Norman Teferle

Norman Teferle
University of Luxembourg · Department of Engineering - Geodesy and Geospatial Engineering

PhD

About

133
Publications
24,864
Reads
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2,319
Citations
Introduction
We specializes in geodetic high-precision measurements and Earth observations for various multi-scale geophysical, environmental and engineering applications, improvements in the involved measurement techniques (e.g. GNSS, SAR remote sensing, photogrammetry, LiDAR), 3D reality capture for applications within GIS, BIM and digital twins.
Additional affiliations
April 2010 - July 2020
University of Luxembourg
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Head to the team of Geodesy and Geospatial Engineering (GGE) of the Department of Engineering at University of Luxembourg; Deputy Head of the Doctoral School in Science and Engineering; Programme coordinator of the Doctoral Programme in Civil Engineering; Course Director in the Bachelor of Engineering - Digital Engineering; Team GGE carries out research in the fields of GNSS, Earth observation and remote sensing, reality capture, BIM and GIS, applied to geophysical and engineering problems.
November 2007 - March 2010
University of Nottingham
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (133)
Article
Full-text available
Precise ground surface topography is crucial for 3D city analysis, digital terrain modelling, natural disaster monitoring, high-density map generation and autonomous navigation, to name but a few. Deep learning (DL), a division of machine learning (ML), has been achieving unparalleled success in image processing, and recently demonstrated huge pote...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A validation data set plays a pivotal role in tweaking a machine learning model trained in a supervised manner. Many existing algorithms select a part of available data by using random sampling to produce a validation set. However, this approach can be prone to overfitting. One should follow careful data splitting to have reliable training and vali...
Conference Paper
ABSTRACT: Road surface extraction is crucial for 3D city analysis. Mobile laser scanning (MLS) is the most appropriate data acquisition system for the road environment because of its efficient vehicle-based on-road scanning opportunity. Many methods are available for road pavement, curb and roadside way extraction. Most of them use classical approa...
Article
Full-text available
Road surface extraction is crucial for 3D city analysis. Mobile laser scanning (MLS) is the most appropriate data acquisition system for the road environment because of its efficient vehicle-based on-road scanning opportunity. Many methods are available for road pavement, curb and roadside way extraction. Most of them use classical approaches that...
Article
Full-text available
A validation data set plays a pivotal role in tweaking a machine learning model trained in a supervised manner. Many existing algorithms select a part of available data by using random sampling to produce a validation set. However, this approach can be prone to overfitting. One should follow careful data splitting to have reliable training and vali...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Most deep learning (DL) methods that are not end-to-end use several multi-scale and multi-type hand-crafted features that make the network challenging, more computationally intensive and vulnerable to overfitting. Furthermore, reliance on empirically-based feature dimensionality reduction may lead to misclassification. In contrast, efficient featur...
Conference Paper
Most deep learning (DL) methods that are not end-to-end use several multi-scale and multi-type hand-crafted features that make the network challenging, more computationally intensive and vulnerable to overfitting. Furthermore, reliance on empirically-based feature dimensionality reduction may lead to misclassification. In contrast, efficient featur...
Article
Full-text available
Most deep learning (DL) methods that are not end-to-end use several multi-scale and multi-type hand-crafted features that make the network challenging, more computationally intensive and vulnerable to overfitting. Furthermore, reliance on empirically-based feature dimensionality reduction may lead to misclassification. In contrast, efficient featur...
Article
Full-text available
Semantic segmentation of point clouds is indispensable for 3D scene understanding. Point clouds have credibility for capturing geometry of objects including shape, size, and orientation. Deep learning (DL) has been recognized as the most successful approach for image semantic segmentation. Applied to point clouds, performance of the many DL algorit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Semantic segmentation of point clouds is indispensable for 3D scene understanding. Point clouds have credibility for capturing geometry of objects including shape, size, and orientation. Deep learning (DL) has been recognized as the most successful approach for image semantic segmentation. When applied to point clouds, performance of the many DL al...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, a new approach for rainfall spatial interpolation in the Luxembourgian case study is introduced. The method used here is based on a Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) clustering method. In a typical FCM procedure, there are a lot of available data and each data point belongs to a cluster, with a membership degree [0 1]. On the other hand, in our me...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The large volume of in-and out-flow of raw materials to construction projects has a huge potential to be optimised for resource efficiency and waste reduction. With the recent awareness of the importance of the circular economy, construction actors are aligning their practices to be more circular and sustainable. The concept of material banks is bo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ground surface extraction is one of the classic tasks in airborne laser scanning (ALS) point cloud processing that is used for three-dimensional (3D) city modelling, infrastructure health monitoring, and disaster management. Many methods have been developed over the last three decades. Recently, Deep Learning (DL) has become the most dominant techn...
Article
Full-text available
A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10291-021-01141-y
Preprint
The development of precise and simple spatial interpolation methods to estimate rainfall data in ungauged locations provides not only better understating and new insights into the predictive hydrological models but also improves the accuracy of these models. In this Scientific Briefing a new approach for rainfall spatial interpolation in Luxembourg...
Article
Although the statistical significances for the trends of integrated water vapor (IWV) are essential for a correct interpretation of climate change signals, obtaining accurate IWV trend estimates with realistic uncertainties remains a challenge. This study evaluates the feasibility of the IWV trends derived from the newly released fifth generation E...
Article
Full-text available
We have reconstructed integrated water vapor (IWV) using the zenith wet delays to track the properties of hurricanes and explore their spatial and temporal distributions estimated from 922 GPS stations. Our results show that a surge in GPS-derived IWV occurred at least six hours prior to the landfall of two major hurricanes (Harvey and Irma) that s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the enormous amount of raw or secondary materials flowing within the construction industry, the actual available volume of materials and their respective End-of-Lifecycle (EoL) treatment is not regulated nor uniform. On top of that, the EoL responsibility of different stakeholders after the future building deconstruction is confusing and di...
Article
Full-text available
Very high-resolution (VHR) optical Earth observation (EO) satellites as well as low-altitude and easy-to-use unmanned aerial systems (UAS/drones) provide ever-improving data sources for the generation of detailed 3-dimensional (3D) data using digital photogrammetric methods with dense image matching. Today both data sources represent cost-effective...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In remote sensing, benchmark and CalVal datasets are routinely provided by learned societies and professional organisations such as the Committee for Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS), European Spatial Data Research (EuroSDR) and International Societies for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS). Initiatives are often created to serve specific...
Chapter
Full-text available
Tropical cyclones are one of the most powerful severe weather events that produce devastating socioeconomic and environmental impacts in the areas they strike. Therefore, monitoring and tracking of the arrival times and path of the tropical cyclones are extremely valuable in providing early warning to the public and governments. Hurricane Florence...
Conference Paper
Flooding is the number one natural disaster in terms of insured and uninsured losses annually. The development of reliable methods for flood simulation have greatly improved our ability to predict floods thereby reducing damages and loss of life in flood-prone regions. However, there is still a lot of room for improvement and innovation to provide...
Article
Full-text available
This article is the second part of a two-part study, which explored the extent to which Building Information Modelling (BIM) is used for End-of-Lifecycle (EoL) scenario selection to minimise the Construction and Demolition Waste (CDW). The conventional literature review presented here is based on the conceptual landscape that was obtained from the...
Chapter
The time evolution of geophysical phenomena can be characterised by stochastic time series. The stochastic nature of the signal stems from the geophysical phenomena involved and any noise, which may be due to, e.g., un-modelled effects or measurement errors. Until the 1990s, it was usually assumed that white noise could fully characterise this nois...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
From its early beginning as an educational tool in 1999, cubesats have evolved into a popular platform for technology demonstrations and scientific instruments. Ideas and innovations sparked from an enthusiastic community led to the development of new Earth Observation (EO) technology concepts based on large constellations of satellites with high-r...
Article
Full-text available
The occurrence of urban flooding following strong rainfall events may increase as a result of climate change. Urban expansion, aging infrastructure and an increasing number of impervious surfaces are further exacerbating flooding. To increase resilience and support flood mitigation, bespoke accurate flood modelling and reliable prediction is requir...
Poster
Full-text available
Freely accessible medium resolution digital elevation data from the Shuttle Radar Topography mission (SRTM) and the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Global Digital Elevation Map (GDEM) provide an invaluable resource of topographic data to support a multitude of scientific studies and commercial applications. Ho...
Article
Full-text available
Several research projects on condition assessment of bridges have proven that structural responses from dynamic excitation or static loading are influenced by local damages and thus, could be used for the detection and localisation of damages. Particularly, the curvature of structures is directly depending on their stiffness. In order to localise t...
Article
Full-text available
Today Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) tropospheric products, such as zenith total delays (ZTD) and zenith wet delays (ZWD), are widely used as complementary data sets in numerical weather prediction models. In particular, the wet delays are treated as unknown parameters in GNSS processing and are estimated with other parameters such as s...
Presentation
Full-text available
W ramach opracowania obserwacji GPS (ang. Global Positioning System) otrzymujemy wartości zenitalnego opóźnienia troposferycznego (ZTD, ang. Zenith Tropospheric Delay), które świadczą o opóźnieniu sygnału w troposferze na drodze satelita-odbiornik. Trendy wyznaczone z szeregów czasowych ZTD o długości nawet 25 lat są obecnie asymilowane do numerycz...
Article
This study demonstrates the different effects of unmodelled (sub-)daily tidal displacement in Global Positioning System (GPS) and GLObalnaya NAvigatsionnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema (GLONASS) coordinate time-series. The results show that more than two propagated periodic signals appear in GPS and GLONASS Precise Point Positioning (PPP) coordinate time-...
Poster
Full-text available
Ever improving low cost, light weight and easy to use sensing technologies are enabling the capture of rich 3D datasets to support an unprecedented range of applications in Geosciences. Especially low cost LiDAR systems as well as optical sensors, which can be deployed from terrestrial or low altitude aerial platforms, allow the collection of large...
Article
Full-text available
Long series of Zenith Wet Delay (ZWD) obtained as part of a homogeneous re-processing of Global Positioning System (GPS) solutions constitute a reliable set of data to be assimilated into climate models. The correct stochastic properties, i.e. the noise model of these data have to be identified to assess the real value of ZWD trend uncertainties si...
Article
Full-text available
The investigation and condition assessment of bridges have a very high priority in the construction industry today. Particularly, due to the fact that many bridge structures are getting old and partly reach the end of their useful life, the control and condition assessment of bridge structures have become very important and essential. The present r...
Poster
Full-text available
Global comparisons of Zenith Total Delay and Integrated Water Vapor estimates derived from two techniques i.e. Ground-based GNSS and ECMWF ERA-Interim Climate Reanalysis Model.
Article
Full-text available
The velocity estimates and their uncertainties derived from position time series of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) stations are affected by seasonal signals and their harmonics, and the statistical properties, i.e. the stochastic noise, contained in the series. If the deterministic model in the form of linear trend and periodic terms is...
Article
The performance of real-time (RT) precise positioning can be improved by utilizing observations from multiple Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) instead of one particular system. Since the end of 2012, BeiDou, independently established by China, began to provide operational services for users in the Asia-Pacific regions. In this study, a re...
Article
Full-text available
In GNSS data processing, the station height, receiver clock and tropospheric delay (ZTD) are highly correlated to each other. Although the zenith hydrostatic delay of the troposphere can be provided with sufficient accuracy, zenith wet delay (ZWD) has to be estimated, which is usually done in a random walk process. Since ZWD temporal variation depe...
Presentation
Full-text available
Nowadays, near real-time Zenith Wet Delay (ZWD) estimates from Global Positioning System (GPS) observations are routinely assimilated into numerical weather prediction (NWP) models to improve the reliability of forecasts. On the other hand, ZWD time series derived from homogeneously re-processed GPS observations over long periods have the potential...
Article
It is anticipated that the performance of real-time (RT) GNSS meteorology can be further improved by incorporating observations from multiple Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), including GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, and BeiDou. In this paper, an operational RT system for extracting zenith troposphere delay (ZTD) using a modified version of the Pr...
Presentation
Full-text available
Zenith Total Delay (ZTD) time series, derived from the re-processing of Global Positioning System (GPS) data, provide valuable information for the evaluation of global atmospheric reanalysis products such as ERA-Interim. Identifying the correct noise characteristics in the ZTD time series is an important step to assess the ’true’ magnitude of ZTD t...
Article
In Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) coordinate time series unrecognised errors and un-modelled (periodic) effects may bias non-linear motions induced by geophysical signals. Hence, understanding and mitigating these errors is vital to reducing biases and on revealing subtle geophysical signals. To assess the nature of periodic signals in c...
Article
Full-text available
Zenith Total Delay (ZTD) time series, derived from the re-processing of Global Positioning System (GPS) data, provide valuable information for the evaluation of global atmospheric reanalysis products such as ERA-Interim. Identifying the correct noise characteristics in the ZTD time series is an important step to assess the "true" magnitude of ZTD t...
Presentation
Full-text available
During a processing of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) observables the tropospheric data are also estimated. These are characterized by offsets that arise from changes in hardware equipment or any other artificial event. These offsets are all a subject of a task of homogenization. This is aimed at a proper identification of epochs of offs...
Article
Full-text available
Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) meteorology is an established operational service providing hourly updated GNSS tropospheric products to the National Meteorologic Services (NMS) in Europe. In the last decade through the ground-based GNSS network densification and new processing strategies like Precise Point Positioning (PPP) it has becom...
Presentation
Full-text available
In this presentation we introduce how post-seismic deformation should be modeled with a combination of logarithmic and exponential functions while the power-law properties of the time series are also taken into consideration to obtain reliable velocity and uncertainty estimates.
Poster
Full-text available
Station velocity uncertainties determined from a series of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) position estimates depend on both the deterministic and stochastic models applied to the time series. While the deterministic model generally includes parameters for a linear and several periodic terms the stochastic model is a representation of the...
Poster
Full-text available
The analysis of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) position time series generally assumes that each of the coordinate component series is described by the sum of a linear rate (velocity) and various periodic terms. The residuals, the deviations between the fitted model and the observations, are then a measure of the epoch-to-epoch scatter an...
Poster
Full-text available
The uncertainties of velocity estimates for position time series of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) stations are mainly affected by a misfit of the deterministic model applied to this data. Insufficiently modelled seasonal signals will propagate into the stochastic model and falsify the results of the noise analysis besides the velocity e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During September 2015 the Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO) in collaboration with the University of Luxembourg (UL) installed two state-of-the-art continuous GNSS stations adjacent to the tide gauges of Walvis Bay and Lüderitz in the Republic of Namibia. These installations are the culmination of a four-year effort to get the sta...
Chapter
The number of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) satellites and their geometry directly affect the quality of positioning and derived satellite products. Accordingly, the International GNSS Service (IGS) recommends GNSS antennas to be installed away from natural and man-made surfaces and structures, which may affect the incoming signals thro...
Conference Paper
Modern Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models make use of the GNSS-derived Zenith Total Delay (ZTD) or Integrated Water Vapour (IWV) estimates to enhance the quality of their forecasts. Usually, the ZTD is assimilated into the NWP models on 3-hourly to 6-hourly intervals but with the advancement of NWP models towards higher update rates e.g. 1-h...
Chapter
Modern Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models make use of the GNSS-derived Zenith Total Delay (ZTD) or Integrated Water Vapour (IWV) estimates to enhance the quality of their forecasts. Usually, the ZTD is assimilated into the NWP models on 3- hourly to 6-hourly intervals but with the advancement of NWP models towards higher update rates e.g. 1-...
Chapter
In 2013 the International GNSS Service (IGS) Tide Gauge Benchmark Monitoring (TIGA) Working Group started their reprocessing campaign which proposes to re-analyse all relevant GPS observations from 1995 to the end of 2012 in order to provide high quality estimates of vertical land motion for monitoring of sea level changes. The TIGA Working Group w...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of assimilating GPS zenith total delays (ZTD) in the convective scale model AROME is assessed over a 1-month period in summer 2013. The experimental set-up is similar to the current operational usage at Météo-France where the observing system has been expanded in July 2013 in a three-dimensional variational (3D-Var) data assimilation sch...
Chapter
Advances in GPS error modelling and the continued effort of re-processing have considerably decreased the scatter in position estimates over the last decade. The associated reduction of noise in derived position time series has revealed the presence of previously undetected periodic signals. It has been shown that these signals have frequencies rel...
Article
Full-text available
The continuous evolution of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) meteorology has led to an increased use of associated observations for operational modern low-latency numerical weather prediction (NWP) models, which assimilate GNSS-derived zenith total delay (ZTD) estimates. The development of NWP models with faster assimilation cycles, e.g.,...
Article
The South Scotia Ridge Transform (SSRT) plate boundary between the Scotia and Antarctic plates experienced large strike-slip earthquakes on August 4, 2003 (Mw 7.6) and November 17, 2013 (Mw 7.8). These events have overlapping aftershock zones, which is unusual. A 36°–45° southward dipping fault zone ruptured with left-lateral displacements in each...
Article
Long term planning for flood risk management in coastal areas requires timely and reliable information on changes in land and sea levels. A high resolution map of current changes in land levels in the London and Thames estuary area has been generated by satellite-based persistent scatterer interferometry (PSI), aligned to absolute gravity (AG) and...
Article
Full-text available
Ideally, the origin of the Terrestrial Reference Frame (TRF) is defined as the center of mass of the whole Earth system, the time evolution of its orientation is such that no global net rotation of the whole Earth’s surface is possible and the TRF scale is specified through the adoption of some physical constants and time-scale. These parameters ne...
Conference Paper
During February 2013 the King Edward Point (KEP) Geodetic Observatory was established in South Georgia, South Atlantic Ocean, through a University of Luxembourg funded research project and in collaboration with the United Kingdom National Oceanography Centre, British Antarctic Survey, and Unavco, Inc. Due to its remote location in the South Atlanti...