How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
Odeline Billant currently works at the Laboratoire des Sciences de l’Environnement Marin- LEMAR (UMR 6539), Université de Bretagne Occidentale as a PhD student in environmental law. Her PhD thesis aims to design and test a methodology to measure the implementation and enforcement of marine environmental law.
Le plastique a révolutionné l'industrie et les comportements des consommateurs ces dernières décennies. Or, les caractéristiques qui ont fait sa force se révèlent aujourd'hui constituer une menace pour les écosystèmes. L'analyse interroge les effets des textes juridiques adoptés en Afrique atlantique sur la quantité et la nocivité des sacs plastiqu...
Ocean grabbing occurs when traditional users, such as small-scale fishers, are pushed aside by new development activities. This grabbing must be prevented to avoid sea uses that maintain or increase social inequity. In this paper, we show that in tropical Atlantic countries, such as Brazil and Senegal, examples of ocean grabbing already occur. In t...
This PhD thesis aims to design and test a methodology to measure the implementation and enforcement of marine environmental law. The chosen indicators are relative to land-based pollution, accounting for 80% of marine pollution. Plastic, sewage and pesticides are the three themes for which the implementation and enforcement of law will be studied. The case studies are: Celtic Sea (Ireland, France, United Kingdom), West Africa (Senegal, Cabo Verde), Gulf of Mexico (United States – in particular Florida – Mexico, Cuba) and Brazil (State of Sao Paulo).