Nicoletta Matera

Nicoletta Matera
Università del Salento | Unisalento · Department of Engineering for Innovation

PhD in Industrial and Civil Engineering
Renewable systems, ANNs, Multi-objective optimization, Hydrogen, Electric vehicles, Climate change, PCMs, Green roofs

About

30
Publications
4,321
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470
Citations
Citations since 2017
29 Research Items
461 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Green roofs are widely used in hot or cold climates mainly because they are capable to improve the energy efficiency of buildings and, when implemented at a large scale, reducing air pollution and the urban heat island effect (UHI) in urban contexts. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) black-box algorithms are a valid alternative to studying complex sy...
Article
Full-text available
This work aims to assess the impacts of climate change on photovoltaic (PV) electricity in two Italian cities, with different latitudes and Köppen–Geiger climate classifications. This was undertaken using the recent EURO-CORDEX set of high-resolution climate projections and PV power generation models, implemented on TRNSYS software. Data for two va...
Article
The rapid and widespread deployment of green roofs requires the need to address their disposal and to assess the environmental impact of this phase of their life cycle to understand whether their current large-scale application may pose a problem. A review of the literature on green roofs environmental performance (particularly Life Cycle Assessmen...
Article
Full-text available
The reduction of electrical energy needs in buildings is accompanied by the use of hybrid renewable energy systems (HRES) for the production of energy on-site to be used for appliances and lighting and also for mobility through electric vehicle (EV) charging. With reference to this framework, the paper compared the tradition Home to Vehicle (H2V) t...
Article
Hospital buildings are known to be energy-intensive, since they are operated all year round at high costs, contain sophisticated medical equipment, and follow strict cleaning practices and environmental regulations. Domestic hot water consumption accounts for most of the energy consumption in hospital buildings. The objective of this research work...
Conference Paper
The objective of this research work is to study the energy performance of a compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) system with two storage tanks for the production of domestic hot water (DHW) used for two different users; the first requires high temperatures while the second requires lower temperatures. The system investigated consists of CPC sys...
Article
Hydrogen is a promising energy carrier to provide sustainable energy use throughout the world. Researchers and policy-makers have focused on investigations in three areas of hydrogen-related technologies in the energy market: (1) alternative fuel production based on hydrogen and carbon dioxide; (2) hydrogen injection to the natural gas pipeline net...
Article
Full-text available
Energy storage makes energy continuously available, programmable, and at power levels different from the original intensity. This study investigates the feasibility of compressed-air energy storage (CAES) systems on a small scale. In addition to the CAES systems, there are two TES (thermal energy storage) systems for the recovery of calories and fr...
Conference Paper
The objective of this work is to assess the impacts of climate change on PV electricity in two Italian cities, characterized by different latitude and Köppen-Geiger climate classes. This was done using the recent EURO-CORDEX set of high-resolution climate projections together with PV power generation models, implemented on TRNSYS software. Data for...
Conference Paper
Worldwide, an increase in global temperature is expected to be caused by climate change. The building sector, one of the most energy-intensive, will be strongly affected by this change. There is a growing interest in energy-efficient, environmentally systems that can guarantee an adequate indoor climate for years to come. Although air-source heat p...
Preprint
European directives promote activities aimed at developing a sustainable and decarbonised energy system, with a greater share of electricity production from renewable sources, within a framework of greater efficiency. In the energy of nZEB buildings, the reduction of energy needs is accompanied by the use of hybrid renewable energy systems (HRES) f...
Conference Paper
Green hydrogen can be produced via water electrolysis using various renewable energy sources. In this work, the performance of a grid-connected wind turbine (WT)- photovoltaic (PV) water electrolysis system for large-scale hydrogen production is investigated. A large dataset covering a 50 MW-50 MW WT-PV hybrid renewable hydrogen production system i...
Article
Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are proposed for sizing and simulating a clean energy community (CEC) that employs a PV-wind hybrid system, coupled with energy storage systems and electric vehicle charging stations, to meet the building district energy demand. The first ANN is used to forecast the energy performance indicators, which are satisfie...
Article
In recent years, research has shown a growing interest in the use of hybrid wind photovoltaic (PV) systems that provide better performance compared to the use of a single component due to complementarity in meeting electricity demand. Over the past twenty-five years, hundreds of articles have addressed the topic of hybrid systems considering differ...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents thermal and energy analysis of a multilayer panel in bio-based cork material and natural phase change materials (PCMs) for the development of prefabricated, recyclable and energy-efficient and autonomous building modules. For this purpose, a calculation tool is developed for the dynamic simulation of the thermal and energy behav...
Article
Full-text available
The data describe supplementary materials supporting the research article entitled “Worldwide geographical mapping and optimization of stand-alone and grid-connected hybrid renewable system techno-economic performance across Köppen-Geiger climates” [1]. Hybrid renewable energy systems are increasingly adopted worldwide as technically and economical...
Article
In the last years, a significant interest in research in stand-alone (SA) and grid-connected (GC) photovoltaic (PV)-wind hybrid renewable energy systems (HRES) is observed for their complementary in the satisfaction of the electrical energy demand in many sectors. However, direct comparisons between the techno-economic performance of two system mod...
Article
Full-text available
This dataset supports the research article “Complete greenhouse dynamic simulation tool to assess the crop thermal well-being and energy needs” [1]. In the agricultural sector, the use of energy can be very intensive [2] and the simulation of solar greenhouses is a very complex work [3]. This dataset provides the results of thermal modeling and dyn...
Article
Full-text available
Greenhouse crops represent a significant productive sector of the agricultural system; one of the main problems to be addressed is indoor air conditioning to ensure thermal well-being of crops. This study focuses on the ventilation analysis of solar greenhouse with symmetrical flat pitched roof and single span located in a warm temperate climate. T...
Article
Greenhouse technology is an important energy consumer sector representing an indispensable solution for modern methods of crop production. In the greenhouse envelope and system design phase, thermodynamic performance simulation tools are required. The greenhouse simulation is still a very complex task despite many building tools are available in th...
Article
One so­lu­tion to achiev­ing a large scale dis­tri­b­u­tion, trans­porta­tion and stor­age of re­new­able en­ergy is methanol pro­duc­tion from re­new­able-based power plants in­te­grated with hy­dro­gena­tion. In this study, a novel non-com­bus­tion heat-car­rier bio­mass gasi­fier sys­tem is pro­posed, cou­pled with a large-scale so­lar power pla...
Article
Full-text available
The growth of economies and the world population has led to an increase in the electricity demand, toward a disproportionate use of fossil fuels. The PV-wind hybrid system is considered an optimal solution in terms of technical efficiency and costs to reduce the use of fossil sources. The strong variability of renewable energies generated by solar...
Article
For the design of new buildings or buildings undergoing major renovations, the use of building performance simulation (BPS) tools is a key instrument to sizing the envelope or to select the best solution to be integrated. Nowadays, many BPS tools are available and are used by researchers and designers, each of which was independently validated, by...
Article
The development of hybrid renewable systems is an economically competitive solution to reach energy decarbonization and reduction of greenhouse gasses. Based on the literature, energy, economic and environmental indicators were rarely simultaneously employed in the optimization of a hybrid renewable system. In addition, there is no procedures or a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The dynamic thermal simulation has become a recognized instrument to predict building thermal behaviour. Many tools were developed in the last decades, which were independently validated, by considering different operating conditions, and rarely were directly compared in the same conditions. The objective of this work is to evaluate the prediction...
Conference Paper
The implementation of phase change materials PCMs in the building sector has been recently regarded as a valuable strategy in order to achieve nearly Zero Energy Buildings. If properly employed in the internal partition, the PCM layer can increase the thermal storage capacity of the building with consequent reductions of air-conditioning energy req...
Conference Paper
The increasingly electric energy demand, owing to the widespread of use heat pumps and electric vehicles in urban contexts, in the next few years will require a strong employment of renewable energy systems and appropriate storage systems. The coupling of more renewable systems with storage systems allows mitigation of the high uncertainty and inte...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study is to evaluate the electric energy produced by flat-plate and concentrating photovoltaics plants located at the University of Calabria for a total peak power of 1.4 MW. The analyses were conducted using climate data from technical standards and from experimental data measured in the weather station of the Department of Mechanic...

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Projects

Projects (11)
Project
Big data and artificial intelligence (AI) have received significant attention in recent years from research communities and the energy industry. Among the most diffuse AI methods used in the field of renewable energy systems, Artificial neural networks (ANNs) find application in all fields since they represent mathematical models of artificial intelligence capable of learning and solving complex problems very accurately. They are based on mechanisms similar to learning and are made up of a network of artificial neurons that simulate the behaviour of biological neurons. Furthermore, special attention is paid to the importance of using energy from renewable sources to tackle the problem of climate change. This project aims to combine artificial intelligence algorithms and renewable energy system models to create useful, reliable, accurate and quick tools for decision-making and real-time processes to make decisions regarding the management of energy flows in the network and for the prediction of the renewable energy produced in any period in alternative to the classical simulation methodologies available in the literature. The proposed ANNs represent user-friendly tools with the advantages in the reduction of input data required and no need of required high expertise to use transient simulation software that in many cases requires an expensive license to be used.
Project
Energies, ISSN 1996-1073 https://www.mdpi.com/journal/energies/special_issues/Clean_Energy_Communities Dear Colleagues, Atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases have grown substantially in recent years as a result of the increase in anthropogenic emissions. It is widely recognized that this rapid increase is the main cause of ongoing climate change. The reduction of energy consumption and the replacement of conventional energy sources, based on fossil fuels, with renewable energy sources, are the main actions required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and other related environmental impacts. The United Nations Paris Agreement of 2016 was a historic agreement to combat climate change, which placed a limit on the rise in global temperature. This goal requires the strengthening of initiatives to be developed at global, national, and local levels. The current reality consists of a gigantic network of interconnected communities, and by 2030, over 60% of the population will live in urban areas. Furthermore, cities are responsible for over 70% of global CO2 emissions and consume more than two-thirds of global energy. Thus, it seems extremely important to invest in the development of sustainable cities or communities for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and energy needs, as well as mitigation of the urban heat island. Sustainable energy communities can be considered to be those that plan to increase energy efficiency in energy production, reduce energy demand, build nearly zero-energy buildings (nZEB), and use renewable energy systems. From this context arises the concept of the “clean energy community” (CEC), which aims to initiate a transition from conventional centralized energy systems to distributed and decentralized systems that use renewable resources available locally. The clean energy community (CEC) is an organizational and social structure that operates in a specific reference area, made up of private and public users, with specific objectives shared by the members, such as the production, storage, consumption, supply, and distribution of cleaner energy. This transition configures consumers no longer as passive subjects, but as active figures in achieving the objectives established by international agreements. In addition, the increasingly widespread use of heat pumps for the air conditioning of environments and electric vehicles for traction will lead to an increase in the electricity required, which cannot burden the national electricity grid, but must be produced locally. The realization of CEC requires the integration of high energy performance technologies, called "integrated community energy systems" (ICES). The architecture of ICES in a given CEC depends on the available resources and the corresponding market, incentive, and local regulatory frameworks. The use of ICES will contribute to the following: reduction of energy requirements according to the European Directives; decarbonisation of electrical, heating, and cooling energy, required by domestic and tertiary users and for public services, and used in the air conditioning of buildings, production of domestic hot water, mobility, and lighting; reduction of load variability; reduction of the life cycle cost (LCC). The reduction of energy needs in buildings is achieved through energy requalification interventions, in order to increase the nZEB buildings. For this reason, it is also necessary to operate on the transparent and opaque casing with the integration of materials with a high thermal performance. Another relevant aspect is the management, control, and monitoring of ICES in relation to the demand and cost of energy, instant by instant. In this regard, smart home automation is an essential technology for the reduction of energy needs and the development of CEC. For the decarbonisation of energy at a local level, ICESs that can be used are cogeneration, heat pumps, storage of electrical and thermal energy, and also other even more decentralized technologies at affordable prices (e.g., photovoltaic and solar thermal collector, plans and concentration, and micro-wind). The achievement of CEC, and therefore local energy independence, can be even more centred through the combination of multiple renewable energy systems. Examples of very promising combined renewable energy systems are wind–photovoltaic hybrid systems with electrical storage for the production of electricity, geothermal heat pumps for the air conditioning of environments, and heat and solar thermal pumps for the production of domestic hot water. Another advantage of CEC is load sharing, which leads to the elimination of the spikes and a greater uniformity of the load, also through their programming. This results in a reduction in the size of the plants, and a greater efficiency linked to the reduction of the partial load operation of the plants. Examples of ICES have been successfully implemented in Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Finland, and Japan, bringing both environmental and monetary benefits. Simulation and experimental analyses are both acceptable to investigate the following CEC systems and innovative building solutions, such as: Innovative building envelopes Renewable systems Cogeneration systems Trigeneration systems Vehicle-to-home or/and home-to-vehicle Electric storages Thermal storages Reviews papers regarding such issues are also welcome to submit original full papers. Dr. Domenico Mazzeo Dr. Mohammad Saffari Dr. Nicoletta Matera Guest Editors
Project
Energies, ISSN 1996-1073 https://www.mdpi.com/journal/energies/special_issues/Building_Urban_Sustainability Dear Colleagues, Among the innovative solutions recently introduced to reduce the energy requirements of buildings, the use of Phase Change Materials (PCM) in building walls and green roofs is promising both in the summer and winter seasons. PCM can store and release a high latent heat during the phenomena of phase transition in a specific range of temperatures. PCM, placed in the internal and external walls, floors, ceilings, roofs and windows, limit thermal fluctuations and allow for the more rational use of the heat gains. Green roofs and walls improve the thermal performance of the building envelope using the additional thermal inertia and evaporation and transpiration phenomena. Moreover, these green infrastructures can provide several other benefits at multiple scales. They are also a promising strategy for urban stormwater management and water pollutant reduction and several studies on green roofs and walls have highlighted the existing water–energy nexus. The research on innovative envelopes in building walls is growing and this has led to a high number of scientific publications. This Special Issue aims to summarize the most recent analytical, numerical and experimental studies about the water–energy efficiency of green roofs and walls, as well as the thermal and energy behaviours of PCMs integrated into opaque and glazing building envelopes and in the internal opaque component from different perspectives: mathematical modelling; thermal exchanges with the indoor and outdoor environments; dynamic thermal behaviour; energy saving, thermal comfort; thermophysical properties water consumption of green roofs; water consumption of green walls; water-energy nexus; green roof hydraulic efficiency; green wall hydraulic efficiency; stormwater retention; experimental characterization; parametric and optimization analysis; economic analysis; environmental analysis; life cycle assessment Reviews papers regarding such issues are also welcome to submit original full papers. Dr. Domenico Mazzeo Dr. Nicoletta Matera Dr. Behrouz Pirouz Dr. Stefania Anna Palermo Dr. Michele Turco Prof. Patrizia Piro Guest Editors