Olaf Bastian

Olaf Bastian
Capital City of Dresden, Environmental authority · Nature Conservation Department

About

246
Publications
69,916
Reads
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3,283
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2009 - July 2014
Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Profile: Ecosystem services, landscape ecology, Natura 2000
January 2009 - August 2014
Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development
Position
  • Senior Researcher
January 1983 - December 2007
Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (246)
Article
Full-text available
Remote sensing (RS) enables a cost-effective, extensive, continuous and standardized monitoring of traits and trait variations of geomorphology and its processes, from the local to the continental scale. To implement and better understand RS techniques and the spectral indicators derived from them in the monitoring of geomorphology, this paper pres...
Article
Full-text available
Remote sensing (RS) enables a cost-effective, extensive, continuous and standardized monitoring of traits and trait variations of geomorphology and its processes, from the local to the continental scale. To implement and better understand RS techniques and the spectral indicators derived from them in the monitoring of geomorphology, this paper pres...
Article
Expectations of what forests and woodlands should provide vary among locations, stakeholder groups, and over time. Developing multifunctional forests requires understanding of the dynamic roles of traditions and cultural legacies in social-ecological systems at multiple levels and scales. Implementing policies about multifunctional forests requires...
Article
This paper presents a summary of lessons learned from implementing the ecosystem services (ES) approach into urban planning practice in different European urban settings. We summarise a survey co-created with, and presented to, researchers and end-users in city administrations from ten European case study cities. To complement the expert analysis,...
Article
Full-text available
The quality of life in our cities critically depends on the intelligent planning and shaping of urban living space, in particular urban nature. By providing a wide range of ecosystem services (ES), urban nature essentially contributes to the well-being of city dwellers and plays a major role in avoiding common diseases through its positive impact o...
Article
Full-text available
The choice of suitable biodiversity assessment methods for practical purposes in city planning and decision-making is still a challenging problem. Despite the availability of a wide variety of methods for almost all dimensions of diversity (mainly species and habitat diversity, including spatial aspects), few of them have entered the practical ‘dai...
Article
Full-text available
Human activities exert stress on and create disturbances to ecosystems, decreasing their diversity, resilience and ultimately the health of ecosystems and their vegetation. In environments with rapid changes in vegetation health (VH), progress is needed when it comes to monitoring these changes and underlying causes. There are different approaches...
Presentation
Full-text available
Abstract Both urbanization and land use intensification are powerful global drivers of environmental change. Especially in periurban areas they can cause cumulative effects with significant impacts on ecological conditions, biodiversity, ecosystem services and landscape. For c. 10 years, more than half of the world’s population has been living in c...
Article
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Ecosystem services provide a promising approach to enforce and harmonize nature protection and sustainable resource use. The present paper describes methods and results of GIS-based assessment and mapping of ecosystem services in the Osterzgebirge, a mountain range along the Czech-German border. The assessment focuses on five ecologically valuable...
Article
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There is a rapidly growing body of literature on the theory about the ecosystem service concept and the practical assessment of ecosystem services in different contexts ranging from natural to urban environments. Yet, where does the concept reach its limits? This paper critically reflects the application of the ecosystem service concept in urban en...
Article
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In the light of ongoing global urbanization and the high pace of resource consumption, there is an urgent need to foster compact cities. Currently, however, we lack integrative guidelines on how to manage trade-offs between urban densification and the provision of green space. Against this background, this study applies the concepts of green infras...
Article
Full-text available
The present transboundary study of ecosystem services (ES) focusses on a section of the Eastern Ore Mountains, a rural low mountain range in Germany and the Czech Republic. Aims of the study were to quantify five biotope types typical for the region (raised bogs, mountain meadows, clearance cairns, near-natural mountain forests, and near-natural st...
Chapter
Full-text available
As the provision of ecosystem services (ES) is based upon the Performance of ecological structures and processes, the concept of ES needs a strong natural-scientific basis including landscape ecology (LE). To identify the role of LE in the ES concept, we have to consider that there are at least two different groups of perspectives: a) a biological/...
Article
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Recreation is considered an important ecosystem services (ES) in urban woodlands and puts pressure on other ES. Visitor management strategies can be tools to safeguard biodiversity and ES. On-site data are necessary to evaluate the demand for outdoor recreation opportunities in urban woodlands, but also for providing more reliable values for moneti...
Article
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Das Heft enthält mehrere Beiträge von Mitgliedern des Fachbereiches Naturschutz/Landschaftsgestaltung im Landesverein Sächsischer Heimatschutz zur Unterstützung des Unterrichtes in verschiedenen Schulformen, Fächern und Altersstufen im Hinblick auf das Thema Biodiversität.
Chapter
Ausgehend von verschiedenen Landschaftsdefinitionen wird der naturwissenschaftlich fassbare Kern von Landschaft in Form der verschiedenen natürlichen Landschaftskomponenten bzw. Naturgüter herausgearbeitet. Deren Analyse zielt auf die Erfassung und Bewertung der Leistungsfähigkeit des Landschafts- bzw. Naturhaushaltes in Form von Naturraumpotenzial...
Article
The paper summarises the status of TEEB-related processes, and the national assessment of ecosystems and their services in Russia, as a preliminary result of the Russian-German project 'TEEBi-Russ: Valuation of Ecosystem Services (ES) in Russia, First Steps'. The planned structure of a prototype of a National Report on ES in Russia is presented. Ru...
Article
According to the energy policies of the European Union and Germany, the proportion of renewable sources for energy will be increased significantly in the coming years. The extended cultivation of energy crops can lead to conflicts, e.g. severe impacts on various ecosystem services based on groundwater, soils, biodiversity and the overall appearance...
Article
Full-text available
Context Recently, physical geography and landscape ecology have attracted increasing attention, due to the expectation that their theoretical and methodical concepts may improve the assessment of ecosystem services (ES). Examples of promising approaches rooted in various scientific schools, especially of Eastern Europe and Russia. Objective The pap...
Chapter
Anyone wants to analyze and evaluate ecosystem services is necessarily challenged by the question after the suitable methodology. Due to the complexity of the issue «services of nature for society«, it is not simply a matter of simple recipes. Generally valid methodical requirements refer to the scientific foundations, intersubjective comprehensibi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The development and application of the concept of ecosystem services (ES) is characterized by a rapid growth and broading of activities on all levels from global to local scales. Among the crucial theoretical-methodological fundamentals, the problem of assessment frameworks is addressed. Transboundary ES assessments are still rare, hence a regional...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focusses on a conceptual overview of ways to address a comprehensive analysis of ecosystem services (ES) in a country as large and heterogeneous as Russia. As a first step, a methodology for assessing the services for the federal subjects of Russia was chosen, i.e., its constituent provinces and similar entities, in physical terms. Russi...
Chapter
During the 1990s, with the increasing demands of humankind upon the limited resources of the earth , and in view of the growing burdens upon the balance of nature , manifested, too, in biodiversity loss and in the problem complex of energy and the climate, the concept of ecosystem services (ES) entered into the international environmental discussio...
Chapter
Despite, or perhaps because of the wide distribution and almost inflationary use of the ES term there is no question that a clear and uncontroversial, universally accepted definition does not exist. For example, what distinguishes the service of an arable land from the service of a natural ecosystem? What are the limitations of what we may call ‘se...
Article
The ES-concept is not designed to end in itself, but also helps to develop and implement better activity for utilization and protection of nature. Links and differences between ES and biodiversity were already pointed out in ▶ Chap. 1. ◉ Figure 6.1 illustrates, that ES, biodiversity, sustainability and land use management including natural resource...
Article
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The paper presents empirical studies on the appreciation of nature and landscape in the Eastern Ore Mountains (Saxony, Germany) by tourism service providers (TSP) and visitors. Attractive landscape and experience of nature are the most important reasons to visit this region and to spend leisure time there. Particularly mountain meadows, raised bogs...
Article
Principles of sustainability were mentioned for the very first time in the Ore Mountains in Central Europe some 300 years ago, triggered by the shortage of timber. Always new problems and challenges occurred throughout history caused by changes in ecosystems, which influenced sustainability aspects. This region was marked by drastic environmental i...
Chapter
The concept of ecosystem services is an approach widely discussed to clarify and to assess the dependence of human society on ecosystems and landscapes. In order to better differentiate between the potential performance of ecosystems and landscapes and the quality needed or demanded by society, in this paper we suggest returning to the landscape po...
Book
Full-text available
Nature provides us with many services seemingly for free: recharged groundwater, fertile soil and plant biomass created by photosynthesis. We human beings draw extensive benefits from these " ecosystem services, " or ES – food, water supply, recreation and protection from natural hazards. Major international studies, such as the Millennium Ecosyste...
Chapter
Full-text available
The concept of ecosystem services is a promising approach to assess ecosystems also in river basins, particularly in view of their multifunctional use and sustainable development. The chapter mainly focuses on terrestrial ecosystems. Starting from the definition and classification of these ecosystems, relevant provisioning, regulating and socio-cul...
Chapter
Ausgehend von verschiedenen Landschaftsdefinitionen wird der naturwissenschaftlich fassbare Kern von Landschaft in Form der verschiedenen natürlichen Landschaftskomponenten bzw. Naturgüter herausgearbeitet. Deren Analyse zielt auf die Erfassung und Bewertung der Leistungsfähigkeit des Landschafts- bzw. Naturhaushaltes in Form von Naturraumpotenzial...
Article
Full-text available
Operationalization of the ecosystem services (ES) concept for improved natural resource management and decision support cannot, thus far, be rated as satisfactory. Participation of stakeholders is still a major methodical and conceptual challenge for implementing ES. Therefore, we conducted an online survey and a literature analysis to identify ben...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, in addition to the popular concept of “ecosystem services” (ES), the term “landscape services” (LS) has come into use. We are examining the question of whether a stronger focus on LS would be useful, particularly with regard to case studies carried out in Germany. Important reasons for introducing the term LS include the prominent role of...
Article
Full-text available
Perceptions of energy crop production are assessed in this paper. The Görlitz district (Germany) serves as a case study area for this purpose. Semi-structured interviews with farmers and standardized surveys among lay persons were conducted. Many farmers perceive themselves being responsible for providing many ecosystem services. Farmers prefer a r...
Article
Full-text available
Perceptions of energy crop production are assessed in this paper. The Görlitz district (Germany) serves as a case study area for this purpose. Semi-structured interviews with farmers and standardized surveys among lay persons were conducted. Many farmers perceive themselves being responsible for providing many ecosystem services. Farmers prefer a r...
Article
Full-text available
Im Rahmen der Energiewende soll Biomasse verstärkt als Energieträger eingesetzt werden. Dabei ist es zentral, den Anbau von Energiepflanzen möglichst umweltschonend durchzuführen.
Article
A politically fixed und broad social consensus for the permanent preservation of wildlife and of their habitats reflects the demand for biodiversity and intact cultural landscapes. But wherever human beings have to intervene in nature in order to secure their own existence, targeted landscape management becomes necessary for the preservation of the...
Article
According to European and German energy policies, the proportion of energy crops is to increase significantly in the coming years to meet the ambitious goals for renewable energies. Stimulated by the German Renewable Act (EEG), this has lead to a strong increment of energy crop, cultivation, especially maize for biogas production. The increased cul...
Book
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A set of typical historical landscape elements (types) of Saxony (Germany) is described: origin / history, typical plants and animals, esthetical values, threats, protection, Management ...
Book
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http://www2.ioer.de/download/ESOM/ESOM_Broschure_Gesamt.pdf. Das von der Europäischen Union sowie Sachsen und Tschechien im Rahmen des Europäischen Fond für regionale Entwicklung (Ziel 3) geförderte Projekt „Mehrwert Natur Osterzgebirge. Ökosystemdienstleistungen erkennen, bewerten und kommunizieren.“ hatte zum Ziel, das ÖSD-Konzept exemplarisch f...
Book
Full-text available
Es werden 16 ausgewählte landschaftsprägende Kulturlandschaftselementtypen im Freistaat Sachsen in Form von Steckbriefen beschrieben. Im Mittelpunkt der Untersuchungen stehen Kulturlandschaftselementtypen, die Tieren und Pflanzen als Lebensraum dienen und bis heute als persistente oder relikthafte Elemente in der Landschaft erhalten sind: Ackertera...
Chapter
Forests provide many supporting, regulating and cultural services. Extensive environmental changes have resulted in a substantial loss or degradation of forest ecosystem services (ES). Unclear interactions of climate-change phenomena make it difficult to estimate forest ES. Research on interactive effects of climate change and air pollution has bec...
Chapter
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Im Spannungsfeld von Naturschutz und Tourismus können Stated-Preference-Analysen im Rahmen eines Besuchermonitorings zur Bestimmung der Nachfrage nach einzelnen Landschaftselementen und der konkreten Wertschätzung von Natur und Landschaft genutzt werden. Sie stellen eine sinnvolle Ergänzung zu reinen Besucherzählungen dar. Im Rahmen solcher Befragu...
Article
Full-text available
The increased cultivation of energy crops has a variety of economic, social and environmental effects, which can be assessed using the concept of ecosystem services (ES). Among the various instruments for regulating energy crop cultivation, reducing the impacts on ecosystems and landscapes, and moving sustainable land management forward, the ES con...
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces an ecosystem services assessment framework with five pillars: ecosystem properties, potentials, services, benefits/values, and beneficiaries. In a case study in the district of Görlitz (Eastern Saxony, Germany), we present an exemplary application for two ecosystem services: crop food production and soil erosion regulation.The...
Chapter
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There is a wide spectrum of definitions for the terms `landscape', `cultural landscape' and `traditional landscape'. Nevertheless, there is a widely accepted consensus that (historical) cultural landscapes and their typical elements are very important for modern human societies, because they supply many functions and services. Due to their importan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we present the approach of a visitor tax collected for landscape management actions in the Southern Black Forest. In our work, we test this model in the Eastern Ore Mountains by interviewing tourism service providers, residents and tourists. Though nature protection is seen a state or government issue to be paid by general tax money,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the consequences and effects of management towards more naturalness and wilderness, using the case of the Müritz National Park as an example. Planned management actions for enhancing naturalness and providing space for wilderness are examined. The scenic qualities of the national park landscape are analysed in terms of the manag...