Nora Reinolsmann

Nora Reinolsmann
Hasselt University · Transportation Research Institute (IMOB)

Doctor of Transportation Sciences

About

19
Publications
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202
Citations

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Variable Message Signs (VMS) are implemented at varying locations of the expressway. In this study, we compared the drivers' attention allocation to a 'drive safely' message on several VMS gantries that were located at six sections of typical expressway conditions in Qatar. We investigated how the expressway drivers perceive the VMS when implemente...
Article
Peak travel times contribute to congestion formation at freeway work zones. Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS) can inform drivers in real-time about the delays and travel times en-route and can provide information about an alternative route to a destination. Different ATIS display strategies are available; however, road authorities lack i...
Article
Highway exit gore areas are common and essential components of highway networks everywhere. Drivers need to navigate, decelerate, and change lanes at exit gore areas through specified and compacted geometry. This makes exit gore areas potentially crash-prone locations. Studies analyzed factors contributing to crashes at exit gore areas. Although ma...
Article
Insight in the acceptability of Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA) is an important requirement for the supported implementation of speed limiter technology. The aim of this study was to investigate the behavioural intention to accept ISA technology in a sample of 218 male minibus taxi drivers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The hypothesized framework pro...
Article
Problem: Evolving sandstorms on rural expressways in desert countries impair drivers' contrast vision and increase the risk of serious crashes due to delayed speed adjustments. Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) such as Variable Message Signs (VMS) conveying warnings can be activated to address drivers’ speed adaptation before entering a low visib...
Article
Full-text available
Driving simulators are useful and effective tools for conducting studies in the field of traffic safety. Simulation sickness (SS) and the sense of presence (SP) are two well-known factors that could affect the results of the driving simulator experiments. This study investigated the relationship between SP and SS in a medium-fidelity driving simula...
Article
Full-text available
A safe headway to the lead vehicle is important to reduce conflicts with merging vehicles from highway on-ramps. Previous research has outlined the advantage of gap metering strategies to yield sufficient space to merging vehicles and improve highway capacity during peak hours. However, prevailing gap metering systems fail to indicate the minimum r...
Article
Driving anger and aggressive driving are main contributors to crashes, especially among young males. Trait driving anger is context-specific and unique from other forms of anger. It is necessary to understand the mechanisms of trait driving anger to develop targeted interventions. Although literature conceptually distinguished reactive and proactiv...
Article
Transition zones are a road section where posted speed drops from higher to lower limits. Due to the sudden changes in posted speed limits and road environment, drivers usually do not adapt to the posted speed limits and underestimate their traveling speed. Previous studies have highlighted that crash rates are usually higher in these sections. Thi...
Article
Full-text available
Advance Traveler Information Systems (ATIS) inform drivers about traffic incidences and expected travel times/ delays en-route. An online computer study was conducted in Qatar to investigate drivers’ willingness to divert to an alternative route given changes in expected travel conditions. Respondents’ route choices were queried after exposure for...
Article
Harsh decelerations and abrupt lane changes of drivers on the outer expressway lane in response to merging platoon vehicles from on-ramps increase the crash- and congestion risk on expressways. Several merge control approaches are worldwide implemented. However, there is a gap in knowledge which driving behaviors determine whether a particular merg...
Article
Harsh decelerations and abrupt lane changes of drivers on the outer expressway lane inresponse to merging platoon vehicles from on-ramps increase the crash- and congestionrisk on expressways. Several merge control approaches are worldwide implemented.However, there is a gap in knowledge which driving behaviors determine whether a par-ticular merge...
Article
Graphical route information panels (GRIPs) are an alternative to conventional text-based variable message signs to address different traveler information needs. Since drivers are traveling at higher speeds on the motorways, they have to quickly comprehend and correctly respond to the graphical information displayed on a GRIP. Design elements like t...
Article
Correctly estimating the travelling speed is essential for safety on the roads to ensure safer interactions with other drivers and to avoid violations of traffic regulations. Therefore, it is important to create understanding of the pattern of speed perception of drivers and the influencing factors. This study invited 40 drivers to participate in a...
Article
Full-text available
Professional drivers play a significant role within the traffic system of the State of Qatar. With developing infrastructure, the need for professional drivers is growing. However, knowledge is lacking about their perception of traffic safety. Therefore, this study investigates the personal acceptance of risky driving and suggested traffic laws amo...
Article
Background: Driving simulators have become an effective research tool in traffic safety, but the validity of results obtained in simulated environments remains a debated issue of high importance. Objective: The objective of this study is to validate a fixed-base driving simulator for speed perception and actual speed and to support its application...
Article
Congestion and stopped traffic on motorways constitute a potential safety hazard for drivers. In particular, unexpected hard congestion tails are the causes of serious rear-end crashes as they compromise the drivers’ ability to gradually lower speed and avoid erratic maneuvers. Advance congestion warning has been proposed as a countermeasure to pre...
Conference Paper
1. Introduction Motorways are the safest roads by design and regulation. Still, motorways in the European Union accounted for nearly 27,500 fatalities from 2004 to 2013 (Adminaite, Allsop, & Jost, 2015). The likelihood of the occurrence of rear-end collisions increases with higher traffic densities. This is alarming considering the proportion of tr...
Thesis
The master thesis focused on explicit and implicit measures of aggressive attitudes in drivers. Aggressive driving behavior is a frequently observed phenomenon that is prevalent among young novice drivers until 24 years and continues to prevail among male drivers. Aggressive driving can have life-threatening consequences since the drivers endanger...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
In general, this project targets the development of national guidelines for the design of VMSs that can be applied in urban areas to the following categories of road/traffic situations; (1) Congestion, (2) Incidents, (3) Road Works and (4) Dynamic Traffic Management. It will be achieved through the identification of the most effective designs of messages in VMSs (static and dynamic) by studying and modelling driver’s reaction considering the wide diversity of driver population in the State of Qatar. To reach this goal, several objectives have to be achieved: 1. Identifying the potential contents of messages and their design to be displayed through VMS to serve the considered road/traffic situations. This will be accompanied with studying the basic demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the driver population within Qatar by collecting statistical data from related authorities and available literature. 2. Commissioning the selected driving simulator including the hardware and software integration. 3. Developing the experimental design structure including scenarios building and programing, the identification of a statistically sufficient and representative sample of participants, and determination of effective recruiting methods to secure the needed number of participants. 4. Analysis and modeling of driver response to various types of messages under different road/traffic conditions considering driver characteristics (such as age and education). 5. Defining the most effective contents of the messages and their displays through VMSs in Qatar for the road/traffic conditions under consideration.