Nuria Romo Avilés

Nuria Romo Avilés
University of Granada | UGR · Departamento de Antropología Social

PhD

About

68
Publications
13,355
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570
Citations
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January 2000 - present
University of Granada
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (68)
Article
Full-text available
Qualitative research can bring new dimensions of understanding decision-making process in clinical trials. Participating in a randomized clinical trial requires patients to accept complex information and make decisions in a context of uncertainty. It becomes especially complicated in the case of serious diseases in which the treatment itself implie...
Article
Full-text available
In European countries, there is a high incidence of alcohol consumption among the young. Taking a gender perspective, the aim of this study is to find out what factors act as motivations in Spanish young people’s alcohol consumption. We carried out a qualitative investigation using in-depth interviews of 24 young people. The results show that peer...
Article
This study investigates the factors associated with alcohol-facilitated sexual violence among young women in the Spanish night-time economy, through the analysis of twenty-six qualitative interviews with eleven young women and fifteen young men who frequent these spaces. Our results show how this type of violence originates, both from the perspecti...
Article
Full-text available
The lifestyles and consumption of today are marked by increasingly global cultural patterns, and rural young people share the aspirations and needs of the postmodern western world. Rural spaces are not oblivious to the neoliberal leisure model of alcohol consumption that is the trend in cities, nor to the massive, connective use of modern networks....
Article
Sexting, and the cyber violence that may result from it, such as revenge porn, have received great attention from many different scientific disciplines. The present study incorporates an important dimension in the research conducted on these expanding digital behaviours, namely place and its influence on the effects that may unfold. Our objective h...
Article
Adolescent leisure contexts in which alcohol are abused have undergone changes in recent decades, with the incorporation of girls/women to more intensive forms of consumption and with new forms of gender-based violence becoming more visible. This article studies the gender differences in the use and enjoyment of time in leisure contexts, the differ...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: En España el 16% de la población consume psicofármacos, ansiolíticos, hipnóti-cos y antidepresivos son los más frecuentes. La prevalencia de consumo es el doble en mujeres que en hombres para todos los rangos de edad. Diversos autores y autoras indican que esta diferencia puede deberse a roles y estereotipos de género. Objetivo: Deter...
Article
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Background Menstrual apps facilitate observation and analysis of menstrual cycles and associated factors through the collection and interpretation of data entered by users. As a subgroup of health-related apps, menstrual apps form part of one of the most dynamic and rapidly growing developments in biomedicine and health care. However, despite their...
Article
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The practice of binge drinking has in recent decades consolidated what is known as the ‘culture of intoxication’ among the young people of Spain. This has coincided with the increase in the use of mobile-phone technology and of social networks within the night-time economy. Our main aim is to explore these new, potentially risky uses and violent be...
Article
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Introduction Spinal cord injury (SCI) including permanent paraplegia constitutes a common complication after repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. The staged-repair concept promises to provide protection by inducing arteriogenesis so that the collateral network can provide a robust blood supply to the spinal cord after intervention. Minimall...
Article
Resumen:Las familias encabezadas por parejas del mismo sexo tienen que hacer frente al modelo hegemónico de familia representado por la pareja heterosexual que prevalece en el sistema educativo. Esta hegemonía se refleja a distintos niveles, desde los materiales empleados en el aula hasta la propia formación del profesorado. El objetivo de este tra...
Conference Paper
Los estudios actuales en torno a la violencia juvenil han observado que ésta puede presentarse de forma más o menos grave en los contextos de ocio frecuentados por jóvenes, principalmente los asociados al consumo de alcohol y drogas. Estos contextos, y precisamente en esta etapa evolutiva, cumplen un rol esencial en la construcción de las relacione...
Chapter
Gender construction is performative and creates fundamental differences in drug use and abuse. Women tend to consume drugs that are licit and socially accepted to a greater degree than men. This has made them invisible in the world of drug dependence. In recent decades, they have been moving more and more towards consuming typically masculine drugs...
Article
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En la actualidad, el patrón recreativo de consumo intensivo de alcohol conlleva, en ocasiones, que los jóvenes terminen en los servicios de urgencias. El objetivo de esta investigación ha sido estudiar la experiencia y perspectiva de jóvenes tras una intoxicación etílica aguda. Se trata de un estudio etnográfico llevado a cabo en el servicio de urg...
Article
The current pattern of intensive recreational use of alcohol leads sometimes excesses favoring the support of young people in the emergency department. The objective of this research was to study the experience and perspective of young people after an acute alcohol intoxication. This is an ethnographic study carried out in an emergency department o...
Article
Housework and childcare have been considered mechanisms for ‘doing gender’ through the allocation of different functions to women and to men. Women continue to devote more time and effort to this type of work, in spite of their progressive incorporation into the labour market. Same-sex couples escape this gender binarism, and so this study set out...
Article
Public debate on the consumption of alcohol by adolescents has grown over recent years. It has intensified in Spain after epidemiological reports of a significant increase in alcohol consumption among adolescent girls. We designed this study to gain insights into this new trend from a gender perspective. The objective was to understand the meanings...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To identify factors associated with prehospital delay in people who have had an acute coronary syndrome. Methods: Using a survey we studied patients admitted due to acute coronary syndrome in the 33 Andalusian public hospitals, obtaining information about different types of variables: socio-demographic, contextual,clinical, perception...
Research
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En esta investigación hemos miramos desde el feminismo los usos y abusos de drogas por las mujeres adolescentes, centrándonos en el carácter legal del consumo de fármacos, tabaco o alcohol. Los datos epidemiológicos sobre consumo de drogas muestran que las adolescentes y mujeres adultas usan menos drogas que los varones, y más drogas legales cuando...
Article
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La maternidad no heteronormativa ha sido cuestionada por el discurso patriarcal al considerar que se trata de un proceso no natural que altera la concepcion clasica de las relaciones de parentesco. En este articulo se analiza el acceso de las parejas no heterosexuales a las tecnicas de reproduccion asistida. Para conocer la relacion entre maternida...
Article
Full-text available
Epidemiological data available in Spain highlights the changes that are occurring in patterns of alcohol consumption in adolescent populations. These are especially significant with regard to reducing the gap in intensive consumption of alcohol by girls. This article aims to describe certain aspects relating to the gender system that show what is h...
Article
Epidemiological data available in Spain highlights the changes that are occurring in patterns of alcohol consumption in adolescent populations. These are especially significant with regard to reducing the gap in intensive consumption of alcohol by girls. This article aims to describe certain aspects relating to the gender system that show what is h...
Article
Full-text available
Consumption of freebase cocaine in Argentina has been investigated among males but not females. This qualitative study focuses on the complexity of relationships between gender identity and the use of drugs, investigating freebase cocaine as an example in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires, Argentina. In-depth interviews were conducted with fema...
Article
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RESUMEN Título Influencia de las creencias androcéntricas en la vivencia de la maternidad en mujeres de una comarca rural (España) Introducción La maternidad esta impregnada de creencias androcéntricas que ponen en riesgo a las mujeres. Estos riesgos se basan en las sobrecargas físicas, psicológicas y emocionales que se producen en las madres. Obje...
Article
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Background: The literature shows how gender mandates contribute to differences in exposure and vulnerability to certain health risk factors. This paper presents the results of a study developed in the south of Spain, where research aimed at understanding men from a gender perspective is still limited. Objective: The aim of this paper is to explore...
Article
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The daily smoking and binge drinking in adolescence may produce persistent habit for adulthood. The objective of this research is to explore the differences between Latinoamerican girls and boys adolescents in the tobacco and alcohol consumes. The researches with cultural variable are scant in Spain. This study is transversal via a school survey co...
Chapter
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Desde hace unos años se ha puesto de relieve que para entender los consumos de drogas se debe dar cuenta del placer; desplazando el foco reduccionista de los problemas y los daños y ampliándolo hacia los efectos placenteros de las drogas. El presente manual se orienta en este sentido. Pretende aportar luces al siempre complejo y emotivo consumo de...
Article
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This work examines the co-occurrence of risk behaviors among Spanish adolescents. The analyzed behaviors were sexual activity, the use of alcohol and other drugs, violent conduct and behaviors related to driving mopeds or scooters. The sample consisted of 4,091 adolescents between the ages of 13 to 18, all of them enrolled in one of the four compul...
Article
Full-text available
This work examines the co-occurrence of risk behaviors among Spanish adolescents. The analyzed behaviors were sexual activity, the use of alcohol and other drugs, violent conduct and behaviors related to driving mopeds or scooters. The sample consisted of 4,091 adolescents between the ages of 13 to 18, all of them enrolled in one of the four compul...
Article
Incorporar la perspectiva de género al mundo de las drogodependencias conlleva generar nuevos conceptos y formas de entender los usos de los consumidores y consumidoras. El cannabis es la droga ilegal más consumida por los estudiantes españoles de 14 a 18 años. El consumo está más extendido entre los chicos en todos los indicadores, si bien esta di...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Describe the risk behaviour relationships with road safety in adolescents.
Article
Describe the risk behaviour relationships with road safety in adolescents. Cross-sectional descriptive study. Madrid and Andalusia Regions, representative samples. The sample included 3,612 in secondary school pupils from Madrid (n=1708) and Andalusia (n=1904). The survey was carried out during May and June 2007. The data collected included sociode...
Article
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Against a background of significant social change experienced by Spanish women from the 1960s onwards, new gender identities and conflicts have emerged. These factors have barely been taken into account in the research work done in Spain. This article looks into the conversations of young people concerning their relationship with risky sexual behav...
Article
In recent decades, studies have been made of the possible benefits of treatments using heroin, although qualitative methodologies have not usually been employed. In 2004, in Granada (Spain), a clinical experiment was launched: the Experimental Narcotics Prescription Programme in Andalusia (PEPSA). This project attempted to evaluate the effectivenes...
Article
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Objective To describe the scope of risk behaviours by sex and ethnic group in adolescents from three Spanish Autonomous Regions: Andalusia, Madrid and the Basque Country.
Article
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The objective of this article is to analyse the opinions of adolescents and young people, from gypsy and non-gypsy populations, on the relationship between recreational drug use and sexual practices that increase the risk of HIV infection. A descriptive qualitative research was undertaken. 14 focus groups were conducted with 98 adolescents and youn...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this article is to analyse the opinions of adolescents and young people, from gypsy and non-gypsy populations, on the relationship between recreational drug use and sexual practices that increase the risk of HIV infection. A descriptive qualitative research was undertaken. 14 focus groups were conducted with 98 adolescents and youn...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo. Conocer el discurso de las mujeres consumidoras de psicofármacos y comprender las dinámicas de género que favorecen el consumo. Material y método. Metodología cualitativa mediante grupos de discusión realizados con mujeres consumidoras de psicofármacos en tres Comunidades Autónomas. Estrategia de análisis en dos procesos diferenciados: an...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this article is to analyse the relationship between the use of non-injected drugs and the sexual risks of HIV infection or another STD in adolescents and young people. A bibliographical review was made of articles published in scientific journals between 1998 and 2003. These studies were described considering type of drug, type of...
Article
Objectives: To find the views of those filling out prescriptions on the factors that affect differential prescription of psychiatric medication, and on reducing the prescription; and to analyse their discourse for possible implicit gender bias. Design: Qualitative methodology. Semi-structured interviews conducted in 2002-2003. Setting: Urban a...
Article
Objectives To find the views of those filling out prescriptions on the factors that affect differential prescription of psychiatric medication, and on reducing the prescription; and to analyse their discourse for possible implicit gender bias. Design Qualitative methodology. Semistructured interviews conducted in 2002- 2003. Setting Urban and rur...
Article
Full-text available
The results of assessment and follow-up are presented concerning the Rur@lia programme by applying an action-based research methodology. This programme is being carried out in the province of Granada, Spain, and the purpose of which is to present new technologies in its villages. The main objective is to build up and implement a new technology trai...
Article
Full-text available
En este artículo se revisan algunos resultados obtenidos en investigaciones nacionales e internacionales realizadas sobre el uso de psicofármacos, especialmente de aquellos estudios sobre la prescripción y uso por las mujeres. Los resultados muestran que una parte importante de la producción científica se centra en el estudio de la detección de los...
Article
This paper presents some of the results arising from an analysis of the researching performed -at both domestic and international levels- on the usage of psychotropic drugs, specially on their prescription and use by women. These results come to show that a significant part of the scientific production in this area focuses on studies about the dete...
Article
Se examinan dos realidades distintas de consumo de drogas desde la perspectiva del género.Los datos epidemiológicos y algunos patrones de consumo en mujeres peruanas y españolas son analizados estableciendo semejanzas y diferencias. Se pretende mostrar la diversidad quese esconde tras el concepto "mujer drogodependiente", que afecta a nacionalidade...
Article
Full-text available
The paper explores the connection between the use of new designer drugs in the Spanish youth scene, most precisely the spread of the use of pills containing MDMA with the growth of a new subculture of dancing and partuing for days. These new festive experiences, the "raves" were submerged under the local label of the "Fiesta", generating a broad an...
Article
Full-text available
In the 1990s, the use of 'ecstasy;, a drug in form of pills that presumably contain MDMA (3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine), has increased in Spain. In parallel, there has been an intense debate about the effects of this 'new designer drug', the proximate and long-term health risks associated with its use, and its proper legal status. One of the m...
Article
The results of assessment and follow-up are presented concerning the The results of assessment and follow-up are presented concerning the T Rur@lia programme by applying an action-based research methodology. This programme is being carried out in the province of Granada, Spain, and the purpose of which is to present new technologies in its villages...
Article
Full-text available
1 1. . I In nt tr ro od du uc cc ci ió ón n 1 Analizar el impacto de la Unión Europea en los Servicios Sanitarios de los países miembros, entre ellos España, no es una tarea fácil. Sin embargo, la Unión Euro-pea siempre ha considerado la salud de los ciudadanos como una de sus priori-dades. Diferentes artículos hacen referencia a la salud en el tra...
Article
Full-text available
Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, Referencia: SEJ2005-03839 El objetivo del artículo es describir comportamientos de riesgo de adolescentes urbanos andaluces. Los datos se han obtenido mediante un cuestionario autoadministrado a una muestra representativa de estudiantes de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria (n=1.907). En él se incluían preguntas que...

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Projects (5)
Project
Few works study the constellation of characteristics of athletes and people that want to get healthy aims through physical exercise, which identify them with suffering and processes of overcoming it from the Anthropology of Health. The significance of sports contexts, as entities that allow the psychosociological construction of the athlete in the search for perfection in order to win, excel and achieve sporting efforts, influencing the self-regulation of impulses or the appearance of temperamental traits, forming part of a constellation of subclinical factors that underlie variables of self-concept and self-esteem, as well as psychological adjustment (e.g., fears, suffering, tolerance to effort or pain,...) and social relations (e.g., competitiveness, prosocial behaviors,...).