Núria Garcia-Jacas

Núria Garcia-Jacas
Institut Botànic de Barcelona · Biosistematics and Molecular Systematics

Senior Researcher

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224
Publications
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Publications

Publications (224)
Article
Full-text available
Groups of recent speciation are characterized by high levels of introgression and gene flow, which often confounds delimitation of species on a DNA basis. We analyzed nuclear DNA sequences (ETS spacer and the AGT1 gene) obtained from a large sample of the C. calocephala complex from the Balkan clade of Centaurea sect. Acrocentron (Compositae, Cardu...
Article
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Climate changes are top biodiversity shapers, both during the past and future. Mapping the most climatic stable and unstable zones on Earth could improve our understanding of biodiversity distribution and evolution. Here, we present a set of maps based on a global scale, high resolution (ca. 5 km) new Climate Stability Index (CSI). The CSI consider...
Article
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A new endemic species, Centaurodendron schilleri, is described from the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile. This is the third species of the endemic genus, Centaurodendron, which is closely related to Plectocephalus of the Chilean mainland. The new species is confined to Alejandro Selkirk Island, whereas the previously known species, C. dracaenoides...
Article
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The eastern Mediterranean basin hosts a remarkably high plant diversity. Historical connections between currently isolated areas across the Aegean region and long-distance dispersal events have been invoked to explain current distribution patterns of species. According to most recent treatments, at least two Cymbalaria species occur in this area, C...
Article
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Within the genus Centaurea L., polyploidy is very common, and it is believed that, as to all angiosperms, it was key in the history of its diversification and evolution. Centaurea tentudaica is a hexaploid from subsect. Chamaecyanus of unknown origin. In this study, we examined the possible autopolyploid or allopolyploid origin using allozymes and...
Article
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Seseli farrenyi (Apiaceae) is an extremely narrow endemic plant, which is considered as one of the species of most conservation concern in Catalonia (NW Mediterranean Basin). Given the accelerated fragmentation and reduction of population size (of over 90%), the environmental agency of Catalonia is currently preparing a recovery plan that includes...
Article
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The classification of the family Compositae (Asteraceae) has been much improved in the last decades by the application of molecular methods culminating in the recompilation published in 2009, Systematics, evolution, and biogeography of Compositae . Additional evidence of relationships has come from the use of high‐throughput sequencing methods. Our...
Article
The subtribe Saussureinae is a highly speciose group with more than 600 species distributed in the Northern Hemisphere and is particularly species‐rich at the high mountains of central and eastern Asia. Saussurea and Jurinea are the two main genera described within the subtribe. However, up to 15 satellite genera are recognized in some recent taxon...
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In this study, micromorphology of an involucral bract and inner and outer dimorphic cypselae of the relict Amphoricarpos elegans, endemic from western Caucasus, is examined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and presented here for the first time. The middle involucral bract is nearly glabrous, with a reticulate-rugulose surface and an oblon...
Article
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Using microsatellites and cpDNA sequences, we have analyzed genetic diversity and structure and evaluated levels of introgression of 19 populations from the Centaurea alba complex from subsection Phalolepis and six taxa from the closely related subsections Centaurea and Willkommia from the Iberian Peninsula. Genetic differentiation among the differ...
Article
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The Mediterranean Basin is a biodiversity hotspot, where islands play a key role because of their high biological diversity, degree of endemicity and human pressure. One of these islands, Sardinia, is a good evolutionary laboratory, especially for the study of complex genera, such as Centaurea. In particular, endemic species of Centaurea sect. Cent...
Article
Anatomical analysis of root, rhizome, leaf, peduncle and inflorescences has been conducted on Balkan Amphoricarpos taxa, A. neumayerianus (Vis.) Greuter subsp. neumayerianus, A. neumayerianus subsp. murbeckii Bošnjak, A. autariatus Blečić & Mayer subsp. autariatus and A. autariatus subsp. bertisceus Blečić & Mayer using light microscopy (LM) and sc...
Article
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The small Neotropical tribe Liabeae (Compositae) is currently classified in four subtribes: Liabinae, Munnoziinae, Paranepheliinae, and Sinclairiinae. As currently accepted, Paranepheliinae includes seven genera, Chionoppapus, Erato, Microliabum, Paranephelius, Philoglossa, Pseudonoseris, and Stephanbeckia, distributed especially throughout the And...
Article
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Evolution does not always result in dichotomous phylogenetic trees. For instance, in anacladogenetic speciation, where a new species originates by budding, the ancestral taxon is often initially paraphyletic. Here we study Cymbalaria muelleri (Plantaginaceae), a chasmophytic species endemic to Sardinia, a major island in the Mediterranean Basin. It...
Article
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Evolution does not always result in dichotomous phylogenetic trees. For instance, in anacladogenetic speciation, where a new species originates by budding, the ancestral taxon is often initially paraphyletic. Here we study Cymbalaria muelleri (Plantaginaceae), a chasmophytic species endemic to Sardinia, a major island in the Mediterranean Basin. It...
Article
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Late Neogene and Quaternary climatic oscillations have greatly shaped the genetic structure of the Mediterranean Basin flora, with mountain plant species tracking warm interglacials/cold glacials by means of altitudinal shifts instead of broad latitudinal ones. Such dynamics may have enhanced population divergence but also secondary contacts. In th...
Article
Comparative micromorphological analyses were conducted on five members of the Xeranthemum group, both perennial (Amphoricarpos exsul and Shangwua masarica) and annual (Chardinia orientalis, Siebera pungens and Xeranthemum inapertum), using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and SEM coupled with an energy-dispersive spectrometer (SEM-EDS) in order t...
Article
In this paper, we investigated a set of narrow endemics of Centaurea subsect. Phalolepis from the mountains of South Italy (mainly Calabria and Salento), segregated from the widespread species Centaurea deusta, using microsatellite (SSR) markers. The goal was to analyse the genetic makeup (levels and structure) of C. deusta and the segregated speci...
Article
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Comparative anatomical and micromorphological analyses of root, stem, peduncle, leaf and inflorescence have been conducted on two Xeranthemum species, X. annuum and X. cylindraceum, by light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The main goal of the study was to examine the most important anatomical features and to find new valid...
Article
In this paper, we analyzed the capitula essential oil composition of seven Centaurea species, six of which belong to Centaurea calocephala complex, and the related species Centaurea melanocephala Pančić (subgenus Acrocentron, tribus Cardueae, subtribus Centaureinae) which inhabit Balkans Peninsula. The volatile organic compounds were extracted by s...
Article
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Abstract The Balearic Islands, Corsica and Sardinia (BCS) constitute biodiversity hotspots in the western Mediterranean Basin. Oligocene connections and long distance dispersal events have been suggested to cause presence of BCS shared endemic species. One of them is Cymbalaria aequitriloba, which, together with three additional species, constitute...
Article
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The paper presents micromorphology of the cypselae of Xeranthemum cylindraceum as revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and their fatty acid composition as determined on a gas chromatograph coupled with a flame ionisation detector (GC-FID). The cypselae are densely hairy, straight, ribbed, narrowly obconical to obovoid. Micromorphological...
Article
As part of a taxonomic study in Gnaphalieae and other Compositae, 45 new lectotypes, 1 epitype and 3 neotypes are designated for names in Phagnalon, Conyza and Pluchea. Typifications are discussed, together with taxonomic notes on these taxa and references to previous lectotypifications. The accepted names for which we propose lectotypifications ar...
Article
Target enrichment is a cost-effective sequencing technique that holds promise for elucidating evolutionary relationships in fast-evolving lineages. However, potential biases and impact of bioinformatic sequence treatments in phylogenetic inference have not been thoroughly explored yet. Here, we investigate this issue with an ultimate goal to shed l...
Article
A new species of Centaurea sect. Acrocentron (Cass.) DC. (Asteraceae) found growing in dry, steppe‐like habitats on the Zlatibor mountain in western Serbia is described as Centaurea zlatiborensis. This novelity is compared with all other species of C. sect. Acrocentron known from Serbia and a diagnistic key to these is provided. Centaurea zlatibore...
Article
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We examined for the first time the leaf micromorphology, phytochemistry and biological activity of the rare and stenoendemic Amphoricarpos elegans Albov (Compositae) from Georgia. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed the presence of glandular trichomes on the leaves, which appeared as glandular dots that are considered the main sites of bios...
Article
In this work, weddellite and sylvite crystals are identified for the first time on the involucral bracts and petals of Xeranthemum annuum and Xeranthemum cylindraceum using scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive spectrometric (SEM-EDS) analysis. Well-developed crystals of weddellite (CaC 2 O 4 ·2H 2 O) occur in the form of a te...
Article
Cymbalaria comprises ten species and six subspecies growing in rocky habitats in the Mediterranean Basin. Several features, such as the genus’ highly fragmented distribution as well as noticeable ecological differentiation between partially sympatric species and presence of ploidy barriers between species suggest the involvement of different specia...
Article
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Mountains of Anatolia are one of the main Mediterranean biodiversity hotspots and their richness in endemic species amounts for 30% of the flora. Two main factors may account for this high diversity: the complex orography and its role as refugia during past glaciations. We have investigated seven narrow endemics of Centaurea subsection Phalolepis f...
Preprint
Cymbalaria is a Mediterranean genus including ten species and six subspecies growing on rocky habitats. A very fragmented distribution, the different ecologic preferences of partially sympatric species and the presence of different ploidy levels, suggest the role of allopatric, sympatric ecological and polyploid speciation in its evolution. The aim...
Article
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The use of DNA sequence data in plant systematics has brought us closer than ever to formulating well-founded hypotheses about phylogenetic relationships, and phylogenetic research keeps on revealing that plant genera as traditionally circumscribed often are not monophyletic. Here, we assess the monophyly of genera documented in Rothmaler's "Exkurs...
Article
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The Achillea millefolium aggregate is one of the most diverse polyploid complexes of the Northern hemisphere and has its western Eurasian boundary in the Iberian Peninsula. Four ploidy levels have been detected in A. millefolium, three of which have already been found in Iberia (diploid, hexaploid and octoploid), and a fourth (tetraploid) reported...
Article
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In this paper, we summarize the results of our long-date research on the genus Centaurea. The first part of the paper deals with the overall classification of the genus, which we propose to divide into three subgenera: subgenus Centaurea, subgenus Cyanus and subgenus Lopholoma. The second part of this publication gives a recopilation of the species...
Article
In this paper we seek to elucidate the phylogeny of Centaurea sect. Jacea and sect. Phrygia (= sect. Lepteranthus nom. inval.) which have long been a source of controversy. A molecular phylogenetic approach is used based on nrDNA and plastid markers. The study confirmed incongruence between datasets, which can be explained both by hybridization and...
Article
Molecular approaches have greatly increased the number of confirmed homoploid hybrids, which suggests that the frequency of this phenomenon was underestimated in the past because it was much more difficult to detect than allopolyploidy. Centaurea is a suitable model group for studying homoploid speciation, as hybridization events have been commonly...
Chapter
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La tribu Cardueae comprende 73 géneros y unas 2400 especies nativas de la región Mediterránea europea, africana, y del Asia Menor, alcanzando las montañas del Asia central; está escasamente representada en el resto de África y en América y es rara en Australia. Muchas de sus especies son invasoras en casi todo el mundo. En la Argentina se distribuy...
Article
The Helichrysum-Anaphalis-Pseudognaphalium (HAP) clade is a major component of the tribe Gnaphalieae (Compositae) and includes the genera Helichrysum, Anaphalis, Achyrocline and Pseudognaphalium. Allopolyploid origins for at least two clades within the HAP clade have previously been suggested, one involving the genus Anaphalis and the Mediterranean...
Article
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The discovery on the Island Procida (Gulf of Naples, off the Italian west coast) of a Centaurea population similar to C. corensis, a narrow-range Sardinian endemic hitherto known only from one single locality in Sardinia, is presented here. The identification of the two populations as C. corensis is confirmed by morphological comparison and morphom...
Article
A taxonomic evaluation of the genus Aliella, endemic to the Moroccan Atlas Mountains, is presented. We evaluate the taxonomic status of Aliella using a morphologic and molecular approach. Firstly, we discuss the variability and usefulness of its morphological diagnostic characters. Secondly, we analyse nuclear ETS and ITS, and chloroplast ycf3-trnS...
Article
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Genetic interchange between American and Eurasian species is fundamental to our understanding of the biogeographical patterns, and we make a first attempt to reconstruct the evolutionary events in East Asia that lead to the origin and dispersal of two genera, Patis and Ptilagrostis. We conducted a molecular phylogenetic study of 78 species in the t...
Chapter
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The precise generic delimitation of Aliella and Phagnalon, and their closest relatives within the Gnaphalieae are discussed in this review. Among the main results obtained, we have found that the genera Aliella and Phagnalon are nested within the “Relhania clade” and Anisothrix, Athrixia and Pentatrichia are their closest relatives. Macowania is al...
Book
The precise generic delimitation of Aliella and Phagnalon, and their closest relatives within the Gnaphalieae are discussed in this review. Among the main results obtained, we have found that the genera Aliella and Phagnalon are nested within the "Relhania clade" and Anisothrix, Athrixia and Pentatrichia are their closest relatives. Macowania is al...
Article
Tragopogon comprises approximately 150 described species distributed throughout Eurasia from Ireland and the UK to India and China with a few species in North Africa. Most of the species diversity is found in Eastern Europe to Western Asia. Previous phylogenetic analyses identified several major clades, generally corresponding to recognized taxonom...
Article
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We conducted a molecular phylogenetic study of the tribe Stipeae using nine plastid DNA sequences (trnK-matK, matK, trnH-psbA, trnL-F, rps3, ndhF, rpl32-trnL, rps16-trnK, rps16 intron), the nuclear ITS DNA regions, and micromorphological characters from the lemma surface. Our large original dataset includes 156 accessions representing 139 species o...
Article
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Microsatellite cross-species amplification in the genus Centaurea (Compositae).-Microsatellites are widely used for population genetic studies although the development of these species-specific markers is costly and time-consuming. One strategy for saving time and money is the use of markers developed for one species (source species) in a different...
Article
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Rhaponticum repens is reported for the first time for the flora of the Iberian Peninsula. The species is native from Central Asia and has be-come invasive in Argentina, Canada, Europe and the USA. It was detected for the first time in abandoned fields from Vilablareix, near the city of Girona (Catalonia, Spain) and in the valley of the Vinalopó in...
Article
The yellow-flowered everlasting daisy Helichrysum italicum (Asteraceae, Gnaphalieae) is widely distributed in the Mediterranean basin, where it grows in continuous and widespread populations in diverse open habitats. Helichrysum italicum subsp. microphyllum has a disjunct distribution in the Balearic Islands (Majorca and Dragonera), Corsica, Sardin...
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Background and Aims The geographic distribution of the genus Plectocephalus comprises a single species in Ethiopia, two in North America and possibly four more in South America, in a striking disjunction that is exceptional for genera of the tribe Cardueae. The enormity of this disjunction cast doubts on the precise taxonomic delineation of the gen...
Article
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We explored the spatiotemporal diversification of the Centaurea cineraria group based on AFLP fingerprints and plastid DNA sequences applied to a broad sampling of Central Mediterranean taxa of the Acrolophus subgroup. Despite its morphological distinctness, monophyly of the C. cineraria group was not supported by our data. A distinct lineage mostl...
Article
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We investigated the phylogeny of the Arctioid lineage of the Arctium-Cousinia complex in an attempt to clarify the conflictive generic boundaries of Arctium and Cousinia. The study was based on analyses of one nuclear (ITS) and two chloroplastic (trnL-trnT-rps4, rpl32-trnL) DNA regions of 37 species and was complemented with morphological evidence...
Article
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The section Cyanus of the genus Centaurea is a very well-defined group on morphological basis and stands as a fine example of many radiations of the eastern groups of the genus in the Mediterranean region. In order to confirm the existence of the two natural groups usually defined within the section, subsect. Cyanus (annual species) and subsect. Pe...