of changes with respect to injury incidences and causes can make an important contribution to improving prevention strategies. Purpose: T...
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