Ofelia Betancor

Ofelia Betancor
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | ULPGC · Departamento de Análisis Económico Aplicado (DAEA)

Doctor of Philosophy

About

33
Publications
4,224
Reads
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167
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 1989 - present
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
Subsidies for resident passengers aim to promote air connectivity in remote areas. The European Union allows these subsidies to passengers living in European outermost regions and other specific regions. This paper analyses the effects of this kind of subsidies on the ticket price and level of competition. If there is no competition in the market,...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main objectives of the European transport strategy in its 2011 White Paper is to help establish a transport system that enhances competitiveness of European countries. By performing a methodological study, analysing several European transport infrastructure investment cases and conducting a review on various assessment tools, we clarify...
Article
Competition between airports within a nation is not always feasible. Some airports are sheltered from other airports competition because catchment areas do not overlap due to geographical reasons or consumers' preferences. This is not necessarily serious if competition with non-national airports exists, or the existence of other goods strongly inte...
Article
We consider passengers with different willingness to pay that may live in a given geographical area and, thus, be entitled to a subsidy. The carrier has market power and may increase the ticket price if a subsidy for resident passengers is introduced. First, we find that if the proportion of residents is high enough, non-resident passengers may be...
Article
The emission trading system (ETS) is being applied worldwide in different economic sectors as an environmental regulatory tool to induce reductions of CO2 emissions. In Europe the system has been applied since 2005 to energy intensive installations and, since January the 1st 2012, to airlines with flights arriving and departing from Community airpo...
Article
Full-text available
Air transport provides essential services in modern economies, though it produces significant negative external effects on the environment. Air quality, greenhouse gas emissions and noise are the main issues. The current environmental regulatory practice in air transport usually devises policy interventions for each externality in isolation disrega...
Article
Full-text available
Las empresas proveedoras de servicios de transporte pueden adoptar varias estrategias cuando coexisten con otros modos de transporte en la misma ruta. Así, dos modos competirán si deciden operar simultáneamente en la misma ruta de transporte, de manera que los usuarios puedan optar por viajar en cualquiera de los modos, o bien podrán optar por una...
Article
Many airports suffer from peak-load demand problems. To meet unconstrained demand at peak periods, they often invest in extra capacity that may be under used at other times. We use data from the airport in Gran Canaria to illustrate that costs associated with the peak-load problem are not only those related to the new investment. This paper provide...
Article
Many airports around the world have recently built, rebuilt or are in the process of constructing new terminals. Incumbent airlines and new entrants must be allocated to the new and old facilities. When spaces at airport terminals are directly allocated, the allocation should be done by taking into account the implications for airlines' competition...
Article
We analyze the principal factors that determine mobility in a context of airline choice in the main domestic routes connecting the archipelagos of Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands with the mainland and among them. With that purpose we conducted several stated preference (SP) experiments facing individuals with the choice between two virtual a...
Article
Full-text available
Many airports around the world suffer from peak-load demand problems. To meet demand at the peak periods, airports need to over-invest in capacity. However, the costs associated with the peak-load problem are not only those related to the new investment but much more extensive affecting other economic agents. We use data from the airport in Gran Ca...
Article
Full-text available
Transport activity is strongly linked to environmental damage. However, transport operators may reduce their pollutant emissions through abatement effort. The government can make use of several instruments to increase operator's abatement effort, such as emissions taxes, emission subsidies or technological standards. All these instruments induce di...
Article
This chapter is concerned with measuring marginal transport supplier operating cost. By operating costs, we mean those costs incurred by operators of transport vehicles in providing transport services. We exclude taxes and payments for services such as the provision and maintenance of infrastructure or for accident or environmental costs as these c...
Article
The problem of airport congestion is treated in the literature analogously to road congestion. However, the phenomenon is different, because entry at airports is not random. Flight delays are a consequence of system overload, even though airport systems operate on carefully planned schedules. Besides uncontrolled for events (e.g. bad weather), airp...
Article
Airport congestion has been generally dealt in the literature in a similar fashion as road congestion. However, the phenomenon is quite different, because entry at airports is not random. Flight delays are a consequence of system overload, which is linked to profit maximization decisions of airports and airlines. Moreover, airport congestion exhibi...
Article
The authors present an empirical analysis of the effects of the deregulation processes carried out in the European air transport industry during the period from 1986 to 1994, prior to the 1997 complete liberalization of the industry. Using individual data for 44 city-pair intra-European scheduled routes, the authors estimate several price equations...
Article
Full-text available
During last decades there has been a worldwide trend towards revision of the traditional model of public financing and operation at ports and airports. Among other changes, private participation appears as a new alternative. Though there is not a unique model of private participation, the implementation of concession contracts stands out. The conce...
Article
Full-text available
For a World Bank Institute course on transport privatization, the authors cover basic issues associated with the regulation of privatized airport infrastructure and services: 1) Economic characteristics of airport. Three types of activities are carried out in airports: essential operational services (aeronautical and non-aeronautical), handling ser...
Article
This note reports on a comparison of fares policy in international scheduled airline passenger services between deregulated markets in the UK and regulated markets in Spain, for the period extending from 1986 to 1991. The comparison looks at the range of fare types available; the extent to which fare types are made available across routes; and the...
Article
In this paper, we assess the potential impacts of different airport charges schemes that can be applied in Madrid Barajas airport. We use a model that has already been applied in the literature to calculate the social welfare of the different price regimes. The term social welfare refers to the social welfare generated from only aeronautical servic...

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