Nikolas Gisborne

Nikolas Gisborne
The University of Edinburgh | UoE · Department of Linguistics and English Language

About

36
Publications
5,463
Reads
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406
Citations
Citations since 2017
5 Research Items
168 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023051015202530
2017201820192020202120222023051015202530
2017201820192020202120222023051015202530
2017201820192020202120222023051015202530
Introduction

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
In many of the first English headed which -relatives, which has an NP complement. Using distributional tests grounded in contrasts revealed by research in formal semantics, we demonstrate that the presence of an NP complement forces a nonrestrictive interpretation of the relative, while ‘bare’ which -relatives may be restrictive or nonrestrictive....
Chapter
The notion of default and override can serve linguistic analysis in different ways. In the lexicon defaults are used for the resolution of rule competition, to capture lexical blocking, to select the right stem where there are choices, and when used in inheritance systems to provide for instances that do not meet every characteristic of their class...
Book
Default-based analyses of linguistic data are most prevalent in morphological descriptions because morphology is pervaded by idiosyncrasy and irregularity, and defaults allow for a representation of the facts by construing regularity not as all or nothing but as a matter of degree. Defaults manifest themselves in a variety of ways in a group of mor...
Chapter
This chapter explores the emergence of the new synthetic Romance future from a periphrasis involving habeo and the infinitive of a verb, addressing the question of how to model such a change in a theory of language which has a Word and Paradigm theory of morphology. The theoretical discussion is conducted in Word Grammar, a theory of language struc...
Article
This paper explores the claim that definite expressions involve universal and existential quantification from the point of view of Word Grammar, in order to establish whether the quantificational view of definiteness is compatible with a particular cognitive theory of language, and to see how it compares with the familiarity treatment of definitene...
Article
In this paper, I explore the hypothesis that constructions — here understood primarily as the dependencies of Word Grammar — can undergo systematic change, sometimes partly due to the effects of the grammaticalization of a lexical item or class of lexical items. I argue that the development of will as a future tense marker in English involves the d...
Book
Perception verbs - such as look, see, taste, hear, feel, sound, listen, and observe - present unresolved problems for linguistic theories. This book examines the predictability of relations between their semantics and syntactic behaviour, the different kinds of polysemy they exhibit, and the role of evidentiality in verbs like seem and appear. Afte...
Article
English and Cantonese are the main two languages in contact in Hong Kong, together with some other minority Sinitic languages and a variety of Austronesian languages spoken by domestic helpers. Cantonese and English are typologically dissimilar in terms of word order, tense, mood and aspect marking, noun phrase structure, relative clause formation,...
Article
1. Acknowledgments 2. The typology of Asian Englishes: Setting the agenda (by Lim, Lisa) 3. The Asian typology of English: Theoretical and methodological considerations (by Ansaldo, Umberto) 4. Aspects of the morphosyntactic typology of Hong Kong English (by Gisborne, Nikolas) 5. Typological diversity in New Englishes (by Sharma, Devyani) 6. Thai E...
Article
DeclerckRenaat (in collaboration with Susan Reed and Bert Cappelle), The grammar of the English verb phrase, volume 1: The grammar of the English tense system: A comprehensive analysis. (Topics in English Linguistics 60-1.) Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Pp. vii + 846.1 - Volume 12 Issue 3 - Nikolas Gisborne
Book
This collection of articles brings together new research from both established and emerging international experts in the study of English grammar, all of whom have engaged with the notion of 'construction' in their work. The research here is concerned with both synchrony and diachrony, with the relationship between Construction Grammar and other li...
Article
Full-text available
In this corpus-based article we explore the development of evidential meanings in English verbs of appearance, together with their acquisition of evaluative meanings. We explore the relationship of these semantic changes to the question of whether there is an increase in subjectivity diachronically, and we show that subjectivity is orthogonal to bo...
Article
This paper discusses relative clauses in Hong Kong English, and considers a number of questions about the morphosyntactic feature system of Hong Kong English, comparing relevant attestations from local data to those found in other varieties of English. It looks at the ways in which relative constructions in Cantonese may affect how relative clauses...
Article
Tenny's Aspectual Interface Hypothesis (Tenny, C., 1994. Aspectual Roles and the Syntax-Semantics Interface. Kluwer, Dordrecht) claims that aspectuality, especially telicity, is relevant to argument linking, but this claim does not account for the stative/dynamic contrast, which Tenny (1994) cannot explain. There is however evidence that the stativ...
Article
Recent work in a variety of different theoretical traditions has tended to emphasize the close match between syntax and semantics (Dixon 1991; Langacker 1987, 1990, 1995; Levin & Rappaport Hovav 1991, 1992; Wierzbicka 1988). It is very easy to be left with the impression that, if only we could analyse the relevant syntactic and semantic structures...
Thesis
This thesis is an investigation into the syntax and semantics of English verbs of sensory perception. There are six chapters including the introduction and the conclusion. In the first chapter, I outline the classes of verbs that are investigated: they are described by the verb for the auditory sensory modality, so there are LISTEN-class, HEAR-clas...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses a class of English verbs which express a kind of evidential modality and which display a unique kind of predicative complementation, which is here called the "attributary" structure. The different kinds of predicative complementation these verbs show are implicated in their semantics. Recognising the attributary structure helps...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the dynamic senses of CAN and WILL. It is argued that these dynamic senses should not be treated as subtypes of modality. The tendency to analyse these meanings as 'modal' is a practice which follows from the fact that they are meanings found in modal verbs. However, instead of analysing them as modal meanings, we should treat t...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Archived project
This project sets out to understand how the WH relative words of English (and their analogues in other Indo-European languages) emerged, giving rise to (somewhat odd) Indo-European relative clause typology. It also tries to understand the areal dimensions of this typology.