Nuno Simoes

Nuno Simoes
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México | UNAM · School of Science

Ph.D.

About

258
Publications
63,516
Reads
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1,283
Citations
Citations since 2017
140 Research Items
912 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Introduction
I am a broadly trained marine biologist and ecologist with a particular interest in marine invertebrate species diversity and distribution, as well as the Marine Aquarium trade and sustainable aquaculture of marine ornamental species. I currently work in the Coral Reefs and coastal areas of the Gulf of Mexico and Mexican Caribbean, as well as with the fauna and management of fresh water sink holes (cenotes) of the Yucatan peninsula, Mexico.
Additional affiliations
June 2005 - present
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Position
  • Profesor titular B de tiempo completo

Publications

Publications (258)
Article
Full-text available
This work addresses the most relevant advances in the breeding and rearing of marine ornamental species. The main breakthroughs in marine ornamental fish culture are discussed, with seahorses deserving a section of their own as a result of their conservation status and unique biology. Details on spawning, embryo development, larval rearing, plankto...
Article
Full-text available
Marine sponges usually constitute the most diverse group of the benthic community in coral reefs. Although they are reasonably well studied at the northern Gulf of Mexico (GMx), the southern GMx is poorly known and lacks records from many major reef systems that lie off the Mexican coast. The present taxonomic study is the first sponge account from...
Article
Most studies on crowding perception have focused on terrestrial natural areas and, to a lesser extent, on marine areas. The cenotes (sinkholes) of the Yucatán Peninsula are flooded caves that comprise one of the largest freshwater reserves in Mexico, and their use is rapidly changing from agricultural-livestock to tourism-recreational. Determining...
Article
Full-text available
Cave shrimps of the Typhlatya genus are common and widespread in fresh, brackish and marine groundwater throughout the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico). These species are ideal models to test niche partitioning within sympatric species in oligotrophic systems. Nevertheless, their food sources remain unidentified, and despite their frequency and functiona...
Article
Full-text available
The biodiversity of the coastal ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico is threatened by anthropogenic activities of various kinds. The predominant portion of the land-sea margin in the State of Yucatán consists of exposed sandy beaches. This ecosystem is threatened by several activities that vary in spatial scales, at a local: cargo/fishing ports, touris...
Method
Full-text available
With the aim of analyzing the biodiversity of coral reefs, specifically of the benthic marine fauna, this manual was prepared by a group of taxonomic experts to guide the adequate treatment and preservation of organisms associated with autonomous reef monitoring structures (ARMS) and thus for inclusion in scientific collections.
Article
Full-text available
During a research of gill ectoparasites on damselfishes (Pomacentridae) and butterflyfishes (Chaetodontidae) from the Cayo Arcas reef in the Campeche Bank (Gulf of Mexico), the following monogenoids (Platyhelminthes) were found: Paraeuryhaliotrema pomacentris n. gen., n. sp. (Dactylogyridae) on beaugregory Stegastes xanthurus (Poey, 1860) (Pomacent...
Article
Full-text available
Compound styelid ascidians are distributed in all marine environments and usually exhibit high morphological plasticity and complexity. In particular, Botrylloides, Botryllus, and Symplegma species show high morphological variations leading to confusion in traditional taxonomy assignments and to ambiguity in species delineation. Fewer than 20 speci...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Molluscs are a diverse phylum in coastal lagoons. Numerous gastropods and bivalves taxa that inhabit such lagoons display broad ranges of optima and tolerances with respect to temperature and salinity. We present the taxonomic composition and spatial distribution of mollusc assemblages (live-collected with soft parts intact or paired shells for Biv...
Article
Full-text available
Few genetic studies that provide biological, ecological and evolutionary information have been conducted for parrotfishes, including Sparisoma viride, and none has covered the full geographic range of this species. Here, we examine the genetic patterns of the Stoplight parrotfish (S. viride) in the Greater Caribbean and its relationship with the re...
Article
Full-text available
Depth-generalist coral holobionts inhabit shallow (0–30 m) and mesophotic (30–150 m) reef zones but may exhibit genetic specialization as a result of adaptations to environmental shifts and/or due to a lack of dispersal across depth. The level of depth-dependent genetic structuring varies across reef locations which may impact the roles mesophotic...
Article
Elysiais a genus of sea slugs in which some species can “steal” chloroplasts (kleptoplasty) from algae and keep them photosynthetically active inside their cells. Solar‐powered animals are more susceptible to climate change as photosynthesis can increase the stress for these animals in extreme environmental conditions. Here, we used the Maxent algo...
Article
Full-text available
The Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico is a carbonate platform well-known for extensive karst networks of densely stratified aquifer ecosystems. This aquifer supports diverse anchialine fauna, including species of the globally distributed anchialine shrimp genus Typhlatya (Atyidae). Four species (T. campecheae, T. pearsei, T. dzilamensis and T. mitchelli) a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Chapter 12. Status and trends of coral reefs of the Caribbean region, pp. 1-25. In: Souter, D., Planes, S., Wicquart, J., Logan, M., Obura, D., & Staub, F. (Eds.) Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2020. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, International Coral Reef Iniciative, Australian Institute of Marine Science, & Australian Governement.
Article
Full-text available
Autonomous reef monitoring structures (ARMS) have been proposed as a standardized, passive, nondestructive sampling tool. This study assessed the ability of ARMS to capture the cryptic species diversity of two coral reefs by recording species richness and taxonomic representativeness using conventional taxonomy. The capacity of ARMS, as artificial...
Article
Full-text available
Long-term retention of functional chloroplasts in animal cells occurs only in sacoglossan sea slugs. Analysis of molecules related to the maintenance of these organelles can provide valuable information on this trait (kleptoplasty). The goal of our research was to characterize the pigment and fatty acid (FA) composition of the sea slug Elysia crisp...
Article
Full-text available
Finding new alternatives to traditional live preys such as Artemia and rotifers, which do not always promote optimal fish growth and survival, is required for the successful aquaculture of highly specialized predatory species, including seahorses. The present study assessed the nutritional value of an interesting marine amphipod ( Parhyale hawaiens...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico is a carbonate platform well-known for extensive karst networks of densely stratified aquifer ecosystems. This aquifer supports diverse anchialine fauna, including species of the globally distributed atyid shrimp genus Typhlatya. Four species (T. campecheae, T. pearsei, T. dzilamensis and T. mitchelli) are endemic to t...
Article
Until now, 127 species of marine sponges have been recorded in the southern Gulf of Mexico (SGoM). In this study, we describe the sponge fauna recorded on 16 coral reefs of the SGoM, defined as the Mexican waters of the Gulf of Mexico (GoM), during a period from 2005 to 2019. We report 80 sponge species, including 34 first geographic records for th...
Article
Full-text available
The Trinational Initiative (http://www.trinationalinitiative.org/), a platform for cooperation in marine sciences between Cuba, Mexico, and the USA, emerged in 2007. The main objective of this joint work platform is to establish alliances and collaborations between researchers and decision-makers from the three countries to address common challenge...
Article
The biodiversity and biogeographic affinity of benthic amphipods from the Yucatan continental shelf with the warm Northwest Atlantic ecoregions were analysed using species occurrence data from benthic marine habitats of the continental shelf (< 200 m). A comprehensive collection of distributional data (presence-only) was obtained from different sou...
Poster
Full-text available
Currently, ascidians are recognized as the main hosts of many marine organisms, either as a reproduction or food refuge. A total of 169 solitary ascidians were collected corresponding to four families in seven genera and 15 species where only shrimp corresponding to the species of Ascidonia miserabilis (Holthuis, 1951) were found in cryptic ascidia...
Article
Full-text available
Shifts from ornamental fish tanks to functional reef ecosystem aquaria has led to unprecedented pressure on marine invertebrate fisheries. The Caribbean blue-legged hermit crab (Clibanarius tricolor) is among the species targeted for functional reef tanks, valued for its role as an aquarium cleaner. Little is known about the biology of the species...
Article
Full-text available
Acquiring marine biodiversity data is difficult, costly, and time-consuming, making it challenging to understand the distribution and abundance of life in the ocean. Historically, approaches to biodiversity sampling over large geographic scales have advocated for equivalent effort across multiple sites to minimize comparative bias. When effort cann...
Article
Full-text available
Bartholomea annulata is a facultative host of the A. armatus species complex. In the Mexican Caribbean it is commonly found in cracks and crevices located where the vertical walls meet the sandy bottom or on large coral patches away from the sand. To protect themselves from predators, anemones often contract their hydraulic body into a cavernous de...
Article
Full-text available
Mollusk diversity in coastal areas of the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) has been studied extensively, but this is not the case for deep-water habitats. We present the first quantitative characterization of mollusks in shallow and deep waters of the Perdido Fold Belt. The data came from two research cruises completed in 2017. Sediment samples were collected...
Poster
Full-text available
This quick ID guide is part of an effort to create awareness of life in caves in the Yucatan karstic region. It is intended for the general public and is not a complete list of underwater stygobionts, nor is intended as a taxonomic authority, please refer to the original descriptions. Feel free to download and share =)
Article
Full-text available
We present 52 new geographic location records for the peracarid crustacean Antromysis cenotensis Creaser, 1936, endemic in cenotes of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. This species is currently considered threatened and, therefore, is protected by Mexican law. These results arise from several expeditions carried out between 2017 and 2020 in 75 locatio...
Article
Full-text available
Within tropical shallow-water coral reefs, marine sponges provide microhabitats for a wide range of fauna. Although there have been numerous studies and reports of symbiotic relationships amongst sponges and their associated fauna, those pieces of information are isolated and disconnected. For this reason, based on the available literature, we comp...
Data
English (IMPORTATN: To download de dataset pleas folow the DOI 10.5281/zenodo.3333023) New version of the long-awaited database of guest/host relationships in reef sponges. +500 new records of 19 different papers were added. With this update we have a more complete database and information from groups such as Cnidarians, Fish and Mollusks is recov...
Article
The western Atlantic Ocean is one of the areas with the largest species richness of sea slugs in the genus Elysia (30 out of the 101 species described have been reported in this region). Nevertheless, the lack of knowledge on many of these species hinders efforts to estimate regional richness and identify the factors affecting their distribution. W...
Data
The dataset contains information on specimens examined in the paper “An update on marine sponge diversity in the Southern Gulf of Mexico coral reefs” submitted in Zootaxa. This dataset contains information on 231 specimens of 80 species of the Demospongiae class, including their distribution in coral reefs in the Southern Gulf of Mexico, and their...
Article
Full-text available
Marine amphipods are gaining attention in aquaculture as a natural live food alternative to traditional preys such as brine shrimps (Artemia spp.). The use of Artemia is convenient for the culture of many marine species, but often problematic for some others, such as seahorses and other marine ornamental species. Unlike Artemia, marine amphipods ar...
Article
Full-text available
SSP (simulation‐based sampling protocol) is an R package that uses simulations of ecological data and dissimilarity‐based multivariate standard error (MultSE) as an estimator of precision to evaluate the adequacy of different sampling efforts for studies that will test hypothesis using permutational multivariate analysis of variance. The procedure...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent genomic analyses have highlighted the prevalence of speciation with gene flow in many taxa and have underscored the importance of accounting for these reticulate evolutionary processes when constructing species trees and estimating parameters about evolutionary processes. This is especially important for deepening our understanding of specia...
Article
Urban tourist beach ecosystems provide the essential service of recreation. These ecosystems also support critical ecological functions where biodiversity conservation is not usually a priority. The sudden lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic created a unique opportunity to evaluate the effects of human absence in these urban-coastal ecosystems. T...
Article
Full-text available
This study provides an updated checklist and an illustrated guide to the 17 currently known stygobiont Malacostraca species of the state of Yucatan (Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico). The compilation is based on the individuals collected during our cave-diving expeditions (2016-2019), and, has the purpose of expanding previous knowledge on the taxonomy of...
Article
The abundance of the alien, Indo-Pacific damselfish Neopomacentrus cyanomos on an oil-loading platform in the southwest Gulf of Mexico indicates that widely distributed platforms could facilitate the expansion of its geographic range across the western and northern fringes of the Gulf. From there it likely will spread to other areas of the Greater...
Preprint
Full-text available
SSP (simulation based sampling protocol) is an R package that uses simulation of ecological data and dissimilarity based multivariate standard error (MultSE) as an estimator of precision to evaluate the adequacy of different sampling efforts for studies that will test hypothesis using permutational multivariate analysis of variance. The procedure c...
Article
Amphipod species collected during three oceanographic campaigns (2010–2012) were analyzed to describe their spatiotemporal community distribution trends and their relationships with bottom water and sediment variables. The results show that the species richness (117 spp.) did not reach its maximum value according to the species accumulation curve (...
Article
Full-text available
New records of 14 stygobiont crustacean species pertaining to six Malacostraca orders from 32 cenotes are presented, with their associated caves of the state of Yucatan, Mexico, together with an individual account for each species. Species composition of most of the investigated cenotes is examined for the first time. A thermosbaenacean and two amp...
Article
Full-text available
New records of 14 stygobiont crustacean species pertaining to six Malacostraca orders from 32 cenotes are presented, with their associated caves of the state of Yucatan, Mexico, together with an individual account for each species. Species composition of most of the investigated cenotes is examined for the first time. A thermosbaenacean and two amp...
Article
Full-text available
The spotted cleaner shrimp, Periclimenes yucatanicus (Ives, 1891), forms symbioses with sea anemones that may serve as cleaning stations for reef fishes [...]
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Knowledge on the status and trends in marine biodiversity, and associated drivers of biodiversity change across the Americas is sparse and geographically uneven. International cooperation is needed to fill observational gaps at these geographic scales and provide information to satisfy policy targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development a...
Poster
Full-text available
General information about life in cenotes (Yucatan peninsula sinkholes). This infographic incorporates some of the pressures, uses and abuses of this ecosystem with the biological treasures that the underwater caves host in Yucatan.
Article
This study assessed the effect of starvation on survival and nutritional status of newborn juveniles H. erectus (<10 days) to optimize rearing protocols, thereby helping to reduce wildlife exploitation. Maximum starvation time (MST) was estimated through the survival of juveniles continuously starved from birth. Resistance to starvation and the eff...
Article
The physiological and behavioural responses of ectotherms to temperature is strongly dependent on the individuals' previous thermal history. Laboratory based studies investigating the mechanisms of thermoregulation in marine ectotherms, however, rarely consider key temporal elements of thermal exposure, such as the rate at which temperature changes...
Poster
Full-text available
The ascidians are one of the most diverse taxonomic groups in the reefs of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Actually, 76 species have been registered in 5 studies only in Gulf of México. However, the patterns of distribution and diversity of species in these regions have not been described, using standardized methodologies that allow postu...
Article
Here, we show a spatially explicit assessment of the vulnerability of benthic communities from the Yucatan Continental Shelf (YCS) to multiple pressures: fishing activities, shipping traffic, storms and hurricanes, and marine acidification. The vulnerability index was obtained by combining benthic biological traits with exposure and sensitivity and...
Data
https://obis.org/dataset/5700fdc3-956f-4e33-903b-e66ba38d980c
Article
Full-text available
A series of small emergent coral reefs and shallow, submerged coralliferous banks are scattered along the western edge of Campeche Bank (southwest Gulf of Mexico), 150-200 km offshore from the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. Here a reasonably comprehensive, annotated checklist of reef-associated fishes for one reef, Cayo Arcas (expanded from 162 to 209...
Article
Full-text available
This study is the first inventory of ascidians from shallow waters (0–25 m) of coastal and reef habitats in the southern Gulf of Mexico where ascidian diversity is poorly known. Sampled environments in 14 locations (38 sites) with 134 samples collected from 2015 to 2017 included coral reefs, coastal lagoons, mangroves, seagrass, ports, and artifici...