Ole Marius Hylland

Ole Marius Hylland
Telemark Research Institute Norway | TRI

Ph.D. (dr.art.)

About

74
Publications
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204
Citations
Citations since 2016
39 Research Items
180 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022010203040
2016201720182019202020212022010203040
2016201720182019202020212022010203040
2016201720182019202020212022010203040
Introduction
Ole Marius Hylland is a cultural historian, educated from the University of Oslo. He majored in folklore studies and wrote his doctoral thesis in cultural history. His research interests include the ideology, rhetoric, aesthetics and history of cultural policy, public education and popular culture. Hylland has written a number of articles and reports on cultural policy and cultural history. In 2017, he published an introductory book on cultural policy together with Per Mangset.

Publications

Publications (74)
Chapter
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Denne artikkelen handler om utviklingen av en digital kulturpolitikk for barn og unge, og den retter særlig blikket mot dataspillpolitikken. For å illustrere og understreke kompleksiteten i den digitale kulturpolitikken vil vi også se på hvordan politikken forholder seg til ulike sosiale medier, og spesielt til den bruken av ulike kulturuttrykk som...
Book
Digitale teknologier og medieplattformer er grunnleggende for kunst- og kulturfeltet i dag, og de griper inn i stadig flere sider av vårt hverdagsliv. Gjennom seksten artikler fra en rekke norske og internasjonale forskere, undersøker Estetiske praksiser i den digitale produksjonens tidsalder hvordan digitalisering forandrer og preger produksjon, f...
Article
This paper describes digital cultural policy as a slow and ambivalent or reluctant revolution in a policy field. In investigates how cultural policy has gradually been affected by digitalization in the field of cultural production. I argue that digital cultural policy has developed in a sedimentary fashion, but that it also has been continuously ma...
Chapter
Looking at six decades of libraries, archives, and museums (LAMs) policies in Scandinavia, we see that the idea of what LAMs might contribute to society has changed. The ambitions for their part have become more prominent, their roles more numerous, and their tasks more general. Libraries and museums have widened their scope to become more general...
Article
Full-text available
This article is a contribution to a discussion on how surveys of cultural and media consumptions among children and young people can be as accurate as possible, at a time when large parts of such consumption is digital. Digital and digitized culture present challenges for both cultural statistics, cultural research and cultural policy: Cultural pol...
Article
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This paper¹ describes and analyses how the live performing arts sector in Norway adapted to the abrupt change that affected most European countries in mid-March 2020. Based on a mid-pandemic empirical analysis, it argues that the sudden lockdown due to Covid-19 created a real-time laboratory for digital adaptation within the culture sector. In ligh...
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This article discusses possible analytical perspectives on oral language – the vernacular, the slang, the spoken language – in cultural history and folkloristics. The starting point for the article is an attempt to investigate how many words in the Norwegian language are used to describe the state of being drunk. Intoxication is an area where lingu...
Article
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This article is a discussion of the concept of negative cultural policy, understood as intentional and systematic efforts to curtail the production, distribution and/or consumption of culture. It argues that this curtailing side to cultural policy deserves more academic and analytical attention than it has received and points to challenges and dire...
Book
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Museum og samfunn er en utredning om museenes samfunnsroller, særlig i lys av museumsreformen. Utredningen er gjen-nomført på oppdrag for Kulturdepartementet, og den bygger på en kombinasjon av dokumentstudier, litteraturstudier, casestu-dier og kvantitative data. Den tar for seg erfaringer med og resultater fra museumsreformen, og hvordan museene...
Article
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This paper describes digital cultural policy as a slow and ambivalent development of a policy field. It investigates how Norwegian cultural policy has gradually been affected by digitization in the field of cultural production. The paper traces this development over the course of the last decades through a close reading of key political documents,...
Book
Full-text available
Rapporten Ung kultur samler resultatene fra et oppdrag om barn og unges kultur- og hverdagsliv før og nå, nasjonalt og lokalt, analogt og digitalt. Rapporten er skrevet på oppdrag fra Kulturdepartementet, og skal inngå som et kunnskapsgrunnlag for den kommende stortingsmeldingen om barne- og ungdomskultur. Oppdraget har vært bredt. Arbeidet har på...
Article
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Denne artikkelen forteller historien om den kortlivede kulturpolitiske institusjonen ABM-utvikling – Statens senter for arkiv, bibliotek og museum. ABM-utvikling ble etablert i 2003, med store ambisjoner for kulturfaglig og kulturpolitisk synergi mellom tre sektorer. Syv år senere ble institusjonen nedlagt, og dermed forsvant også det mest synlige...
Book
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Denne boken handler om muligheter, utfordringer og kunnskap i lokalt kulturarbeid blant barn og unge. Den beskriver kulturarbeid på kommunalt nivå, men viser også hvordan dette arbeidet tar sikte på å nå nasjonale kulturpolitiske mål: kvalitet, deltakelse, inkludering, mangfold og demokrati. Med Drammen som et utsiktspunkt, undersøker boken hvordan...
Article
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In this article I describe the very earliest phase of Norwegian theatre criticism by putting it into different contexts. The article argues that theatre criticism is something more and other than literary criticism, and that the history of theatre criticism is something more and something other than the history of literary criticism. More often tha...
Chapter
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The act of making a death mask can be interpreted as a stubborn, existential act of defiance, as an attempt to freeze a certain point in time. And not just any point in time; a point of transition between the state of being alive and the state of being dead. On the other hand, death masks can also be interpreted as simply a pragmatic solution to th...
Chapter
Hva er det som skal til for at en låt, en artist eller et verk skal få innpass på de mest prestisjetunge arenaene for nylaget musikk? Egenart synes å være en nøkkel til svaret: "Jeg leter etter egenart", sa musiker Marit Larsen til VG i januar 2014 da hun som medlem i finalejuryen skulle kåre vinneren av NRK P3s musikkonkurranse Urørt. Ved å analys...
Article
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This article uses the case of Concerts Norway to analyze how the agency of esthetics is changing and expanding within a cultural policy institution. Concerts Norway has provided concerts to all age groups and all parts of the country for nearly fifty years. The ambition of the institution has been to ensure that all Norwegian citizens have had acce...
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This chapter describes and analyses how Arts Council Norway (ACN) has acted as a policymaking engineer in the field of music in Norway in the period 1965–2015. During its 50-year period of existence, the council has through funding and planning contributed to establishing the Norwegian arts field as we know it today, supporting a wide range of proj...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses the role of knowledge and knowledge production within the discourse and practice of cultural policy. The vantage point of the analysis is that it is an interdependency between cultural policy and cultural policy research, between the production of knowledge and the production of policy. The nature of the interdependency and t...
Chapter
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This introductory chapter presents the basic idea and topic of the book—the relations between aesthetics and cultural policy. We understand cultural policy as the organized, mainly but not exclusively public support, economic or otherwise, of the production and distribution of cultural expressions. The chapter gives some introductory answers to the...
Chapter
This chapter employs the concept of value to shed light on how aesthetical value interacts with political, societal and economic value within cultural policy. The authors summarize how cultural policy measures can be seen to negotiate between the seemingly incompatible. The field of culture is in essence a complex game of values—involving a set of...
Chapter
By exploring and comparing the history of the twin enterprises Concerts Norway and Concerts Sweden from the 1960s up till today, Bjurström and Hylland show how efforts to democratise and make high quality music accessible to more people were combined with ideas on the necessity to cultivate them, in line with the tradition of Bildung (cultivation,...
Article
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In this article, we discuss the music policy of Arts Council Norway in the period 1965–2015. Our starting point is that the music policy of Council is an example of musical nation building. Through the schemes and projects of the Arts Council, the boundaries of the musical nation have been drawn up, maintained and redefined in various ways that hav...
Article
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Norwegian cultural policy is characterized by an ideology of democratization, which has prompted an alliance between the culture and education sectors, aiming to render arts and culture available to every child. The concept of Bildung is prominent in that respect, harbouring a potential in explaining the discourse behind much educational and cultur...
Book
Full-text available
Kulturrådets ordning med basisfinansiering av frie scenekunstgrupper har eksistert i drøyt ti år. Ordningen har finansiert ulike grupper og scenekunstproduksjoner av høy kvalitet. Det sentrale målet har vært å styrke utvalgte scenekunstgruppers kunstneriske virksomhet. I denne evalueringen undersøkes det hvordan ordningen har fungert. Evalueringen...
Book
Through comparative and integrated case studies, this book demonstrates how aesthetics becomes politics in cultural policy. Contributors from Norway, Sweden and the UK analyse exactly what happens when art is considered relevant for societal development, at both a practical and theoretical level. Cultural policy is seen here as a mechanism for tran...
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Sammendrag Artikkelen handler om utviklingen av museenes samfunnsrolle og de uttalte forventningene til museene som samfunnsinstitusjoner. Etter et blikk på den økte kulturpolitiske betydningen av begreper som samfunnsrolle og samfunnsansvar, beskrives hvordan museenes funksjoner og forventninger til dem har utviklet seg fra tiden for universalmuse...
Article
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This article investigates how a digital turn and digital copies have influenced ideas, roles and authorities within a national museum sector. It asks whether digital mu-seums and their digital reproductions expand and/or challenge a traditional cul-tural policy. Two specific cases are highlighted to inform the discussion on these questions - the No...
Article
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This article discusses some of the paradoxes that emerges when cultural policy ideals such as cultural democratization and diversity are to be realized within a local, municipal context. What kind of dimensions – organizational and practical – must be taken into account when local cultural workers are to recruit new groups of cultural users, in thi...
Book
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This report sums up the work and results from a three-year research project, with the full title A culture for participation: Cultural experience and participation as a source of development and integration (“Kultur for å delta: Kulturell opplevelse og deltagelse som kilde til utvikling og integrering”). The project has been financed by the regiona...
Book
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This publication presents and analyses the findings from an evaluation of the Norwegian regional opera field, empirically focusing on ten institutions that receive grants directly from the Norwegian Ministry of Culture. The Ministry of Culture commissioned the project. The project’s mandate was to produce knowledge about the Norwegian regional oper...
Book
Full-text available
Kirkemusikk er både kunst og religion, både kirkepolitikk og kulturpolitikk, både tradisjon og nyvinning. Musikken i kirkerommet er også en mangfoldig musikk. Den inkluderer salmer skrevet i middelalderen, norske folketoner, kantater fra barokken, bestillingsverk fra Motorpsycho, Palestrina og Skorgan, Grundtvig og Häggkvist. Grensene for hva som k...
Book
Full-text available
I denne rapporten presenterer vi resultatene fra en kvalitativ undersøkelse av brukernes erfaringer med DKS-tilbudet ved ungdomsskoler i Buskerud. Undersøkelsen viser at DKS i Buskerud er et positivt tilskudd til ungdomsskoletilværelsen. Både elever og lærere opplever tilbudet som profesjonelt og av god kvalitet, og 15 år etter innføringen er tilbu...
Book
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The Arts Council Norway project Kunstløftet (lit.: Arts Boost), established in 2008, initially had a three-year run, but was extended for a second period, ending in 2015. It is both a funding scheme and developmental project. The purpose of Kunstløftet is, on the one hand, to improve the quality of art produced for children and adolescents and the...
Book
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Denne rapporten presenterer resultatene av en gjennomgang og evaluering av Akershusmuseet i etterkant av museumsreformen. Vår overordnede konklusjon i evalueringen er at Akershusmuseet i dag har mange forutsetninger for å bli en profesjonell og veldrevet organisasjon og at den nye kursen nåværende direktør er i ferd med å stake ut kan bidra til at...
Book
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Telemarksforsking har på oppdrag fra Hedmark fylkeskommune laget et forslag til en strategisk kulturplan for Hedmark fylke, for fireårsperioden 2010-2013. Planforslaget er utarbeidet i dialog med sentrale kulturmiljøer i fylket og med fylkeskommunens kulturadministrasjon. Dokumentet beskriver utgangspunkt og utfordringer for en fylkeskommunal kultu...
Book
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Rapporten kartlegger de kommunale bibliotekenes synspunkter på og erfaringer med Telemarksbibliotekets tjenester og arbeid, i tillegg til synspunkter på en videre utvikling av Telemarksbiblioteket. Brukerne mener at det er et behov for Telemarksbiblioteket og har relativt store ambisjoner på Telemarksbibliotekets vegne. Det ønskes et sterkt, faglig...
Article
Full-text available
Ole Marius Hylland er forsker og kulturhistoriker med utdannelse fra Universitetet i Oslo. Han har hovedfag i folkloristikk og skrev sin doktoravhandling i kulturhistorie om folkeopplysning på 1800-tallet. Tidligere har han blant annet arbeidet som foreleser ved Universitetet i Oslo og som seniorrådgiver i ABM-utvikling (Statens senter for arkiv, b...
Article
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ABSTRACT This article discusses the relations between cultural policy and ideology, and in particular the eventual paternalism implicit in cultural policy. To shed light on ideological change and continuity, a parallel is drawn to 19th century public enlightenment, folkeopplysning. The following questions are posed: What ideological patterns marks...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to describe and analyse the recruitment of actors to (primarily institutional) theatres in Norway. We will investigate and discuss whether a previous description/prediction of a radical break in the recruitment system from predominantly " profession regulation " to more " competition regulation " has proved to be well...
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This article aims to give a status report on museum disposal in the Norwegian museum sector. Disposal (or deaccessioning, depending on choice of terms) is treated as a topic relevant to both the overall legitimation of museums as institutions, as well as an important topic for sustainable collection management. The article argues that a sound and i...
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This article aims to investigate the rhetorics of bad quality in arts and culture. Its focus is how bad quality is described, what kind of argument is used and to what extent descriptions of bad quality have something general in common. The article uses as empirical data reviews of different kinds of cultural expressions in different public media....
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This article aims to systematically analyse the cultural policy of the Norwegian political party The Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet, abbr. Frp). This party has been a dominant opposition party in the field of cultural policy in two different ways. One the one hand, Frp has represented the most visible and loud opposition to a cultural policy th...
Book
Full-text available
Evalueringen har tatt utgangspunkt i den ansvarsdelingen som ligger mellom fylkeskommunen og de enkelte kommunene i gjennomføringen av Den kulturelle skolesekken (DKS). Fra og med 2008 er alle kommuner gitt muligheten til å forvalte alle tilgjengelige midler til DKS selv. Med midlene følger også ansvaret for å organisere et variert tilbud av høy kv...
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This article represents an attempt to investigate a key concept for cultural policy – intrinsic value (»egenverdi«). The basic aim is to combine a conceptual analysis with conceptual history, in order to analyze in what way intrinsic value is and has been used as a concept in Norwegian cultural policy. To do this, I make use of three kinds of docum...
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The article discusses the dilemmas and challenges that arises when we include ourselves in our collections, in the sense of human skulls and heads. The human head is undoubtedly the most vital of body parts, and a body part that has a unique symbolic and cultural value. Included in a collection, a head can evoke a large number of potential meanings...
Article
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Metaforer er en mulig og nyttig innfallsport til studiet av ideologiske prosjekter. Metaforer er et viktig verktøy for å gi overbevisende og forståelig språklig drakt til de virkelig store målsetningene – et bedre samfunn, et lykkelig liv, eller som i denne sammenhengen – økt kunnskap og innsikt. Store prosjekter blir håndterlige om de kles i talem...
Article
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This article deals with how experiences with social mobility are mediated in different contexts. The author looks on the one hand at social mobility in a 19th century public enlightenment context, and on the other hand at social mobility in a 20th century left-wing radical context. Through the concept of class journeys (”klassereiser”), the focus i...

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Projects (6)
Project
Major changes happen at different rates. This is certainly true of digitization, perhaps the main driver of change in the last decades. Rapids and backwaters is a project that investigates fast and slow adaptation to the digital within the field of culture. The project aims to answer these questions: How has digitization affected how different cultural workers organize their work, earn money and create value? How can digital culture be regulated nationally and internationally, and what consequences does this have for a national cultural policy?