Norio Murase

Norio Murase
Tokyo Medical University | TMU · Department of Sports Medicine for Health Promotion

About

102
Publications
7,363
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,858
Citations

Publications

Publications (102)
Article
The aim of this study was to compare muscle O2 dynamics during exercise among elderly (n = 10, age: 73 ± 3 years), middle-aged (n = 9, age: 50 ± 6 years), and young (n = 10, age: 25 ± 3 years) adults. The subjects performed ramp bicycle exercise until exhaustion. Muscle O2 saturation (SmO2) and relative changes from rest in oxygenated hemoglobin/my...
Chapter
The primary symptom in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is exercise intolerance. Previous studies have reported that reduced exercise tolerance in CHF can be explained not only by cardiac output (a central factor) but also by reduced skeletal muscle aerobic capacity (a peripheral factor). Although exercise training in CHF improves exercise...
Chapter
Full-text available
Previous studies have reported that the reduced scattering coefficient (μs′) in the vastus lateralis changes during ramp-incremental exercise due to blood volume changes or accumulation of metabolic by-products. We aimed to clarify the influences of deoxygenation and blood volume changes during exercise on μs′ dynamics in subjects with various aero...
Article
Purpose: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), performed with a commonly available noninvasive tissue oxygenation monitoring device, is based on the modified Beer-Lambert law (MBLL). Although NIRS based on MBLL (NIRSMBLL) assumes that the optical path length (PL) is constant, the effects of changes in PL during exercise on muscle oxygenation calculate...
Chapter
Full-text available
Near-infrared time-resolved spectroscopy (NIRTRS) can quantitatively evaluate mean optical path length (MPL). Since an increase in optical absorbers in the NIR region (e.g. an increase in deoxygenated hemoglobin during exercise) would shorten the MPL, the NIRS measurement area may vary depending on physical and physiological characteristics of the...
Chapter
Fat layer thickness (FLT) affects near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) measurement. The aim of this study was to determine an indicator of muscle function with less influence of FLT, even without normalization, by comparing muscle O2 dynamics during exercise in subjects with similar physical characteristics except for FLT. Healthy male subjects with t...
Article
The aim of this study was to test the effects of aerobic cycling training on O2 dynamics in several leg muscles in early post-myocardial infarction (post-MI). Fifteen post-MI patients were divided into a 12-week training group (TR, n = 9) or a control/non-training group (CON, n = 6). All participants performed ramp bicycle exercise until exhaustion...
Article
Full-text available
The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) is a self-reported questionnaire for assessment of physical activity and has been validated in many countries among adults. However, there are few studies about the validity of IPAQ for children. The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of moderate to vigorous physical activi...
Article
Full-text available
Background Many injuries of the lower extremities, especially the knee and ankle, occur during sports activity, and the incidence rate is higher in women than in men. Hypothesis The hypothesis was that phases of the menstrual cycle affect the width of the tibiofibular syndesmosis during drop landing in healthy young women and that such changes at...
Article
The aim of this study was to compare the muscle oxygen dynamics between early post-myocardial infarction (n = 12; MI) and age-matched elderly subjects without MI (n = 12; CON) in several leg muscles during ramp cycling exercise. Muscle oxygen saturation (SmO2), deoxygenated-hemoglobin concentration (∆deoxy-Hb), and total-hemoglobin concentration (∆...
Article
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the time course of muscle deoxygenation and its heterogeneity changes through endurance training. Nine healthy untrained male participated in this study. The subjects performed a ramp incremental cycle exercise protocol to estimate VO2peak and muscle tissue oxygen saturation (SmO2) distribution in the VL m...
Article
Muscle O2 dynamics during ramp cycling exercise were compared between angina pectoris patients (AP; n = 7, age: 73 ± 6 years) after coronary artery bypass grafting and age-, height-, and body weight-matched elderly control subjects (CON; n = 7, age: 74 ± 8 years). Muscle O2 saturation (SmO2) and relative change in deoxygenated (∆deoxy-Hb) and total...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low volume aerobic exercise training on muscle O2 dynamics during exercise in early post-angina pectoris (AP) patients, as a pilot study. Seven AP patients (age: 72 ± 6 years) participated in aerobic exercise training for 12 weeks. Training consisted of continuous cycling exercise for 30 min at...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Exercise-induced skeletal muscle deoxygenation is startling by its absence in early post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. Exercise training early post-MI is associated with reduced cardiovascular risk and increased aerobic capacity. We therefore investigated whether aerobic training could enhance the muscle deoxygenation in early post...
Article
Aging enhances muscle desaturation responses due to reduced O2 supply. Even though aerobic training enhances muscle desaturation responses in young subjects, it is unclear whether the same is true in elderly subjects. Ten elderly women (age: 62 ± 4 years) participated in 12-weeks of cycling exercise training. Training consisted of 30 min cycling ex...
Chapter
An increase in the incidence rate of cardiovascular disease is attributed to high daily sitting time, while a drop in risk of cardiovascular disease comes from a decrease in daily sitting time, rather than an increase in physical activity levels. Although short-duration passive exercise increases energy expenditure and blood flow, few studies have...
Article
Muscle O2 dynamics during ramp cycling exercise were compared between aerobic capacity-matched elderly men (n = 8, age 65 ± 2 years) and women (n = 8, age 66 ± 3 years). Muscle O2 saturation (SmO2) and relative change in deoxygenated (Δdeoxy-Hb) and total hemoglobin concentration (Δtotal-Hb) were monitored continuously during exercise in the vastus...
Article
The incidence of lower extremity injury is greater in women than men, indicating gender difference in lower extremity function. Here we investigate the role of the ankle during squatting in young men and women by measuring the tibiofibular syndesmosis (TFS) distance and the angles of hip, ankle and knee joints. TFS distance was positively correlate...
Article
Aim: Comprehensive arterial blood flow (BF) in the abdominal-pelvic viscera (BFVis) can be calculated by subtracting right and left femoral arterial BF (BFRFA and BFLFA, respectively) from upper abdominal aorta BF (BFAo) above the coeliac trunk. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the time course in BFVis and its relation to hemodynamic pa...
Article
Purpose Muscle unloading causes muscle function deterioration, but the extent to which training frequency or volume can be reduced while preserving muscle function during muscle unloading is unknown. We examined the effects of low-volume muscle endurance and strength training on forearm muscle oxidative capacity, endurance, and strength during a 3...
Article
Reduced peak aerobic capacity in chronic heart failure can be partly explained by impaired peripheral factors. However, skeletal muscle deoxygenation responses during exercise and their relationship to peak aerobic capacity have not been fully established in early post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. Patients early post-MI (age 61 ± 9, n=16, 2...
Article
Exercising muscle blood flow (BF) may be an indicator of oxygen supply change allowing increased muscle energy metabolism through the circulatory response between central and peripheral hemodynamics. During exercise an increase in cardiac output may represent the interplay of alterations in both blood pressure and vascular conductance. Dynamic musc...
Article
To examine the hypothesis that the relationship between minute ventilation (VE) and deoxygenation from the intercostal space (IC) would be steady regardless of exercise protocols, if an increase in O2 consumption of the accessory respiratory muscles with an increase of VE brings about deoxygenation in IC, we measured the relationship between VE and...
Article
We compared muscle oxygen saturation (SmO2) responses in several leg muscles and within a single muscle during ramp cycling exercise between elderly men (n = 8; age, 65 ± 3 years; ELD) and young men (n = 10; age, 23 ± 3 years; YNG). SmO2 was monitored at the distal site of the vastus lateralis (VLd), proximal site of the vastus lateralis (VLp), rec...
Article
Recently, deoxygenated hemoglobin (HHb) has been used as one of the most popular indicators of muscle O2 extraction during exercise in the field of exercise physiology. However, HHb may not sufficiently represent muscle O2 extraction, as total hemoglobin (tHb) is not stable during exercise. The purpose of this study was to measure various muscle ox...
Article
Full-text available
Background Increasing empirical evidence supports associations between neighborhood environments and physical activity. However, since most studies were conducted in a single country, particularly western countries, the generalizability of associations in an international setting is not well understood. The current study examined whether associatio...
Article
Full-text available
Background Neighborhood environment studies of physical activity (PA) have been mainly single-country focused. The International Prevalence Study (IPS) presented a rare opportunity to examine neighborhood features across countries. The purpose of this analysis was to: 1) detect international neighborhood typologies based on participants’ response p...
Article
We examined whether O(2) saturation in several leg muscles changes as exercise intensity increases. Twelve healthy young males performed 20 W/min ramp bicycle exercise until exhaustion. Pulmonary O(2) uptake (VO(2)) was monitored continuously during the experiments to determine peak oxygen uptake. Muscle O(2) saturation (SmO(2)) was also monitored...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between physical fitness and coronary risk factor profiles in Japanese women. The subjects were 1,483 women (ages 30 to 69) who participated in a practical health promotion program. After medical examination, physical fitness was evaluated by conducting a symptom limited maximal exercise...
Article
To examine the blood flow (BF) response in the lower abdomen (LAB) in recovery following upright cycling exercise at three levels of relative maximum pulmonary oxygen consumption (VO(2max)) and the relationship of BF(LAB) to heart rate (HR) and target intensity. For 11 healthy subjects, BF (Doppler ultrasound) in the upper abdominal aorta (Ao) abov...
Article
Full-text available
Arterial blood flow (BF) to all abdominal-pelvic organs (AP) shows potential for an indicator of comprehensive splanchnic organ circulation (reservoir of blood supply for redistribution) in cardiovascular disease, hepato-gastrointestinal disease or hemodynamic disorders. Our previous assessment of splanchnic hemodynamics, as magnitude of BFAP [meas...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the effect of 3-week upper limb immobilization on conduit artery cross-sectional area and peak hyperemia (BF(peak)) after exhaustive dynamic handgrip exercise (Ex(dyn)), and that of low-volume strength and endurance training during immobilization. Healthy volunteers (n = 21; mean age, 22 years) were divided into 3 groups: immobilization...
Article
This study investigated heterogeneity of muscle O(2) consumption (diffusive m-VO(2)) and muscle oxygenation difference (m-O(2) difference) within the forearm flexor muscles using multi-optical fibers near-infrared continuous wave spectroscopy (NIRcws) during incremental exercise. Nine healthy male subjects performed incremental dynamic handgrip exe...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in muscle oxygen saturation (SmO(2)) level and its heterogeneity after 6 weeks of endurance training using multi-channel near infrared spatially resolved spectroscopy (NIR(SRS)). Nine healthy subjects participated in this study (Male = 6, Female = 3, age: 27 +/- 5 years, height: 168.7 +/- 7.4 cm,...
Article
We evaluated arterial blood flow, muscle tissue oxygenation and muscle metabolism in the non-exercising limb during leg cycling exercise. Ten healthy male volunteers performed a graded leg cycling exercise at 0, 40, 80, 120 and 160 watts (W) for 5 min each. Tissue oxygenation index (TOI) of the non-exercising left forearm muscle was measured using...
Article
Full-text available
We have developed an exercise machine prototype for increasing exercise intensity by means of passively exercising lower limb muscles. The purpose of the present study was to compare the passive exercise intensity of our newly-developed machine with the intensities of different types of exercises. We also attempted to measure muscle activity to stu...
Article
Arterial blood flow (BF) to all abdominal-pelvic organs (AP) is a potentially useful indicator of splanchnic circulatory dysfunction or various stress-induced AP flow distributions. BFAP can be measured by subtracting BF in the "peripheral" bilateral limb left/right-femoral arteries (FA) from the "central" upper abdominal aorta (Ao) above the celia...
Article
Understanding environmental correlates of physical activity can inform policy changes. Surveys were conducted in 11 countries using the same self-report environmental variables and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, allowing analyses with pooled data. The participating countries were Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, China (Hong Ko...
Article
To examine the effects of low-volume muscle endurance training on muscle oxidative capacity, endurance and strength of the forearm muscle during 21-day forearm immobilization (IMM-21d). The non-dominant arm (n = 15) was immobilized for 21 days with a cast and assigned to an immobilization-only group (Imm-group; n = 7) or an immobilization with trai...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to compare the trapezius muscle blood volume and oxygenation in the stimulation region and in a distant region in the same muscle during acupuncture stimulation (AS). We hypothesized that AS provokes a localized increase in muscle blood volume and oxygenation in the stimulation region. Two sets of near-infrared spectrometer (NIRS)...
Article
Although environmental attributes related to physical activity is an emerging research topic, most studies have been reported from Western countries. This study aimed to examine the relationship between perceived environment and physical activity among Japanese adults. The sample included 492 adults aged 20 to 74 years (61%: male) living in Tokyo a...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to determine whether endurance and strength hand grip exercises during 3-week upper limb immobilization preserve muscle oxidative capacity, endurance performance and strength. Ten healthy adult men underwent non-dominant forearm immobilization by plaster cast for 21 days. Five healthy adult subjects were designated as...
Article
The pulsed Doppler method theoretically enables human arterial blood flow (BF) to be determined in all of the abdominal-pelvic organs (BF(AP)) by subtracting the bilateral proximal femoral arterial BF from the upper abdominal aorta BF above the coeliac trunk. Evaluation of BF(AP) is a potentially useful indicator of exercise or food intake related...
Article
We evaluated regional differences of muscle O 2 dynamics between distal and proximal sites in the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle using near infrared spatial resolved spectroscopy (NIR SRS). forty-one male subjects performed a 30 W ramp incremental bicycle exercise test until exhaustion. The NIR SRS probes were attached on each distal and proximal sit...
Article
The purpose of this study was to determine the age and habitual physical activity on re-oxygenation time in working muscles following maximal cycling exercise (CycEXmax). Twelve sedentary middle-aged (50±6), 13 sedentary elderly (66±3), 13 active middle-aged (53±5), and 20 active elderly (67±5) were evaluated the half re-oxygenation time (T1/2 reox...
Article
The purpose of this study was to clarify the effects of bicycle ergometer training and prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) for patients with intermittent claudication. Subjects were divided into four groups: the medication group (M), the PGE1 group (P), the exercise group (E) and the PGE1 and exercise group (PE). The P group was injected with 10 μg of PGE1, th...
Article
The purpose of this study was to determine the interaction of age and habitual physical activity on recovery time of muscle oxygenation following maximal cycling exercise (CycEXmax). Twelve sedentary middle-aged (50+/-6), 13 sedentary elderly (66+/-3), 13 active middle-aged (53+/-5), and 20 active elderly (67+/-5) women participated in this study....
Article
Full-text available
Background In this research inactivity was simulated by immobilizing the forearm region in a plaster cast. Changes in skeletal muscle oxidative function were measured using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), and the preventative effect of the training protocol on deterioration of skeletal muscle and the clinical utility of NIRS were examined. Meth...
Article
Post-exercise related time course of muscle oxygenation during recovery provides valuable information on peripheral vascular disease. The purpose of the present study was to examine post-exercise hyperemia (forearm blood flow; FBF, Doppler ultrasound) assessed by peak FBF, excess FBF and the time constant for FBF (FBF(Tc)) following isometric handg...
Article
Although it is well known that immobilization causes muscle atrophy, most immobilization models have examined lower limbs, and little is known about the forearm. The purpose of this study was to determine whether forearm immobilization produces changes in muscle morphology and function. Six healthy males (age: 21.5 +/- 1.4, mean +/- SD) participate...
Article
In this study, we tried to continuously measure muscle oxygen consumption (m-VO2) by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) without arterial occlusions. We used an intermittent isometric exercise at high intensity, which elicits a spontaneous occlusion of the blood flow to the muscle due to an increase in intramuscular pressure. Changes in muscle oxygen...
Article
Full-text available
Diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) is the energy expended in excess of resting metabolic rate for digestion, absorption, transport, metabolism, and storage of foods. Despite a large number of studies on human DIT (Bahr et al., 1991; Burkhard-Jagodzinska et al., 1999; Pittet et al., 1974; Segal et al., 1990; Sekhar et al., 1998; Van Zant et al., 1992;...
Article
The forearm muscles of five healthy males were monitored for changes in microvessel hemoglobin saturation (SO2-TRS) by near infrared time-resolved spectroscopy (NIRTRS) and changes in phosphorus metabolites by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) during 12 min of resting arterial occlusion. Muscle oxygenation and phosphorus metabolites were al...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively examine the changes in muscle oxygen consumption (VO2mus) after food intake as measured by near-infrared continuous wave spectroscopy (NIRcws). Six healthy male subjects were given a meal with a calculated total energy content of 10 kcal/kg body. VO2mus was measured from 15 min to 150 min after they f...
Article
Respiration and the muscle pump play major roles in increasing venous return. However, the relative contribution of each of these factors remains unclear. The present study investigates the quantitative effects of interaction between respiration and the muscle pump on femoral venous blood flow (FVBF) during a single voluntary knee extension-flexion...