Nora Turoman

Nora Turoman
University of Geneva | UNIGE · Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences (FAPSE)

PhD

About

27
Publications
5,757
Reads
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106
Citations
Citations since 2016
26 Research Items
106 Citations
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Introduction
I investigate the links between attentional processes (like distraction) and working memory, in the rich, multisensory environments that are everyday settings. I study these links in adults, and over the course of childhood, using behavioural measures, and traditional (ERP) and multivariate analyses of EEG.
Additional affiliations
October 2019 - present
HES-SO Valais-Wallis
Position
  • PhD Student
October 2016 - October 2019
Lausanne University Hospital
Position
  • PhD Student
October 2015 - October 2016
University of Oxford
Position
  • Master's Student

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
Frontiers for Young Minds: New Discovery The world is a distracting place – full of shapes and colors, sounds, and smells that constantly excite our senses. Sometimes, things that distract us can stimulate multiple senses at once. When the TV is switched on while we are trying to read, moving images on the screen are accompanied by sounds. But you...
Article
Full-text available
In real-world environments information is typically multisensory, and objects are a primary unit of information processing. Object recognition and action necessitates attentional selection of task-relevant from among task-irrelevant objects. However, the brain and cognitive mechanisms governing these processes remain not well understood. Here, we d...
Conference Paper
Visual attention skills shape learning, but how do these abilities interact with multisensory processes that must contribute to shaping literacy and numeracy skills? We investigated how involuntary multisensory integration and top-down visual attention develop together during primary school and how these processes contribute to reading and basic ma...
Preprint
Background: The quality of COVID-19 preprints should be considered with great care, as we have seen that their contents can influence public policy. Efforts to improve preprint quality have mostly focused on introducing quick peer review, but surprisingly little has been done to calibrate the public’s evaluation of preprints and their contents. The...
Article
Full-text available
Dashboard-mounted touchscreen tablets are now common in vehicles. Screen/phone use in cars likely shifts drivers’ attention away from the road and contributes to risk of accidents. Nevertheless, vision is subject to multisensory influences from other senses. Haptics may help maintain or even increase visual attention to the road, while still allowi...
Preprint
The current paper presents an overview of the workflow of the Working Memory, Cognition and Development lab (WomCogDev) lab at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, as an example of how Open Science principles can be applied in a developmental psychology lab. We describe the importance and challenges of applying Open Science practices in developme...
Article
The current paper presents an overview of the workflow of the Working Memory, Cognition and Development (WomCogDev) lab at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, as an example of how Open Science principles can be applied in a developmental psychology lab. We describe the importance and challenges of applying Open Science practices in developmental...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dashboard-mounted touchscreen tablets are now common in vehicles. Screen/phone use in cars likely shifts drivers’ attention away from the road and contributes to risk of accidents. Nevertheless, vision is subject to multisensory influences from other senses. Haptics may help maintain or even increase visual attention to the road, while still allowi...
Article
Full-text available
Research on attentional control has largely focused on single senses and the importance of behavioural goals in controlling attention. However, everyday situations are multisensory and contain regularities, both likely influencing attention. We investigated how visual attentional capture is simultaneously impacted by top-down goals, the multisensor...
Article
Full-text available
Schooling may shape children's abilities to control their attention, but it is unclear if this impact extends from control over visual objects to encompass multisensory objects, which are more typical of everyday environments. We compared children across three primary school grades (Swiss first, third, and fifth grades) on their performance on a ga...
Article
Full-text available
Outside the laboratory, people need to pay attention to relevant objects that are typically multisensory, but it remains poorly understood how the underlying neurocognitive mechanisms develop. We investigated when adult-like mechanisms controlling one’s attentional selection of visual and multisensory objects emerge across childhood. Five-, 7-, and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract Tasks designed to study adult attention skills have helped clarify the development of such skills in childhood. We recently demonstrated how children develop goal-based visual and stimulus-driven multisensory attention. Here, we tested whether children improve these attention skills within a single testing session, and whether this depend...
Preprint
Full-text available
Schooling may shape children’s abilities to control their attention, but it is unclear if this impact extends from control over visual objects to encompass multisensory objects, which are more typical of everyday environments. We compared children across three primary school grades (Swiss 1 st , 3 rd , and 5 th grade) on their performance on a comp...
Article
A large body of research on connections between sensory modalities has shown that deep connections exist between sound and vision, such that people have a tendency to associate certain sounds with certain visual properties, including line-drawn shapes. While recognising the role of written language in audio-visual associations, previous research ha...
Preprint
Full-text available
Research on attentional control has largely focused on single senses and the importance of one’s behavioural goals in controlling attention. However, everyday situations are multisensory and contain regularities, both likely influencing attention. We investigated how visual attentional capture is simultaneously impacted by top-down goals, multisens...
Preprint
Full-text available
Attentional control outside of the laboratory operates in multisensory settings, but the development of mechanisms subserving such control remains poorly understood. We investigated when, over the course of childhood, adult-like attentional control mechanisms begin to emerge. Children aged five, seven, and nine were compared with adults on behaviou...
Poster
Full-text available
The aim of educational neuroscience research is to better understand the neurocognitive processes shaping how developing brains learn. We now understand that children’s ability to learn and deploy new skills depends critically on their capacity to promote the processing of task-relevant information and suppress the goal-irrelevant information (i.e....
Conference Paper
In real-world environments, information is typically multisensory, and objects are a primary unit of information processing. Object recognition and action necessitates attentional selection of task-relevant from among task-irrelevant objects. However, brain and cognitive mechanisms governing attentional selection of multisensory objects remain poor...
Article
Full-text available
Sensory substitution is an effective means to rehabilitate many visual functions after visual impairment or blindness. Tactile information, for example, is particularly useful for functions such as reading, mental rotation, shape recognition, or exploration of space. Extant haptic technologies typically rely on real physical objects or pneumaticall...
Article
Full-text available
Everyday vision includes the detection of stimuli, figure-ground segregation, as well as object localization and recognition. Such processes must often surmount impoverished or noisy conditions; borders are perceived despite occlusion or absent contrast gradients. These illusory contours (ICs) are an example of so-called mid-level vision, with an e...
Article
Despite the rapid growth of research on the crossmodal correspondence between visually presented shapes and basic tastes (e.g., sweet, sour, bitter, and salty), most studies that have been published to date have focused on shape contour (roundness/angularity). Meanwhile, other important features, such as symmetry, as well as the underlying mechanis...
Article
Full-text available
In three experiments, we asked whether diverse scripts contain interpretable information about the speech sounds they represent. When presented with a pair of unfamiliar letters, adult readers correctly guess which is /i/ (the ‘ee’ sound in ‘feet’), and which is /u/ (the ‘oo’ sound in ‘shoe’) at rates higher than expected by chance, as shown in a l...
Article
Full-text available
Welcome to this Special Issue of Array: Proceedings of Si15, the 2nd International Symposium on Sound and Interactivity. The articles in the present issue originated in the Si15 Soundislands Festival, which was held in Singapore 18–23 August 2015. The festival events included five invited artist performances, two scientific keynotes and two days o...
Article
Turoman N & Styles SJ. (2016). How well do humans capture the sounds of speech in writing? In Lindborg PM & Styles SJ (Eds.), ICMA Array, vol 2016, Special Issue: Proceedings of Si15, Singapore, August 2015, pp 43–44. Abstract. A large body of research on connections between sensory modalities has shown that deep connections exist between sound an...
Article
Turoman N & Styles SJ. (2016). How well do humans capture the sounds of speech in writing? In Lindborg PM & Styles SJ (Eds.), ICMA Array, vol 2016, Special Issue: Proceedings of Si15, Singapore, August 2015, pp 43–44. Abstract. A large body of research on connections between sensory modalities has shown that deep connections exist between sound an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A large body of research on connections between sensory modalities has shown that deep connections exist between sound and vision, such that people have a tendency to associate certain sounds with certain visual properties, including line-­drawn shapes. While recognising the role of written language in audio-­visual associations, previous research...

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Projects (2)
Project
Goal: This project aims to provide much-needed clarification of the development of attentional control mechanisms engaged by multisensory stimuli compared to the more traditionally studied visual (or auditory) stimuli, from the underlying brain mechanisms to their role in shaping educational outcomes. We have a pretty clear understanding of how skills in paying attention to visual (or auditory) information shape educational achievements. However, we know close to nothing about how children develop their skills in attention to multisensory information, at what age do different adult-like audiovisual attentional control mechanisms emerge, or how they are shaped by traditional types of experience like amount of schooling.