Nils Myszkowski

Nils Myszkowski
Pace University · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

55
Publications
37,081
Reads
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627
Citations
Introduction
I am an Associate Professor and Co-Director of the Master of Arts in Psychology at Pace University (NYC). My main research interest is in the development of psychometric methods to measure creative, judgment, social and emotional abilities. I also have a special methodological interest in Item-Response Theory models and in the statistical computing language R.
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - present
Pace University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2014 - August 2015
Pace University
Position
  • Lecturer
September 2013 - present
Paris Descartes, CPSC
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
September 2010 - June 2013
Paris Descartes, CPSC
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Fluency tasks are among the most common item formats for the assessment of certain cognitive abilities, such as verbal fluency or divergent thinking. A typical approach to the psychometric modeling of such tasks (e.g., Intelligence, 2016, 57, 25) is the Rasch Poisson Counts Model (RPCM; Probabilistic models for some intelligence and attainment test...
Article
Full-text available
Although the Consensual Assessment Technique (CAT; Amabile, 1982) is considered a gold standard in the measurement of product attributes-including creativity (Baer & McKool, 2009)-considerations on how to improve its scoring and psychometric modeling are rare. Recently, it was advanced (Myszkowski & Storme, 2019) that the framework of Item-Response...
Article
Full-text available
In the current work, we investigated the relationship between career decision ambiguity tolerance (CDAT) and career decision-making difficulties among French-speaking university students. In a preliminary validation study (N = 246), we examined the psychometric properties of the CDAT Scale. Our results showed that the French CDAT Scale had satisfac...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have focused on stable personality traits as antecedents of career adaptability, but few have investigated more dynamic aspects of personality in relation to career adaptability. Recent theories on personality such as Whole Trait Theory (Fleeson, 2015) recognize that traits are often aroused in one situation but not in another (Allp...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research suggests a negative relationship between test taking speed and performance in mental ability testing, inviting researchers to explore the origin of individual differences in test taking speed. We investigate how personality could explain both one's initial speed and its evolution through test completion. 555 adult participants res...
Article
Full-text available
Prior research on the value of personality traits for predicting negotiation outcomes is rather inconclusive. Building on prior research and in light of recent personality and negotiation theories, we discuss why the traditional approach to personality traits has had limited success and propose an alternative approach to predicting negotiation outc...
Article
Full-text available
It is perhaps popular belief-at least among non-psychometricians-that there is a unique or standard way to investigate the psychometric qualities of tests. If anything, the present Special Issue demonstrates that it is not the case. On the contrary, this Special Issue on the "analysis of an intelligence dataset" is, in my opinion, a window to the p...
Article
w/k Zwischen Wissenschaft & Kunst - A peer-reviewed online journal: The first round of the discussion on the Visual Aesthetic Sensitivity Test developed by Karl Otto Götz includes texts from Gerhard Stemberger, Herbert Fitzek, Nils Myszkowski, Riccardo Luccio, Thomas Jacobsen/Barbara E. Marschallek/Selina M. Weiler and Roy R. Behrens. Published in...
Chapter
Since the beginning of the time when researchers have endeavored to understand and identify giftedness and individual ability, they have been attentive to how individuals differ in their capacity to recognize aesthetic quality—a construct that is frequently referred to as aesthetic sensitivity. In this chapter, I first attempt to clarify what the i...
Article
A growing line of research suggests that creativity and unethicality are intrinsically related to one another. However, the idea has been challenged both by theoretical arguments and by heterogeneous empirical findings. In the present work, we review the literature to reconcile seemingly opposed theoretical views on the relationship between creativ...
Article
Full-text available
Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices Raven (1941) is a widely used 60-item long measure of general mental ability. It was recently suggested that, for situations where taking this test is too time consuming, a shorter version, comprised of only the last series of the Standard Progressive Matrices (the SPM-LS; Myszkowski and Storme (2018)) could be...
Article
Full-text available
Corradi et al. (British Journal of Psychology, 2019) argue that their new conception of visual aesthetic sensitivity (as responsiveness to aesthetic features in one’s preferences) presents several advantages in comparison with the current ability view of aesthetic sensitivity, usually defined as the ability to judge aesthetic stimuli in accordance...
Article
Full-text available
The Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy (QCAE) is a tool for self-assessing the cognitive and emotional components of empathy. A study showed that a two-factor model fits the data of patients with schizophrenia, whereas other reports on healthy subjects have suggested a five-factor decomposition. We aimed to replicate the model of Hora...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing job applicants' general mental ability online poses psychometric challenges due to the necessity of having brief but accurate tests. Recent research (Myszkowski & Storme, 2018) suggests that recovering distractor information through Nested Logit Models (NLM; Suh & Bolt, 2010) increases the reliability of ability estimates in reasoning mat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Psychometric analysis and scoring of judgment data using polytomous Item-Response Theory (IRT) models, as described in Myszkowski and Storme (2019). A convenience function is used to automatically compare and select models, as well as to present a variety of model-based statistics. Plotting functions are used to present category curves, as well as...
Article
The Consensual Assessment Technique (CAT)-more generally, using product creativity judgments-is a central and actively debated method to assess product and individual creativity. Despite a constant interest in strategies to improve its robustness, we argue that most psychometric investigations and scoring strategies for CAT data remain constrained...
Article
Recent research (Myszkowski, Çelik, & Storme, 2018) has suggested that the ability to form accurate visual aesthetic judgments – an ability referred to as aesthetic sensitivity (Child, 1964), or “good taste” (Eysenck, 1983) – could be explained by the extent to which one taps into extensive processing strategies when facing aesthetic objects. Becau...
Poster
Full-text available
Performance in ability tasks is usually modeled Multiple-Choice Questionnaires is traditionally scored with Classical Test Theory �based sum or average scores, and psychometrically investigated with Cronbach�s Alpha. However, such methods do not account for variability between the items (in difficulty, construct saturation, guessing, slipping). A t...
Article
Objective. Because of their length and objective of broad content coverage, very short scales can show limited internal consistency and structural validity. We argue that it is because their objectives may be better aligned with formative investigations than with reflective measurement methods that capitalize on content overlap. As proofs of concep...
Article
Full-text available
Communication problems are a prevalent issue in international business. While language is a means of ensuring coordination among various company units, using the same language without company-specific features is not enough to ensure effective communication. Through the case study of an international (French-Asia) trading firm, we aimed to understa...
Article
Although many instruments measure empathy, most of them focus on specific facets (e.g., Spreng et al., 2009) or specific contexts (e.g. Wang et al., 2003) of empathy. For this reason, the Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affec-tive Empathy (QCAE; Reniers et al., 2011) was recently built to grasp the general construct of empathy through its Affective-...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Generate code for use with the Optical Mark Recognition free software Auto Multiple Choice (AMC). More specifically, this package provides functions that use as input the ques- tion and answer texts, and output the LaTeX code for AMC.
Article
Full-text available
What makes individuals experts in judging aesthetic value is actively researched in a variety of ways. In the visual domain, one classical paradigm – used in “T” (for Taste) tests (Eysenck, 1983) – consists in comparing one’s evaluative judgments of beauty with a standard judgment – provided by consensual or expert agreement. The association betwee...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Illustrate graphically the most common Null Hypothesis Significance Testing procedures. More specifically, this package provides functions to plot Chi-Squared, F, t (one- and two-tailed) and z (one- and two-tailed) tests, by plotting the probability density under the null hypothesis as a function of the different test statistic values. Although hig...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between individual work-related curiosity and worker innovation and to test the mediating role of worker divergent thinking. Design/methodology/approach In all, 480 participants, holding 188 different jobs, filled in a validated work-related curiosity scale and indicated their jo...
Article
Full-text available
Residents experience severely high levels of stress, depression and burnout, leading to perceived medical errors, as well as to symptoms of impairment, such as chronic anger, cognitive impairment, suicidal behavior and substance abuse. Because research has not yet provided a psychometrically robust population-specific tool to measure the level of s...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) in a French-speaking sample (1554 participants, 59.3% of women). Our results showed that the French version of the TIPI has acceptable psychometric properties with satisfactory levels of temporal stability (after three and six weeks), s...
Article
Full-text available
Previous literature suggested that anger and sadness may be necessary to restore social bonds in the face of immediate relationship threat. The present research compared the social effectiveness of expressing anger and sadness in response to a negative personal evaluation. Results indicated that target anger in response to a negative competence eva...
Article
Full-text available
Although the reasons individuals have specific stable aesthetic preferences—for example, for abstract art or for classical music—are often studied (e.g., Furnham and Walker, 2001), there is a growing stream of research (e.g., Nodine et al., 1993; Chamorro-Premuzic and Furnham, 2004; Axelsson, 2007; Kozbelt and Seeley, 2007; Silvia, 2007; Myszkowski...
Article
Although Hans Eysenck’s reputation is for the most part related to other works, empirical aesthetics was the topic of his PhD, a field in which he remained interested for a very long time, steering the domain’s wheel towards the study of individual differences. In this article, we review his work and impact in the field. We first argue that his wor...
Article
Purpose Our aim was investigate the role of attention, processing motivation, and processing depth in the relationship between self-reported subjective processing fluency and relevant advertisement variables such as ad attitude, brand attitude, and purchase intentions. Design/methodology/approach Two empirical studies were conducted using self-rep...
Article
Full-text available
This study provides new evidence concerning task specificity in creativity – examining through a cross-cultural perspective the extent to which performance in graphic vs. verbal creativity tasks (domain specificity) and in divergent vs. convergent creativity tasks (process specificity) are correlated. The relations between different creativity task...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide new elements to understand, measure and predict managerial creativity. More specifically, based on new approaches to creative potential (Lubart et al., 2011), this study proposes to distinguish two aspects of managerial creative problem solving: divergent-exploratory thinking, in which managers try...
Article
Full-text available
Overexcitability corresponds to an overall response to stimulations in 5 domains: psychomotor, sensual, intellectual, imaginational, and emotional. The aim of this study was to develop a French version of the Overexcitability Questionnaire 2 (OEQ2) and to expand its psychometric properties. Two studies were conducted: one with a sample of 474 adole...
Article
Revising Snyder’s (1974) original Self-Monitoring Scale, Lennox and Wolfe’s (1984) double-sided approach distinguishes 2 aspects of self-monitoring: (a) the active, high self-esteem, and extrovert side, measured by the Revised Self-Monitoring Scale (RSMS); and (b) the protective, low self-esteem and anxious side, measured by the Concern for Appropr...
Article
Visual aesthetic sensitivity has been conceived as an intelligence-independent and personality-independent disposition (Frois & Eysenck, 1995). However, recent research suggests that aesthetic experience and its outcomes can be predicted by personality traits (Furnham & Chamorro-Premuzic, 2004; Furnham & Walker, 2001; McCrae, 2007; Rawlings, Barran...
Technical Report
Myszkowski, N., Storme, M., Zenasni, F., & Lubart, T. (2014). French Concern for Appropriateness Scale [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t34067-000 Instrument Type: Rating Scale Test Format: Responses for the 20 items ranged from 0 (totally disagree) to 5 (totally agree) on 6-point Likert scales. Source:...
Technical Report
PsycTESTS Citation: Myszkowski, N., Storme, M., Zenasni, F., & Lubart, T. (2014). French Revised Self-Monitoring Scale [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t35345-000 Instrument Type: Rating Scale Test Format: All 13 items on the French Revised Self-Monitoring Scale are scored using a 6-point Likert scale fo...
Article
This study sought to identify the factors that artists consider important for their creativity and to reconstruct, from interviews, the stages of their creative activity. For this purpose, 27 interviews with professional artists were analyzed using a double approach. First, a quantitative analysis of interviews and associated self-report questionna...
Article
Full-text available
To further understand why a consumer’s choices are influenced by the aesthetic value of products (Hollins & Pugh, 1990; Bloch, 1995; Schmitt & Simonson, 1997), individual differences in design-driven consumer choices must be investigated. Previous empirical work suggests that the extent to which one pays attention and is responsive to the aesthetic...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Context : Performance test, dichotomous, one-dimensional (at least in theory), at least 3PL (variable pseudo-guessing). Theta is assumed normal. But I'm also interested in answers in general in IRT.
Problem : It seems to me that EFA factor loadings provide clear guidelines to rank/select a subset of items from a pool (with referenced rules of thumb, etc.) when one does not have any prior info/assumption of theta (aka for "all" test-takers).
On the other hand, IRT is, in my opinion, a much more accurate representation of the psychological situation that underlies test situations, but it seems to me that there are a variety (especially in IRT-3PL / 4PL) of parameters to take into account all at once to select items, at least without any prior estimation of theta.
So I'm wondering if you knew of any guidelines/packages that can be referenced as a clear basis (meaning, not eye-balling item response functions) for item selection there. At this stage I'm thinking of a very non-parsimonious solution, like generating all item subsets possible (I'd get a LOT of models, but why not) -> fit IRT model -> compute marginal reliability (and/or...Information, of why not CFI, RMSEA, etc.) for thetas ranging between -3SD and +3SD -> Rank the subsets by descending marginal reliability (but I'm afraid it would bias towards more items, so I'd have to weight per item count maybe).
Anyway, you get the idea. Any known referenced procedures/packages?

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
To develop conceptual frameworks, find empirical evidence, and build measurement instruments to better understand Aesthetic Ability in its multidimensionality.