Ole Sparenberg

Ole Sparenberg
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology | KIT · Institute of History

Dr. phil.

About

19
Publications
743
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47
Citations
Citations since 2016
11 Research Items
47 Citations
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Introduction
The next years may see the start of deep-sea mining in the Pacific Ocean. Proponents claim that it will provide critical metals for the clean-energy transition and avoid the environmental and social impacts of land-based mining, while critics stress that deep-sea mining will endanger a vulnerable and little-known ecosystem on the deep sea-floor. Within this debate, however, the 50+ year history of deep-sea mining projects and the insights it can offer are mostly forgotten.

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
The 1970s were a period marked by price hikes and fluctuations in the commodity markets, both of which had considerable economic and political repercussions. Although this refers to almost all kinds of raw materials, the case of oil dominates the memory. Metals, by contrast, have received little attention despite their crucial importance for both i...
Article
Since the nineteenth century, access to and the development of natural resources became an important element of national and international politics. Resource security emerged as an issue vital to national security; and resource competition and crises gave rise to international tensions as well as to technological innovation and new modes of transna...
Article
Of late, there has been a rise in interest in deep-sea minerals such as manganese nodules. Commercial mining operations to extract such minerals may commence soon. However, deep-sea mining projects were already underway in the 1960s and in an advanced stage of development by the 1970s, only to be shelved again in the 1980s. This paper examines a ha...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
During the industrialisation, the energy transition from wood to coal was not as straightforward as it is often portrayed. Hydropower and draught animals continued to play an important role, while the use of peat expanded greatly. Peat made a considerable contribution to German energy supply when wood could no longer meet the demand and before coal became nationwide available. In regions where coal was not conveniently available households, railways, ironworks and other trades and industries in various parts of Germany turned to local bogs for their energy supply. Even though at the end of the 19. ct. coal had replaced peat in many markets, peat nevertheless represented an important bridge fuel during the transition from an organic to an fossil energy regime. This project aims to contribute to a more complex, nuanced and regional view of German energy history by examining the case of peat as a so far often overlooked energy resource.