Numan Durakbasa

Numan Durakbasa
TU Wien | TU Wien · Institute of Production Engineering and Photonic Technologies

Professor i.R. Dr. techn. Prof.h.c. Dr.h.c.

About

205
Publications
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Publications

Publications (205)
Article
Digital twin (DT) based on CMMs acting as a mirror between the physical and virtual measuring system and process. The inspection planning process performed on the virtual components of DT, and execution of measurement on the physical components. In this paper the measurement system with the DEA-IOTA-2203 was used as a physical twin, and a virtual m...
Chapter
The key competencies and knowledge of employees in a new era of production systems based on the concept of Industry 4.0 are becoming increasingly important for business and education worldwide. The intensive interaction of intelligent production systems and people in the context of Industry 4.0 is the future of an agile, flexible, environmentally f...
Chapter
Laser powder bed fusion is a novel production technology that generates 3D geometries from CAD data of a functional part. It is a kind of additive manufacturing (AM) process that builds up the geometries layer-by-layer. Because of its layer based nature surface quality of manufactured parts is not its required level. Post processing operations such...
Chapter
Full-text available
As it is already known, the world is facing the problem of global warming. Therefore, environmental governance has become very important. For each category of the product life cycle (materials, product development, and design, production, distribution, usage, service, and end of life), an eco-design process is being developed to minimize carbon emi...
Book
This book contains selected papers from International Symposium for Production Research 2021 2020, held on October 7–9, 2021, in Antalya, Turkey. The book reports recent advances in production engineering and operations. It explores topics including production research; production management; operations management; industry 4.0; industrial engin...
Article
Digital inspection twin (DIT) acting as a mirror between the physical and virtual measuring world. In this paper the measurement system with the CMMs ZEISS UMM 500 and DEA-IOTA-2203 was used as a physical twin, and a virtual machine, generated after modelling and configuring in PTC Creo software. Virtual measurement system is developed for inspecti...
Chapter
Additive manufacturing technologies are becoming an integral part of the manufacturing process in various fields ranging from medicine and aeronautics to Industry 4.0 concepts due to their individualized generative design capabilities, high flexibility, compact production techniques, and direct CAD to product manufacturing capabilities. This increa...
Chapter
In today’s rapid industry development, there is a need for more accurate technologies that can cope with the rising demand of manufacturing accuracy. X-ray computed tomography presents such a method that can reconstruct internal structures of an object without its destruction. This gives X-ray computed tomography great advantage over other tactile...
Article
Full-text available
Industry 4.0 represents a new paradigm which creates new requirements in the area of manufacturing and manufacturing metrology such as to reduce the cost of product, flexibility, mass customization, quality of product, high level of digitalization, optimization, etc., all of which contribute to smart manufacturing and smart metrology systems. This...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents digital measurement twin (DMT) for CMM based on STEP-NC. DMT is acting as a mirror between the physical and virtual measuring world. In this paper, the measurement system with a 3-axis CMM ZEISS UMM 500 was used as a physical twin, and a virtual machine, generated after modelling and configuring in PTC Creo software of both the m...
Chapter
Security vulnerabilities, failures and efficiency losses arose from errors due to the manufacturing processes and design of cases. For maintenance purposes, it is so vital to dismount cases and remove components in a short time. In classical cases, mobile recorders, time delay relay contacts, hard drives and power converters, poe card, recorder car...
Chapter
The rising demand in recent years for the application of X-ray computed tomography (CT) has been influenced by its non-destructive abilities and accuracy. The demand for application of X-ray CT on Multi-Material components (MMCs) has also increased. However, due to the presence of two or more materials during X-ray CT scanning, the consequent analy...
Chapter
Ceramic materials offer a variety of desirable material properties, but due to being particularly hard and brittle, are challenging to machine in subtractive processes. Additive manufacturing of ceramics parts requires costly machines and raw materials, limiting the use of additively produced ceramic parts to the professional realm. Fused Filament...
Chapter
Three dimensional (3D) printed prostheses have emerging trends in recent years. They become popular with their cost-effective and easy to build structures which provided by the developments of the additive manufacturing technology. By these advancements, many open-source prosthetic hand models started to appear in the market. However, some of them...
Chapter
The original equipment manufacturers and their suppliers have great importance in automotive manufacturing industry at all over the world. The industry has led the way by technological advancement, innovation and economic growth throughout the industrial history. The most important quality management standard known for the manufacturers of the auto...
Chapter
In the current fast digital transformation projects, with tight timelines, it becomes prudent to increase the quality of digital services and products swiftly. The business partners or customers request further abilities promptly with high quality. Hence, the quality of software is determinant on the market placement. Latest World Quality Reports [...
Chapter
Today, all enterprises are trying to shift their management and manufacturing processes to the new innovations according to the Revolution Industry 4.0. Among those are simulation and digitation which lead to digital twinning. For digital twinning, virtual, augmented, mixed and extended reality play the key role with the advancements in haptic devi...
Article
Pollution rates in cities, mainly produced by vehicles, continue to rise. Meanwhile, electric vehicle solutions are not available to the average, even medium/high incomes citizen of peripheral countries. In turn, a large number of vehicles are available in circulation to be recycled into hybrid or electric vehicles with a cost approx. 10 times lowe...
Chapter
Medical products generally occupy a significant place in advanced manufacturing technology. Due to their sophisticated production systems, these productions are looking for high-precision measurement technology on a micro-scale within the high-quality functional requirements. Sophisticated metrology, as an important part of the production system in...
Chapter
Full-text available
High altitude platforms or Pseudo-satellites (HAPS) are unmanned aerial vehicles that can fly above 17 km from sea level. It can take advantage of weak stratospheric winds and solar energy to operate without interfering with current commercial aviation and with enough endurance to provide long-term services as satellites do. The technological innov...
Article
Industry 4.0 represents high-level methodologies for the development of new generation manufacturing metrology systems, which are more intelligent (smart), autonomous, flexible, high-productive, and self-adaptable. One of the systems capable of responding to these challenges is a cyber-physical manufacturing metrology system (CP2MS) with techniques...
Chapter
Full-text available
The additive manufacturing method finds increasing usage in the industry and replaces many other traditional production methods. It is a significant part of Industry 4.0 due to its remote controllability, rapid production capability, and easily generative-sophisticated production dexterity. In modernized production, manufacturing systems ought to b...
Article
Full-text available
The specific needs of customers set requirements like flexibility and custom-made products, as well as quick placement of products on the markets. Mass customization responds to these requirements and imposes new demands inside manufacturing systems such as optimization and virtualization of machining and measurement processes. A contribution in th...
Article
Full-text available
Using of laser vibrometers in vibration measurement systems brings additional benefits due to the lack of impact of the sensor on the tested measuring system. Recently, leading rolling bearing manufacturers are equipping their diagnostic measuring systems with non-contact sensors. Doppler laser vibrometers are used interchangeably for electrodynami...
Chapter
In Industrial Revolution 4.0 applications the production is increasingly digitized. Moreover, component-driven production is supported. Machines used in production systems exchange very big amounts of process data with one another. The most impressive part is the big amounts of data which can be analyzed for production improvements. Of course, die...
Chapter
Production systems of today are developing an ever-increasing dependency on information systems, as a result of which intelligent systems are being transformed into smart systems. A production facility can be called a ‘smart factory’ provided that all the processes are being managed, which can be done only if sensor based an intelligent measurement...
Chapter
The Internet and the associated data highway have radically changed lifestyles and forms of production/services in a transcendent manner. Many authors characterize this qualitative change as a new industrial revolution. Exchange emails/information in electronic format and video conferences is already part of daily uses applied by vast sectors of th...
Chapter
In this study, NACA 66-206 wing type was modelled and analysed to understand to mechanical behaviour under lift and weight forces. Structural and modal analyses were applied using Ansys Workbench Static Structural and Modal Analysis tools. Three different materials (aluminum 6061, carbon fiber and strong unidirectional epoxy glass) were selected for...
Chapter
Together with the rise of industry 4.0 and emergence of 5G possibility, swift technological developments take place in the IoT field. The increasing customer attention on smart home applications and systems containing IoT devices, necessitates diminishing the time to market and also maintain the required quality while sustaining the profit. Quality...
Chapter
Application of the computed tomography (CT) within industry has been rising in recent years due to its non-destructive abilities and accuracy. Nevertheless, there are some challenges related to CT scanning, such as presence of artefacts. The aim of this research is to investigate to what extent the application of some advanced algorithms can influe...
Chapter
Powder bed fusion technology is one of the additive manufacturing methods that build up near net-shape complex parts from powder form of the material. Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) and Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) are primary powder bed fusion technology methods for metal and polymer materials respectively. AlSi10Mg is one of the most wide...
Chapter
The number of computed tomography (CT) applications today is satisfactorily high and rapidly increasing in many environments. Many manufacturing industries use CT technologies. In order to able to reach very accurate internal dimensions even at complicated workpieces to achieve the internal structure of a manufactured object is one of the main adva...
Chapter
In today’s manufacturing world spot welding and its quality control take especially in the sheet metal industry a big place. According to that, a sheet metal part group has been taken from an automotive supplier firm. Several spot welding parameters (force, current and time) have been applied to these parts. The parameter limits have been apartly a...
Chapter
Additive manufacturing (AM) has great potential on manufacturing both polymer and metal parts as final product. However, optimization of surface texture quality has not been fully achieved yet. AM surfaces present variable textures that differs according to the AM methods and process parameters. Because of their unusual texture, it is important to...
Chapter
Recently, miniaturization has become an important topic to both scientists and engineers. The manufacturing trends are following the compact size manufactured-components. Miniaturization challenges engineers to obtain smaller size of the components, to reduce their weights & power consumption and to take less space utilization. The functional speci...
Chapter
The Cyber-Physical Manufacturing Metrology Systems (CPM²Ss) are based on integration of the Cyber Physical Systems (CPSs) and connection between Internet of Things (IoTs) and Cloud technology (CT). These are high-level methodologies for development of new generation manufacturing metrology systems, which are more intelligent, flexible and self-adap...
Chapter
According to utilization functions and environments; various plating methods have been applied on metallic manufactured products to improve some properties such as friction, wear resistance and corrosion; besides mechanical properties such as stiffness, ductility, toughness, fatigue strength, etc. The chromium plating has been commonly used plating...
Chapter
Development and integration of advanced manufacturing technologies in the so labelled Industry 4.0 hold the promise of benefits as well as challenges. The need for addressing challenges lay out the requirement for the measurement & law & quality fundamentals. Industry of the future defined with guidelines will not only provide the added value in in...
Chapter
Additive manufacturing (AM) is a layer-by-layer manufacturing method from 3D digital model, without using molds, fixtures and tools. This rapidly developing technology provides opportunity to obtain customized products with complex geometries, freeform shapes, internal cavities and lattice. However, lack of quality insurance procedures and policies...
Chapter
The current possibilities of production automation allow the manufacturers of machine tools to consider new possibilities of acquiring the necessary information on the ongoing production process and the suitable ways of their use. This paper presents the potential of the applications for data acquisition from the control systems, implementation of...
Chapter
More recently, the industrial CT equipment is used not only for non-destructive analysis but to perform geometrical evaluations. The three dimensional, optical dimensional measurements made by CT are popular because the measurement time is much shorter than in case of traditional 3D measurement machines, furthermore the inner geometries can be dete...
Chapter
Smart factory has become increasingly important in the last years as an indispensable manufacturing model of the future. In this context, studies on the development of technologies in the field of smart factory systems intensively continue in the world. Turkey is also trying to contribute through national grant mechanisms to encourage technology de...
Chapter
Miniaturization offers two options to come closer to the micro and nano scale: bottom-up or top-down. Each method has its own and unique benefits, although in practice the top down approach is more common, as most companies find the top down approach to be the simpler method. So can similar processes use the top-down method to reduce the size of a...
Book
The conference aims at forming a unique platform to bring together academicians and practitioners from industrial engineering and management engineering as well as from other disciplines working on production function applying the tools of operational research and production/operational management. Topics treated include: computer aided manufacturi...
Article
The need for new high precision and innovative manufacturing techniques is indispensable to provide cost-oriented manufacturing with high accuracy especially at the nano scale production concurrent with the latest developments from nano to pico and femto technologies. Advanced technology applications with a broad range of areas and products have be...
Book
This book gathers the proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Measurement and Quality Control – Cyber Physical Issues (IMEKO TC 14 2019), held in Belgrade, Serbia, on 4–7 June 2019. The event marks the latest in a series of high-level conferences that bring together experts from academia and industry to exchange knowledge, ideas, experi...
Article
Full-text available
Transformation of the traditional industry through digital technologies shapes the education system, as comprehensive knowledge in the interdisciplinary areas of technologies is required. Amid the challenges of competitive and digital technologies in the advanced manufacturing industry, the universities and industry cooperation is imperative. This...
Article
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The aim of the present work is to discuss process parameters effect on microstructure evolution and formation mechanism of ultrafine grains. As plastic deformation technique Equal Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) method used pure Ti G4 rods processed in order to obtain fine grained micro structure. Equal Chanel Angular Pressing technique was conduct...
Chapter
Intelligence is an essential feature of future development and production systems and intelligent production is a major component of future businesses, also according to the technological developments especially in the field of precision engineering at micro/nano and pico scale production. The problematic of the high accuracy of the work pieces in...
Article
Full-text available
Presented is the application of MSA elements (measurement system analysis) for the assessment of measuring instruments that use contact and optical methods to measure surface texture. The main field of the study was the procedure of experimental deviations (bias).
Article
Grinding is an overly used finishing technology, which can obtain very accurate surface integrity. The desirable surface quality after grinding is one of the most relevant parameters. In production, surface preparation such as chromium plating, nickel plating, etc. are more prevalent. These platings are used as protection against corrosion, erosion...
Chapter
Due to the increase in world population along with changing customer demands and market dynamics, new challenges are arising for the food production industry. Novel approaches based on digitalization, smart manufacturing and the cognitive factory that are announced for transition to Industry 4.0., are compatibly required in the food production to m...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of process and equipment improvements for nickel brush plating applications. At the beginning of this project the company used methodology from a subsidiary which does nickel brush plating. Over time, it turned out that it would require a total redesign of the process, because it wasn't compliant...
Article
Intelligence is an essential feature of future development and production systems, and intelligent production is a major component of future business. To meet market demands in present and future global industrial world, manufacturing enterprises of any kind and any size must be flexible and agile enough to respond quickly to product demand changes...
Article
One of the key parameter in evaluation of cylindrical surface quality of the engine liners is surface roughness. A large number of process factors affecting a final surface topography, which has direct impact on fuel consumption and CO2 emission. A suitable choice of honing conditions can results not only to better surface quality, but it can contr...
Conference Paper
This paper presents an advanced CAI model for inspection planning of prismatic parts on CMM. The model consists from mathematical model, modeling inspection features, sampling strategy, analysis of the probe accessibility, collision-free generation, and optimization of the path using ant’s colony and simulation of the path. Needed geometrical infor...
Article
The manufacturing and GPS (Geometrical Product Specifications and Verification) have to be thought and analysed together. Welding and Metal Forming are two of manufacturing methods, which are used to create sheet metal parts assembly groups. The dimensions do not stay steady and they change during these two manufacturing methods. Because firstly, a...
Article
A computer-simulated environment for design and analysis of outrunners brushless motors and its validation by measuring the main parameters in real motors is presented. The simulation environment is based on two complementary models for design and analysis. These models allow obtaining the main constants that govern the behavior of a brushless moto...
Article
Today's manufacturing industry is going through a period of transition to the novel production technology down to micro/nanoscale of complex shapes and increasing efficiency and functionality. To meet high-level demands both from industrial and from private customers in the future, manufacturing enterprises must be high flexible and agile enough to...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a strategic approach with an intelligently integrated management system in advanced manufacturing industry to meet the requirements of high precise measurement tasks and essential measurement know-how within the sophisticated production systems. Design/methodology/approach – The continuous develo...
Article
This paper presents a model of prismatic parts (PPs) inspection planning on CMMs, in terms of an intelligent concept of inspection planning. The developed model is composed of Inspection Feature Construction, Sampling Strategy, Probe Accessibility Analysis, Automated Collision-Free Generation, and Probe Path Planning. In this model, the simulation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
3 P rof. D r., Vi enn a (Jniv ers ity of Tec hno l o 94 AuM, num an. dur a kb as a(d,tuw i en. a c. at lDipl.Ing., Vienna (Jniversity of Technologt, AuM, eva.walcher(dtuwien.ac.at ABSTRACT In the competitive world today, increasing importance of conservation of energy have directed designers and engineers hto search for light and mechanically high...