Nobuaki Mizumoto

Nobuaki Mizumoto
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology | OIST

PhD

About

72
Publications
8,210
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281
Citations
Citations since 2017
64 Research Items
276 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080

Publications

Publications (72)
Preprint
Full-text available
Structures built by animals are extended phenotypes, and animal behavior can be better understood by recording the temporal development of structure construction. For most subterranean and wood-boring animals, these structures consist of gallery systems, such as burrows made by mice, tunnel foraging by termites, and nest excavation in ants. Measure...
Article
Full-text available
Recent attempts to explain the evolutionary prevalence of same-sex sexual behavior (SSB) have focused on the role of indiscriminate mating. However, in many cases, SSB may be more complex than simple mistaken identity, instead involving mutual interactions and successful pairing between partners who can detect each other's sex. Behavioral plasticit...
Article
Full-text available
Group‐living animals coordinate their movements via local interactions, which can be mediated by visual, tactile, and chemical communication channels. Termite mating pairs form tandems with one male imago following one female imago in a synchronised way to explore the environment and search for a nesting site. Imagoes are the only developmental sta...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ants have evolved diverse recruitment methods to guide colony members to valuable resources, such as food or nest sites. One of these methods, tandem running, consists of an informed leader directly guiding a naive follower every step of the way from nest to resource. Although this behavior appears superficially similar in the different ant taxa in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent attempts to explain the evolutionary prevalence of same-sex sexual behaviour (SSB) have focused on the role of indiscriminate mating. However, in many cases, SSB involves plastically adjusting sex roles to achieve successful courtship or pairing. To evaluate this overlooked factor, we tested whether ancestral sex-role plasticity facilitated...
Article
Full-text available
Elaborate task allocation is key to the ecological success of eusocial insects. Termite colonies are known for exhibiting age polyethism, with older instars more likely to depart the reproductive center to access food. However, it remains unknown how termites retain this spatial structure against external disturbances. Here we show that a subterran...
Article
Full-text available
Termites are major decomposers in terrestrial ecosystems and the second most diverse lineage of social insects. The Kalotermitidae form the second-largest termite family and are distributed across tropical and subtropical ecosystems, where they typically live in small colonies confined to single wood items inhabited by individuals with no foraging...
Article
Full-text available
Colonies of social insects contain large amounts of resources often exploited by specialized social parasites. While some termite species host numerous parasitic arthropod species, called termitophiles, others host none. The reason for this large variability remains unknown. Here we report that the evolution of termitophily in rove beetles is linke...
Article
Full-text available
Significance The evolution of asexuality is thought to be prevented when males play a critical role beyond that of gamete provision. We demonstrated high numbers of neo-sex chromosomes and enhanced heterozygosity in males of the termite Glyptotermes nakajimai , which appears to compensate for inbreeding within termite colonies. Furthermore, we show...
Article
Full-text available
Termites are social cockroaches. Because non-termite cockroaches are larger than basal termite lineages, which themselves include large termite species, it has been proposed that termites experienced a unidirectional body size reduction since they evolved eusociality. However, the validity of this hypothesis remains untested in a phylogenetic frame...
Preprint
Full-text available
Termites are social cockroaches. Because non-termite cockroaches are larger than basal termite lineages, which themselves include large termite species, it has been proposed that termites experienced a unidirectional body size reduction since they evolved eusociality. However, the validity of this hypothesis remains untested in a phylogenetic frame...
Preprint
Full-text available
Termites are major decomposers of organic matter in terrestrial ecosystems and the second most diverse lineage of social insects. The Kalotermitidae, the second-largest termite family, are widely distributed across tropical and subtropical ecosystems, where they typically live in small colonies confined to single wood items inhabited by individuals...
Article
In collective animal motion, coordination is often achieved by feedback between leaders and followers. For stable coordination, a leader's signals and a follower's responses are hypothesized to be attuned to each other. However, their roles are difficult to disentangle in species with highly coordinated movements, hiding potential diversity of beha...
Preprint
Full-text available
Leadership of animal group movements depends on social feedback, hence leader′s signals and follower′s responses should be attuned to each other. However, leader and follower roles are difficult to disentangle in species with high levels of coordination. To overcome this challenge, we investigated a simple case of movement coordination: termite pai...
Article
The desert dampwood termite Paraneotermes simplicicornis harbors several species of obligately symbiotic protists that support its nutrition by fermenting lignocellulose. Among them are three morphotypes with the dexiotropic spiraling flagellar bands characteristic of Spirotrichonymphea (Parabasalia). The largest morphotype, characterized by an elo...
Article
Social insects produce complex nest structures as a result of the repetition of simple behaviors by many individuals. Individual actions are often consistent across different socio-environmental conditions, which enables colonies to build a variety of structures with minimal change in behavior. In this study, we show that the individual building be...
Article
Search theory predicts that animals evolve efficient movement patterns to enhance encounter rates with specific targets. The optimal movements vary with the surrounding environments, which may explain the observation that animals often switch their movement patterns depending on conditions. However, the effectiveness of behavioral change during sea...
Article
Full-text available
Behavioral correlations stretching over time are an essential but often neglected aspect of interactions among animals. These correlations pose a challenge to current behavioral-analysis methods that lack effective means to analyze complex series of interactions. Here we show that non-invasive information-theoretic tools can be used to reveal commu...
Article
Full-text available
Behavioral correlations stretching over time are an essential but often neglected aspect of interactions among animals. These correlations pose a challenge to current behavioral-analysis methods that lack effective means to analyze complex series of interactions. Here we show that non-invasive information-theoretic tools can be used to reveal commu...
Article
Full-text available
Behavioral correlations stretching over time are an essential but often neglected aspect of interactions among animals. These correlations pose a challenge to current behavioral-analysis methods that lack effective means to analyze complex series of interactions. Here we show that non-invasive information-theoretic tools can be used to reveal commu...
Article
The nests built by social insects are complex group-level structures that emerge from interactions among individuals following simple behavioral rules. Nest patterns vary among species, and the theory of complex systems predicts that there is no simple one-to-one relationship between variation in collective patterns and variation in individual beha...
Article
Full-text available
Animal collective behaviors give rise to various spatial patterns, such as the nests of social insects. These structures are built by individuals following a simple set of rules, slightly varying within and among species, to produce a large diversity of shapes. However, little is known about the origin and evolution of the behavioral mechanisms reg...
Article
Full-text available
Social behaviours in termites are regulated by sophisticated chemical communication systems. The majority of subterranean termites continuously forage for new wood resources to expand their nesting areas; an aggregation pheromone is presumed to regulate this process. However, the chemical components of this pheromone have never been determined. We...
Article
Eusocial insects are characterized by a well‐developed division of labour among castes. Although the successful division of labour should stem from behavioural differentiation depending on caste identity, caste‐specific intrinsic behavioural characteristics might be masked by social interactions within colonies. The present study explores caste‐spe...
Preprint
Full-text available
The nest structures built by social insects are complex group-level patterns that emerge from interactions among individuals following simple behavioral rules. The theory of complex systems predicts that there is no simple one-to-one relationship between variations in collective patterns and variation in individual behaviors; therefore, it is essen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Signals whose function is solely to coordinate communication are so far known only in human conversations [1] and telecommunication networks [2]. Utterances like “mm-hmm” [3], gestures such as the nodding of one's head, or “ACK” packets used in Internet protocols to confirm the reception of a message [4] all coordinate communication. Rather than ca...
Article
Hoplonympha natator is an obligate symbiont of Paraneotermes simplicicornis (Kalotermitidae), from southwestern North America. Another Hoplonympha species inhabits Hodotermopsis sjostedti (Archotermopsidae), from montane Southeast Asia. The large phylogenetic and geographical distance between the hosts makes the distribution of Hoplonympha puzzling...
Article
How should males and females move to get their mating partner? When searchers have no or little locational information of the targets, their movement patterns can determine the search efficiency. In this report, I introduced our recent studies analyzing the efficient movement patterns when both males and females mutually search for mating partners....
Article
Full-text available
How should females and males move to search for partners whose exact location is unknown? Theory predicts that the answer depends on what they know about where targets can be found, raising the question of how actual animals update their mate search patterns to increase encounter probability when conditions change. Here, we show that termites adapt...
Article
Collective motion by animal groups can emerge from simple rules that govern each individual's interactions with its neighbours. Studies of extant species have shown how such rules yield coordinated group behaviour, but little is known of their evolutionary origins or whether extinct group-living organisms used similar rules. Here, we report evidenc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sexual reproduction is the norm in almost all animal species, and in many advanced animal societies, both males and females participate in social activities. To date, the complete loss of males from advanced social animal lineages has been reported only in ants and honey bees (Hymenoptera), whose workers are always female and whose mal...
Article
The collective activities of social insects often result in the formation of complex structures. Previous studies have revealed the building mechanisms of various species, where sophisticated colony-level structures emerge from the interactions among individuals. However, little is known about the building behaviors of primitive species, which woul...
Preprint
Full-text available
When searching for targets whose location is not known, animals should benefit by adopting movement patterns that promote random encounters. During mate search, theory predicts that the optimal search pattern depends on the expected distance to potential partners. A key question is whether actual males and females update their mate search patterns...
Article
Full-text available
Eusocial insects exhibit the most striking example of phenotypic plasticity. There has been a long controversy over the factors determining caste development of individuals in social insects. Here we demonstrate that parental phenotypes influence the social status of offspring not through genetic inheritance but through genomic imprinting in termit...
Article
Full-text available
Animals have evolved various sex-specific characteristics to improve the efficiency of mating encounters. One is the sex-specific attracting signal. Signal receivers perform a combination of random search and navigation before and after signal detections. On the other hand, signal senders can also modify their movement patterns to optimize their en...
Preprint
Full-text available
The caste system of termites is an example of phenotypic plasticity. The castes differ not only in morphology and physiology, but also in behavior. As most of their behaviors within colonies involve nestmates, it is difficult to extract innate differences among castes. In this study, we focused on movement patterns of isolated individuals of Hodote...
Article
Full-text available
The study of collective decision-making spans various fields such as brain and behavioural sciences, economics, management sciences, and artificial intelligence. Despite these interdisciplinary applications, little is known regarding how a group of simple 'yes/no' units, such as neurons in the brain, can select the best option among multiple option...
Article
Animals must search for other individuals under spatially and temporally fluctuating environments. During mate searches, search timing is critical to increase encounter rate and internal oscillating clocks often play important roles in synchronization. On the other hands, some species living in areas with no or reduced periodicity do not show endog...
Article
Full-text available
Tracking animal movements such as walking is an essential task for understanding how and why animals move in an environment and respond to external stimuli. Different methods that implemented image analysis and a data logger such as GPS have been used in laboratory experiments and in field studies, respectively. Recently, animal movement patterns w...
Article
Full-text available
Tracking animal movements such as walking is an essential task for understanding how and why animals move in an environment and respond to external stimuli. Different methods that implemented image analysis and a data logger such as GPS have been used in laboratory experiments and in field studies, respectively. Recently, animal movement patterns w...
Data
The histograms of the data of mean speed, mean angle and max speed. (PDF)
Data
The distribution of step lengths for all individuals. Combinations of a letter and a number indicates the analyzed axis and the individuals. Black dots are observations, red and blue dashed lines are truncated Pareto and competing exponential distributions, respectively, fitted to the data. (PDF)
Data
Maximum likelihood estimation analysis results for the individuals whose trajectories are determined as TP for either x or y axis. TP is truncated Pareto, Exp is exponential; OOM is order of magnitude. (PDF)
Data
Maximum likelihood estimation analysis results for the individuals whose trajectories are determined as unclassified. TP is truncated Pareto, Exp is exponential; OOM is order of magnitude. (PDF)
Data
The data and trajectories obtained in our experiments. (ZIP)
Data
Maximum likelihood estimation analysis results for the individuals whose trajectories are determined as TP for both x and y axis. TP is truncated Pareto, Exp is exponential; OOM is order of magnitude. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
All organisms with sexual reproduction undergo a process of mating, which essentially involves the encounter of two individuals belonging to different sexes. During mate search, both sexes should mutually optimize their encounters, thus raising a question of how they achieve this. Here, we show that a population with sexually dimorphic movement pat...
Article
A wide variety of animals display same-sex behaviours, including courtship, copulation and pairing. However, these behaviours create a paradox, as selection seemingly acts on maladaptive traits, and they have often been regarded as cases of mistaken identity, especially in invertebrates. We show that termite males show nest establishment and pairin...
Data
Full-text available
Appendix A: Sensitivity Analysis of two dimensional lattice model Appendix B: The code of the simulations. Appendix C: The whole data of empirical experiments and simulations.
Data
Full-text available
ESM Table and Figures: Complementary methods for empirical experiments and simulations.
Article
Full-text available
Building behaviours occur in various organisms from bacteria to humans. Social insects build various structures such as large nests and underground galleries, achieved by self-organization. Structures built by social insects have recently been demonstrated to vary widely in size and shape within a species, even under the same environmental conditio...
Article
Full-text available
Social insects build sophisticated and complex architectures such as huge nests and underground galleries based on self-organizing rules. The structures of these architectures vary widely in size and shape within a species. Some studies have revealed that the current environmental and/or social factors can cause differences in the architectures tha...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Provide evolutionary perspectives in the study of collective behavior. Empirically analyze the building behavior of termites. Simulating the building dynamics theoretically and experimentally.
Project
Find spatio-temporal searching patterns of animals. Analyze how the searching patters can be achieved. Reveal the contribution of searching patterns to fitness and evolution of searching strategy.