Nor S Sani

Nor S Sani
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia | ukm · Center for Artificial Intelligence Technology

PhD, University of Sheffield

About

58
Publications
74,765
Reads
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354
Citations
Citations since 2016
57 Research Items
353 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - March 2016
The University of Sheffield
Position
  • PhD

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes a genetic algorithm for the calculation of substructural analysis for use in ligand-based virtual screening. The algorithm is simple in concept and effective in operation, with simulated virtual screening experiments using the MDDR and WOMBAT datasets showing it to be superior to substructural analysis weights based on a naive...
Article
Full-text available
Substructural analysis provides a simple and effective way of ranking the 2D fingerprints representing the molecules in a database upon the basis of weights that denote a substructural fragment's contribution to the overall activity or inactivity of a molecule. A substructural analysis method has been described recently that is based on the use of...
Article
Full-text available
The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is an income-based poverty index which measures multiple deprivations alongside other relevant factors to determine and classify poverty. The implementation of a reliable MPI is one of the significant efforts by the Malaysian government to improve measures in alleviating poverty, in line with the recent poli...
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has infected more than 50 million people in more than 100 countries, resulting in a major global impact. Many studies on the potential roles of environmental factors in the transmission of the novel COVID-19 have been published. However, the impact of environmental factors on COVID-19 remains controversial. M...
Article
Full-text available
The effective loading area decreases because of cracking, leading to a rise in stress and eventual structural failure. Monitoring for cracks is an important part of keeping any pipeline or building in excellent working order. There are several obstacles that make manual inspection and monitoring of subsea pipes challenging. The fundamental objectiv...
Article
Full-text available
Skin cancer is one of the major types of cancer with an increasing incidence in recent decades. The source of skin cancer arises in various dermatologic disorders. Skin cancer is classified into various types based on texture, color, morphological features, and structure. The conventional approach for skin cancer identification needs time and money...
Article
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There are three income categories for Malaysians: the top 20% (T20), the middle 40% (M40), and the bottom 40% (B40). The government has extended B40′s access to higher education to eliminate socioeconomic disparities and improve their lives. The number of students enrolled in bachelor’s degree programmes at universities has risen annually. However,...
Article
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Traditionally, water quality is evaluated using expensive laboratory and statistical procedures, making real-time monitoring ineffective. Poor water quality requires a more practical and cost-effective solution. Water pollution has been a severe issue, hurting water quality in recent years. Therefore, it is crucial to create a model that forecasts...
Article
Full-text available
Traditionally, water quality is assessed using costly laboratory and statistical methods, rendering real-time monitoring useless. Poor water quality requires a more practical and cost-effective solution. The machine learning classification approach appears promising for rapid detection and prediction of water quality. Machine learning has been used...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mobile robot technology has advanced rapidly and can be used in a variety of industries due to its capacity to accomplish certain duties quickly and productively. Deep sea exploration, outer space adventure, military, surveillance, disaster environment, scouting, petroleum operations, advanced robotics, and manufacturing all have a high demand for...
Article
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Bag-of-Tasks (BoT) scheduling over cloud computing resources called Cloud Bag-of-Tasks Scheduling (CBS) problem, which is a well-known NP-hard optimization problem. Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA) is an effective method for CBS problems, which still requires further improvement in exploration ability, solution diversity, convergence speed, and e...
Chapter
Full-text available
Electrical energy is one of the most important sources of energy in the world, and it powers most of the equipment. However, some methods of generating energy can be damaging to the environment such as water dams which can affect marine life. There are also green systems that provide electricity while causing no harm to the environment, such as sol...
Chapter
Full-text available
Driving when being drowsy is one of the leading causes of automobile accidents on the road. Insomnia, some types of drugs, and boredom, such as driving for lengthy periods of time, can all cause drowsiness and exhaustion while driving. Many novel devices to prevent sleepy driving have been developed in recent years. One of them is to use biological...
Article
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Streaming data applications are common due to the advancement of technology to continuously capture or produce data, such as sensors for temperature, humidity and precipitation observations, social media or chatbots. These data applications receiving massive data in real-time requires an efficient algorithm and sufficient memory for analytics. Inte...
Article
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Selecting the most miniature possible set of genes from microarray datasets for clinical diagnosis and prediction is one of the most challenging machine learning tasks. A robust gene selection technique is required to identify the most significant subset of genes by removing spurious or non-predictive genes from the original dataset without sacrifi...
Article
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Pipeline transportation is particularly significant nowadays because it can transfer liquids or gases over a long distance, usually to a market area for use, using a system of pipes. The pipeline's numerous fittings, such as elbows and tees, as well as the various sizes and types of materials utilized, make routine inspection and maintenance challe...
Article
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Biomimicry-based robotic mobility is a newer subgenre of bio-inspired design and it's all about applying natural concepts to the development of real-world engineered systems. Previously, researchers used actuators such as motors, pumps, and intelligent materials or intelligent actuators to build many biomimicry robots. Due to the field's growing in...
Article
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In the above article [1] , the following author bios must be updated as their posts and positions were upgraded, and the profile picture of Bassem F. Felemban was previously incorrect.
Technical Report
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Now-a-days, exploring underwater is a difficult activity to do and requires specialized equipment to explore it. Many studies so far have proven that bio-inspired robotic fish such as stingray robots have many advantages for use as underwater exploration. One of them is the manta ray which can show excellent swimming ability by flapping the pectora...
Article
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Feature selection and sentiment analysis are two common studies that are currently being conducted; consistent with the advancements in computing and growing the use of social media. High dimensional or large feature sets is a key issue in sentiment analysis as it can decrease the accuracy of sentiment classification and make it difficult to obtain...
Article
Full-text available
Networking is crucial for smart city projects nowadays, as it offers an environment where people and things are connected. This paper presents a chronology of factors on the development of smart cities, including IoT technologies as network infrastructure. Increasing IoT nodes leads to increasing data flow, which is a potential source of failure fo...
Article
This paper introduces the utilization of two different optimization models as a decision-making tool for municipal solid waste management. This study aims to provide a framework of decision-making in managing municipal solid waste in Malaysia and demonstrating the function model's potential for a decision-making tool. Process network synthesis is u...
Article
The clustering algorithms importance has increased with the continuous increase of the data size collected from different sources every day. Clustering has been used in various applications for extracting and analyzing patterns from the data. However, data clustering is facing many challenges, which the researchers try to solve via different method...
Article
Full-text available
Background Mobile health (mHealth) apps play an important role in delivering education, providing advice on treatment, and monitoring patients’ health. Good usability of mHealth apps is essential to achieve the objectives of mHealth apps efficiently. To date, there are questionnaires available to assess the general system usability but not explicit...
Article
Full-text available
Existing text clustering methods utilize only one representation at a time (single view), whereas multiple views can represent documents. The multiview multirepresentation method enhances clustering quality. Moreover, existing clustering methods that utilize more than one representation at a time (multiview) use representation with the same nature....
Article
Full-text available
Boundary effect in digital pathology is a phenomenon where the tissue shapes of biopsy samples get distorted during the sampling process. The morphological pattern of an epithelial layer is greatly affected. Theoretically, the shape deformation model can normalise the distortions, but it needs a 2D image. Curvatures theory, on the other hand, is no...
Article
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—Individualized meal planning is a nutrition counseling strategy that focuses on improving food behavior changes. In the sports setting, the number of experts who are sports dietitians or nutritionists (SD/SN) is small in number, and yet the demand for creating meal planning for a vast number of athletes often cannot be met. Although some food reco...
Article
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Humanity has undergone a variety of unexpected catastrophes resulting from natural and human-made causes. The disaster has suffered from each generation and has contributed to the advancement of search and rescue technologies to support the victims in the future. This disaster has been experienced by every generation and has contributed to the adva...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Mobile health (mHealth) apps play an important role in delivering education, providing advice on treatment, and monitoring patients’ health. Good usability of mHealth apps is essential to achieve the objectives of mHealth apps efficiently. To date, there are questionnaires available to assess the general system usability but not explicit...
Article
Full-text available
McKibben muscle actuator or pneumatic muscle has been introduced for many decades. Only by filling with the compressed pneumatic air, the McKibben muscle actuator can generate the contraction force. In other hand, one of the injuries that involves rehabilitation is anterior cruciate ligament tear, either completely or partially torn. Rehabilitation...
Article
Full-text available
Information retrieval is a difficult process due to the overabundance of information on the web. Nowadays, search result responds to user queries with too many results although only a few are relevant. Therefore, the existing clustering methods that fail in clustering snippets (short texts) of web documents due to the low frequencies of document te...
Article
Full-text available
Phishing is an attempt to obtain confidential information about a user or an organization. It is an act of impersonating a credible webpage to lure users to expose sensitive data, such as username, password and credit card information. It has cost the online community and various stakeholders hundreds of millions of dollars. There is a need to dete...
Article
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In recent years, a significant boost in data availability for persistent data streams has been observed. These data streams are continually evolving, with the clusters frequently forming arbitrary shapes instead of regular shapes in the data space. This characteristic leads to an exponential increase in the processing time of traditional clustering...
Article
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Over the past decade, significant papers have shown that rehabilitation exercise is efficient in enhancing Parkinson's disease efficiency. However, the previous devices in Parkinson Disease Rehabilitation are not very efficient as they are far too complicated, heavy in size, and difficult to conduct. This paper will focus on developing a smart reha...
Article
Full-text available
NC machine now widely used in industry especially in cutting process. It is precision cutting machine but however the effectiveness of this machine is less effective because it used manual handling to operate. For manual handling, it has many factors that affect the performance of the NC machine. This paper is about to developed of control system f...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, in technology, humans use machines, mobile devices and robots to make the work easier, effective and faster. However, in Malaysia, there is still a lack of underwater vehicles used for inspection or investigation on the seafloor. The aim of this project is to develop the Remotely Operated Unmanned Underwater Vehicle for underwater Inspect...
Article
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The remote operated vehicle (ROV) basically tethered underwater robot. Thus, this research to replace the current PCB based in main control pod (MCP) which are not available in the production line into the Programming Logic Control (PLC) based. The new control system by using TwinCAT software and the network connection between ROV and PLC has been...
Chapter
Robot Soccer (RS) vision system is designed for robot soccer competition. Most RS system implemented colour patches as main marker detector for robot localisation and ball detection. It requires complicated procedures for colour and camera calibration and highly affected by light to run smoothly while it suffers parallax issue. This paper aims to i...
Article
Full-text available
Fire incident is a disaster that can potentially cause the loss of life, property damage and permanent disability to the affected victim. They can also suffer from prolonged psychological and trauma. Fire fighters are primarily tasked to handle fire incidents, but they are often exposed to higher risks when extinguishing fire, especially in hazardo...
Article
Full-text available
Substructural analysis provides a simple and effective way of ranking the 2D fingerprints representing the molecules in a database upon the basis of weights that denote a substructural fragment's contribution to the overall activity or inactivity of a molecule. A substructural analysis method has been described recently that is based on the use of...
Article
Full-text available
p>Pedestrian detection is one of the important features in autonomous ground vehicle (AGV). It ensures the capability for safety navigation in urban environment. Therefore, the detection accuracy became a crucial part which leads to implementation using Laser Range Finder (LRF) for better data representation. In this study, an improved laser config...