Nonita Yap

Nonita Yap
University of Guelph | UOGuelph · School of Environmental Design and Rural Development

PhD, MES, BSC

About

49
Publications
22,803
Reads
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316
Citations
Citations since 2017
4 Research Items
178 Citations
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Additional affiliations
January 1990 - present
University of Guelph
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • I teach Disaster Planning & Management, Environmental Impact Assessment and Planning Industrial Ecology
June 1980 - June 1981
Texas A&M University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 1970 - September 1976
University of Alberta
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (49)
Chapter
Mining is impact intensive regardless of commodity and scale. A socially responsible mining company at a minimum, does not knowingly irreparably harm the community's ability to sustain itself after the mine closes. This chapter examines the mining sector in the Philippines: the public concerns, CSR responses and the challenges mining companies face...
Article
The micro, small and medium enterprises sector is a highly vibrant and dynamic contributor to the Indian economy. Clay-fired brick making is a prominent MSME sub-sector in India that has not experienced any significant technological change. Zig-zag firing technology, a cleaner production initiative, introduced in the brick making process in the 197...
Article
The growth of unconventional shale gas development has been accompanied by controversy over its environmental and social impacts. This paper reviews recent literature to clarify what is known and not known about the physical, chemical and toxicological properties of the process chemicals and wastewaters generated in hydraulic fracturing, the mechan...
Article
Full-text available
Industrial symbiosis (IS) is the process by which by-products are revalorized and exchanged among distinct business entities. The literature suggests that IS can bring financial, social, and environmental benefits to firms and society. Analytical tools have been developed for uncovering IS arrangements and guidelines suggested for designing IS arra...
Article
India's foundry industry is an important source of export earnings and among its biggest generators of employment. Energy consumption contributes 12-15% of total production cost, making energy efficiency innovations critical for a foundry's profitability. Pressure for cleaner and energy efficiency innovations emerged in the early 90s following succ...
Article
Full-text available
The pastoralism of the Turkana has persisted in the challenging environment of northwestern Kenya for some 200 years. Yet many pastoralists find that they increasingly rely on food relief during droughts and famines. This article contextualises emergency responses to famine among Turkana pastoralists by considering their encounters with colonialism...
Chapter
The globalization of production and consumption systems has increased the geographic reach of corporations. As investors, employers and lobbyists, corporations impact local economies and local environments in the most remote of communities. This is seen as problematic by many. Others see development opportunities through corporate social responsibi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Industrial symbiosis refers to inter-institutional arrangements in which byproducts are revalorized and exchanged among distinct business entities. It is argued as bringing financial, social and environmental benefits to firms and to society. Despite these suggested benefits few planned industrial symbiosis arrangements have successfully materialize...
Conference Paper
The issue of abandoned mines is both complex and urgent. It is complex because of the tremendous financial costs associated with remediation and the complicated or ambiguous legal liability implications. It is urgent because abandoned mines pose real and potential threats to human health from exposure to the residual environmental impacts. Addition...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The issue of abandoned mines is both complex and urgent. It is complex because of the tremendous financial costs associated with remediation and the complicated or ambiguous legal liability implications. It is urgent because abandoned mines pose real and potential threats to human health from exposure to the residual environmental impacts. Addition...
Article
Full-text available
This paper seeks to show the important influence of design, both on the outcomes of an intervention and on the nature of information gathered for the research and the quality and depth of the resulting analysis. The paper presents the serendipitous findings of an evaluation of a donor-funded project in Vietnam seeking to “enhance rural livelihoods”...
Article
Over the last six decades, international development assistance agencies have tried to introduce innovations in developing countries to stimulate development and improve the quality of life of the poor. The results have been mixed. This paper presents the results of an evaluation of a project introducing modern beekeeping practices to increase hous...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last six decades, international development assistance agencies have tried to introduce innovations in developing countries to stimulate development and improve the quality of life of the poor. The results have been mixed. This paper presents the results of an evaluation of a project introducing modern beekeeping practices to increase hous...
Conference Paper
More than 50% of employment in developing countries come from micro, small and medium enterprises, but these do not translate into a proportionate share in GDP. This low productivity, attributed to old technologies, weak support institutions, limited access to credit, and a permissive regulatory environment, is accompanied by negative impacts on wo...
Article
Full-text available
This paper looks at two questions underexplored in the corporate responsibility literature and of interest to impact assessment researchers. In low-income resource-rich communities with weak governance systems, what exactly does corporate commitment to sustainability achieve for the local community, and what is the role of government? The role of E...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental assessment (EA) is now institutionalized in over 100 countries but is widely criticized by practitioners and analysts for failing to convince decision-makers. Environmental sustainability is still not placed high on the list of criteria influencing project and programme approvals. This paper suggests that the failure of EA reflects th...
Chapter
Full-text available
China's GDP has grown in 30 years from $106 billion to $2.4 trillion, making it the fourth largest economy in the world. In 2002 the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China pledged an even more ambitious development agenda: quadrupling of GDP, social equality, recovery and protection of environmental integrity. The reconciliation of...
Article
Full-text available
The practice of environmental assessment (EA) has grown since the late 1960s and is now institutionalized in more than 100 countries. This paper reports on a comparative analysis of EA legislation and regulations in 27 countries and 4 regional development banks and on a reviav of 17 EA processes in 6 developing countries. Some degree of public part...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable development has achieved wide currency as a policy objective integrating environmental and developmental concerns. It adds an environmental decision to an already politically and theoretically contested development debate. Representatives of the low-consumption countries of the South have long questioned the validity of existing distrib...
Article
Full-text available
One of the striking areas of agreement at the 1992 United Nations Conference in Environment and Development (UNCED) was over the importance of economic efficiency as a means to environmental ends. The language of economic efficiency and structural adjustment permeates UNCED documentation. The contradictions between economic efficiency and environme...
Thesis
Full-text available
A heuristic model on the decision-making process of the firm is constructed, based on the psychology and sociology of the firm. The process is viewed as iterative in three stages - problem recognition, search activity and decision. The firm makes decisions under exogenous influences of public policy and regulations, competition, public advocacy gro...
Article
Line-shape analyses of the proton-decoupled 31P NMR spectra of F4P(SCH3), CF3PF3(SCH3) (including in this case 19F dynamic behavior of the CF3 region), (CF3)2PF2(SCH3), and (CF3)3PF(SCH3) have been carried out. Two processes can be distinguished in CF3PF3(SCH3): the five-coordinate permutation (i.e., Berry pseudorotation (BPR)) and the rotation of...
Article
At reduced temperatures the directly bound F atoms in CF3(CH3)PF3 are resolved into axial (two) and equatorial (one) environments. The barrier to fluorine permutation has been determined (ΔG‡298 = 8.8 kcal) from temperature-dependent 31P (1H-decoupled) and 19F (CF3 region) NMR spectroscopies. Comparing this barrier to those in similar trifluorophos...
Article
Full-text available
Few now question the link between disasters and development. The notion that vulnerability is the root cause of disasters and that it accrues from social processes and human decisions, is no longer contentious. However this convergence has not translated into mainstream practice of either development planning or emergency response communities. Vuln...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Alberta, 1977. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 288-296). Microfiche of typescript.

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Starting assumption/hypothesis: economic development is dependent less on new technological innovations than on capacity to adapt technologies to local context and enterprise capacities. Now on its final year, evidence from SME sector: brick,stone crushing and foundry support this assumption. Successful diffusion depended on the ability of change agents (in this case NGOs) to develop local capacity to develop the changes needed on 'new' technology to market characteristics. Guiding analytical framework: Everett Rogers' diffusion of innovation framework. I have also been working on understanding the factors contributing to disaster recovery. My next initiative is on Innovations in corporate social responsibility practices and its impacts on its relations with host communities, in particular indigenous communities. We will be developing case studies in Philippines and Canada.