Nora Rangel

Nora Rangel
University of Guadalajara | UDG · Departamento de Ciencias Ambientales

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42
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Publications

Publications (42)
Chapter
Software development is the result of human endeavor, then the impact of the human factor would support its success. It has been observed that people consistently behave when facing a similar situation, revealing interaction styles. In the interaction styles observation, the use of games that engage the players facilitates behavior analysis beyond...
Article
Full-text available
Se realizaron dos experimentos con el objetivo de observar el papel que tiene el entrenamiento de modos conductuales (i.e. hablar, manipular y locomoción) sobre el desarrollo cognoscitivo en infantes de tres y cuatro años de edad. En el primer experimento se dividió a 12 infantes en cuatro grupos experimentales en donde se les entrenó, de manera in...
Conference Paper
In the process of software development, the importance of a team is unquestionable. Beside the team members’ technical knowledge and their skills, the interaction among them is a relevant factor that could affect their efficiency. According to the Team Software ProcessSM methodology, the phases of the software process and the activities of each tea...
Conference Paper
Software development is not always a successful task, mainly for human related reasons. This situation highlights the importance of focusing on the human factor to help organizations in reducing the risk of failure due to this factor. As a solution, this paper presents a model that aims to help organizations in the integration of highly effective t...
Article
Nowadays, the gamification has been applied beyond of traditional games that we know, an example is their application in topics in software engineering education, where it supports the learning and the accomplishment of activities in projects. However, there is very few evidence of its implementation to improve the integration of team work members,...
Conference Paper
Nowadays software represents an important piece to support a wide diversity of industrial needs in different domains. However, software development is not always a successful task, mainly for human related reasons. A problem that deeply affects small and medium enterprises (SMEs), particularly when they invest in software process improvement or to...
Book
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La ciencia social ha incorporado a un individuo que se manifiesta a través de ideas, representaciones, imágenes compartidas, deseos, actitudes, ambiciones, impulsos y muchas otras expresiones que poco ayudan a entender la dinámica de las relaciones entre individuos en los distintos ámbitos institucionales. La psicología, a su vez, ha creado una tie...
Article
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This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of allowing or restricting verbal interaction between dyads of participants when performing cooperative tasks. It was also analyzed whether the performance when solving the task was affected by the participants’ verbal interac-tions. The experimental setting entailed the assembly of tridimensional fig...
Article
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While a person's internal state might not be easily inferred through an automatic computer system, within a group, people express themselves through their interaction with others. The group members' interaction can be then helpful to understand, to certain extent, its members' affective behavior in any case toward the task at hand. In this context,...
Article
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In this paper, a study was made in order to compare the effects of oral and written communication on the performance of cooperative tasks. Also, it was evaluated if there were differences in the type of participants’ verbal interactions (directive vs. non-directive) due to the form of communication allowed and its effect in the task performance. Si...
Article
Abstract Like other communication media, a Collabora- tive Virtual Environment (CVE) enables interaction under certain characteristics. Here, the main display of nonverbal cues is through a graphical representation of the user in a computer-created environment; in such a way that nonverbal behavior in CVEs varies, not only because of the people and...
Article
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p>El presente estudio evaluó el papel de la exposición ante diferentes tipos de arreglos contingenciales en el establecimiento y la cualidad de los intercambios verbales que los participantes establecieron así como su efecto en la elección de alternativas compartidas de altruismo parcial. Para ello, se empleó una tarea de armado de rompecabezas vi...
Article
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Two studies were conducted to systematically evaluate the effects of induced reciprocity by a confederate and written declarations about anticipated responding in the task on partial-altruistic interactions. The experimental situation consisted of solving puzzles on two synchronized computer screens. Sixteen college students were assigned to 16 dya...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An experiment was carried out in order to identify interactive styles through an ambiguous situation. Interactive styles, defined as within-subjects consistencies and differences between-subjects, should occur across time and across situations. Two variables have been selected to design two kinds of ambiguous situations: probability of occurrence o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A quantitative analysis is proposed in order to identify consistencies in behavior as the outcome of the history of interactions with ambiguous situations. Interactive styles have been defined as within-subject consistencies and differences between subjects across time and across situations. Previous studies have proposed only qualitative and obser...
Article
Full-text available
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of resources and labor power exchange on the choice between non-shared or shared contingencies of partial altruism with or without differential earnings. Eight dyads of college students solved puzzles in two computers connected in a network (four did it in the same cubicle and four in different cub...
Article
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papel del intercambio verbal en la solución de tareas en niños de primaria 1 (The role of verbal exchange within the solution of tasks in primary school children) lizbeth Pulido 2 , Nora rangel 3 & Gerardo ortiz 3 Universidad de Guadalajara-CEIC (México) RESUMEN Con la presente investigación se pretendió explorar el papel de la exposición a diferen...
Article
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The present study pretended to explore the role of different contingential arrays (i.e., individual, collective or shared) on the establishment of verbal exchange and its impact over the individual instrumental measures on task solving. A task of virtual puzzle assembling was used, displayed in computers that could be interconnected or not, dependi...
Article
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Two experiments were designed to evaluate the effects of power functions proposed by Ribes (2001) in schoolchildren's obedience and compliance. In the Experiment 1, the effect of these functions were compared by the establishment of: 1) the experimenter intervention, who in a first phase of the experiment, he acted like an authority figure with pow...
Article
Full-text available
operant tradition, cooperation has been identified as coordinated or sequential responses by two individuals (animal or human) necessary for both to obtain consequences. Cooperation has been considered to involve " giving " responses by each of the participants as different from altruism, where only one of the participants " gives " (Hake & Olvera,...
Article
En el presente estudio se analizó el efecto de establecer dos niveles de autoridad (Total o Parcial) en la conducta obediente de niños escolares bajo dos situaciones de prueba: una sin costo de respuestas desobedientes (SCR) y, la otra, con costo de respuestas desobedientes (CR). El nivel de autoridad se determinó por el número de funciones de pode...
Article
p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 150%; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"> En el presente estudio se analizó el efecto de establecer dos niveles de autoridad (Total o Parcial) en la conducta obediente de niños escolares bajo dos situaciones de prueba: una sin costo de respuestas desobedientes (SCR) y, la otra, con costo de respuestas desobedientes (CR)....
Article
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In the present study an analysis was made of the effect of establishing two levels of authority (Total or Partial) in the obedient behavior of schoolchildren under two test situations: one with no response cost for disobedient responses (NRC) and the other, with response cost for disobedient responses (RC). The level of authority was determined by...
Article
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It is proposed that social behavior is the exclusive domain of humans. This fact is determined by the nature of the contact medium, which allows for social interactions related to consequences postponed in time and space. In contrast to physiochemical and ecological contact media, social contact medium is conventional, changes through history, and...
Article
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Social contingencies require not only two individuals responding to a common environment (Skinner, 1953), but also that their responses to the same or different stimuli sources affect each other (Ribes, 2001; Weiss, 1926). Concurrent responses of two individuals to one or more concurrent stimulus sources are not equivalent to responding under socia...
Article
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Cooperation has been considered as a basic phenomenon or process, consisting of responding simultaneously or almost simultaneously with a peer in a common task, with both participants receiving earnings. As Marwell and Schmitt (1975) pointed out, cooperative responding may include five conditions , namely: goal-directed behavior, rewards for each p...
Article
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Se realizaron tres experimentos para evaluar efectos interferentes de tres tipos de factores en al adquisición, mantenimiento y transferencia de una discriminación condicional de segundo orden en estudiantes de bachillerato y universitarios. Los factores manipulados fueron al intercalación de demoras de cinco segundos entre al presentación de los e...
Article
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Most experimental situations have consisted of reinforcing the temporal coordination or sequencing of repetitive, arbitrary responses such as pressing a button or a key or putting a stylus into a hole. The literature shows that responding first (competition), responding simultaneously or almost simultaneously with the peer (cooperation), and " give...
Article
Full-text available
A study was run in order to evaluate the preference for individual or social contingencies under different social exchange situations. Twenty four dyads of children and of college students solved a visual puzzle on a computer screen. In the experimental conditions each subject in every dyad could track the performance of his/her peer and also place...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluated the role of the exposure to different kinds of contingential arrays (non-shared individual, non-shared collective and shared) within the establishment and quality (in terms of its particular, general or strategic character) of the verbal exchanges that the experimental participants established, as well as its effect on the elec...

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