Norbert Götz

Norbert Götz
Södertörn University | sh · Institute of Contemporary History

Professor

About

49
Publications
3,836
Reads
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365
Citations
Introduction
Norbert Götz works at the Institute of Contemporary History, Södertörn University, Sweden. His current research focuses on populism, moral economy, civil society and humanitarianism, the Nordic countries in a global perspective, and spatial imaginaries.

Publications

Publications (49)
Book
Full-text available
This is an innovative new history of famine relief and humanitarianism. The authors apply a moral economy approach to shed new light on the forces and ideas that motivated and shaped humanitarian aid during the Great Irish Famine, the famine of 1921-1922 in Soviet Russia and the Ukraine, and the 1980s Ethiopian famine. They place these episodes wit...
Chapter
This overview begins with a discussion of how the term NGO entered international relations in connection with the UN Charter conference. It continues with a chronological sketch of the emergence of NGOs in the nineteenth century. It then discusses the quantitative development of NGOs until today, periodisation issues, and major trends, suggesting a...
Book
Full-text available
‘Mental map’ is a term referring to the way people orientate themselves in their spatial surroundings and how they perceive the world. Alongside ‘cognitive map’, its approximate synonym, the concept of a mental map is established in geography, the behavioral sciences, and psychology. Over the past two decades the idea of mental maps has been adopte...
Article
Full-text available
This article engages with political region building by examining the diverging conceptions of the Baltic Sea region since the 1970s. It maps the fuzzy geography arising from the enmeshment of territory with a multitude of frameworks for regional action. After 1989, the region became the object of interregional and neighborhood policies established...
Chapter
Full-text available
While late modernity in Europe and elsewhere is characterized by growing individualism and the decline of grand narratives, this is happening in an increasingly interconnected world. As we show in this chapter for the Red Cross Movement and other organizations such as MSF, the humanitarian sector is exposed to both tendencies and has undergone a ma...
Book
The concept of mental maps is used in several disciplines including geography, psychology, history, linguistics, economics, anthropology, political science, and computer game design. However, until now, there has been little communication between these disciplines and methodological schools involved in mental mapping. Mental Maps: Geographical and...
Experiment Findings
Case studies on the Great Irish Famine 1840s, the Russian famine 1921-23, and the famine in Ethiopia in the mid-1980s.
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Zusammenfassung Dieser Artikel untersucht am Beispiel Erfurts die Verteilung humanitärer Hilfsgelder des Londoner „Committee for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent“ (1805–1815). Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf den Jahren 1814 und 1815, denn die Quellen zur ersten Hilfskampagne der Jahre 1805 und 1806 sind...
Article
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Sweden's relationship with the United Nations fluctuated considerably between 1941 and 1946. This article examines how the Nordic country's own security interests were sometimes viewed as compatible and sometimes at odds with membership of the United Nations. The discussions surrounding Sweden's accession to the United Nations and actions of its fi...
Article
OPEN ACCESS: https://doi.org/10.1080/17449626.2015.1054556 — This article challenges E.P. Thompson's definition of 'moral economy' as a traditional consensus of crowd rights that were swept away by market forces. Instead, it suggests that the concept has the potential of improving the understanding of modern civil society. Moral economy was a term...
Book
Full-text available
The 'open society' has become a watchword of liberal democracy and the market system in the modern globalized world. Openness stands for individual opportunity and collective reason, as well as bottom-up empower-ment and top-down transparency. It has become a cherished value, despite its vagueness and the connotation of vulnerability that surrounds...
Article
The London-based Committee for Relieving the Distressed Inhabitants of Germany, and Other Parts of the Continent is an early example of a large-scale voluntary relief programme that has gone unappreciated in the annals of humanitarianism. The present article examines the period in 1808 and 1809 when this committee redirected its relief efforts to S...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter discusses the rise of identity politics after the cultural changes of 1968 and the political changes of 1989, with a focus on the Baltic Sea region.
Book
Full-text available
The essays in this collection present research on national, class, and gender identities in the Baltic Sea Region and Eastern Europe being conducted by researchers based at the Institute of Contemporary History, Södertörn University, Stockholm. The contributors focus on transnational flow as they explore Danish, Estonian, Finnish, German, Lithuania...
Article
Rationales of Humanitarianism: The Case of British Relief to Germany, 1805–1815 This article examines the British humanitarian relief campaign initiated by the Committee for Relieving the Distresses in Germany and Other Parts of the Continent (1805–1815). It demonstrates the significance of two aspects for the campaign: the activism of London-based...
Article
The transdisciplinary coherence of area studies can be enhanced through a cross-fertilisation of historical and social sciences with concepts derived from philology and cultural studies. The five Scandinavian power investigations (Norway 1972–1982, Sweden 1985–1990, Denmark 1997–2003, Norway 1997–2003, and Finland 2007–2010) are here recognised as...
Chapter
Obwohl oder gerade weil es im Schwedischen keine griffige Entsprechung des deutschen Begriffs Verband gibt – man behilft sich mit dem mehrdeutigen Wort organisation, gelegentlich wird auch von „Interessenorganisation“, „(ideellem) Verein“ oder „Zusammenschluss“ gesprochen –, hat die Rede vom schwedischen Modellcharakter für den Bereich des Verbands...
Book
Full-text available
The ascendency of executive power in the presence of weak parliamentary and societal control has given rise to a need for deliberative forms of diplomacy in international relations. As Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden regularly include members of parliament, party representatives, and representatives of civil society in their delegatio...
Article
Existing research on Scandinavian peace activism has largely been guided by a traditional nation-state perspective and an institutionalist outlook. This view puts the starting point of Scandinavian peace activism in the 1880s, the time when the first peace associations were established in Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. The article at hand demonstrate...
Article
This article examines Norwegian policy vis-à-vis the United Nations (UN) through the end of 1945. From here it will become clear that framing foreign policy orientations of the 1940s along conventional lines exaggerates the commitment of Norwegian politicians to two grand ideas. The novel idea of Atlantic alignment, developed by Norwegian circles i...
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Full-text available
This article examines the emergence of the so-called Western European and Others Group as well as that of the caucus of European Communities at the General Assembly of the United Nations based on a study of documents from Nordic foreign ministries in the period 1945 to 1975. It shows that the global entanglement of Western Europe both stimulated an...
Article
In this article I aim to provide a better understanding of the concept `non-governmental organization' and its implications for the politics of international relations. As the prevailing confusion about the term stems largely from poor knowledge about the politics behind its introduction and function, the overarching question asks how NGOs have bee...
Article
From the mid-1950s on, the United Nations (UN) provided a forum for Finland to have an international presence despite its status as a neutral country in the Cold War. But until 1955, Finland's bid to join the UN was blocked by the Soviet Union. The inability to gain admission caused some Finns to favor staying outside the UN, a view that gained its...
Article
Das Geschenk, das sich die Mitglieder zum sechzigsten Geburtstag der Vereinten Nationen selbst machten, fiel bekanntlich mager aus. In gewisser Weise ist die folgende Rezension eine Rezension von ,Rezensionen des in diesem Zusammenhang verabschiedeten Dokuments sowie der gegenwärtigen Haltung der Weltregierungen zu ihrer gemeinsamen Allzweckorganis...
Chapter
Full-text available
The article addresses the conceptual history of the Swedish term "folkhem" (people's home) in the twentieth century.
Article
In the wake of the Cold War, the concept of Norden (‘the North’) comprising the countries of Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland and Iceland has lost some of its attraction. Norden does not any longer imply a favourable position with a lower level of tension than in the rest of Europe. And, admittedly, at present there are many reasons for the promoti...
Chapter
Obwohl oder gerade weil es im Schwedischen keine griffige Entsprechung des deutschen Begriffs Verband gibt — man behilft sich mit dem mehrdeutigen Wort organisation, gelegentlich wird auch von „Interessenorganisation“, „(ideellem) Verein“ oder „Zusammenschluß“ gesprochen -, hat die Rede vom schwedischen Modellcharakter für den Bereich des Verbandsw...
Book
Full-text available
Das zwanzigste Jahrhundert ist zu Recht als ein "Jahrhundert der Extreme" bezeichnet worden. Die in der historischen Bewertung so unterschiedlichen nationalen und sozialen Integrationskonzepte der Volksgemeinschaft in Deutschland und des Volksheims in Schweden stehen exemplarisch für destruktive beziehungsweise konstruktive Versuche, den Herausford...
Article
Sweden’s roll during World War II has recently been paid increasing attention to, since its proclaimed neutrality seems rather doubtful in some respects. The ambition of the following paper is not to shed more light on these questions. The focus is instead on the domestic organization of Swedish society under the condition of war in the surrounding...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Rechtsextremismus wird in der Forschung vor allem als eine Reaktion auf negative Modernisierungserfahrungen angesehen. Wirtschaftliche Probleme und Ängste sind nach dieser Sichtweise der Nährboden rechtsextremer Einstellungen und Verhaltensweisen. Bei aller Plausibilität hat diese Modernisierungsverlierer-Hypothese empirisch wenig B...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
This project sheds new light on the Biafra Crisis (1967–70), a turning point in twentieth century history that transformed civil societies in the Global North, especially in the humanitarian sector. We seek to understand how this emergency called forth public engagement and a new humanitarian system in the Nordic countries based on an expanding globally oriented civil society, closely entangled with the media, and in arm’s-length interaction with the state. The project pays special attention to different types of interaction, interrelated discourses, and varieties of meaning-making ethics across societal sectors and borders. We draw on postcolonial, intersectional, and altruism theories while applying historical methods to analyse largely unexplored archival sources (church aid organisations, Red Cross, foreign ministries) and media (press, TV) on Biafran distress and relief efforts in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Three carefully timed work packages examine the relevant aid agencies, the media, and the interaction of civil society and governments. Although the Biafra Crisis has been a trending topic in international research, this project is first to systematically examine the high-profile Nordic participation in this relief effort. This is all the more significant as the Biafra Crisis is a formative moment in the history of the Nordic aid sector, raising fundamental ethical issues that continue to be relevant to global civil society today.
Project
ReNEW (Reimagining Norden in an Evolving World) aims at developing path-breaking research on the Nordic region within a challenging global context. Promoting mobility, exchange, high-level conferences and education, it brings together six Nordic universities with world-wide connections. The ReNEW programme aims to become the leading hub for research and teaching excellence, focusing on the Nordic region with regard to the following themes: Nordic co-operation; gender and equality; public policy, welfare and labour markets; democracy and governance; branding and reputation; multiculturalism, humanitarianism and environmentalism; and culture and media. See: https://www.helsinki.fi/en/researchgroups/reimagining-norden-in-an-evolving-world