Ola Landgren

Ola Landgren
National Institutes of Health | NIH

MD, PhD

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653
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Introduction
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Publications

Publications (653)
Preprint
Patients with multiple myeloma bearing translocation t(11;14) have recently been shown to benefit from the apoptosis-inducing drug venetoclax; however, the drug lacks FDA approval in multiple myeloma thus far due to a potential safety signal in the overall patient population. Selinexor is an inhibitor of nuclear export that is FDA-approved for pati...
Article
Full-text available
Deciphering Multiple Myeloma evolution in the whole bone marrow is key to inform curative strategies. Here, we perform spatial-longitudinal whole-exome sequencing, including 140 samples collected from 24 Multiple Myeloma patients during up to 14 years. Applying imaging-guided sampling we observe three evolutionary patterns, including relapse driven...
Article
Some chemotherapeutic agents can induce distinct mutational signatures in healthy cells in patients with cancer. The effect of such mutational signatures on spermatogenesis is not fully understood but is of great clinical importance for counselling patients diagnosed with cancer planning to start a family after treatment.
Article
Translocation t(11;14) positive multiple myeloma (MM) is sensitive to venetoclax, yet the drug lacks FDA approval in MM. Selinexor is an inhibitor of nuclear exporter XPO1 and is approved in relapsed refractory MM. We recently analyzed RNA-seq from 859 MM patient samples (MMRF CoMMpass study) and compared them to healthy bone marrow samples (GSE114...
Article
Patients treated with chemotherapy (CT) and/or autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) are at risk for therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (tMN). Certain cytotoxic agents introduce mutations within distinct trinucleotide contexts resulting in a unique barcode for each exposed cell. We leveraged mutational signatures to investigate the role of CT...
Article
Although upfront autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) generally improves progression-free survival (PFS) in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM), the overall survival (OS) benefit and optimal timing of ASCT are not well established. Patients with early response may be able to safely continue induction and avoid ASCT without compromised ou...
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Full-text available
Deciphering genomic architecture is key to identifying novel disease drivers and understanding the mechanisms underlying myeloma initiation and progression. In this work, using the CoMMpass dataset, we show that structural variants (SV) occur in a nonrandom fashion throughout the genome with an increased frequency in the t(4;14), RB1, or TP53 mutat...
Article
Purpose Minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity is a strong predictor for outcome in multiple myeloma. To assess V(D)J clonotype capture using the updated Adaptive next-generation sequencing (NGS) MRD assay in a clinical setting, we analyzed baseline and follow-up samples from patients with multiple myeloma who achieved deep clinical responses....
Article
Pooled analyses of four single-arm phase 1 and 2 studies (NCT01816971, NCT02405364, NCT01029054, NCT01402284) investigated the clinical effectiveness of carfilzomib-lenalidomide-dexamethasone (KRd) in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). Patients who did (Cohort 1; n = 122) and did not (Cohort 2; n = 99) undergo autologous stem cell transplant...
Article
CANDOR compared the safety/efficacy of carfilzomib with dexamethasone and daratumumab (KdD) to carfilzomib with dexamethasone (Kd) in adults with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). This CANDOR subgroup analysis evaluated outcomes based on cytogenetic risk. Overall response rates (KdD vs. Kd) were 81% versus 56% in high‐risk and 87% versus...
Article
CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR-19)-T cells are groundbreaking immunotherapies approved for use against large B-cell lymphomas. While host inflammatory and tumor microenvironmental markers associate with efficacy and resistance, the tumor-intrinsic alterations underlying these phenomena remain undefined. CD19 mutations associate with r...
Preprint
Patients treated with cytotoxic therapies, including autologous stem cell transplantation, are at risk for developing therapy-related myeloid neoplasms 1, 2 . Pre-leukemic clones (i.e., clonal hematopoiesis) are detectable years before the development of these aggressive malignancies ³⁻⁵ , though the genomic events leading to transformation and exp...
Article
Importance: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services requires health care organizations to report the National Clinical Trial (NCT) identifier on claims for items and services related to clinical trials that qualify for coverage. This same NCT identifier is used to identify clinical trials in the ClinicalTrials.gov registry. If linked, this in...
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Full-text available
The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) created an unprecedented environmental exposure to aerosolized dust, gases and potential carcinogens. Clonal hematopoiesis (CH) is defined as the acquisition of somatic mutations in blood cells and is associated with smoking and exposure to genotoxic stimuli. Here we show that deep targeted sequ...
Article
All multiple myeloma (MM) patients have a preceding, asymptomatic expansion of clonal plasma cells, clinically recognized as monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance or smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM). While the majority of patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance have a very small rate of progression, SMM is a w...
Preprint
Deciphering the evolution of tumor cells in the whole bone marrow (BM) cavity is key to inform curative strategies in multiple myeloma. Here, we performed spatial-longitudinal sequencing, including 144 samples collected from 25 patients during up to 14 years. Applying imaging-guided sampling we observed three evolution patterns, including relapse d...
Article
In the 1960s, Dr Jan Waldenström argued that patients who had monoclonal proteins without any symptoms or evidence of end-organ damage represented a benign monoclonal gammopathy. In 1978, Dr Robert Kyle introduced the concept of “monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance” (MGUS) given that, at diagnosis, it was not possible with available...
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Full-text available
Multiple myeloma (MM) patients have increased risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) when infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), the precursor of MM has been associated with immune dysfunction which may lead to severe COVID-19. No systematic da...
Article
Background Despite recent advances in therapeutic options, there remains an unmet need for treating patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, especially in those previously exposed or refractory to lenalidomide. This updated efficacy and safety analysis from the phase 3 CANDOR study compared carfilzomib, daratumumab, and dexamethasone...
Preprint
The rarity of malignant Hodgkin and Reed Sternberg (HRS) cells within a classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) biopsy limits the ability to study the genomics of cHL. To circumvent this, our group has previously optimized fluorescence-activated cell sorting to purify HRS cells. Here we leveraged this method to report the first whole genome sequencing lands...
Article
Introduction Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is a plasma cell disorder preceding multiple myeloma and related disorders, present in 4.2% of the population over the age of 50. Although usually asymptomatic, MGUS has been associated with various health-related problems, including thrombosis, infections, fractures, neuropathy...
Article
Background: BCMA targeted CAR T cell therapy has shown promising results in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM), but relapses are common. Additional treatment options with novel therapeutic targets or mechanisms of action are needed. Here we report on the safety and efficacy of MCARH109, the first-in-class G Protein Coupled Re...
Article
Introduction Copy number abnormalities (CNA) and structural variants (SV) are crucial to driving cancer progression and in multiple myeloma (MM). Chr1 CNA are seen in up to 40% of cases and associate with poor prognosis. Variants include deletions, gains, translocations and complex SV events such as chromothripsis (CT), chromoplexy (CP) and templat...
Article
Introduction Belantamab mafodotin is an antibody drug conjugate targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) on plasma cells and was the first BCMA-targeted drug approved by the FDA. Single agent effect was around 31-34% in a recent phase II study (Lonial et al, Lancet Oncology 2020). Side effects, including keratopathy and reduced visual acuity, nec...
Article
Background and Scientific Rationale Lenalidomide maintenance after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients has demonstrated an improved progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) when compared to placebo or observation in a meta-analysis (McCarthy et al. JCO 2017). Despite these i...
Article
Introduction: Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is characterized by a small fraction of Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) tumor cells (~1%) which are surrounded by an extensive immune infiltrate. The rare nature of HRS cells limits the ability to study the genomics of cHL using standard platforms. To circumvent this, our group has optimized fluoresce...
Article
Introduction: Anti-CD-19 chimeric antigen receptor-reprogrammed autologous T cells are breakthrough immunotherapies for heavily pretreated patients with aggressive B-cell lymphomas; however, across CAR-19 products, ~60% of patients do not achieve remission or relapse and unfortunately typically progress and rapidly die. Factors associated with impa...
Article
Background and Scientific Rationale: Multiple myeloma (MM) is often preceded by the premalignant conditions monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM). Obesity, low adiponectin levels, and diets high in inflammatory, insulinemic foods or lacking plant-based foods are known risk factors for the de...
Article
Background: The progression of multiple myeloma (MM) during ongoing therapy is driven by a complex interplay between tumor cells and their surrounding immune microenvironment. We were motivated to conduct a comprehensive and orthogonal investigation of the cellular and humoral immunity of patients with MM treated with lenalidomide maintenance thera...
Article
Introduction Multiple myeloma (MM) patients have an increased risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) when infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) precedes MM and related disorders and affects 4.2% of the general population over the age of 50 ye...
Article
Background: Cancer screening is performed worldwide for several malignancies. Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) precedes multiple myeloma (MM) and related lymphoproliferative disorders (LP). However, less than 5% of all MM patients are diagnosed during their precursor state and individuals who develop MM while being monitore...
Article
Translocation t(11;14) multiple myeloma (MM) is sensitive to the apoptosis-inducing drug venetoclax, yet the drug lacks FDA approval in MM. Selinexor is an inhibitor of nuclear export that is approved in relapsed/refractory MM. Here, we report that in patients with t(11;14) MM, the combined administration of venetoclax and selinexor was safe and re...
Article
Introduction: Treatment combinations involving CD38 targeted monoclonal antibodies have significantly prolonged the median duration and depth of response in myeloma (MM), reflected in minimal residual disease-negativity (MRD-) rates of over 70% in newly diagnosed patients (Landgren et al. JAMA Onc 2021). Key to improving our understanding of treatm...
Article
The genomic landscape of Waldenström Macroglobulinemia (WM) is characterized by recurrent somatic mutations in MYD88, with a lower incidence of mutations affecting CXCR4, ARID1A, CD79B and the NFKB signaling pathway (Hunter et. al. Blood 2014). We aimed to characterize the relationship between single base substitutions (SBS), mutational signatures,...
Article
Background Smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) is an asymptomatic precursor condition to multiple myeloma (MM). Emerging data from clinical trials indicate that - compared to watchful monitoring - initiation of therapy at the SMM stage might be indicated. Currently, there is no established screening for SMM in the general population and therefore pat...
Article
Background: Patients treated with cytotoxic chemotherapies and/or autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) are at risk for therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (tMN). As these agents yield increased mutation burden in relapsed malignancies and leave evidence of exposure via mutational signatures, we studied the genomic and temporal relationship bet...
Article
Background: In addition to serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP) and serum immunofixation (IFE), measurement of serum free light chains (FLC) has become the hallmark for detection, prognostication, and monitoring of monoclonal gammopathies. However, serum FLC levels are heavily dependent on kidney function due to discrepancy in the rate of kidney cl...
Article
Background CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor-reprogrammed autologous T cells are breakthrough immunotherapies for heavily pretreated patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), but across CAR-19 products, ~60% of patients fail to respond or relapse. Inflammatory markers and clinical factors associate with impaired responses, but tumo...
Article
Objective To evaluate temporal trends in survival and causes of death in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in a nationwide study. Methods The cohort consisted of 13,009 Swedish CLL patients diagnosed 1982-2013. Relative survival (RS) and excess mortality rate ratios (EMRR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were estimated using...
Article
Background Sustained minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity is associated with improved myeloma (MM) outcomes. The gut microbiome can modulate host immunity through production of short-chain fatty acids, especially butyrate. Stool butyrate-producers are enriched in MRD negative MM (Eubacterium, Faecalibacterium; Pianko et al. 2019) and are assoc...
Article
Background Plasma cell disorders (PCDs) are chronic incurable conditions with an opportunity to positively impact outcomes with nutritional changes. Epidemiologic studies show that inflammatory/insulinemic diets are linked to PCDs (Lee IJC 2020), while vegetarians/vegans have a reduced risk (Key AJCN 2014). MGUS/SMM present a unique opportunity for...
Article
Importance High-risk smoldering myeloma has a 5-year risk of progression to symptomatic multiple myeloma of approximately 75%. Treatment with lenalidomide decreases the risk of progression; however, novel triplet regimens are superior, and earlier disease may be more treatment sensitive. Objective To evaluate the use of carfilzomib, lenalidomide,...
Article
Purpose: Multiple Myeloma (MM) is a biologically heterogenous plasma-cell disorder. In this study we aimed at dissecting the functional impact on transcriptome of gene mutations, copy-number abnormalities (CNAs), and chromosomal rearrangements (CRs). Moreover, we applied a geno-transcriptomic approach to identify specific biomarkers for personaliz...
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Full-text available
Chromothripsis is detectable in 20–30% of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients and is emerging as a new independent adverse prognostic factor. In this study we interrogate 752 NDMM patients using whole genome sequencing (WGS) to investigate the relationship of copy number (CN) signatures to chromothripsis and show they are highly associ...
Preprint
Full-text available
Chimeric antigen receptor-reprogrammed autologous T cells directed to CD19 are breakthrough immunotherapies for heavily pretreated patients with aggressive B-cell lymphomas but still fail to cure most patients. Host inflammatory and tumor microenvironmental factors associate with CAR-19 resistance, but the tumor-intrinsic factors underlying these p...
Article
Full-text available
The development of novel agents has transformed the treatment paradigm for multiple myeloma (MM), with minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity now achievable across the entire disease spectrum. Bone marrow-based technologies to assess MRD, including approaches using next-generation flow and next-generation sequencing, have provided real-time clin...
Article
Background Lenalidomide maintenance improves progression-free survival for patients with multiple myeloma, although its optimal duration is unknown. Clearance of minimal residual disease (MRD) in the bone marrow results in superior outcomes, although its attainment or sustainment does not alter clinical decision-making. Studies that have evaluated...
Article
Click here to view the Original Article by S. Ekberg et al
Article
The introduction of whole genome and exome sequencing partnered with advanced bioinformatic pipelines has allowed the comprehensive characterization of mutational processes (i.e., mutational signatures) in individual cancer patients. Studies focusing on multiple myeloma have defined several mutational processes, including a recently identified muta...
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Full-text available
Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) precedes multiple myeloma (MM). Population-based screening for MGUS could identify candidates for early treatment in MM. Here we describe the Iceland Screens, Treats, or Prevents Multiple Myeloma study (iStopMM), the first population-based screening study for MGUS including a randomized tria...
Article
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for development of acute myeloid leukemia/myelodysplastic syndromes (AML/MDS) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Methods We identified all patients diagnosed with MM in Sweden from January 1st, 1958 to December 31st, 2011. A total of 26,627 patients were diagnosed with MM with dur...
Article
Analysis of the genetic basis for multiple myeloma (MM) has informed many of our current concepts of the biology that underlies disease initiation and progression. Studying these events in further detail is predicted to deliver important insights into its pathogenesis, prognosis and treatment. Information from whole genome sequencing of structural...
Article
BACKGROUND Pesticides have been reported to be associated with malignant and non-malignant kidney disease. Few studies have examined the relationship between individual pesticides and kidney dysfunction. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the associations of pesticide use with measured kidney function among male pesticide applicators in the Biomarkers of Expo...
Article
Importance: Recently, the benefit of adding daratumumab to the proteasome inhibitor-based, 3-drug combination of bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone for patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who underwent high-dose melphalan chemotherapy and autologous hemopoietic cell transplant was assessed. Here, we examine the addition of dara...
Article
Objective Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is the asymptomatic precursor of multiple myeloma (MM). Lytic bone lesions and fractures are hallmarks of MM and although there are no lytic lesions in MGUS, it has also been associated with fractures. The causes of fractures in MGUS are currently unclear but potential causes inclu...
Article
Full-text available
Mutational signatures have emerged as powerful biomarkers in cancer patients, with prognostic and therapeutic implications. Wider clinical utility requires access to reproducible algorithms, which allow characterization of mutational signatures in a given tumor sample. Here, we show how mutational signature fitting can be applied to hematological c...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple myeloma (MM) is consistently preceded by precursor conditions recognized clinically as monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) or smoldering myeloma (SMM). We interrogate the whole genome sequence (WGS) profile of 18 MGUS and compare them with those from 14 SMMs and 80 MMs. We show that cases with a non-progressing, clini...
Article
For patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma (MM) there have been significant treatment advances over the past decade, reflected in an increasing proportion of patients achieving durable remissions. Clinical trials repeatedly demonstrate that achieving a deep response to therapy, with a bone marrow assessment proving negative for minimal residual d...
Article
High proportion of patients with multiple myeloma suffer from comorbidities which may alter clinical management. Therefore, our aims were to evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities and their impact on survival. We included patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma 1990 ‐ 2013 in Sweden and all diagnoses from each patient from 1985. A total of 13,65...
Article
Full-text available
Twice‐weekly carfilzomib with lenalidomide‐dexamethasone (Rd) is an effective regimen for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). Here we evaluated once‐weekly carfilzomib with Rd (once‐weekly KRd) in NDMM patients. NDMM patients were enrolled regardless of transplant eligibility. Patients received carfilzomib on days 1, 8, and 15; lenalidomide 25...
Article
Background Daratumumab-based combination therapies have shown high rates of complete response (CR) and minimal residual disease negativity in patients with multiple myeloma. However, daratumumab, an IgGĶ monoclonal antibody, interferes with electrophoretic techniques making it difficult to reliably define residual disease versus CR, especially in p...
Article
Purpose: The World Trade Center (WTC) attack of September 11, 2001 created an unprecedented environmental exposure to known and suspected carcinogens. High incidence of multiple myeloma (MM) and precursor conditions has been reported among first responders to the WTC disaster. To expand on our prior screening studies, and to characterize the genom...
Article
Full-text available
A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-20978-y.