Núria Almiron

Núria Almiron
University Pompeu Fabra | UPF · Department of Communication

PhD
Associate professor, Department of Communication / Co-Director, UPF-Centre for Animal Ethics / Universitat Pompeu Fabra

About

96
Publications
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Introduction
I work on the ethics and political economy of communication related to animal ethics, climate change denial, critical animal studies, anthropocentrism and speciesism. I focus mostly on strategic communication (interest groups, lobbies and think tanks) but also work on journalism.

Publications

Publications (96)
Article
Full-text available
El cambio climático ha sido objeto de estudio frecuente desde distintos ámbitos de las ciencias sociales en las últimas décadas, también desde la comunicación. Gracias a ello, se ha generado una cada vez más abundante evidencia de la realidad compleja que se esconde tras la inacción política al respecto. Sin embargo, a la hora de comunicar esta rea...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter reflects on the solidarity toward displaced humans and nonhumans from the perspective of communication ethics. The author examines Lillie Chouliaraky’s theory of an ethics of irony, which refers to the insincere stance that media and communication promote toward distant suffering. This examination is used to reflect on how the ethical...
Article
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DE 2017 A 2021, HE TENIDO LA OPORTUNIDAD de coordinar el proyecto de investigación Thinkclima, formado por un equipo de investigadores internacio-nales con el que hemos estudiado el discurso de un grupo de think tanks europeos contrarios a la acción climática. El principal carácter innovador del proyecto ha sido su mirada crítica con el antropcentr...
Article
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Despite the evidence concerning the substantial greenhouse gases emissions resulting from animal-based food production, climate policies and institutions around the world have barely made an issue of this link until very recently. To better understand this lack of attention, we focus on the discursive role of think tanks as prominent but under rese...
Preprint
Full-text available
Postprint available here: http://hdl.handle.net/10230/47682
Article
In this paper we argue that adopting critical animal studies perspectives in critical public relations can not only be very fruitful, but that it is also a necessity if the aims of the latter are to be achieved. To this end, this text introduces the challenges and opportunities that the field of critical animal studies brings to critical public rel...
Article
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La agricultura animal es una actividad con un gran impacto medioambiental, incluida la emisión de gases de efecto invernadero a la atmósfera, y que implica un grave dilema ético por la explotación de decenas de miles de millones de animales no humanos. Los medios de comunicación son una pieza clave para impulsar la acción climática. Es responsabili...
Book
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Nuestra experiencia en el estudio de los think tanks va, no obstante, más allá de la investigación que da lugar a este libro. La propuesta que aquí se ofrece refleja también la experiencia recopilada por su autora y autor durante más de una década en investigaciones académicas sobre los grupos de interés —sobre los think tanks en general, y sobre s...
Article
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In spite of the well-documented links between global warming and the animal-based diet, human dietary choices have been only timidly problematized by legacy media in the recent decades. Research on news reporting of the connection between the animal-based diet and climate change shows a clear coverage deficit in traditional journalism. In order to...
Article
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Numerous studies to date have interrogated United States (US) think tanks—and their networks—involved in climate change countermovement (CCM). Comparatively in Europe (EU), research has been lacking. This investigation therefore attends to that gap. We conducted a frame analysis on eight most prominent contrarian think tanks in six countries and fo...
Chapter
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There is a large consensus among critical investigators and scholars that climate change denial is mostly an ideological battle. This chapter argues that, in spite of the opposing stances adopted by climate change advocates and denialists, they all share what the author calls a major ideological denial, the refusal to accept that some ideas are sys...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses the technological myth in the climate change denial discourse by arguing that the much-announced nuclear renaissance at the beginning of the 21st century was a carefully orchestrated public relations campaign. The authors aim to provide an explanation of how the revival campaign was by no means a natural and logical consequen...
Book
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This book introduces for the first time to an English-speaking audience a comprehensive and concise approach to the political, economic and social-cultural profile of one of the leading cross-media conglomerates in Europe: Grupo Prisa. Today, this company is the world’s leading Spanish and Portuguese-language media group in the creation and distrib...
Book
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This is the first book on climate change denial and lobbying that combines the ideology of denial and the role of anthropocentrism in the study of interest groups and communication strategy. Climate Change Denial and Public Relations: Strategic Communication and Interest Groups in Climate Inaction is a critical approach to climate change denial fro...
Article
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The Catalan independence movement has already attracted a great deal of scholarly attention, mostly in the political science and law fields and, to a lesser extent, in cultural studies. However, there has not yet been a political economy of communication approach to one of Europe’s most serious territorial crises. Amongst the most salient character...
Article
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The mainstream discussion regarding climate change in politics, public opinion and the media has focused almost exclusively on preventing the harms humans suffer due to global warming. Yet climate change is already having an impact on free-living nonhumans, which raises unexplored ethical concerns from a nondiscriminatory point of view. This paper...
Article
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As critical research has revealed, climate change scepticism and inaction are not about science but ideas, and specifically the ideas that conform our worldview. Drawing on key theoretical approaches to climate change denial from the social sciences and humanities, this paper discusses the ideological dimension and, more especially, the anthropocen...
Article
Animal advocates are uncertain about whether it is effective to use environmental or climate change messages emphasizing the impact on global warming of factory farming along with, or even in place of, more radical and ideological messages emphasizing justice, abolition, and cruelty toward other animals. Particularly, the real, long-term effectiven...
Article
The controversy between the ultimate aims of environmental defense, on one hand, and animal defense, on the other, is a much unexplored topic. This special issue aims to fill this gap by gathering original thinking and outstanding research connected to the topics. We hope the unique discussion provided in this special issue is of help to philosophe...
Article
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Ideology and political ideologies in general have been addressed both from theoretical and applied perspectives by media and communication scholars in an attempt to reveal whether pluralism is present or absent in the media. However, the complexity of such a task has proven to be high as well as very problematic. The efforts to systematise the stud...
Article
Critical and communication studies have traditionally neglected the oppression conducted by humans towards other animals. However, our (mis)treatment of other animals is the result of public consent supported by a morally speciesist-anthropocentric system of values. Speciesism or anthroparchy, as much as any other mainstream ideologies, feeds the m...
Technical Report
Full-text available
2017 Annual Report - UPF-Centre for Animal Ethics
Article
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This article provides an overview of the role think tanks play in shaping public opinion and policies favoring economic and social inequalities. Despite increasing interest in think tanks as media and public opinion setters, the research so far has been mostly policy oriented and the communications perspective underresearched. This article addresse...
Article
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This article argues that the political economy of communication is ready and ethically obliged to expand its moral vision beyond human life, as other disciplines of the social sciences and humanities have already done. Such an expanded moral vision does not mean pushing human suffering to the background, but rather realizing that humans only form p...
Article
This article draws on the results of a research project on media accountability instruments in Catalonia. We map out media accountability in Catalonia focusing on institutional self-regulation instruments and outline their history compared to that of equivalent instruments in the rest of Spain and Europe. We discuss how the situation in Catalonia d...
Article
Recent developments in the ideology of speciesism (meaning bias against members of other animal species) within the media deserve analysis. Such discussion is important because speciesism is a major ethical concern. Nonhuman animals suffer massive harm within the industrial farming complex, confined throughout their lives and a high proportion kill...
Article
This article analyzes the inputs and constituencies (funding, founders, trustees, and experts) of the most influential group of think tanks in Spain during the great recession (2008-2015) in order to assess how far these think tanks were connected to other interest groups providing support for neoliberal policies. The aim of the article is to advan...
Article
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The entire span of animal research from captivity to death causes immense suffering for hundreds of millions of nonhuman animals every year. Their suffering also disturbs the public, which is increasingly aware—due to animal advocacy, scientists’ testaments, and growing direct evidence—that animals’ use in biomedical research is more a matter of tr...
Research
Recent developments in the ideology of speciesism (meaning bias against members of other animal species) within the media deserve analysis. Such discussion is important because speciesism is a major ethical concern. Nonhuman animals suffer massive harm within the industrial farming complex, confined throughout their lives and a high proportion kill...
Article
Full-text available
There is strong evidence that a meat and dairy-based diet is a very important contributor to climate change. However, the correlation between the production and consumption of livestock and anthropogenic climate change has received minimal media coverage. The literature for English-speaking countries shows a sort of media blind spot for meat in tha...
Article
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This study examines the ideological slant of Spanish digital-native opinion journalism. Political ideological pluralism is a well-researched topic in media and journalism studies, yet there is less research regarding this topic when it comes to exclusively online media. This paper addresses that gap concerning the ways online-only opinion journalis...
Article
This study examines the ideological slant of Spanish digital-native opinion journalism. Political-ideological pluralism is a well-researched topic in media and journalism studies, yet there is less research regarding this topic when it comes to exclusively online media. This paper addresses that gap concerning the ways online-only opinion journalis...
Article
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El Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES) plantea un reto muy importante a la docencia universitaria. Este reto es toda-vía más claro para las asignaturas de corte te-órico, que no tienen una relación directa con las rutinas de la labor profesional cotidiana de la mayoría de los nuevos graduados. Se trata de asignaturas que no forman técnicam...
Article
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El presente trabajo describe la historia, evolución y aportación académica así como los principales rasgos distintivos del Departamento de medios y comunicación de la London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). La LSE es una institución de reconocido prestigio internacional como universidad pionera en el campo de las ciencias sociales s...
Article
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Resumen La representación mediática del calentamiento global y de sus causas antropogénicas es de enorme re­ levancia para la aprehensión del tema por parte de la ciudadanía y, por lo tanto, para la correcta percep­ ción de la responsabilidad individual de cada uno de nosotros. Durante años esta representación exhibió un escepticismo irracional que...
Article
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Over the last two decades media industry boards have contained some of the most well-paid positions in the world. In terms of board compensation, top media companies with the highest paid boards compare with industrial and financial conglomerates that are several times their market size. These high earnings are aligned mainly with stock performance...
Article
Full-text available
Global warming framing in the news and its anthropogenic causes is of great importance for the apprehension of the subject by the public and, therefore, for the correct understanding of the individual responsibility of each one of us. For years this representation exhibited an irrational scepticism already abandoned by most of the media. However, t...
Article
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Grupo Prisa has been the leading media group in Spain for more than 30 years. During this time it has expanded its activities from a single newspaper publisher to a cross-media conglomerate with leading positions in the press, radio, pay television, and publishing segments in Spain as well as internationally. In the last decade, the group has also...
Article
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Docència centrada en l'aprenentatge en el context de l'espai europeu d'educació superior (EEES): el cas de l'assignatura d'Estructura de la comunicació social Student-centred learning in the European Space of Higher Education (ESHE): a case study of the course Structure of Social Communication
Article
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The protection of pluralism in a cross-media scenario is a major concern for regulatory authorities in all democratic countries. This paper presents the outcome of in-depth interviews with members of six independent audiovisual regulatory authorities. They were questioned about the assessment of measures being taken to protect external pluralism in...
Article
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This article describes and analyses the regulatory frameworks and the current pluralism protection policies in the United States and several countries of the European Union (Germany, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Italy and Spain). The data obtained allowed a qualitative assessment to be carried out, through a comparative analysis, in...
Article
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In the midst of what is probably the worst economic and financial crisis the capitalist world has ever experienced, professional journalistic structures and news organizations are disintegrating. While mainstream current economic and media gurus –and the whole media executive class around the globe– are claiming for a business model change that all...
Article
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La independencia y autonomía real de los medios de comunicación, especialmente en su quehacer periodístico, está estrechamente vinculada a diversos factores, entre los que destacan la naturaleza de la propiedad empresarial y la libertad o presión bajo la que toman las decisiones los órganos de gobierno corporativos. Estos factores, tradicionalmente...
Article
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This article describes and analyses the regulatory frameworks and the current pluralism protection policies in the United States and several countries of the European Union (Germany, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Italy and RESUMEN: Este texto describe y analiza el marco reglamentario y la política actual de protección del pluralismo...
Article
Full-text available
In the midst of what is probably the worst economic and financial crisis the capitalist world has ever experienced, professional journalistic structures and news organizations are disintegrating. While mainstream current economic and media gurus - and the whole media executive class around the globe - are clamouring for a business model change that...
Article
Media groups' independence and autonomy levels, in particular their journalistic task, are tightly connected with several factors, of which the type of corporate ownership and the freedom or pressure under which corporate governance makes decisions are most relevant. Scholarly research has traditionally considered those factors in relation to the d...
Article
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This paper provides an up-to-date overview of the main corporate private actors in the Spanish media system. The text updates the main figures for the corporate owners of media in Spain in the early 2009 through the analysis of public corporate information available: financial results, ownership, origin, main media assets, degree of multimedia acti...
Article
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This article presents the results of a comparative research study on the regulation of public broadcasters' political news coverage in ten European countries. The aim of the study was to establish whether any regulation of political pluralism is applied to daily news programmes in both electoral and non-electoral periods. The results for each count...
Article
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Resum El mecanisme dels blocs electorals que s'aplica durant les campanyes electorals als mitjans públics tant catalans com de la resta de l'Estat constitueix un sistema controvertit de protecció del pluralisme. Aquest article descriu la història de l'aplicació dels blocs electorals a l'Estat espanyol i contrasta aquest mecanisme amb els mecanismes...
Article
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Spanish and Catalan Public broadcasters allocate the time for election news coverage in daily news programmes in a way that is directly proportional to the results obtained by each party in the previous elections. This system has become a controversial way of protecting pluralism. This paper descri- bes the history of this mechanism in Spain and co...
Article
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Resumen: El presente artículo ofrece una visión histórica y a la vez actualizada de la regulación de los medios de comunicación en Francia con respecto a la protección del pluralismo. Para ello se ha realizado un estudio del marco legal aplicable a los medios de comunicación en este país, que se ha complementado con la visión de expertos académicos...
Article
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This article offers a historical and up-to-date study of the media regulation in France with regards to the protection of pluralism. To this end, the article presents a study on the French legal framework for the media, which is complemented with the opinions of scholars, journalists, trade union representatives, members of public organizations reg...
Article
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The gap that separates the European political economists of communication –more Marxist-rooted– from their American counterparts –who tend to profess more liberal political ideas–, as well as the epistemological and methodological confusion, which has burdened this approach from the beginning, about what is and what is not the political economy of...
Article
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Grupos privados propietarios de medios de comunicación en España: principales datos estructurales y financieros Private owners of media corporations in Spain: main structural and financial data REsumen: Este artículo ofrece una pa-norámica actualizada de los principa-les actores empresariales privados del sistema de medios español. El texto revisa...
Article
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La distancia que separa a los economistas políticos de la comunicación europeos -de corte eminentemente marxista- de los norteamericanos -con un activismo político más liberal-, así como la confusión epistemológica y metodológica sobre lo que es y no es la economía política de la comunicación la cultura (EPCC) que la disciplina arrastra desde sus i...
Article
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As has been described by Siegfried Jäger (2003), social discourses are a flow of knowledge, of all knowledge accumulated in the history of a society which changes constantly and influences the way the conditions of its members are formed and the structure of their organizations and institutions. Far from being homogeneous, social discourses are for...
Article
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Tal y como ha descrito Siegfried Jäger (2003), los discursos sociales son un fluir de conocimiento, de todo el conocimiento acumulado en la historia de una sociedad, que está en continuo cambio y que tiene incidencia en la formación de las condiciones de los sujetos y en la estructuración de sus organizaciones e instituciones. Lejos de ser homogéne...
Article
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This article goes over the findings of an analysis of the struc- ture, function and narrative of the dominant pro-digital dis- course to date, that which takes technological change as an unequivocal and irreversible driving force of social change and offers a future full of promises of global progress. By means of this analysis, the conclusion draw...
Article
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La presente comunicación tiene por objeto describir la creciente financiarización de los grupos de comunicación en España a través del caso del grupo PRISA, financiarización que se constituye en rasgo definitorio de la evolución reciente de los sistemas de medios en los sistemas capitalistas avanzados.
Article
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Although communications research in Spain produces a voluminous output and shows a great dynamism through a vast number of conferences and symposia, publications, books and articles, and doctoral dissertations, does this vast quantity show the same richness in terms of quality and diversity? In order to answer this question, and starting from the h...
Article
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The democratizing dimension of the new information and communication technologies (ICTs) is a widely accepted proposition. Although this is repeatedly emphasized and expounded by economic, political and social theories that deal with the analysis of the Information Society, its actual significance has been systematically neglected. ICTs are exclusi...
Article
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La recerca parteix d'un enfocament d'economia política de la comunicació per abordar les relaciones i influències mútues que es donen entre el sector financer i els grups de comunicació, amb l'esperit d'esdevenir una modesta aportació que prossegueixi el camí obert ja fa tant de temps per Enrique Bustamante (Los amos de la información, 1983) i Cees...
Article
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103 Observatory: The debt of Sogecable and Prisa: analysis and genesis of a high risk global business strategy This article analyses the financial debt of the groups Sogecable and Prisa within the context of their corporate history. The aim is to evaluate the results of a commercial and business strategy applied within a framework, namely that of f...
Article
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Este trabajo presenta un análisis de los actores que impulsan actualmente las principales actividades de investigación relacionadas con la llamada sociedad de la información y la comunicación digital (denominada aquí investigación informacional). Tal análisis pone de manifiesto un estrecho vínculo de ésta investigación con unos determinados sectore...
Article
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Resumen Este artículo se enmarca en una investigación más amplia de análisis de las relaciones entre el sistema financiero y el sistema mediático para el periodo 1976 y 2004 en España. Aquí se presentan en concreto la evolución teórica del estudio de estas relaciones, así como los resultados obtenidos para el caso de los vínculos entre los dos líde...
Article
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Digital Convergence is having a big impact on the journalism profession. It alters the patterns of information production, information distribution and information consumption. For some, it’s also generating what could be called a new version of journalism, the civic journalism. All this has a direct impact on the credibility crisis suffered by tra...
Article
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La convergencia digital está teniendo repercusiones de enorme magnitud sobre la profesión periodística. Entre ellas la modificación de los patrones de producción, distribución y consumo de la información y, para algunos, también, lo que podríamos denominar la creación de una nueva versión de periodismo, el periodismo cívico. Todo ello repercute, a...
Article
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El escenario digital ha ampliado considerablemente el espacio comunicativo con nuevas cabeceras periodísticas, la versión digital de los medios de comunicación tradicionales y nuevas fórmulas alternativas. Sin embargo, esta ampliación del foro ¿supone una ampliación de la discusión pública? Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación...
Article
Full-text available
Las nuevas tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC) tienen capacidad para aumentar la transparencia de los sistemas políticos, sociales y económicos, así como la transparencia de los medios de comuificación e interpretar, de este modo, un rol importante en los entornos democráticos. Sin embargo, este potencial no parece estar explotánd...
Article
In this paper the author looks back over the idea of progress sources from the past to the present, when a paradox emerges: pessimism an irrationality arise in an era of tremendous technological and scientific development. The collision between the deterministic euphoria (which states that technological development produces automatic social develop...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Financialization of media, banking and finance impact on media, ICTs and finance.
Project
The UPF-Centre for Animal Ethics (UPF-CAE) is a think-tank based at Pompeu Fabra University which focuses on animal ethics from multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives. Its mission is to promote non-speciesist ethical approaches in academia, politics, media and public opinion.
Project
Climate change denial, nuclear renaissance, environment.