Olayinka Atilola

Olayinka Atilola
Lagos State University | LASU · Department of Psychiatry

MBBS, FWACP, FMCpsych

About

95
Publications
31,552
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Introduction
Dr Olayinka Atilola is a clinical and academic psychiatrist in Lagos Nigeria. His key area of interest is in the socio-cultural aspects of child, adolescent & general adult psychiatry. His research in the last 6 years had focused on the mental health needs of school-age children in developing countries including Nigeria and the psychosocial needs of children and adolescents in contact with the social-welfare and juvenile justice system.
Additional affiliations
June 2006 - May 2012
University College Hospital Ibadan
Position
  • Formerly Senior Registrar

Publications

Publications (95)
Article
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There is now substantial evidence that psychosis exists in a continuum. This study assessed the rate and correlates of distressing psychotic-like events (PLEs) in a non-clinical population in Lagos, Nigeria. A face-to-face household survey was completed by 11,246 adult participants (aged 18-75 years). Clinically significant symptoms of PLE were ass...
Article
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b> Introduction: Copyrighted Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) is perhaps the most widely used and validated tool in assessing burnout among different occupations and health care professionals compared to the free to use Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) and Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI). This study aimed to determine the reliability and validi...
Article
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The ICMH-SG started in 2011 as a small network of researchers from undeveloped and developing world regions. Since then, the ICMH-SG has made significant contributions to cross-cultural child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) research. It aspires to future improvements in CAMH practice and excellent cross-cultural CAMH research based on multisite...
Article
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This study aimed to describe the level and form of alcohol consumption, drinking motives and the correlates of alcohol use disorders in Lagos, Nigeria. Adults (n = 11,246) selected via multi-staged random sampling, completed questionnaire detailing sociodemographic variables, alcohol and other psychoactive substance use, presence of common mental d...
Article
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Background Exposure to traumatic events in childhood is associated with the development and maintenance of various psychiatric disorders, but most frequently with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the types of traumatic events experienced and the presence and predictors of PTSD symptoms among adolescents fr...
Article
The study examined the characteristics and factors driving the acquisition of postgraduate academic degrees among resident doctors in Nigeria. About 10% of the respondents had a form of university postgraduate degree with the majority being master’s degree. Having more than seven years of professional practice was the only factor predicting the acq...
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Locus of control (LOC) is a modifiable mediator of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among traumatized individuals and a potential target of intervention. Compared with studies involving adults, the potential mediation effect of LOC on PTSD symptoms among trauma-exposed children and adolescents is relatively under-explored. This stud...
Article
The present study identifies the potential barriers to holistic rehabilitation, including educational re-engagement, of justice-involved youth in Africa. This was done using quantitative data on the educational and other psychosocial problems presented by a cohort of justice-involved youth and qualitative data on the realities on ground in the corr...
Article
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Malaria and toxoplasmosis are two important parasitic diseases with significant public health concerns in the Sub-Saharan African countries. Some aspects of pathogenesis of the two parasitic diseases involve the central nervous system manifesting neuropsychiatric disorders. Studies have implicated the single infection by Plasmodium spp. and Toxopla...
Article
The current body of knowledge on the prevalence rate of psychiatric morbidity among adolescents and youth within the juvenile justice system in sub-Saharan Africa is yet to be systematically synthesized.. Consequently, African literature in the field has remained obscure, out of consideration in global discourses around the subject.; and incoherent...
Article
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Background: Globally, it has been established that gynaecological malignancies are a leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis and treatment of female genital cancers are associated with marked psychological distress in the form of depression and anxiety. Literature has shown that gynaecological cancers have a significa...
Article
Full-text available
Malaria and toxoplasmosis are two important parasitic diseases with significant public health concerns in the Sub‐Saharan African countries. Some aspects of pathogenesis of the two parasitic diseases involve the central nervous system manifesting neuropsychiatric disorders. Studies have implicated the single infection by Plasmodium spp. and Toxopla...
Article
This study explored association between early career doctors (ECDs) duty hours and their quality of life (QoL). Information was collected on socio-demographics, duty hours and QoL of 391 Nigerian ECDs. Results showed median of 70 duty-hours weekly, 10 call-days monthly and 6 sleep-hours daily. Weekly duty-hours and daily sleep-hours were significan...
Article
One of the main rationales for the separation of the juvenile and adult criminal justice systems, is the need to protect young people from victimization. It is assumed that, by separating adolescents from adults, the risk of victimization in the former system will be reduced. However, there is still global scarcity of comparative data on the experi...
Article
Abstract Several conditions related to health and development in adolescence can increase the risk that a young person will be exposed to the criminal justice system. Such determinants include neurodevelopmental disability, poor mental health, trauma, and experiences of maltreatment. Furthermore, the risk of exposure to the criminal justice system...
Article
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The present study evaluated the psychometric properties of a self-report scale for assessing Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) symptoms according to the DSM–5 and ICD–11 among 3270 college/university students (2095 [64.1%] females; age mean 21.6 [3.1] years) from different countries worldwide. Croatian, English, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Turkish, a...
Data
1-25% of college/university students worldwide at risk for IGD Our results of the k-means cluster analysis performed with six non-invariant items in the total sample showed that 2480 (75.8%) of participants clustered in a none/low-risk group (Cluster 1), participants responding mostly never (≥ 90%) or almost never (≤ 28%), 555 (17%) of participant...
Article
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Burnout among physicians is a global phenomenon which has been under-reported in middle and low-income economies. The importance of burn-out on the physicians' well-being, patient care and overall health care system cannot be overemphasized. In Nigeria, few studies are specific to burnout, with most of the available studies exploring psychosocial i...
Article
A current research trend is the identification of psychosocial variables that moderate and/or mediate the association between stressors and psychopathological symptoms. Research has shown Locus of Control (LoC) is a key cognitive component of this psychological process in adolescents from individualist cultures. It is unclear whether this finding c...
Article
Background: The study aimed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a developed stepped care intervention for management of depression in primary care. Methods: A cluster randomised controlled trial with primary care centres (PHCs) as unit of randomization. Five PHCs were randomised to stepped care intervention (SCI) group and another 5 PHCs w...
Article
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INTRODUCTION: Early career doctors (ECDs) make up a significant proportion of the workforce of medical/dental practitioners in Nigeria. ECDs play pivotal roles in the Nigerian healthcare system. However, several factors affect ECDs in their career endeavours, ranging from poor remuneration to psychosocial problems (such as burn out, job dissatisfac...
Article
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Background: There is mixed evidence for the hypothesis that the risk of depression after stroke is influenced by the location of lesions in the hemispheres, demographic and clinical factors, and disability of stroke survivors. Aim: The current study determined the prevalence of depression and its socio-demographic and clinico-pathological correlat...
Article
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Background: Children and adolescents are often exposed to traumatic events, which may lead to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is therefore important for clinicians to screen for potential symptoms that can be signs of PTSD onset. PTSD in youth is a worldwide problem, thus congruent screening tools in various languages ar...
Article
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It is still unclear whether the gender difference in the rate of depression cuts across cultures or is specific to some depressive symptoms. This study evaluated the gender difference in current prevalence, symptoms, comorbidity, and correlates of depression in Lagos, Nigeria. A total of 11,246 adult participants (6525 females and 4712 males) in a...
Article
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Mental health services for youths within the juvenile justice system remain a contemporary global discourse. To bring perspectives from under-resourced regions, we examine the current limitations of some globalised models for mental health services within the juvenile justice system in Nigeria. The important, multi-systemic steps needed to adapt th...
Article
Substance-related disorders (SRD) are common psychiatric morbidities among adolescents within youth correctional systems. Identification and treatment of SRDs is critical for successful reformation and reintegration. Lack of simple, structured, valid, brief screening instruments that can be easily administered and scored by lay workers militates ag...
Article
Background: Depression and anxiety are very prevalent, highly co-morbid, burdensome with huge treatment gaps in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study aimed to estimate the current prevalence of symptoms of depression and generalised anxiety, examine co-morbid conditions and associated sociodemographic factors in Lagos state, Nigeria....
Article
Background: The relationship between psychopathology and quality of life (QoL) and well-being among young incarcerated offenders has hardly been explored. Aims: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that higher self-rated psychopathology would be associated with lower QoL among adolescents resident within youth correctional facilities in Lagos. Me...
Article
Background: High prevalence rates of psychiatric morbidity have been documented among adolescents within youth correctional institutions in Nigeria. However, there has not been prior investigation to determine the capacity for and nature of mental health services being provided in these institutions. Objectives: To assess psychiatric morbidity amon...
Article
In this systematic review, we assessed available evidence for cross-cultural measurement invariance of assessment scales for child and adolescent psychopathology as an indicator of cross-cultural validity. A literature search was conducted using the Medline, PsychInfo, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases. Cross-cultural measurement...
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Background To combat the increasing rate of suicide, basic data on suicidal behaviours reflecting the uniqueness of the locality are needed in sub-Saharan Africa. Aims To assess the prevalence of suicidal ideation and associated factors. Method Adults (n=11 246) from the five administrative divisions of Lagos State completed questionnaires detail...
Article
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Background Lack of relevant data has continued to militate against the development of policy and practice toward identification and treatment of alcohol/substance abuse among adolescents coming in contact with the juvenile justice system in Nigeria. This study aims to provide such data, including its policy/practice implications. Methods One hundr...
Article
In order to compare estimates by one assessment scale across various cultures/ethnic groups, an important aspect that needs to be demonstrated is that its construct across these groups is invariant when measured using a similar and simultaneous approach (i.e., demonstrated cross-cultural measurement invariance). One of the methods for evaluating me...
Article
Background: School-based mental health programmes, a potential avenue to reach many children and youth, are not yet developed in Nigeria. In view of the importance of cultural nuances in mental health issues, initial groundwork towards the establishment of these programmes in Nigeria must be cognizant of cultural peculiarities at the outset. Obje...
Chapter
A well-recognized effective strategy for child mental health promotion and intervention particularly in poor resource settings is to incorporate child mental health into school health programmes. However in Nigeria, school-based mental health services are scarce or non-existent. In order to implement school-based mental health programme (SBMHP) in...
Article
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This conceptual review focuses on deepening the cultural perspective on suicidal behaviour and suicide prevention using a specific cultural group (the Yorùbá) as a paradigmatic example. We examine the social/cultural cognitions in Yorùbá that are ingrained in concepts of dishonour, shame, and masculine ethos, and the way these may contribute to the...
Article
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Recent studies have continued to recommend community-based public enlightenment and education as a key suicide-prevention strategy in sub-Saharan Africa. The role of socio-cultural factors in suicidal behaviours and the relevance of cultural factors in better understanding of and formulating more effective prevention strategies for suicidal behavio...
Article
This study evaluated the cross-cultural measurement invariance of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory version 4.0 (PedsQL™) among adolescents sampled from Bulgaria, Croatia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Serbia, and Turkey. The multiple-indicator multiple-cause (MIMIC) model was used, which allowed controlling of demographic variables (i.e., age,...
Article
The authors aimed to assess and compare problematic internet use among medical students enrolled in a graduate degree course in one school each from Croatia, India, and Nigeria and to assess correlates of problematic use among these students. The questionnaire included a sociodemographic profile of participants and Young's Internet Addiction Test....
Article
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Mental disorders are currently a major source of morbidity among children and youth globally. The bulk of the epidemiological data about childhood mental health morbidity currently comes from the industrialized countries which paradoxically host a small (about 20%) proportion of global children and youth population. As the world seek to generate mo...
Article
The severely constrained resources for mental health service in less-developed regions like sub-Saharan Africa underscore the need for good public mental health literacy as a potential additional mental health resource. Several studies examining the level of public knowledge about the nature and dynamics of mental illness in sub-Saharan Africa in t...
Article
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Although a major public health and social concern globally, limited data exist on substance use and their effects among adolescents living in low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated the relationships between alcohol/drug use and quality of life (QOL) among adolescents in general populations from India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Serbia, Tur...
Conference Paper
Background: It is widely held that with quality of life (QOL) questionnaires we could evaluate different aspects of well-being and functioning of people with mental health problems. However, research with adults indicates that there might be overlapping between questionnaires measuring aspects of mental health and QOL due to similarities in items r...
Article
Background: The combination of high prevalence of mental disorders and the scarcity of resources to care for them in sub-Saharan Africa underscores the need for good mental health literacy as a potential mental health resource. Aim: To conduct a systematic review of the findings of studies that have examined aspects of mental health literacy amo...
Article
Full-text available
Despite socio-economic, demographic and epidemiological facts and realities that point to a potential risk for explosion in the prevalence of childhood mental health problems in sub-Saharan Africa, there is still a severe dearth of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) policy or strategy to respond to the situation in the region. Unfortunately,...
Article
Background: There is hardly any study examining exposure to traumatic events and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among juvenile justice populations in Nigeria or any part of sub-Saharan Africa. Method: We examined the prevalence and trauma determinants of PTSD among a cohort of juvenile justice inmates in Nigeria, compared with a cohort of...
Article
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Background: As most child health initiatives in Nigeria lack a child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) strategy, CAMH issues have remained obscure to the country's policy-makers. The lack of current and representative epidemiological data on the mental health of Nigerian children continues to be a barrier to advocacy for CAMH policy initiatives....
Article
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Background: The continued relevance of optimal employee mental health to sustainable human capital development in the workplace underscores the need to start harnessing all resources that can be mobilized to promote the entrenchment of workplace mental health. The strategic place of workplace Human Resource (HR) units in formulating and implementi...
Article
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Aims. This study evaluated the measurement invariance of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) self-report among adolescents from seven different nations. Methods. Data for 2367 adolescents, aged 13–18 years, from India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Serbia, Turkey, Bulgaria and Croatia were available for a series of factor analyses. Results....
Article
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Efforts at improving child-health and development initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa had focused on the physical health of children due to the neglect of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) policy initiatives. A thorough and broad-based understanding of the prevalent child mental-health risk and vulnerability factors is needed to successfully...
Article
Most studies examining adolescent alcohol and substance use or abuse hardly include samples from developing countries. To bridge some gap, the prevalence and associated social correlates of alcohol and substance use and abuse was examined among a cohort of school-going adolescents sampled from seven developing countries. Alcohol and substance abuse...
Article
Background: There are some knowledge gaps in what is known about pre-contact exposure to traumatic events among adolescents within the juvenile justice system. Data often focus on psychological sequelae without describing the traumatic events. In addition, there are few data from sub-Saharan Africa where juvenile justice inmates are often minor of...
Article
Recent reports in Nigeria indicate a geometric rise in incarcerated adolescents, with an overwhelming majority of this increase being attributed to adolescents being declared 'beyond parental control'. There is a nagging suspicion that the Nigerian juvenile justice system has over criminalised adolescents by declaring them 'beyond control' when beh...
Conference Paper
Purpose: One of the main characteristics of measuring quality of life (QOL) in psychopharmacology is in providing data about the impacts of specific treatments on different aspects of well-being and functioning [1]. Therefore, QOL and other similar patientreported outcome (PRO) measures are recognized by regulatory bodies as important outcome measu...
Article
Le Nigéria compte une population majoritairement jeune et un nombre de postes formels limité, ce qui rend les recherches difficiles et peut conduire au développement de conditions de travail abusives. La Loi d'indemnisation des employés a été adoptée en décembre 2010 afin de répondre à la vulnérabilité des travailleurs nigérians. Elle prévoit l'att...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research on adolescent alcohol/substance use in Nigeria had focused on the pattern of use without consideration for the extent of use. Socio-demographic correlates have also not been well explored. Information about socio-demographic correlates can also inform target-points in preventive strategies. Knowledge of the prevalence of problemat...
Article
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Background: Quality of life (QOL) is a universally accepted concept for measuring the impact of different aspects of life on general well-being. Adaptation of existing QOL instruments to local cultures has been identified as a better strategy than development of new ones. Aims: To translate and adapt the Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Ver...
Article
This study examines the modes of framing mental illness in the Yoruba genre of Nigerian movies. All Yoruba films on display in a convenient sample of movie rental shops in Ibadan (Nigeria) were sampled for content. Of the 103 films studied, 27 (26.2%) contained scenes depicting mental illness. Psychotic symptoms were the most commonly depicted, whi...
Conference Paper
This is the first study to evaluate the relationships between substance use and QOL among adolescents from seven low and middle income countries. The sample included 2393 adolecents.
Article
There is a real prospect of a significant increase in the number of children and young people processed through the juvenile/youth justice system in Nigeria. Yet, both community- and institutionally-based structures for juvenile/youth justice management are grossly inadequate and have led to ‘crisis’ conditions. Several countries in sub-Saharan Afr...
Article
Objectives: The Nigerian health system has been engulfed in a crisis occasioned by a deluge of strike actions by resident doctors in recent times. Dissatisfaction with conditions of service has been cited as the bone of contention. Job satisfaction studies among doctors have provided insights into the contributory factors to recurrent industrial d...