Nils Droste

Nils Droste
Lund University | LU · Department of Political Science

Dr. rer. pol.

About

50
Publications
17,045
Reads
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1,609
Citations
Introduction
I am interested in applied econometric research on public finance institutions for land use, conservation, and participatory governance mechanisms for sustainable development.
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - present
Lund University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2018 - August 2019
Lund University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
May 2017 - May 2017
University of Vermont
Position
  • Visiting Scholar
Education
April 2014 - May 2018
Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
Field of study
  • Environmental Economics
October 2011 - September 2013
Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
Field of study
  • Sustainability Economics and Management
October 2008 - September 2010
Universität Bremen
Field of study
  • Political Science and Economics

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
We analyze the development of biodiversity offsetting governance through a research-weaving approach. Here, we combine information from a systematized review of the literature and a qualitative analysis of the institutional developments in different world regions. Through this triangulation, we synthesize and map the different developmental streams...
Article
Forests provide grounds for human well-being through direct material, indirect environmental, and immaterial contributions. Here, we analyze the example of Hispaniola to understand reasons for (un)sustainable forest use. We pursue a dynamic comparative case study of the island's two countries from a political ecology perspective. From the literatur...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate various performance indicators of ten leading journals in the field of Agricultural Economics and Policy over the period from 2000 to 2020. More specifically, we combine various data sources to derive a coherent record of indicators including acceptance rates, times between submission and first response and impact factors. We show th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Ett förändrat klimat ställer högre krav på ett motståndskraftigt jordbruk. En högre kolhalt i åkermarken skulle kunna bidra till att öka jordbrukets motståndskraft mot extrema väderförhållanden. Vanliga brukningsmetoder som används i dagens växtodling utarmar emellertid marken på kol. Här undersöks om en ökad mängd kol i marken kan utgöra en försäk...
Preprint
Full-text available
Land use is at the core of today’s complex sustainability challenges. Agricultural and environmental economics share a focus land and resource use but evolved in their own domains. Their specialized competencies can be complementary and thus strengthen policy analysis. We use structural topic modelling on more than 24,000 articles in the top agricu...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper analyses participatory budgeting in multilevel governance settings. The Institutional Development and Analysis framework is applied to evaluate two Ecuadorian municipal case studies. Here, participatory budgeting piloted bottom-up institutions to include citizens’ preferences in the allocation of local government expenditures. To formali...
Article
Ecological fiscal transfers (EFT) transfer public revenue between governments within a country based on ecological indicators. EFT can compensate subnational governments for the costs of conserving ecosystems and in principle can incentivize greater ecological conservation. We review established EFT in Brazil, Portugal, France, China and India, and...
Article
From a theoretical point of view, result-based agri-environmental payments are clearly preferable to action-based payments. However, they suffer from two major practical disadvantages: costs of measuring the results and payment uncertainty for the participating farmers. In this paper, we propose an alternative design to overcome these two disadvant...
Article
Full-text available
To preserve biodiversity and ecosystem services, company engagement is crucial. However, available data on manager views and perceptions regarding nature conservation in particular is rare. The presented survey data gives insights into current levels and forms of business commitments for nature conservation. The data contributes to understanding bu...
Article
Full-text available
Intensification of arable crop production degrades soil health and production potential through loss of soil organic carbon. This, potentially, reduces agriculture's resilience to climate change and thus food security. Furthermore, the expected increase in frequency of adverse and extreme weather events due to climate change are likely to affect cr...
Article
Full-text available
To halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services, various actors including companies need to engage, but it is not yet clear what drives voluntary business commitments. We explore leverage points that might increase corporate action for conservation. We apply a structural equation model based on the theory of planned behaviour to analyse dat...
Article
Full-text available
The bioeconomy is currently being globally promoted as a sustainability avenue involving several societal actors. While the bioeconomy is broadly about the substitution of fossil resources with bio-based ones, three main (competing or complementary) bioeconomy visions are emerging in scientific literature: resource, biotechnology, and agroecology....
Article
Full-text available
Do the misty mountains, fast-flowing rivers, and sandy beaches leave you in awe and fill you with insatiable wonder? Does nature bring you a jubilant feeling? Nature contributes to our quality of life in multiple ways. Some of these gifts are easily visible, like the clothes you wear, the food you eat, and the water your drink. However, some contri...
Article
Full-text available
People depend on functioning ecosystems, which provide benefits that support human existence and wellbeing. The relationship between people and nature has been experienced and conceptualized in multiple ways. Recently, ecosystem services (ES) concepts have permeated science, government policies, multinational environmental agreements, and science-p...
Preprint
Full-text available
From a theoretical point of view, result-based agri-environmental payments are clearly preferable to action-based payments. However, they suffer from two major practical disadvantages: costs of measuring the results and payment uncertainty for the participating farmers. In this paper, we propose an alternative design to overcome these two disadvant...
Preprint
Full-text available
From a theoretical point of view, result-based agri-environmental payments are clearly preferable to action-based payments. However, they suffer from two major practical disadvantages: costs of measuring the results and payment uncertainty for the participating farmers. In this paper, we propose an alternative design to overcome these two disadvant...
Article
Full-text available
The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol display a broad international consensus for biodiversity conservation and equitable benefit sharing. Yet, the Aichi biodiversity targets show a lack of progress and thus indicate a need for additional action such as enhanced and better targeted financial resource mobilization. To date,...
Article
Full-text available
The continuous emergence of new ideas and terms simultaneously enables and impedes the advancement of sustainability, because of an increasingly complex conceptual landscape. This study aims at highlighting combinations of sustainability concepts (circular, green and bioeconomy) and of development models (growth, steady-state, degrowth) which selec...
Article
Full-text available
Portugal has a unitary system in which the central government transfers funds to lower government levels for their public functions. In 2007, Portugal introduced Ecological Fiscal Transfers (EFT), where municipalities receive transfers for hosting Protected Areas (PA). We study whether introducing EFT in Portugal incentivized municipalities to desi...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze how the content of ecosystem service research has evolved since the early 1990s. Conducting a computational bibliometric content analysis we process a corpus of 14,118 peer-reviewed scientific article abstracts on ecosystem services (ES) from Web of Science records. To provide a comprehensive content analysis of ES research literature, w...
Data
Top documents for topics 1990–2000. (XLS)
Data
LDA topic model visualization 2011–2016. (ZIP)
Data
Readme instructions for supporting information. (DOCX)
Data
Top documents for topics 2011–2016. (XLS)
Data
LDA topic model visualization 1990–2000. (ZIP)
Data
LDA topic model visualization 2001–2010. (ZIP)
Data
Top documents for topics 2001–2010. (XLS)
Article
Full-text available
While recent experimental frameworks for national ecosystem service accounting have shown substantial progress, in our view some crucial methodological issues remain that deserve further consideration before setting final standards. In response to the landmark work of Obst et al. (2016), we provide arguments with regard to the suitability of partic...
Thesis
Full-text available
This dissertation analyses incentive effects in ecological fiscal transfers for the designation of protected areas. The potential of ecological fiscal transfers to set such fiscal incentives for nature conservation is displayed through a microeconomic model that generates testable hypothesis. Corresponding empirical evidence of an incentive effect...
Article
Ecological Fiscal Transfers (EFT) have recently gained attention as a promising instrument addressing public authorities to provide incentives for nature conservation. In parallel, both the EU and various European countries are exploring new mechanisms to mobilise funding to support biodiversity conservation. We develop a proposal for an EFT design...
Chapter
Full-text available
Fostering nature-based solutions in urban areas is an issue that receives increasing attention on the political agenda. But in many cases, only insufficient financial resources are available for the implementation of such solutions. A central issue in this context is the structure of municipal revenues, which stem from either municipal tax revenue,...
Article
Full-text available
Despite their evidently different assumptions and operationalization strategies, the concepts of Circular Economy, Green Economy and Bioeconomy are joined by the common ideal to reconcile economic, environmental and social goals. The three concepts are currently mainstreamed in academia and policy making as key sustainability avenues, but a compara...
Article
The Green Economy is a strategic development concept of the United Nations incorporating a broad array of potential meanings and implications. It is consequently subject to academic conceptualisation, operationalisation, reflection and criticism. The aim of our paper is to conceptualise a subset of the multi-faceted and at times polarised debate ar...
Article
Protected areas (PA) provide conservation benefits and ecosystem services that spill over the boundaries of jurisdictions to other regions. In this paper we analyze the foundations of and design options for ecological fiscal transfers (EFT) that may internalize such positive external effects. We propose a model for integrating ecological indicators...
Chapter
The book, which is published as part of the Critical Issues in Environmental Taxation series, brings together environmental tax and climate law experts who examine carbon taxes and other support schemes, together with smart instrument mixes in order to assess how these instruments can help to deliver fiscal reform and green market transition. The...
Article
Ecological fiscal transfers in Brazil, the so-called ICMS-Ecológico or ICMS-E, redistribute part of the state-level value-added tax revenues on the basis of ecological indicators to local governments. We analyze whether the introduction of this economic instrument in a state offers incentives to municipal responses in terms of further protected are...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report provides an analytical review of the experience to date on the integrated approach to co-financing Natura 2000 and wider biodiversity conservation from the EU budget. In particular, the study focuses on identifying the overall performance of the integrated approach in meeting estimated biodiversity financing needs and assessing how the...
Article
Full-text available
Der Bundesverkehrswegeplan 2030 koordiniert alle Investitionen des Bundes in seine Verkehrswege. Zentrales Bewertungsinstrument für die Infrastrukturprojekte bleibt die Nutzen-Kosten-Analyse. Dabei werden aber nur wenige Umweltwirkungen erfasst. Vorhaben mit hohen negativen Umweltfolgen werden daher systematisch profitabler ausgewiesen, als sie es...
Article
The transition to green economies has been mediated by concrete cases and experiments in a variety of different industrial and social sectors. What is lacking, is research that would synthesize key findings and “lessons learned” across a variety of cases. In this study, we explore ten cases of green economy of different sectors and approaches from...
Article
For the last ten years, the notion of a green economy has become increasingly attractive to policy makers. However, green economy covers a lot of diverse concepts and its links with sustainability are not always clear. In this article, we focus on definitions of green economy and related concepts and an evaluation of these concepts against the crit...
Article
In this paper we analyse institutional conditions facilitating the transition towards a green economy by encouraging investment in the enhancement of natural capital and social equity, focussing especially on government interventions. Presenting a conceptual institutional model how innovation generally occurs, we depict system levels that can be in...
Article
We consider how ecosystem services can be incorporated into water infrastructure planning by studying the projected deepening of the Lower Weser river channel in Germany. We recalculate the project's benefit–cost ratio by integrating the monetary value of changes in different ecosystem services, as follows: (1) the restoration costs of a mitigation...
Chapter
Major water infrastructure projects like dams can provide substantial benefi ts such as food and drinking water security, hydropower generation, and fl ood control. But these benefi ts may come at a (too) high cost of large scale ecological alterations or adverse social impacts such as involuntary resettlements. If these costs are neglected, an inv...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As a response to the economic crisis and sustainability challenges the world is facing, the discussion related to green growth and green economy was launched by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation (OECD) and United Nations Environment Programme. Green growth and green economy have been seen as opportunities to foster economic growth and deve...
Article
The International Conference on Policy Mixes in Environmental and Conservation Policies was held in cooperation with the European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE) and took place at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) in Leipzig, Germany, 25–27 February 2014. The conference brought together the participants from the EU FP 7...
Article
Full-text available
This essay elaborates on both general contributions of ecological economics and a personal view of two especially important contributions to my studies of socio-ecological systems. While ecological economics contributed both ecological scale and social equity perspectives to the field of economics in general, the most important influences for my di...

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The research will focus on two complementary objectives: 1. A systematic comparison of current global sustainability concepts Green, Bio and Circular economy; 2. The analysis of the implementation level of such concepts in corporate sustainability in land use-intensive sectors . The project is funded by Metsäteollisuustuotteiden vientikaupan edistämissäätiö (MVES) and by Jenny ja Antti Wihurin rahasto.
Archived project
Evaluating incentives inherent in Ecological Fiscal Transfers and their effect on the designation of protected areas as an evidence based foundation for policy advice