Noemí Pereda

Noemí Pereda
University of Barcelona | UB · Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology

PhD

About

150
Publications
75,850
Reads
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3,195
Citations
Introduction
Noemí Pereda, Ph.D., is a tenured professor at the University of Barcelona. Her major areas of research interest are developmental victimology, psychological trauma, and risk and protective factors. She heads the Research Group on Child and Adolescent Victimization (GReVIA) at the University of Barcelona since 2009. She has been PI of several competitive research projects in the field of developmental victimology funded by the World Health Organization, the Spanish Government, and other public and private agencies. She is the author of more than 40 scientific papers exploring the effects of violence on children and youth in Spain and Latin America.
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - September 2013
Universidad de Valparaíso (Chile)
Position
  • Invited professor
March 2013 - March 2019
University of Barcelona
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 2010 - October 2010
Universidad de La Sabana
Position
  • Invited professor

Publications

Publications (150)
Article
Full-text available
The distal relationship between risk factors in childhood and subsequent dating violence in late adolescence has not often been explored using longitudinal data. This study aims to shed light on the problem of dating violence by examining children’s backgrounds at age 7 and the link to the future involvement in dating violence at age 17 using the f...
Article
Despite the growing number of bias-motivated violence studies, the evidence available remains limited, and there are several gaps in our understanding of the complex relationship between negative attitudes and biased violence. In addition, the literature on this topic has many facets and nuances and is often contradictory, so it is difficult to obt...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN Detección de la explotación sexual en la infancia y la adolescencia mediante la evaluación de indicadores de riesgo en España Beatriz Benavente1, Lluis Ballester1, Jordi Pich1 y Noemí Pereda2 1Universitat de les Illes Balears. 2Universidad de Barcelona. Child sexual exploitation in Spain is a problem that requires the early detection of vic...
Article
Full-text available
Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is a multifaceted global phenomenon in which adolescents involved in the child welfare system form a high-risk population. However, studies conducted in European countries remain scarce. We recruited a sample of 67 adolescents (50.7% girls and 47.8% boys) aged between 13 and 18 years old (M = 15.8;...
Article
The Catholic Church has faced a large number of complaints against its representatives for sexual crimes that involved children and adolescents as victims. The objective of this study was to characterize the dynamics of this type of event, its characteristics, and its effects in terms of mental health and social consequences, as well as the spiritu...
Article
Full-text available
El propósito del estudio fue conocer cómo los integrantes laicos de la comunidad católica del norte de Chile significan las acusaciones de abuso sexual cometidas por integrantes de la Iglesia Católica e interpretarlo desde la psicología social, a partir de la teoría de la justificación del sistema. Se realizó un estudio de análisis cualitativo de c...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and severity of teen dating violence victimization in Spanish adolescents from both community and at-risk samples. The sample comprised 1,105 community adolescents from secondary schools, 149 adolescents from child, and adolescent mental health centers, 129 from residential care centers a...
Article
Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is a problem that is highly prevalent in children and adolescents under legal protection. However, this form of sexual victimization, which includes multiple other forms of violence, is not only present in developing countries. In Spain we only have the data obtained by the Expert Commission from M...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents (CSECA) is a worldwide problem. The need to improve current detection and intervention protocols motivated this analysis, which aimed to use expert opinion to identify indicators (symptoms, conduct, or behaviors) that may help to predict the risk of suffering CSECA and to detec...
Preprint
The interventions used to prevent or treat violence against children, particularly sexual abuse, only tend to consider the target audience as their main source of data. We tested the effect of an online training for school staff members in Europe through three studies. In Study I, we interviewed 5 adult women (Mage = 49.2, SD = 5.81) who were victi...
Article
En este texto se presentan y comentan datos de las notifi caciones de sospechas de maltrato infantil desde la escuela. Finalmente, se exponen algunas estrategias para incentivar la actuación del personal escolar en términos de protección de la infancia y adolescencia.
Article
This study examines the prevalence and characteristics of sexual victimization experiences suffered by people with intellectual disabilities (ID). The sample consisted of 260 adults with an ID diagnosis (154 men and 106 women), ranging in age from 20 to 71 years (M = 41.69, SD = 12.05). The results showed that 35% of the sample had been sexually vi...
Article
La victimización sexual durante la infancia constituye un problema de elevada frecuencia en nuestro país, que puede tener graves repercusiones para el desarrollo y la salud integral de los niños, niñas y adolescentes. En este artículo se presenta una revisión del modelo europeo Barnahus, Las Casas de los Niños, para su posible implementación en nue...
Article
Objectives The objective of this review is to provide a systematic and critical summary of findings regarding empirical studies conducted on commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) in Europe. The purpose is to gain an understanding of the characteristics and main topics addressed in European research on CSEC, identify gaps, and give sugge...
Article
Full-text available
A better understanding of the relationship between exposure to family violence and criminal recidivism is essential in order to develop interventions which target the specific needs of juvenile offenders. Using the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY), we explored the differences in historical, social/contextual, and individual r...
Article
Background There is a lack of research on the impact of poly-victimization on mental health in Mexico. Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between poly-victimization and both internalizing and externalizing symptoms, in a community sample of Mexican adolescents. The starting hypothesis of this study was that poly-vi...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of sexual victimization among a representative sample of children and youth from Chile and to analyze the sex and age differences. The First National Survey of Poly-victimization collected cross-sectional data via a self-report survey of 19,648 children and youth (aged 12-18 years). Lifetime victimizatio...
Article
Schools are in a position to connect children and adolescents suspected of being victims of violence with an external source of support by making referrals to external agencies. However, several studies have identified obstacles that hinder early reporting among school staff members. Very few studies have applied a mixed-method approach to try to u...
Article
Full-text available
The situation of crisis produced by the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic poses major challenges to societies all over the world. While efforts to contain the virus are vital to protect global health, these same efforts are exposing children and adolescents to an increased risk of family violence. Various criminological theories explain the causes of...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of child victimization among school staff is believed to affect the detection and reporting of potential cases in the school environment, but the current evidence is scarce and contradictory. We assessed the link between knowledge of victimization and other relevant reporter characteristics in detecting and reporting children suspected to...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN La presente investigación describe las características de un grupo de 21 víctimas de abuso sexual por un representante de la Iglesia Católica en Chile. Se evaluaron las características de la victimización sexual y del victimario, la revelación, notificación y la vivencia de otras formas de victimización por personas no pertenecientes al cle...
Article
People with intellectual disabilities appear to be more vulnerable to victimization. However, few studies have assessed victimization in these groups and those that do exist are highly heterogeneous and tend to focus only on specific forms of violence. This study attempts to shed light on the phenomenon of victimization among adults with intellectu...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen El auge de Internet ha traído nuevas formas de victimización infantojuvenil, entre las que destaca el abuso sexual online. El estudio de esta forma de victimización es cada vez más frecuente a nivel mundial, pero existe escasez de instrumentos breves, en lengua española, que además ofrezcan buenas propiedades psicométricas. El objetivo del...
Article
Full-text available
Este estudio busca analizar la relación entre la polivictimización, los factores de resiliencia y las conductas suicidas (ideación suicida y/o comportamiento de autolesión) en un grupo de 227 (145 varones y 82 mujeres) adolescentes atendidos por el sistema de protección y justicia juvenil español. Con edades comprendidas entre los 12 y los 17 años...
Article
La victimización sexual infantil es un grave problema que afecta a uno de cada cinco niños y niñas de nuestro país y que requiere de una intervención temprana y eficaz, que permita superar las graves consecuencias que sus víctimas manifiestan. La Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual Focalizada en el Trauma (TF-CBT) es el modelo de intervención que reúne un...
Article
Este es el primer estudio nacional en España en el que se evalúan las características diferenciales de la victimización sexual contra niños, niñas y adolescentes por parte de representantes de la Iglesia católica. Participaron 38 adultos (25 varones y 13 mujeres), a quienes se llegó mediante muestreo no probabilístico de conveniencia y bola de niev...
Article
This descriptive study determined whether Spanish family law judges (N = 30) use the criteria proposed in the scientific literature and jurisprudence to assess cases of the relocation of minors after the breakdown of their parents’ relationship. Our results showed that the judges consider the criteria to be relevant in guiding their decision-making...
Poster
Full-text available
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for the world's 15- to 29-year olds. For every suicide, there are 10 to 20 suicide attempts in all age groups. Suicide is the second main cause of death in Spanish youth, after tumors. This study assessed the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and suicidality among Spanish young adults....
Article
Full-text available
El presente estudio descriptivo muestra la valoración que los psicólogos forenses españoles (N = 64), otorgan a los criterios propuestos en la literatura científica para valorar casos de solicitud de traslado de menores tras la ruptura de los progenitores. Los resultados muestran que los profesionales otorgaron una alta importancia a los criterios...
Article
Background: In Mexico, there is a little information about child and youth poly-victimization. Objective: The present study aimed to analyze the prevalence of victimization and poly-victimization in a community sample of Mexican adolescents aged 12-17 years. Participants and settings: The Mexican version of the Juvenile Victimization Questionn...
Article
El profesorado se encuentra en una situación privilegiada para poder detectar el maltrato infantil, pero solo un pequeño porcentaje de los casos conocidos son notificados por las escuelas. Existen protocolos de detección y herramientas para facilitarla, pero aun así la detección por parte del profesorado parece encontrar obstáculos. Este estudio pr...
Chapter
Full-text available
A pesar de haber existido a lo largo del tiempo en todas las sociedades, las múltiples formas de victimización que deben afrontar niños, niñas y adolescentes a lo largo de su desarrollo no han comen- zado a estudiarse hasta hace relativamente poco (Finkelhor, 2007). Esto es debido a una falta de consideración del menor como una persona de derechos,...
Article
Full-text available
According to the attribution theory, negative outcomes of child sexual abuse (CSA) are thought to vary depending on whether CSA victims attribute the abuse to internal or external factors, respectively, self-blame and perpetrator-blame. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify abuse characteristics and attitudes that influence blame att...
Article
Full-text available
El presente trabajo responde al artículo de Ferrer-Pérez y Bosch-Fiol (2019) en el que se acusa de ceguera de género a aquellos estudios empíricos que muestran que la violencia en las relaciones de pareja es un fenómeno complejo y multicausal que afecta a ambos sexos. Así, se hace una revisión de las falacias que permiten construir un discurso basa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUMEN El presente artículo tiene como objetivo describir el estado actual de las investigaciones sobre victimización infanto-juvenil en Chile, desde la propia perspectiva de los niños, niñas y adolescentes. A través de una metodología de análisis bibliométrico, se realizó una búsqueda electrónica en las bases de datos Medline, PsycINFO, SciELO, S...
Article
Full-text available
Se presenta un análisis de las características sociodemográ cas, per l victimológico y sintoma- tología externalizante de los jóvenes con expediente único en justicia juvenil, y aquellos jóvenes con doble expediente en el sistema de protección y de justicia juvenil. La muestra consta de 101 adolescentes (M = 16,08 años; DT = 0,99) implicados en el...
Article
El objetivo de este estudio es incrementar el conocimiento sobre el proceso de revelación y denuncia del abuso sexual infantil en España, mediante entrevistas a 15 víctimas adultas que han vivido esta experiencia antes de los 18 años. Se han recogido datos sobre la revelación y denuncia, la reacción de sus interlocutores y su opinión respecto de la...
Article
This study assessed the relationship between poly-victimization and suicidality in 227 adolescents involved in child and youth-serving systems (i.e., child welfare and juvenile justice systems) in Spain. The mean age of participants was 15.24 years (SD = 1.56 (range 12 to 17). The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (which includes conventional cr...
Article
Objective: This study aims to determine whether three different methodological approaches used to assess poly-victimization that apply the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ; Finkelhor, Hamby, Ormrod, & Turner, 2005) identify the same group of adolescent poly-victims. Method: The sample consisted of 1,105 adolescents (590 males and 515 fe...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to report the prevalence of youth victimization and poly-victimization in northern Chile. Using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire, a sample of 706 adolescents ages 12 to 17 were surveyed. The results indicated that 89% of the participants had experienced victimization at least once in their lives and 76.8% had expe...
Article
Externalizing symptoms correspond to a set of behavioral problems related to aggressiveness and the violation of norms. These disorders are common during adolescence, especially in poly-victimized populations. However, not much is known about the mechanism underlying the relationship between poly-victimization and symptoms or about the factors that...
Article
Sexual victimization has been one of the most frequently studied forms of child victimization. Its effects are common and diverse; however, not all children and youth exposed to sexual victimization eventually develop adjustment problems. A total of 1105 children and youth (590 male and 515 female) aged between 12 and 17 from northeastern Spain wer...
Article
This study examines the role of several resilience resources in the relationship between lifetime victimization and mental health problems among adolescents in care. The sample comprised 127 adolescents (53.% females, aged 12-17 years) from residential care facilities in Catalonia, Spain. The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire, the Youth Self-Rep...
Chapter
In the past, children and adolescents who suffered child abuse and neglect in Spain were mostly attended to by private charities. Today, each region in Spain has its own structured child welfare system, which protects vulnerable children by applying measures such as foster or residential care. Previous studies have shown that children and adolescen...
Article
Victimization has been widely demonstrated to have negative consequences in minors. Most crimes against children go unreported and victims tend to reach adulthood without receiving any of the available specialized support. Studies have highlighted the unique role of school workers in early detection and reporting of possible cases of victimization,...
Article
El presente artículo tiene como objetivo describir el estado actual de las investigaciones sobre victimización infantojuvenil en Chile, desde la propia perspectiva de los niños, niñas y adolescentes. A través de una metodología de análisis bibliométrico, se realizó una búsqueda electrónica en las bases de datos Medline, PsycINFO, SciELO, Scopus y L...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN El presente artículo tiene como objetivo describir el esta-do actual de las investigaciones sobre victimización infanto-juvenil en Chile, desde la propia perspectiva de los niños, niñas y adolescentes. A través de una metodología de análi-sis bibliométrico, se realizó una búsqueda electrónica en las bases de datos Medline, PsycINFO, SciELO,...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of the study is to give visibility to the multiple experiences of indirect exposure to violence (EIV) to which young delinquents are exposed during their lives, to observe whether they keep silent or tell somebody about them, and who are their most frequent interlocutors. The sample consisted of 101 youth aged between 14 and 17 years, main...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar la relevancia de las reacciones sociales ante la revelación de abuso sexual infantil en el bienestar psicológico de 12 mujeres (M=37 años; DT=10.51), usuarias de un centro español de atención a víctimas. Los resultados muestran relaciones significativas entre las escalas de reacciones sociales relativas a egoc...
Article
Objective: To determine the specific protective factors that seem to be related to psychological adjustment in child and youth victims of direct and indirect forms of caregiver victimization. Method: A total of 1,105 children and youth (590 male and 515 female) from northeastern Spain and aged between 12 and 17 years were assessed regarding their e...
Article
El objetivo del estudio ha sido evaluar las múltiples experiencias de exposición indirecta a violencia (EIV) de los adolescentes infractores, analizar si callan o cuentan lo que han experimentado a lo largo de sus vidas y quiénes son sus interlocutores. La muestra consta de 101 adolescentes de entre 14 y 17 años, en cumplimiento de medidas en centr...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción El abuso sexual a hombres ha sido estudiado con menor frecuencia que el abuso sexual femenino, si bien los metanálisis llevados a cabo muestran que se trata de un problema que afecta a un número significativo de va-rones (Pereda et al., 2009). El r iesgo de suf r ir abuso sexual es entre dos y tres veces superior en mujeres que en homb...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research is to identify the effects of child sexual abuse in the psychological and sexual health of Northern Chile men. The study involved 464 adult males (M= 27 ±6.76) of the city of Arica. The Questionnaire on Child Sexual Abuse of Lopez-Sanchez (1994) was applied to detect sexual abuse experiences; also, the Brief Symptom Invento...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of the present study were to establish interpersonal victimization rates in a clinical sample and to analyze this sample’s risk of victimization relative to the general population. The sample was composed of 472 adolescents (12–17 years of age): 118 outpatients from public mental health centers and 354 students who were matched by age and...
Article
Objective: To provide the first validity evidence for the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ) under the causal indicators approach, using lifetime experiences of victimization in a community sample of adolescents, and to explore the associations between polyvictimization and psychopathological symptoms. Method: The final sample comprised 804...
Article
Previous research has demonstrated a significant relationship between victimization and involvement in delinquency, but few studies have focused on exploring the effects of victimization on young offenders. This study analyzed the relationship between accumulated experiences of victimization, or polyvictimization, and the presence of psychopatholog...
Article
While the extent of child sexual victimisation remains a subject of controversy, numerous international studies confirm that it is a highly prevalent problem that affects a large percentage of the population. The objective of this article is to review the studies about the epidemiology of child sexual victimisation published in Spain. The studies w...
Article
The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of poly-victimization on symptom severity among adolescents being cared for by the child welfare system in a southwestern European country. The sample consisted of 127 youths (62 males and 65 females) aged 12-17 years (M=14.60, SD=1.61) who were recruited from short- and long-term residential centers....
Article
Given the high prevalence of internalizing disorders during adolescence, it is necessary to determine the factors influencing their development and evolution. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of polyvictimization in developing internalizing symptoms while considering the possible effect of non-productive coping and the availability of...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate the lifetime prevalence and characteristics of self-reported child sexual victimization and associations between sexual victimization and sociodemographic characteristics and victimological profiles in community adolescents in Spain. The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (Finkelhor, Hamby, Ormrod, & T...
Article
Full-text available
La exposición indirecta a violencia o ser testigo de violencia (EIV) es un concepto clave para explicar el origen de la conducta antisocial y delictiva de los jóvenes. El concepto EIV incluye las experiencias en las que la víctima es testigo presencial (ve, oye), toma conocimiento o se ve implicada en episodios reales de violencia ejercida sobre ot...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about online victimization of Spanish adolescents. The present study aims to determine the past-year prevalence of online victimization in a community sample of Spanish adolescents. The final sample consisted of 3,897 adolescents between 12 and 17 years old (M=14.45, SD=1.59), 1,836 males and 2,049 females, recruited from 39 seconda...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the emotional impact on adolescent victims of sexual abuse from participating in a study addressing the consequences of their abuse. A total of 114 adolescents between 12 and 17 years old participated (54 sexually abused adolescents and 60 nonabused students). Both groups responded to a battery of scales to det...
Article
Objective: To analyze lifetime and past-year victimization and polyvictimization among adolescents in residential care from a southwestern European country. Also, age and gender differences in victimization profiles were examined. Method: A sample of 129 youths aged 12-17. years old ( M = 14.58, SD = 1.62; 65 females) were recruited from 18 residen...
Article
This article aimed to analyze lifetime and past-year victimization and polyvictimization experiences in adolescent outpatients from a southern European country. The sample included 149 adolescents (35.6% boys, 64.4% girls), aged 12 to 17 (M = 14.28, SD = 1.45). Experiences of victimization were assessed using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnair...
Article
Multiple victimization, or polyvictimization, is closely related to delinquency and crime, although few studies have studied these experiences in juvenile offenders. Therefore, the aim of this study is to present victimization rates in young offenders from a Southwestern European country. The sample consisted of 101 youth aged between 14 and 17 yea...
Article
The experience of sexual abuse in childhood is a serious public health problem that is associated with suicidal behavior in numerous cases. Awareness of the relation between the experience of sexual abuse in childhood with suicidal ideation and behavior in adolescence is relevant in academic and professional terms. A systematic review was made of p...
Article
Full-text available
The concept and assessment of resilience have attracted considerable attention in recent years, but none of the instruments developed to measure resilience in adolescents have been adapted to the Spanish context. The Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire (ARQ) provides a comprehensive and multidimensional assessment of the resources associated with r...