Nuria García de la Torre

Nuria García de la Torre
Hospital Clínico San Carlos | HCSC · Servicio de Endocrinología Metabolismo y Nutrición

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50
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Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objective: GDM is associated with life-long adverse outcomes for mother and baby, and its incidence is increasing. Markers beyond clinical factors are needed to identify women at high risk and catalyze early preventive interventions. Our aim was to develop a risk assessment algorithm that integrates genetic and clinical variables. Me...
Article
Full-text available
A pre-gestational thyroid reserve of iodine is crucial to guarantee the increased demand for thyroid hormone production of early pregnancy. An iodine intake ≥150 µg/day is currently recommended. The objective of this study was to assess average pre-gestational food-based iodine consumption in pregnant women at their first prenatal visit (<12 gestat...
Article
Full-text available
The optimal maternal levels of thyroid hormones (TH) during the first trimester of gestation have not been established, nor has the ideal moment to initiate levothyroxine treatment (LT) to improve the evolution of gestation and fetal development. Cut-off points for Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) <2.5 µIU/mL and free thyroxine (FT4)>7.5 pg/mL hav...
Article
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Objective There is sparse evidence for the impact of gene-diet interaction on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) onset. Recent findings have shown that late first-trimester high adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) pattern is associated with a GDM risk reduction. The aim of this study was to investigate if this effect could be modulated by...
Article
Full-text available
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most frequent morbidity found in pregnancy, and it increases the risk for several maternal-fetal complications. Hispanic women are considered at high risk. The St. Carlos GDM prevention study is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted from 2016–2017. Normoglycemic women were randomized at 12–14 Gesta...
Article
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an important predictor of cardiovascular mortality. Identification of occurrence and regression trends of MetS could permit elaboration of preventive strategies with new targets. The objective of this study was to analyze the occurrence and regression rates of MetS and its associated factors in the repres...
Article
Full-text available
The intrauterine environment may be related to the future development of chronic diseases in the offspring. The St. Carlos gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevention study, is a randomized controlled trial that evaluated the influence of the early (before 12th gestational week) Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on the onset of GDM and adverse gestat...
Article
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases the risk of adverse events in pregnancy and jeopardizes long-term health of the mother and offspring. There is currently no consensus as to what screening strategies improve the efficiency of GDM diagnosis. Which criteria should be used? Is the one-step or two-step procedure better? There is no agreemen...
Article
Full-text available
Background The consumption of dairy products in pregnancy is widely extended. However, whether the consumption of low or high fat dairy produce is more beneficial for maternofetal health has yet to be established. Research design and methods This prospective cohort study evaluated the effect of consumption of dairy products during pregnancy on the...
Chapter
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common metabolic disorder during pregnancy. Its prevalence has been rapidly increasing in the latest years. It entails short- and long-term complications for both the mother and her offspring. Maternal dietary habits have been found to be associated with GDM development. A westernized diet is associat...
Article
Full-text available
An early antenatal dietary intervention could play an important role in the prevention of metabolic diseases postpartum. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether an early, specific dietary intervention reduces women’s cardiovascular risk in the “fourth trimester”. This prospective cohort study compares 1675 women from the standard-care group (S...
Article
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases the risk of adverse events in pregnancy and jeopardizes long-term health of the mother and offspring. There is currently no consensus as to what screening strategies improve the efficiency of GDM diagnosis. Which criteria should be used? Is the one-step or two-step procedure better? There is no agreemen...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), enhanced with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and nuts, on a composite of adverse maternofoetal outcomes of women with normoglycemia during pregnancy. Methods: This was a sub-analysis of the St Carlos gestational diabetes mellitus Prevention Study. Only normog...
Article
Full-text available
A prenatal diet affects materno-foetal outcomes. This is a post hoc analysis of the St. Carlos gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) Prevention Study. It aims to evaluate the effect of a late first-trimester (>12 gestational weeks) degree of adherence to a MedDiet pattern—based on six food targets—on a composite of materno-foetal outcomes (CMFCs). Th...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To assess whether Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet)-based medical nutrition therapy facilitates near-normoglycemia in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDMw) and observe the effects on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Research design and methods This is a secondary analysis of the St Carlos GDM Prevention Study, conducted between January...
Article
Full-text available
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing and becoming a major public health concern. Whether a Mediterranean diet can help prevent GDM in unselected pregnant women has yet to be studied. Methods We conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the incidence of GDM with two different dietary models....
Data
Original study protocol. Spanish version. (PDF)
Data
Original study protocol. English version. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Background Obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increase the morbidity of the mother and newborn, which could increase further should they coexist. We aimed to determine the risk of adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes associated with excess weight (EW), and within this group identify potential differences between those with and witho...
Article
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MicroRNA (miR) expression in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in type 1 diabetes (DM1) and its relation with different stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) have not been reported to date. Our aim was to analyze miR-222, miR-221, and miR-126 expression in EPCs from DM1 patients with and without DR. We included 41 patients with DR, 35 without DR, a...
Article
Early-pregnancy lifestyle (EPL) could influence the development of gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM), depending on the diagnostic criteria used. We studied EPL in 1750 pregnant women using Carpenter-Coustan criteria(CCc), and in 1526 with the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria(IADPSGc). GDM risk factors were...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The use of the new International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria (IADPSGC) for the diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) results in an increased prevalence of GDM. Whether their introduction improves pregnancy outcomes has yet to be established. We sought to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of o...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To assess lifestyle patterns associated with weight loss in newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients (T2DM) in the St Carlos Study. Design: A 3-year, randomized, interventional study with three parallel groups. Setting: A single-center, outpatient clinic-based study. Participants: 195 newly-diagnosed T2DM were randomized to either the in...
Article
The aims are to define the regression rate in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes after lifestyle intervention and pharmacological therapy based on a SMBG (self-monitoring of blood glucose) strategy in routine practice as compared to standard HbA1c-based treatment and to assess whether a supervised exercise program has additional effects. St Carlos stu...
Article
The aims are to define the regression rate in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes after lifestyle intervention and pharmacological therapy based on a SMBG (self-monitoring of blood glucose) strategy in routine practice as compared to standard HbA1c-based treatment and to assess whether a supervised exercise program has additional effects. St Carlos stu...
Article
Intragastric balloon is a widely used technique to treat obesity that is considered to be more efficient than conservative treatment before bariatric surgery. To describe air-filled balloon (Heliosphere BAG®) effectiveness [absolute weight loss, body mass index (BMI) loss, percentage of body weight loss (BWL), percentage of excess weight loss (EWL)...
Article
Full-text available
Pegvisomant is an effective treatment for somatostatin analogue-resistant acromegaly, but the determinants defining the response to this treatment are largely unknown. To investigate the efficacy of pegvisomant treatment in resistant acromegalic patients (e.g. serum IGF1 at least 1.25 x upper normal limit) in a clinical setting and the factors cond...
Article
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Adipocytes regulate blood vessel formation, and in turn endothelial cells promote preadipocyte differentiation through the expression of proangiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A. Some adipocytokines and hormones also have an effect on vascular development. Our objectives were to analyze the relationship between wei...
Article
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To estimate the proportion of diabetic patients (DPts) with peripheral vascular disease treated at a primary health care site after an endocrinologist-based intervention, who meet ATP III and Steno targets of metabolic control, as well as to compare the outcome with the results of the patients treated by endocrinologists. A controlled, prospective...
Article
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 2 highly sensitive assays for serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and growth hormone (GH) determination following an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in healthy controls. METHODS: Nineteen healthy adults underwent a standard 75g OGTT and GH and IGF-1 were measured. Serum GH and IGF-1 levels were assayed by a sensitiv...
Article
Objective To evaluate 2 highly sensitive assays for serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and growth hormone (GH) determination following an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in healthy controls. Methods Nineteen healthy adults underwent a standard 75 g OGTT and GH and IGF-1 were measured. Serum GH and IGF-1 levels were assayed by a sensitiv...
Article
Correspondencia: Dra. N. Pérez Ferre. Servicio de Endocrinología y Nutrición. Hospital Clínico San Carlos. Profesor Martín Lagos, s/n. 28040 Madrid. España.
Article
The role of angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in thyroid cancer pathogenesis has not been elucidated. Patterns for tumour behaviour and metastasic spread vary according to tumour type and whether differences in the angiogenic or lymphangiogenic phenotype influence the route for tumour metastases or determine a more aggressive behaviour has not bee...
Article
All patients who underwent a lower extremity amputation (LEAs) between January 1989 and December 2003 in Area 7, Madrid, were identified through operating theatre records. Vascular surgery department and Endocrinology service discharge records, and prescribing family doctors were used as secondary sources.According to Saint Vincent Declaration, a s...
Article
Tumours are dependent on angiogenesis for growth and inhibition of angiogenesis has become a target for antineoplastic therapy. In the pituitary, unlike other tissues, vascularization is lower in adenomas compared to the normal gland. Despite this finding, a relationship between increased vascularity and several aspects of prolactinoma behaviour su...
Article
Angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis are involved in tumoral growth and metastatic spread. There is little information on angiogenesis and no available data on lymphangiogenesis in parathyroid glands (PTG). Using immunohistochemistry for CD34, LYVE-1 (specific markers for vascular and lymphatic endothelium, respectively), vascular endothelial growth...
Article
Angiogenesis, the process of development of a new vasculature, plays a crucial role in tumour growth. In the pituitary, unlike other tissues, vascularization is lower in adenomas compared to the normal gland. Despite this finding, a relationship between increased vascularity and some aspects of tumour behaviour such as size, invasiveness, surgical...
Article
In recent decades, primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) has changed its clinical presentation from a disease with bone and renal involvement to a frequently asymptomatic disorder detected on routine biochemistry. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether patients with untreated mild asymptomatic hyperparathyroidism are at risk for other complications...
Article
In recent decades, primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) has changed its clinical presentation from a disease with bone and renal involvement to a frequently asymptomatic disorder detected on routine biochemistry. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether patients with untreated mild asymptomatic hyperparathyroidism are at risk for other complications...
Article
Inhibition of angiogenesis has become a target for antineoplastic therapy and for treatment of retinal neovascularization. The presence of somatostatin receptors on tumour cells and on the proliferating vascular endothelium has led to several in vitro and in vivo studies to investigate the antiproliferative and antiangiogenic effects of somatostati...
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Full-text available
Diabetes remains the main cause of lower-extremity amputations (LEAs) (1,2,3). Recently (3), the number of LEAs carried out worldwide has been estimated to be >162 × 106 each year, with a high economic and social cost. More than 50% of these LEAs are performed in subjects with diabetes. Differences in the incidence of LEAs could reflect variations...
Article
Unlabelled: To assess the efficacy and safety of lower extremity arterial reconstruction in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects during a 3-year period. A prospective clinic-based study between 1994-1999 in Area 7, Madrid, with a population of 569307 and an estimated diabetic population of 37932 (15505 men and 22427 women). The level of arterial rec...

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